MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958

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Daniel Trembly MacDougal (1865-1958) was the leading American authority on desert ecology and one of the earliest botanists to research chlorophyll. He was the inventor of the MacDougall dendrograph, used to record changes in the volume of tree trunks. He began his association with the New York Botanical Garden (NYBG) in 1899 as Director of the Laboratories. In 1904 he was named as Assistant Director. In 1905 the Plant Desert Laboratory was established and MacDougal became its first director. When the Laboratory became part of the Carnegie Institution, MacDougall became Director of Botanical Research at the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C. He was born in Liberty, Indiana. He received his MA from DePauw University in 1894 and his Ph. D. from Purdue University. He pursued post-doctoral studies at Leipzig and Tubingen. He was a member of the Tropical Plant Commission. He retired in 1933.

From the description of Daniel T. MacDougal papers 1896-1905. (New York Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 42333594

Daniel Trembly MacDougal (1865-1958) was born in Liberty, Indiana, in 1865. He received his master's at DePauw University in 1894, and went on to receive his PhD from Purdue University. He also did post-doctoral studies in Leipzig and Tubingen. He went on to work at the U.S. Department of Agriculture to collect specimens in Idaho and Arizona during the summer of 1891-1892. He taught plant physiology at the University of Minnesota from 1893 to 1899. He left the University to work at the New York Botanical Garden, where he worked for seven years. While working at the Botanical Garden he was part of a committee to establish a tropical search laboratory. That led to the establishment of the Plant Desert Laboratory in Tucson, Arizona, in 1905. MacDougal was appointed director of the laboratory. In 1909, he established a coastal botanical laboratory in Carmel, California, and he became known as the expert of Monterey pines. He later became director of Botanical Research at the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C. He remained there until his retirement in 1933.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Field Book Project: Person : Description : rid_472_pid_EACP469

Botanist; first director of the Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution, Tucson, Ariz., 1906-1933, director of the Institution's Carmel Laboratory from 1908 until his retirement in 1933. MacDougal was actively involved in and well-known in the national scientific professional community.

From the description of MacDougal papers, 1889-1938 (bulk 1903-1915). (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 42425404

Daniel Trembly MacDougal (1865-1958) was the leading American authority on desert ecology and one of the earliest botanists to research chlorophyll. He was the inventor of the MacDougall dendrograph, used to record changes in the volume of tree trunks. He began his association with the New York Botanical Garden (NYBG) in 1899 as Director of the Laboratories. In 1904 he was named as Assistant Director. In 1905 the Plant Desert Laboratory was established and MacDougal became its first director. When the Laboratory became part of the Carnegie Institution, MacDougall became Director of Botanical Research at the Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C. He was born in Liberty, Indiana. He received his MA from DePauw University in 1894 and his Ph.D. from Purdue University. He pursued post-doctoral studies at Leipzig and Tubingen. He was a member of the Tropical Plant Commission. He retired in 1933.

From the description of Daniel T. MacDougal papers, 1896-1905. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155463001

Botanist; first director of the Desert Botanical Laboratory.

From the description of MacDougal collection, 1889-1938 (bulk 1903-1915). (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 46940563

Botanist; first director of the Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution, Tucson, Ariz., 1906-1933, and director of the Institution's Carmel Laboratory from 1908 to his retirement in 1933.

From the description of MacDougal photographs, ca. 1903-1932. (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 42425408

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Mary Hunter Austin Collection Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. Daniel T. MacDougal papers, 1896-1905. New York State Historical Documents (Albany, N.Y.)
referencedIn Huntington, Ellsworth, 1876-1947. Ellsworth Huntington papers, 1779-1953 (inclusive), 1890-1947 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935. Papers, 1867-1937. University of Arizona Libraries
creatorOf MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1945-1953. University of Pennsylvania Library
creatorOf MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. MacDougal collection, 1889-1938 (bulk 1903-1915). Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
creatorOf MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. MacDougal photographs, ca. 1903-1932. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
creatorOf MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. Daniel T. MacDougal papers 1896-1905. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
referencedIn Sykes family. Sykes family papers, 1892-1962. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
creatorOf MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. MacDougal papers, 1889-1938 (bulk 1903-1915). Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944. Charles Benedict Davenport papers, 1874-1944. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Biography clippings : GROUP folder 1883-2003. Monterey Public Library
creatorOf McDougal, Daniel Trembly. [Photocopies of various materials pertaining to Grand Canyon National Park vegetation, especially Powell, Rainbow and Walhalla Plateaus from various sources.]. Grand Canyon National Park Research Library
creatorOf Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. Correspondence, 1865-1913, "King" to "Marcon." Brown University Archives, John Hay Library
creatorOf MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. Miscellaneous articles on growth in plants, etc. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Mast, Samuel Ottmar, 1871-1947. Samuel Ottmar Mast papers, 1912-1947. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution. Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution records, 1903-1938. University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn University of Arizona. Agricultural Experiment Station. University of Arizona Agricultural Experiment Station records, 1890-1915. University of Arizona Libraries
creatorOf Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934. Nathaniel Lord Britton records, 1875-1934. New York State Historical Documents (Albany, N.Y.)
creatorOf [Daniel Trembly Macdougal, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
creatorOf Schrenk, Hermann von, 1873-1953. Hermann von Schrenk family papers, 1879-1937. Missouri Botanical Garden, Peter H Raven Library
referencedIn Peirce, George James, b. 1868. George James Peirce papers, 1905-1926. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution records, 1903-1985 University of Arizona Libraries, Library Special Collections
creatorOf MacDougal, Daniel Trembly, 1865-1958. Record of rainfall and tenperature [!] Carmel, California, from records kept by the Carnegie Coastal Laboratory, by Dr. D.T. MacDougal ... University of California, Bancroft Library, ARL
creatorOf Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934. Nathaniel Lord Britton records 1875-1934. New York Botanical Garden, The LuEsther T. Mertz Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Association for the Advancement of Science. corporateBody
associatedWith Anderson, A. P. (Alexander Pierce) person
associatedWith Arizona. Council of Defense. corporateBody
associatedWith Austin, Mary Hunter, 1868-1934. person
associatedWith Britton, Nathaniel Lord, 1859-1934. person
correspondedWith Cannon, William Austin, 1870- person
associatedWith Carnegie Coastal Laboratory. corporateBody
correspondedWith Coville, Frederick V. (Frederick Vernon), 1867-1937 person
associatedWith Davenport, Charles Benedict, 1866-1944. person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Desert Botanical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution. corporateBody
correspondedWith Forbes, Robert Humphrey, 1867-1968 person
correspondedWith Free, E. E. (Edward Elway), b. 1883 person
correspondedWith Hornaday, William T. (William Temple), 1854-1937 person
associatedWith Huntington, Ellsworth, 1876-1947. person
correspondedWith Livingston, Burton E. (Burton Edward), 1875-1948 person
correspondedWith Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928 person
associatedWith Mast, Samuel Ottmar, 1871-1947. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Peirce, George James, b. 1868. person
correspondedWith Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946 person
correspondedWith Rose, J. N. (Joseph Nelson), 1862-1928 person
associatedWith Schrenk, Hermann von, 1873-1953. person
associatedWith Science Service. corporateBody
correspondedWith Shreve, Forrest, 1878-1950 person
associatedWith Sykes family. family
correspondedWith Sykes, Godfrey, 1861-1948 person
associatedWith Sykes, Stanley person
correspondedWith Tower, William L. person
associatedWith Tropical Laboratory Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Tropical Laboratory Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Arizona corporateBody
associatedWith University of Arizona. Agricultural Experiment Station. corporateBody
associatedWith Ward, Lester Frank, 1841-1913. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pinacate Mountain (Mexico)
Santa Rita Mountains (Ariz.)
Sonora (Mexico : State)
Yuma (Ariz.)
Arizona
Lemmon, Mount (Ariz.)
Weldon Mine (Ariz.)
Carmel (Calif.)
Arizona
Rosemont (Ariz.)
Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico)
Rincon Mountains (Ariz.)
Idaho
Rillito Creek (Ariz.)
Nebraska
Comobabi Mountains (Ariz.)
Salton Sea (Calif.)
Santa Catalina Mountains (Ariz.)
Mojave Desert (Calif.)
Sierrita Mountains (Ariz.)
Sudan
Montana
Arizona--Tucson
White Sands (N.M.)
Tortolita Mountains (Ariz.)
California--Carmel
Santa Rita Experimental Range (Ariz.)
Sabino Canyon (Ariz.)
Rivers--Arizona
Sonoran Desert
Tanque Verde Creek (Ariz.)
Tucson Mountains (Ariz.)
Subject
Botany
Tohono O'odham Indians--Photographs
Arid regions--Research
Cactus--Photographs
Ferries--Photographs
Desert plants
Botany--Research
Yaqui Indians--Photographs
Desert--Research
Botany--Research--Photographs
Plant ecology
Botanists--Correspondence
Cocopa Indians--Photographs
Arid regions--Photographs
World War, 1914-1918
Scientists--Correspondence
Rain and rainfall
Botanical laboratories--History--Sources
Vegetation surveys--Photographs
Desert plants--Photographs
Growth (Plants)
Occupation
Botanists
Activity

Person

Birth 1865

Death 1958

English

Information

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