Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906

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Confederate and U.S. Army general, and U.S. congressman from Ala.

From the description of Letters, 1900-1905. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49377355

Confederate general.

From the description of Joseph Wheeler photograph album, 1865-1866. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 241305535

Army officer.

From the description of Joseph Wheeler correspondence, 1898-1901. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70981347

American army officer and congressman.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : Washington, D.C., to J. Thompson of the "Washington Chronicle", 1898 Feb. 16-1898 Oct. 3. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270588697

Epithet: Lieutenant; 83rd Foot

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001086.0x00026c

Joseph Wheeler (1836-1906), Confederate Major General, in July of 1863 he commanded all cavalry for the Army of the Mississippi.

From the description of Letter to William Joseph Hardee, 1864 Nov. 22. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38478144

Graduate of the United States Military Academy at West Point; U.S. and Confederate army officer; member of the U.S. Congress; from Wheeler (Lawrence Co.), Ala.

From the description of Correspondence, 1864-1903; (bulk 1879-1899). (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20460663

Joseph Wheeler (1836-1906), Confederate Major General, in July of 1863 commanded all cavalry for the Army of the Mississippi.

From the description of Letter to a Confederate Captain, 1864 Aug. 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38478143

General Joseph Wheeler was born in Augusta (Ga.) in 1836. During the Civil War, he served as a major general of cavalry in the Confederate army. After the war, he settled in Lawrence County (Ala.), became a planter and began an involvement in politics. He was elected to eight terms in Congress, beginning in 1881. In 1898 he was commissioned a major general of volunteers in the Spanish American War. After service in Cuba and the Philippines, he retired as brigadier general in the regular army. He died in Brooklyn (N.Y.) in 1906 and was buried in Arlington (Va.).

From the description of Wheeler family photographs, [188?]-1923. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 145406985

Joseph Wheeler, representative from Alabama was born in Augusta, Ga., September 10, 1836. He graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1859 and attended the Cavalry School at Carlisle, Pa. 1859-1860. Wheeler resigned from the United States Army in February 1861 and was appointed lieutenant of Artillery in the Confederate Army on April 3, 1861. He was successively promoted to the grade of colonel, brigadier general, and major general, and was commissioned lieutenant general in February 1865. Wheeler served as a Democratic member of the forty-seventh Congress and served from March 4, 1881 to June 3, 1882, when he was succeeded by William M. Lowe, who contested his election. He died in Brooklyn, N. Y. on January 25, 1906 and is buried in Arlington National Cemetery. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress http://bioguide.congress.gov (Retrieved May 5, 2009)

During the battle of Chickamauga the Clisby-Austin house, which still stands, was used as a hospital. Confederate General John B. Hood was sent here after the amputation of his leg which accompanied him on his journey (if he died of infection they could be buried together). The leg is buried in the family cemetery near the house. In December, 1863, after the Confederate defeat at Chattanooga, Patrick Cleburne wrote his proposal to draft slaves into the army in return for their emancipation at Tunnel Hill. Gen. George Thomas approached the area in May of 1864 and ran into Confederate skirmishers defending the hill on May 6. After testing the line, Thomas sent a division to battle the rebels. Outnumbered and overwhelmed, the Confederates did not have time to damage the tunnel as ordered. Although relatively minor, the skirmish marked the beginning of the Atlanta Campaign.General William Sherman used the Clisby-Austin house as his headquarters during the battle of Dalton. It was here that Sherman was having a early supper on May 9, 1864 when General James McPherson sent word that he was within sight of Resaca and moving towards the town. Tunnel Hill, Georgia - Roadside Georgia http://roadsidegeorgia.com/city/tunnelhill.html (Retrieved July 13, 2009)

From the description of R. D. Harris pass, 1864. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 424522080

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Confederate officers photograph album, n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Committee on Legislation for the International Exposition of 1892 minutes and scrapbook, 1889-1890 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879. Papers, 1862-1865. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Brodnax, Samuel Houston, b. 1844 November 27. Memoirs. circa 1921. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Hopkins family. Papers, 1829-1925. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Love, Frank,. Gillespie-Love Confederate Collection, 1862-1864. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn Hardee family. Papers, [1862-1962]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Wilson, Leonard. Papers relating to the Santiago campaign, 1898-1907 / Leonard Wilson. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Rooney, John Jerome, 1866-1934. Letter 1905, December 14, New York City [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham, [Staten Island] / John Jerome Rooney. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Alabama photographs collection-persons vertical file, [ca.1845- ]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Papers, 1847-1933. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Letter to William Joseph Hardee, 1864 Nov. 22. Georgia Newspaper Project
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906,. Typescript letter signed from Joseph Wheeler, Washington, D.C., to Augustin Daly [manuscript], 1895 December 16. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hardee, William Joseph, 1815-1873. Papers, 1863-1871. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Cuban Educational Association of the United States of America Records, 1897-1954, (bulk 1898-1901) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Jackson family. Papers, 1863-1910. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Webb, Alexander S. (Alexander Stewart), 1835-1911. Alexander Stewart Webb papers, 1818-1930 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Johnston, Joseph F. (Joseph Forney), 1843-1913. Papers, 1847-1926. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Calkins, A.M. Letter, 1900-1910, Jan 3, New York City, [to] Mr. Edwin Markham, New York / Amelia M. Calkins. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Wood, S.A.M. (Sterling Alexander Martin), 1823-1891. Papers, 1814-1969. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Wheeler family. Papers, 1809-1943. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Vol. XV (ff. 277). 24 Nov.-12 Dec. 1762.includes:ff. 1, 44,46,68 Major William Dalrymple, 91 st Foot: Correspondence with Lord Loudoun: 1762-1771.ff. 3, 49 Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont: Correspondence with Lord Loudoun: 1762-1763.: Most... British Library
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Joseph Wheeler photograph album, 1865-1866. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Thompson, Brainard. [Broadsides]. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Alexander Stewart Webb papers, 1818-1930 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Oxford, Allen Christopher, ca.1835-1925. Scrapbook, 1852-1935. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Reynolds, H. C. (Henry Clay), 1838-1920. Papers, 1849-1913 and n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Hannon, Moses Wright b.1827. Papers, 1863-1865. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Johnson, Gilbert Motier Lafayette, 1837-1871. Gilbert M.L. Johnson family papers, 1773-1910. Tennessee State Library & Archives, TSLA
referencedIn Mickle, William E. (William English), 1846-1920. Papers, 1863-1903. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
referencedIn James Freeman Clarke additional papers, 1806-1936. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Webb, G. Creighton, 1853-1948. G. Creighton Webb papers, 1829-1941 (bulk 1898-1941). New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Pamphlets vertical file--subjects 1836. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Joseph Wheeler Papers, 1862-1865. Peabody Essex Museum
referencedIn United Confederate Veterans. N.B. Forrest Camp. United Confederate Veterans, N.B. Forrest Camp collection, 1885-1941. Chattanooga-Hamilton County Bicentennial Library
referencedIn Witherspoon, Annie E., 1850-1923. Dark days of the Confederacy, 1915 Aug. 29. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn McIntosh, Harriet R., b. 1846. Papers, 1859-1875 (bulk 1859-1865). North Carolina Division of Archives & Hist
creatorOf Palmer, William Pendleton, 1861-1927,. William P. Palmer collection of Civil War manuscripts, [ca. 1761-ca. 1910]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Calvert, J. W. Letter, 1863 Feb. 20. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Carter, Robert D. Papers, 1899. Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center, Hayes Presidential Center
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. R. D. Harris pass, 1864. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Letter, 1854 July 2, Camp Bliss, West Point [to] sister Lucy. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. William Rufus Shafter papers, 1862-1945, (bulk 1862-1904). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. D. H. Hill papers, 1848-1951. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Jones, Charles Edgeworth. Papers, 1815-1929. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Wheeler family photographs, [188?]-1923. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Flower, B. O. (Benjamin Orange), 1858-1918. Letter 1904, June 28, Boston, Mass. [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham, [Staten Island] / Benjamin Orange Flower. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
referencedIn Carmichael, Emmett B. Pamphlets vertical file--persons, [ca.1835]-[ca.1835]- Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Cuban Educational Association of the United States of America. Cuban Educational Association of the United States of America records, 1897-1954 (bulk 1898-1901). Library of Congress
referencedIn Spanish-American War and Philippine American War collection [graphic], ca. 1898-ca. 1901. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Magenis, W. M. C.S.A. Wheeler's Corps military orders, 1863. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Map of the field of battle, Murfreesboro, Tenn., [1863]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Papers, 1795-1867. Washington & Lee University, James G. Leyburn Library
referencedIn Smith, William Russell, 1815-1896. William Russell Smith papers, 1860-1903 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. Papers of William Rufus Shafter, 1862-1904. Library of Congress
referencedIn Flagg, S. Griswold. S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Brown, Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson), 1821-1894. Papers, 1859-1889. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Pasteur, F. Artemus. The Princeton Wasp, 22 July 1865. Kentucky Historical Society, Martin F. Schmidt Research Library
referencedIn Grigsby family. Grigsby family : papers, 1818-1884. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Letter to a Confederate Captain, 1864 Aug. 8. Georgia Newspaper Project
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Joseph Wheeler correspondence, 1898-1901. Library of Congress
creatorOf War Department Collection of Confederate Records. 1825 - 1927. Papers of General Joseph Wheeler
referencedIn Hamilton, John M., 1839-1898. Lt. Colonel John M. Hamilton papers, 1863-1925 (bulk 1898). National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum
referencedIn S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Correspondence, 1864-1903; (bulk 1879-1899). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Rochelle, W. P. W.P. Rochelle papers, 1897-1916. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Grand Army of the Republic. Encampment, 1895. Records, 1895. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn The Helen Miller Gould Shepard Papers, 1814-1940 © 2011 New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Atkin, Charles, b. ca. 1827. Civil War letters of Charles Atkin, 1863-1865. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876. Braxton Bragg papers, 1833-1879 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Autograph letters signed (2) : Washington, D.C., to J. Thompson of the "Washington Chronicle", 1898 Feb. 16-1898 Oct. 3. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Dent, S. H. (Stouten Hubert), 1833-1917. Papers, 1847-1865. Auburn University.
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. William Rufus Shafter papers, 1862-1945 (inclusive), 1862-1904 (bulk). [microform]. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Alabama Warriors, speech text MSS. 0053., 1933 W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, The University of Alabama
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Letters, 1900-1905. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. Letter to Porfirio Díaz : Lenox, Mass. : ALS, 1905 Sept. 27. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Steele, S. W. Map of Lookout Mountain, [1863 or 1864]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Allen, William Wirt, 1835-1844. person
associatedWith Atkin, Charles, b. ca. 1827. person
associatedWith Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876. person
associatedWith Brodnax, Samuel Houston, b. 1844 November 27. person
associatedWith Brown, Joseph E. (Joseph Emerson), 1821-1894. person
associatedWith Buck, Carrie Wheeler, 1877-1953. person
associatedWith Buck, Harrison. person
associatedWith Calkins, A.M. corporateBody
associatedWith Calvert, J. W. person
associatedWith Carter, Robert D. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888 person
correspondedWith Confederate States of America. Army corporateBody
associatedWith Confederate States of America. Army. Cavalry. corporateBody
correspondedWith Cuban Educational Association of the United States of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Daly, Augustin, 1838-1899 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Dent, S. H. (Stouten Hubert), 1833-1917. person
associatedWith Díaz, Porfirio, 1830-1915. person
associatedWith Flagg, S. Griswold. person
associatedWith Flagg, S. Griswold. person
associatedWith Flower, B. O. (Benjamin Orange), 1858-1918. person
associatedWith Grand Army of the Republic. Encampment, 1895. corporateBody
associatedWith Grigsby family. family
associatedWith Hamilton, John M., 1839-1898. person
associatedWith Hannon, Moses Wright b.1827. person
associatedWith Hardee family. family
associatedWith Hardee, William Joseph, 1815-1873. person
associatedWith Harriman, W. G. person
associatedWith Harris, Julia Wheeler, b. 1871. person
associatedWith Harris, R. D., fl. 1864. person
associatedWith Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. person
associatedWith Hood, John Bell, 1831-1879. person
associatedWith Hopkins family. family
associatedWith Iverson, Alfred, 1829-1911. person
associatedWith Jackson family. family
associatedWith Johnson, Gilbert Motier Lafayette, 1837-1871. person
associatedWith Johnston, Joseph F. (Joseph Forney), 1843-1913. person
associatedWith Jones, Charles Edgeworth. person
associatedWith Jones, Thomas Harrison, 1820-1889. person
associatedWith Magenis, W. M. corporateBody
associatedWith McIntosh, Harriet R., b. 1846. person
correspondedWith Mickle, William E. (William English), 1846-1920. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (N.Y.). Committee on Legislation for the International Exposition of 1892 corporateBody
associatedWith Oxford, Allen Christopher, ca.1835-1925. person
associatedWith Palmer, William Pendleton, 1861-1927, person
associatedWith Pasteur, F. Artemus. person
associatedWith Reynolds, H. C. (Henry Clay), 1838-1920. person
correspondedWith Robinson, Corinne Roosevelt, 1861-1933 person
associatedWith Rochelle, W. P. person
associatedWith Rooney, John Jerome, 1866-1934. person
associatedWith Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. person
associatedWith Shepard, Helen Miller Gould, 1868-1938 person
associatedWith Smith, William Russell, 1815-1896. person
associatedWith Steele, S. W. person
associatedWith Thompson, Brainard. person
associatedWith Thompson, J., person
associatedWith United Confederate Veterans corporateBody
correspondedWith United Confederate Veterans. N.B. Forrest Camp. corporateBody
associatedWith United Daughters of the Confederacy, Canebrake Rifle Guards Chapter. corporateBody
correspondedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. corporateBody
associatedWith Webb, Alexander S. (Alexander Stewart), 1835-1911. person
associatedWith Webb, G. Creighton, 1853-1948. person
associatedWith Wheeler, Annie Early, 1868-1955. person
associatedWith Wheeler family. family
associatedWith Wheeler, Joseph, Jr., b. 1872. person
associatedWith Wheeler, Lucy Louise, 1866-1894. person
associatedWith Wilson, John M., General. person
associatedWith Wilson, Leonard. person
associatedWith Witherspoon, Annie E., 1850-1923. person
associatedWith Wood, S.A.M. (Sterling Alexander Martin), 1823-1891. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Mexico
Kentucky--Louisville
United States
United States
Washington (D. C.)
Georgia
Confederate States of America
Huntsville (Ala.)
Wheeler (Ala.)
Camp Wheeler (Ala.)
Georgia
United States
Whitfield County (Ga.)
Confederate States of America
Subject
Military administration
Legislators
Military passes
Legislators--Correspondence
Reunions--History--Sources
Atlanta Campaign, 1864
General
Spanish--American War, 1898
Sherman's March to the Sea
Employment references
Military orders
Occupation
Army officers
Function

Person

Birth 1836-09-10

Death 1906-01-25

English

Information

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