Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889

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Daniel Harvey Hill (1821-1889), soldier and educator, was born in York District, S.C., to Solomon Hill and Nancy Cabeen Hill. He graduated from West Point in 1842. As a United States army officer, he participated in all the major battles of the Mexican War. Hill resigned from the military in 1849 to become professor of mathematics at Washington College (now Washington and Lee University). In 1854, he accepted the chair of the mathematics department at Davidson College, a position he held until 1859 when he resigned to become superintendent of the North Carolina Military Institute in Charlotte, N.C.

At the outbreak of the Civil War, Hill joined the Confederate Army as a colonel. He led the First North Carolina in battle at Big Bethel, Va., and later fought in the Peninsular campaign of 1862 and at Second Manassas, South Mountain, and Sharpsburg. During that time, he received several promotions. In early 1863, Major General Hill assumed command of operations against New Bern and Washington before being called to defend Richmond during the Gettysburg campaign. He was promoted to lieutenant general in July 1863 and ordered to the Army of Tennessee. This promotion was short-lived. Following the Confederate victory at Chickamauga, Hill called upon President Jefferson Davis to remove Braxton Bragg from his command on grounds of incompetence, a criticism that resulted in Hill's own dismissal and loss of his recent commission. Hill's service was limited thereafter, though he did command a division in Joseph E. Johnston's small force at Bentonville, N.C., in March 1865.

After the war, Hill settled in Charlotte and began publishing a periodical The Land We Love in 1866 and the weekly paper The Southern Home in 1869. He also authored a mathematics textbook, several religious tracts, and numerous articles relating to the Civil War. Hill resumed his career in academia in 1877 as president of Arkansas Industrial University (later University of Arkansas). He held this position until 1884. From 1885 to 1889, he served at the Middle Georgia Military and Agricultural College (later Georgia Military College).

Daniel Harvey Hill died in Charlotte in September 1889.

Adapted from the entry for Daniel Harvey Hill by John G. Barrett in the Dictionary of North Carolina Biography (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1988).

From the guide to the D. H. Hill Papers, 1848-1951, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Carter, Thomas Henry, 1831-1908. Papers, 1861-1896. Virginia Historical Society Library
referencedIn Goulding, F. R. (Francis Robert), 1810-1881. F.R. Goulding papers, 1846-1934. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. Letters of Daniel Harvey Hill and John Lyle Campbell, professors at Washington College, Lexington, Va., to the Board of Visitors of the University of Virginia, recommending Jackson for the chair of mathematics at the University of Virginia [manuscript] 1853 Jan. 2. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. Autograph letter signed, 1876 May 5. Navarro College
referencedIn Early, Jubal Anderson, 1816-1894. Jubal Anderson Early papers, 1829-1930. Library of Congress
creatorOf Armstrong, T. E. Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall) document, 1862. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn G. T. Beauregard Papers, 1844-1883, (bulk 1861-1865) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Hill, Daniel Harvey. Papers, 1861-1865. William & Mary Libraries
referencedIn James M. Benson Letters, 1894 Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966. Papers of the Fishburne family [manuscript] 1813-1960. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Mickle, William E. (William English), 1846-1920. Papers, 1863-1903. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Longstreet, James, 1821-1904. Letter, 1886, Gainesville, Ga. [to] General Hill. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Deane, Ernie. Lemke cartoons of historic Arkansas people and places [Bishop, Hill and Hope] [graphic] / Ernie Deane [photographer]. Arkansas History Commission
referencedIn Benson, James M. (James Madison), 1853-1919. James M. Benson letters, 1894 [manuscript] North Carolina State University, NCSU Libraries
creatorOf Jay Johns Papers, 1918-1974. Special Collections, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary
referencedIn Yandell family. Yandell family papers, 1823-1877. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Alexander, Peter Wellington, 1825-1886. Peter Wellington Alexander papers, 1835-1910. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn William Alphonso Withers Papers, 1868-1926 Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Thomas, James, 1799?-1866. James Thomas correspondence, 1862-1864. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. The Daniel Harvey Hill papers, 1861-1875. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part II: The Civil War and the Confederacy, 1832-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf D. H. Hill Diary, 1846-1848 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn McFarland, Francis, 1788-1871. Papers, 1815-1871. Washington & Lee University, James G. Leyburn Library
creatorOf Hill, Daniel Harvey. Letter, [1849] Jan. 31, Lexington, Va. [to Phelps Collins], West Point [New York] / D.H. Hill. Washington & Lee University, James G. Leyburn Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Jefferson Davis collection, Davis, Jefferson collection, 1861-1865 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. G.T. Beauregard papers, 1844-1883 (bulk 1861-1865). Library of Congress
creatorOf Rives, William C. (William Cabell), 1793-1868. Papers of William Cabell Rives [manuscript], 1825-65. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Rains, Gabriel James, 1803-1881. Gabriel J. Rains papers, 1840-1865. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn Lieutenant General D.H. Hill. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. D. H. Hill papers, 1848-1951. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Jubal Anderson Early Papers, 1829-1930 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. D. H. Hill Papers, 1860-1889. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf D. H. Hill Papers, 1848-1951 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Longstreet, James, 1821-1904. Papers, 1848-1904. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Haskell, John Cheves, 1841-1906. Reminiscences [microform], undated. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889. D. H. Hill diary, 1846-1848 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Battle, William H. (William Horn), 1802-1879. [Montford McGehee scrapbook]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Withers, William Alphonso, 1864-1924. William Alphonso Withers papers, 1868-1926 [manuscript] North Carolina State University, NCSU Libraries
referencedIn Ripley, R. S. (Roswell Sabine), 1823-1887. Roswell S. Ripley paper, 1862 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Peter Wellington Alexander Papers, 1855-1863 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. Position of 3rd Army Corps at Harrison's Landing, Va., July 9th 1862. : From actual survey made for Genl. Heintzelman / by R.K. Sneden, Topog. Engr., 3rd Corps. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Andrew, John A. (John Albion), 1818-1867,. Lee family papers [microform] 1652 [1769-1870] 1890. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hill, Daniel Harvey. Letter : Milledgeville, Ga., to Rev. J.W. Jones, 1888 Nov. 14. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
creatorOf Dabney family. Papers of the Dabney family, 1718-1936. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn W. J. Peele Papers, 1888-1923 Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876. Braxton Bragg papers, 1833-1879 [microform]. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, Peter Wellington, 1825-1886. person
associatedWith Armstrong, T. E. person
associatedWith Atlas Fuel Corporation (Pittsburgh, Pa.) corporateBody
associatedWith Barringer, Rufus, 1821-1895. person
correspondedWith Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893. person
correspondedWith Benson, James Madison person
associatedWith Benson, James M. (James Madison), 1853-1919. person
associatedWith Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876. person
associatedWith Brooks, Phillips, 1835-1893 person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966 person
associatedWith Calhoun, John C. (John Caldwell), 1782-1850. person
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associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith de Butts, Harry Ashby, 1895- person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Drayton, Thomas Fenwick, 1808-1891. person
correspondedWith Early, Jubal Anderson, 1816-1894. person
associatedWith Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849 person
associatedWith George Washington Parke Custis person
associatedWith Glass, Carter, 1858-1946 person
associatedWith Godwin, Mills E. (Mills Edwin), 1914- person
associatedWith Goulding, F. R. (Francis Robert), 1810-1881. person
associatedWith Graham, William A. (William Alexander), 1804-1875. person
associatedWith Hampton, Wade, 1818-1902. person
associatedWith Harrison, Albertis S. (Albertis Sydney), 1907- person
associatedWith Haskell, John Cheves, 1841-1906. person
associatedWith Hill, A. P. (A. Powell) person
associatedWith Hill family. family
associatedWith Hill, Isabella Morrison. person
associatedWith Jackson, Stonewall, 1824-1863. person
associatedWith Johns, Helen Lambert, 1881-1964 person
associatedWith Johns, Jay person
associatedWith Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891. person
associatedWith Jones, Charles C. (Charles Colcock), 1831-1893. person
associatedWith Jones, J. William (John William), 1836-1909. person
associatedWith Kerr, Washington Caruthers, 1827-1885. person
associatedWith Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920- person
associatedWith Lacy, Drury, 1802-1884. person
associatedWith Lane, James Henry, 1833-1907. person
associatedWith Lawton, Alexander Robert, 1818-1896. person
associatedWith Lee, Francis Lightfoot, 1734-1797 person
associatedWith Lee-Jackson Memorial, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Lee, Mary Randolph Custis, 1806-1873 person
associatedWith Lee, Richard Henry, 1732-1794 person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith Longstreet, James, 1821-1904. person
associatedWith Marshall, George C. (George Catlett), 1880-1959 person
associatedWith McFarland, Francis, 1788-1871. person
associatedWith Mickle, William E. (William English), 1846-1920. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
associatedWith Moses, Ezekial. person
associatedWith Peele, W. J. (William Joseph), b. 1855 person
associatedWith Rains, Gabriel James, 1803-1881. person
associatedWith Ripley, R. S. (Roswell Sabine), 1823-1887. person
associatedWith Rives, William C. (William Cabell), 1793-1868. person
associatedWith Sneden, Robert Knox, 1832-1918. person
associatedWith Stewart, Alexander Peter, 1821-1908. person
associatedWith Thalhimer, Morton G. person
associatedWith Thomas, James, 1799?-1866. person
associatedWith Toombs, Robert Augustus, 1810-1885. person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. corporateBody
associatedWith Virginia Trust for Historic Preservation. corporateBody
associatedWith Washington College (Lexington, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906. person
associatedWith Whiting, William Henry Chase, 1824-1865. person
associatedWith William L. Clements Library corporateBody
associatedWith William M. (William Munford) Tuck. person
associatedWith Withers, William Alphonso, 1864-1924. person
associatedWith Withers, William Banks person
associatedWith Yandell family. family
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mexico
Yorktown (Va.)
Lexington (Va.)
Confederate States of America
North Carolina--Meckensburg
Charlotte (N.C.)
United States
Georgia
United States
Virginia
Maryland
South Carolina
Confederate States of America
United States
North Carolina
Subject
Deeds
Ash Lawn (Virginia : Estate)
Reconstruction
Diaries (Blank-books)
Peninsula Campaign
Mathematics--Study and teaching (Higher)
Antietam, Battle of, Md., 1862
Mexican War, 1846-1848--Personal narratives
Occupation
Generals--Confederate States of America
Function

Person

Birth 1821-07-12

Death 1889-09-24

Male

Americans

English

Information

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