Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931

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Clara Barrus (1864-1931) was a physician and author best known as the official biographer of the prominent American naturalist writer, John Burroughs (1837-1921).

From the description of Clara Barrus papers, 1906-1931. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 60753199

Clara Barrus was one of a small number of women who graduated from medical school in the late nineteenth century. An acquaintance with John Burroughs and his wife Ursala developed into a life-long friendship. Burroughs named her his literary executor and official biographer. After his death, she edited and published his journals and wrote a Burroughs biography.

From the description of Clara Barrus papers, 1909-1927. (The Henry Ford). WorldCat record id: 713677940

Biographical Note

Clara Barrus

  • 1864, Aug. 8: Born, Port Byron, N.Y.
  • 1888: M. D., Boston University, Boston, Mass.
  • 1889 - 1893 : Physician, Utica, N.Y.
  • 1893 - 1910 : Assistant physician, Middletown State Homeopathic Hospital, Middletown, N.Y. Professor of psychiatry, Women’s College of New York, New York, N.Y.
  • 1905: Published The Retreat of a Poet Naturalist. Boston: Poet Lore Co.
  • 1908: Published Nursing the Insane. New York: Macmillan
  • 1909: Traveled with John Burroughs and John Muir in Southwest United States, and with John Burroughs to Hawaii
  • 1912 - 1914 : Physician, private sanitarium, Pelham, N.Y.
  • 1914: Published Our Friend John Burroughs. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
  • 1920: Published John Burroughs, Boy and Man. New York: Doubleday, Page, and Co.
  • 1921 - 1931 : Literary executor, estate of John Burroughs
  • 1925: Published Life and Letters of John Burroughs. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
  • 1925 - 1931 : Lecturer on John Burroughs, John Muir, and her travels
  • 1926: Traveled to Europe
  • 1928: Edited My Dog Friends by John Burroughs. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Edited The Heart of Burroughs’ Journals. Port Washington: Kennikat Press
  • 1929: Traveled to Europe
  • 1931: Published Whitman and Burroughs, Comrades. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
  • 1931, Apr. 4: Died, Roxbury, N.Y.

John Burroughs

  • 1837, Apr. 3: Born, Roxbury, N.Y.
  • 1857: Married Ursula North (died 1917)
  • 1864 - 1873 : Clerk, U.S. Treasury Department, Washington, D.C.
  • 1871: Published Wake-Robin. Boston: Hurd and Houghton
  • 1871 - 1921 : Published numerous nature essays
  • 1873 - 1884 : Federal bank examiner, West Park N.Y.
  • 1896: Published Whitman: A Study. Boston: Houghton Mifflin
  • 1899: Member, E. H. Harriman’s expedition to Alaska
  • 1901: Traveled in Southwest United States with John Muir and Clara Barrus and to Hawaii with Clara Barrus
  • 1903: Traveled to Washington state with President Theodore Roosevelt
  • 1921, Mar. 29: Died on route to Roxbury, N.Y.

From the guide to the Clara Barrus and John Burroughs Papers, 1877-1981, (bulk 1920-1958), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Clara Barrus (1864-1931) was a physician and author best known as the official biographer of the prominent American naturalist writer, John Burroughs (1837-1921). Barrus was born in Port Byron, New York and received an M.D. in 1888 from Boston University. During her medical career she practiced privately in Utica, New York, served on the staff of the Middletown State Homeopathic Hospital for the Insane, and as professor of psychiatry at the Woman's Medical College of New York City.

Barrus met John Burroughs in 1902 and became his devoted follower, interviewer, and frequent companion. She published several essays on Burroughs during his lifetime and, after his death, was named his literary executrix and official biographer. She devoted most of her remaining years to Burroughs' memory, editing his posthumous works and journals and publishing the two-volume Life and Letters of John Burroughs in 1928 and Whitman and Burroughs, Comrades in 1931.

From the guide to the Clara Barrus papers, 1906-1931, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Patten, Jean Maury Coyle. Correspondence, 1906-1920. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. Lummis correspondence series papers, 1880-1928 / Chas. F. Lummis. Gene Autry Western Heritage Museum
creatorOf Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931. Correspondence with Carl Zigrosser, 1914-1931, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931. Typed letter signed Clara Barrus to: "My dear Sir" August 20, 1925. Wellesley College
creatorOf Clara Barrus papers, 1906-1931 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931. Clara Barrus papers, 1909-1927. The Henry Ford, Benson Ford Research Center
creatorOf Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931. Clara Barrus and John Burroughs papers, 1877-1981 (bulk 1920-1958). Library of Congress
creatorOf Wallace. J.W. (James William), 1853-1926. Letters to Clara Barrus, 1919. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Papers, 1806-1973 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Furness, Clifton Joseph, 1898-1946. Clifton Joseph Furness papers, 1855-1974 [bulk 1903-1955] SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
referencedIn Edwin Way Teale Papers, undated, 1799-1995. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
creatorOf Houghton Mifflin Company. Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931. Clara Barrus papers, 1906-1931. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Dowden, Elizabeth Dickinson West. Elizabeth Dowden letters to Clara Barrus, 1913-1931. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. John Burroughs letter to Al Stevenson [manuscript], 1911 Feb. 2. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. Papers of John Burroughs [manuscript], 1856-1943. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Muir, John, 1838-1914. Letter, 1910 May 31 : to Dr. Clara Barrus. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Dorr, Julia C. R. (Julia Caroline Ripley), 1825-1913. Papers of 47 women authors, chiefly American [manuscript] 1847-1949, 1970. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Greenway, Cornelius. Letter, 1932, July 7, Brooklyn, New York [to] Mr. [Edwin] Markham, My Dear Friend [Staten Island, New York] / Conrnelius Greenway. Wagner College, Horrmann Library
creatorOf Clara Barrus and John Burroughs Papers, 1877-1981, (bulk 1920-1958) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. Lummis correspondence series papers, 1880-1928 / Chas. F. Lummis. Southwest Museum, Braun Research Library
creatorOf Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. Whitman, a study : autograph manuscript, ca. 1896. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. List of birds and flowers made in the field at Pine Knot, Virginia, May 1908, 1908. Brown University, Brown University Library
referencedIn J. T. (John Townsend) Trowbridge papers, 1855-1939. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Dowden, Edward, 1843-1913. person
associatedWith Dowden, Elizabeth Dickinson West. person
correspondedWith Fisher, Clyde person
correspondedWith Ford, Clara Bryant, 1866-1950 person
associatedWith Fullerton, Hugh S. (Hugh Stuart), 1873-1945. person
associatedWith Furness, Clifton Joseph, 1898-1946. person
correspondedWith Garland, Hamlin, 1860-1940 person
associatedWith Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909. person
correspondedWith GRACE ELLERY (CHANNING) STETSON, 1862-1937 person
associatedWith Greenway, Cornelius. person
correspondedWith Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937 person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith John Burroughs Memorial Association. corporateBody
correspondedWith Johnson, Adeline Barrus person
correspondedWith Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937 person
correspondedWith Kennedy, William Sloane, 1850-1929 person
associatedWith Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. person
associatedWith Muir, John, 1838-1914. person
associatedWith Patten, Jean Maury Coyle. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
correspondedWith Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967 person
correspondedWith Seton, Ernest Thompson, 1860-1946 person
correspondedWith Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944 person
associatedWith Teale, Edwin Way, 1899- person
correspondedWith Trowbridge, J. T. (John Townsend), 1827-1916 person
associatedWith Wallace. J.W. (James William), 1853-1926. person
correspondedWith Warburton, George Augustus person
associatedWith Whitman, Walt, 1819-1892. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Ireland
United States
Dublin (Ireland)
Dublin (Ireland)
Hawaii
Subject
Publishers and Publishing
Poets, American
World War, 1914-1918
Irish literature
Philosophy
World War, 1914-1918--Ireland
Voyages and travels
Poetry
American poetry
Politics, Practical
Occupation
Editors
Naturalist
Authors
Physicians
Function

Person

Birth 1864

Death 1931

Information

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SNAC ID: 52885516