Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937

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Wild animal collector, conservationist, and taxidermist; curator of living animals for the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park (1882-1890), and director of the New York Zoological Park (1896-1926).

From the description of Notes and correspondence of William Temple Hornaday, 1878-1934. (Smithsonian Institution Libraries). WorldCat record id: 51557581

First Director of the New York Zoological Park.

From the description of Photographic collection, [ca. 1902-1920]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155517813

Conservationist, zoologist, and taxidermist.

From the description of Papers of William Temple Hornaday, 1866-1975 (bulk 1906-1936). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131271

Biographical Note

  • 1854, Dec. 1: Born, Plainfield, Ind.
  • 1870: Attended Oskaloosa College, Oskaloosa, Iowa
  • 1872: Attended Iowa State Agricultural College, Ames, Iowa
  • 1873: Began work at Ward's Natural Science Establishment, Rochester, N.Y.
  • 1874: Zoological expedition to Florida, Cuba, and the Bahamas
  • 1876: Zoological expedition to South America
  • 1877 - 1879 : Zoological expedition to India, Ceylon, Malay Peninsula, and Borneo
  • 1879: Married Josephine Chamberlain
  • 1882 - 1890 : Chief taxidermist, United States National Museum, Washington, D.C.
  • 1885: Published Two years in the Jungle. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1887: Published Free Rum on the Congo. Chicago: Women's Temperance Publication Association
  • 1888: Instrumental in establishment of a Department of Living Animals, United States National Museum, Washington, D.C.
  • 1889: Published The Extermination of the American Bison. Washington, D.C.
  • 1890: Resigned position at United States National Museum over controversy about plans for a National Zoological Park
  • 1890 - 1896 : Engaged in real estate business, Buffalo, N.Y.
  • 1891: Published Taxidermy and Zoological Collecting. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1896: Published The Man Who Became a Savage. Buffalo, N.Y.: P. Paul Book Co.
  • 1896 - 1926 : Director, New York Zoological Park, Bronx Zoo, New York., N.Y.
  • 1899: Published Popular Official Guide to the New York Zoological Park. New York: New York Zoological Society
  • 1904: Published The American Natural History. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1905: President, Camp Fire Club of America
  • 1906: Published Camp-Fires in the Canadian Rockies. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1907 - 1910 : President, American Bison Society
  • 1908: Published Camp-Fires on Desert and Lava. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1913: Supported the Bayne Law to prohibit sale of native game and provision of 1913 tariff to prohibit importation of wild bird plumage for millinery purposes Published Our Vanishing Wild Life. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1913 - 1914 : Helped to establish Permanent Wild Life Protection Fund
  • 1914: Published Wild Life Conservation in Theory and Practice. New Haven: Yale University Press
  • 1917: Member, Board of Trustees of American Defense Society Published A Searchlight on Germany. New York: American Defense Society
  • 1918: Published Awake! America. New York: Moffat, Yard and Co.
  • 1919: Published Old-Fashioned Verses. New York: Clark and Fritts
  • 1922: Published The Minds and Manners of Wild Animals. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1924: Published Tales from Nature's Wonderlands. New York, London: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1928: Published The French War Debt and America's Duty. Stamford, Conn.: W. T. Hornaday Published Wild Animal Interviews. New York, London: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1931: Published Thirty Years War for Wild Life. Stamford, Conn.: Permanent Wild Life Protection Fund
  • 1937, Mar. 6: Died, Stamford, Conn.

From the guide to the William T. Hornaday Papers, 1866-1975, (bulk 1906-1936), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn New York Zoological Society. Pension Board. Records, 1914-1966. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Thompson, Henry Hunn, 1824-1918. Papers, 1776-1918, 1865-1918 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Lucas, Frederic A. (Frederic Augustus), 1852-1929. Correspondence, 1916 Aug. 28, 1922 July 18. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. Letters / W.T. Hornaday. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Akeley, Carl Ethan, 1864-1926. Autograph collection of Raymond Gorges [manuscript], 1725-1928. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn William Frederic Badè papers, 1871-1936 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. Notes and correspondence of William Temple Hornaday, 1878-1934. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. Papers 1888-1937. Wildlife Conservation Society Library, Bronx Zoo Library
referencedIn Seton, Ernest Thompson, 1860-1946. Correspondence, 1870-1960, 1890-1946 (bulk) Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn [Two unidentified young boys in shirts and pants with suspenders, barefooted, holding straw hats] [graphic]. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. Papers, 1888-1937. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. Papers of William Temple Hornaday, 1866-1975 (bulk 1906-1936). Library of Congress
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 33: Office Of The Secretary, Outgoing Corres..
referencedIn Lucas, Frederic A. (Frederic Augustus), 1852-1929. Correspondence, 1916 Aug. 28, 1922 July 18. American Museum of Natural History
creatorOf Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. Photographic collection, [ca. 1902-1920]. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Clark, George A., 1864-1918. Fur seal controversy papers, 1897-1918. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn New York Zoological Society. Pension Board. Records, 1914-1966. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn [Two young girls, one holding a small dog] [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. Accession memoranda, [ca. 1899-1920]. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Clara Barrus and John Burroughs Papers, 1877-1981, (bulk 1920-1958) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. Scrapbooks, 1896-1927. Wildlife Conservation Society Library, Bronx Zoo Library
creatorOf Hornaday, William T. William T. Hornaday photograph collection. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931. Clara Barrus and John Burroughs papers, 1877-1981 (bulk 1920-1958). Library of Congress
referencedIn New York Zoological Society. Office of the Secretary and Chairman of the Executive Committee. Madison Grant correspondence, 1901-1910. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Miller, Michael Haydon, 1960-. Collection, 1834-2000. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. Records 1895-1940. Wildlife Conservation Society Library, Bronx Zoo Library
creatorOf American Bison Society. American Bison Society records, [manuscript] 1899-1965 1910-1940. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 26: Office Of The Secretary, Incoming Corres..
referencedIn [Unidentified man] [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Camp-Fire Club of America. William T. Hornaday papers, 1903-1914. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn William B. Provine collection of evolutionary biology reprints, 20th century. Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn American Bison Society. Office of the President. Records, 1905-1912. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous correspondence, 1883-1970. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Haworth, Paul Leland, 1876-1938. Family papers, 1829-1957. Indiana Historical Society Library
referencedIn A. H. Saxon, Selected Letters Of P. T. Barnum. [Contact repository for more information].
referencedIn Joseph Beal Steere Papers, 1861-1941 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Marvin, Samuel W. Autograph collection, 1815-1917. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director. Scrapbooks, 1896-1927. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn W. T. Hornaday, at 20 (right) [graphic] ; Taken in eastern Iowa, Dec. 1872. Library of Congress
referencedIn The best picture of William Hornaday (father of W.T.H.) when about 35 [graphic]. Library of Congress
creatorOf Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937. [Letter, 1923 August 8] : New York City, New York, [to] John T. McCutcheon, Chicago, Illinois / [William T. Hornaday]. Chicago Zoological Society
creatorOf New York Zoological Society. Correspondence with Theodore Dreiser, 1902. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn William Frederic Badè papers, 1871-1936 Bancroft Library
referencedIn William T. Hornaday at six [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn French, H. H. Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge photograph collection, 1870-1984. Museum of the Great Plains
referencedIn Winfrid Alden Stearns Papers, 1871-1906 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn The best picture of William Hornaday (father of W.T.H.) when about 35 [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Irving Brant Papers, 1910-1977, (bulk 1938-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Letters received by the Norton family, 1830-1920. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Steere, Joseph Beal, 1842-1940. Joseph B. Steere papers, 1861-1941. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Minse[?] Varner Harden [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn American Bison Society. Office of the President. Records, 1905-1912. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Brant, Irving, 1885-1976. Irving Brant papers, 1910-1977 (bulk 1938-1975). Library of Congress
referencedIn American Museum of Natural History. Dept. of Vertebrate Paleontology. General correspondence files, [ca. 1887]-1966. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf William T. Hornaday Papers, 1866-1975, (bulk 1906-1936) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn [Unidentified man with beard] [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn The first photograph of W. T. Hornaday when 3 years old (1858) [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Calvin, William T., and Mary Hornaday, taken about 1860 [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Putnam, Frederic Ward (1839-1915), Papers, bulk 1855-1935 Peabody Museum Archives, Harvard University
referencedIn George Cochrane Hazelton papers, 1848-1941 The New York Public Library. Billy Rose Theatre Division.
referencedIn MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. MacDougal papers, 1889-1938 (bulk 1903-1915). Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Helen [and] May [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn Mary Hornaday, about 1870 [graphic]. Library of Congress
referencedIn New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. Outgoing correspondence, 1898-1936. Wildlife Conservation Society Library, Bronx Zoo Library
referencedIn Theodore Roosevelt Collection: Books, pamphlets, periodicals, 18-- - <ongoing> Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Allen, J. A. (Joel Asaph), 1838-1921. Correspondence, 1870-1919 (bulk 1899-1902). American Museum of Natural History
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Akeley, Carl Ethan, 1864-1926. person
associatedWith Allen, J. A. (Joel Asaph), 1838-1921. person
associatedWith American Bison Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Bison Society. Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith American Bison Society. Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith American Museum of Natural History. Dept. of Vertebrate Paleontology. corporateBody
associatedWith Andrews, Roy Chapman, 1884-1960. person
correspondedWith Badè, William Frederic, 1871-1936 person
associatedWith Baker, Frank. person
associatedWith Baker, Newton Diehl, 1871-1937. person
correspondedWith Barnum, P. T. person
correspondedWith Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931 person
associatedWith Beard, Daniel Carter, 1850-1941. person
associatedWith Beardsley, G. W. person
associatedWith Beebe, William, 1877-1962. person
associatedWith Bessey, Charles E. (Charles Edwin), 1845-1915. person
associatedWith Bigelow, Mortimer Osborne. person
associatedWith Boone and Crockett Club. corporateBody
correspondedWith Brant, Irving, 1885-1976. person
associatedWith Brookfield Zoo archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Brookfield Zoo (Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith Buck, Frank, 1884-1950. person
associatedWith Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. person
associatedWith Camp-Fire Club of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919. person
associatedWith Castle, F. W. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Clark, George A., 1864-1918. person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899. person
associatedWith Darling, Jay N. (Jay Norwood), 1876-1962. person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Ditmars, Raymond Lee, 1876-1942. person
associatedWith Dreiser, Theodore, 1871-1945. person
associatedWith Dycke, L. L. person
associatedWith Edge, Rosalie. person
associatedWith E.F. Keller, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Elliot, Henry W. person
associatedWith Elliot, Henry Wood, 1846-1930. person
correspondedWith Fielding, Helen Ross Hornaday, 1881-1974 person
associatedWith F. Jay Haynes Publisher. corporateBody
associatedWith Franz, Edith. person
correspondedWith Franz, Edith Helen person
correspondedWith Frederic Ward Putnam, 1813-1915 person
associatedWith Goode, G. Brown (George Brown), 1851-1896. person
associatedWith Goodrich, Nathaniel Lewis, 1880-1957. person
associatedWith Grant, Madison, 1865-1937. person
associatedWith Grey, Zane, 1872-1939. person
associatedWith Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. person
associatedWith Hagenbeck, Carl, 1844-1913. person
correspondedWith Haworth, Paul Leland, 1876-1938. person
associatedWith Hazelton, George Cochrane, 1868-1921 person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Holland, W. J. (William Jacob), 1848-1932. person
correspondedWith Hornaday, Josephine Chamberlain, 1854- person
associatedWith Hughes, Charles Evans, 1862-1948. person
associatedWith Johnson, Martin, 1884-1937. person
associatedWith Langley, S. P. (Samuel Pierpont), 1834-1906. person
associatedWith Lucas, Frederic A. (Frederic Augustus), 1852-1929. person
correspondedWith MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. person
associatedWith Marvin, Samuel W. person
associatedWith McCutcheon, John T. (John Tinney), 1870-1949, person
associatedWith Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942. person
associatedWith Miller, Michael Haydon, 1960- person
associatedWith Miner, Jack, 1865-1944. person
associatedWith Mumford, Norman W. person
associatedWith National Committee of One-Hundred. corporateBody
associatedWith National Committee of One-Hundred. corporateBody
associatedWith National Zoological Park (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith National Zoological Park (U.S.). Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith Nelson, A. H. person
associatedWith New York (State). Bayne Act, 1911. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Park. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Park. Office of the Director and General Curator. corporateBody
correspondedWith New York Zoological Society corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Society. person
associatedWith New York Zoological Society. Office of the Secretary and Chairman of the Executive Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Society. Pension Board. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Zoological Society. Pension Board. corporateBody
correspondedWith Norton family, recipient. family
associatedWith Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 1857-1935. person
correspondedWith Perkins, Maxwell E. (Maxwell Evarts), 1884-1947 person
associatedWith Permanent Wildlife Protection Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Permanent Wild Life Protection Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith Phillips, John M. person
associatedWith Phillips, John M. (John McFarlane), 1861-1953. person
associatedWith Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946. person
associatedWith Platford, S. D. person
associatedWith Plattes, Cyril W. person
correspondedWith Provine, William B. person
correspondedWith Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Kermit, 1889-1943. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Rugg, Harold Goddard, 1883-1957. person
associatedWith Seton, Ernest Thompson, 1860-1946. person
associatedWith Seymour, Edward. person
associatedWith Shiras, George, 1859-1942. person
associatedWith Stearns, Winfrid Alden, 1852-1909 person
associatedWith Steere, Joseph Beal, 1842-1940. person
associatedWith Stone, George E. person
correspondedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930 person
associatedWith Theobald, Albert N. person
associatedWith Theobald, Charles. person
associatedWith Theobald, Wm. person
associatedWith Thompson, Henry Hunn, 1824-1918. person
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Biological Survey. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Agriculture. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Forest Service. corporateBody
associatedWith United States National Museum. Taxidermist. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of Strategic Services. Detachment 12 corporateBody
associatedWith Van Name, Willard G. (Willard Gibbs), 1872-1959 person
associatedWith Wanamaker, John, 1838-1922. person
correspondedWith Ward, Henry A. person
associatedWith Ward, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1834-1906. person
associatedWith Willis, J. D. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Winch, Frank. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
France
Yukon
New York (State)--Buffalo
Rocky Mountains
New York Zoological Park
Northwest, Pacific
Borneo
New York Zoological Park.
Alaska
New York (State)--Buffalo
Subject
Birds--Conservation
Wildlife conservation--Law and legislation--New York (State)
Game and game-birds--Conservation
Zoological specimens--Collection and preservation
Millinery
Real property
National Museum
Fur-bearing animals
Zoology--Study and teaching
Zoology
Wild animal collecting
Real property--New York (State)--Buffalo
Scientific expeditions
Natural history
Wildlife research
World War, 1914-1918
Feather
Wildlife conservation--Societies, etc
Wildlife conservation--Law and legislation
Wildlife conservation
Taxidermy
Debts, Public--France
Ecology
Birds, Protection of
World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Photographs
Seals (Animals)
Mountain sheep
Conservation of natural resources
Zoos--New York (State)--New York
Bison--Conservation
Conservation of natural resources--Societies, etc
Occupation
Conservationists
Taxidermists
Zoologists
Function

Person

Birth 1854-12-01

Death 1937-03-06

Americans

English

Information

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