Crook, George, 1829-1890

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George Crook was an Army officer during the late 1800s who was best known for his Indian fighting in the Pacific Northwest and Southwest.

From the guide to the George Crook papers, 1863-1890, (Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries)

George Crook was an Army officer, best known for his Indian fighting in the Pacific Northwest and Southwest.

From the description of George Crook papers, 1863-1890. (University of Oregon Libraries). WorldCat record id: 54518323

Officer in the volunteer service and regular army from Dayton, Ohio, who served in the Civil War and Indian Wars in the American West.

From the description of Letter from Camp Warner, 1866 Aug. 20. (Ohio Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 43404236

U.S. Army General, participated in Indian campaigns before and after the Civil War. From 1871 to 1875, he administered the military effort to force the Apaches onto reservations in Arizona. From 1882 to 1886, he led expeditions to bring Geronimo's band onto the San Carlos Reservation.

From the description of Crook collection, 1867-1890. (Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division). WorldCat record id: 40047379

Major general, U.S. Army; served during Civil War and in Arizona and New Mexico, where in addition to defending settlers, defending Apaches from illegal squatters and miners; known as America's most successful Indian fighter, but also known for his fair and honest dealings with the Indians.

From the description of Papers, 1871-1890. (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 49797564

American army general who fought in the American Civil War and participated in the campaigns against the Indians in the Amercian West.

From the description of Letters, 1876. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122536612

George Crook collected reel-to-reel tapes of jazz, including many recordings were never released commercially. There are also a large number of recordings from BBC radio. Of particular note are 400 tapes containing some 1200 unreleased Duke Ellington performances.

From the guide to the George Crook Collection 'Ellington Tapes', 1929-1987, (Leeds College of Music)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Bukey, Van H., 1836-1909. Van H. Bukey papers, 1863-1884 (bulk 1863-1864) The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Lockwood, John C., 1857-1928. Papers of John C. Lockwood, 1860-1926 (bulk 1920-1925). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn McGillycuddy, Valentine Trent O'Connell, 1849-1939. Diary, 1876-1877. American Primers
creatorOf Records of the Adjutant General's Office. 1762 - 1984. Generals' Papers and Books. 1830 - 1884. Papers and Books of George Crook
referencedIn Arizona Historical Foundation. Arizona Historical Foundation Microfilm Collection, 1812-1980 1870-1910 [microform]. Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn AHF Subject Photograph Collection, ca. 1850-ca. 1990 [picture]. Arizona State University Libraries
referencedIn Sanford, Wilmot P. Wilmot P. Sanford diaries and letters, 1874-1878. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Anspach family. Papers : of the Anspach family, 1864, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Bush, Edward G. (Edward Geer), 1832-1892. Edward G. Bush official correspondence, 1887. American Primers
referencedIn Custer, George A. (George Armstrong), 1839-1876. George Armstrong Custer and Elizabeth (Bacon) Custer collection [microform], 1856-1933. Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Bourke, John Gregory, 1846-1896. John Gregory Bourke papers, 1873-1897. University of Arizona Libraries
referencedIn Frank Casanova collection, 1881-1886, 1964-1966 The Museum of Northern Arizona
referencedIn Nichols, Charles A., 1878-1970. Nichols manuscripts, ca. 1950. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Carrington Family papers, 1749-1929 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Arizona Scenes Photograph Collection, 1880-1910 University of New Mexico. Center for Southwest Research.
referencedIn Wasson, Joseph, 1833-1909. General Crook's campaign : letters to the Owyhee Avalanche, Silver City, Idaho, 1867 July 20-Oct. 13 / by Joseph Wasson. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
creatorOf Crook, George, 1829-1890. Letter : Omaha, Neb., to Strong, 1880 May 2. Texas Christian University
referencedIn Kimball, William A. Orders and correspondence, 1878. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Secunda, Sholom, 1894-1974. P[ark] A[venue] S[ynagogue], May 8, 1959 [sound recording] : Shabbat Sholom Secunda : archival disc / [by Sholom Secunda]. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
referencedIn Chrisman, Clarence. Chrisman papers 1885-1927 (bulk 1885-1887). Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
creatorOf George Crook Collection 'Ellington Tapes', 1929-1987 Leeds College of Music
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn King, Charles, 1844-1933. Indian campaigns : sketches of cavalry service in Arizona and on the northern plains, 1880-1889. American Primers
creatorOf Crook, George, 1829-1890. Letter : Omaha, Neb., to Strong, 1880 May 2. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Porter, Henry R., 1848-1903. Letters, 1872-1873. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
creatorOf Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. 1793 - 1999. Council Proceedings
referencedIn Nye, William H., b. 1833. William H. Nye letters from Boise, Idaho and San Francisco, 1864-1867. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Strauss, Charles Moses, 1840-1892. Charles Moses Strauss papers, 1823-1892. Judah L. Magnes Memorial Museum, Rabbi Morris Goldstein Library
referencedIn Altschuler, Constance Wynn. Constance Wynn Altschuler collection, 1965-1996. Arizona State University Libraries
creatorOf Crook, George, 1829-1890. Letter, 1866. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Francis R. Hagner collection, 1860-1946, 1876-1925 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Crook, George, 1829-1890. Crook collection, 1867-1890. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Arizona scenes photograph collection [picture]. University of New Mexico-Main Campus
referencedIn Sanford, Wilmot P. Wilmot P. Sanford diaries and letters, 1874-1878. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn William A. Carter papers, 1863-1925 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Capron, Thaddeus Hurlbut, 1840-1890. Thaddeus Hurlbut Capron Family papers, 1864-1966 (bulk 1867-1884) University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Arizona. Legislature. Committee on Military and Indian Affairs. Reports and resolutions about Apache Indians, 1868-1873. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn McKay, W. C. (William Cameron), 1824-1893. Papers, 1866-1868. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Crook, George, 1828-1890. Letters, 1876. American Primers
referencedIn Valentine McGillycuddy diary, 1876-1877 L. Tom Perry Special Collections19th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Crook, George, 1829-1890. Letter: to Lt. General P. H. Sheridan / by George Crook, 1876 May 27. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Brininstool, E. A. (Earl Alonzo), 1870-1957. Edward Brininstool papers, undated. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Cooley, Corydon E. (Corydon Eliphalet), 1836-1917. Corydon Cooley guest register, 1883-1913. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Post, Rita Johns. Research material primarily for the history of Fort Bidwell (Modoc Co.) and Fort Crook (Shasta Co.) Calif., 1934-1935. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Felton, William G. Life and adventures of Captain William G. Felton, California Bill, 1886. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Chase, George F. The George F. Chase papers, 1867-1901. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Crook, George, 1829-1890. Letter: to Lt. General P. H. Sheridan / by George Crook, 1876 May 27. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Moore, Thomas. Letter, 1890. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Carrington family. Carrington family papers, 1749-1929 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Walking Cherry Woman Collection, June 28, 1889 McCracken Research Library , Buffalo Bill Historical Center
referencedIn McGillycuddy, Julia B. (Julia Blanchard). McGillycuddy, agent / by Julia Mcgillycuddy, [ca. 1940]. Newberry Library
referencedIn Gatewood, Charles. Gatewood photograph collection, ca. 1867, 1879-1890, 1930s (bulk 1880-1890). Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
creatorOf Proctor, Redfield, 1831-1908. TLS, 1889 September 21 : Washington, D.C. to George Crook. Haverford College Library
creatorOf Crook, George, 1829-1890. George Crook papers, 1863-1890. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Colyer, Vincent, 1825-1888. Scrapbook of clippings on Indian activities in Arizona, New Mexico, and the Southwest 1870-1872. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Warner, J. Chapin. Papers. 1861-1905. (bulk: 1862-1865) Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Nye, William H., b. 1833. William H. Nye letters from Boise, Idaho and San Francisco, 1864-1867. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Crook, George, 1829-1890. Letter from Camp Warner, 1866 Aug. 20. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
creatorOf Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Minnesota Commandery. Organizational records, 1866-1953. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888. Telegram, 1876 Jun 28. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Gatewood, Charles Baehr, 1853-1896. Gatewood papers, 1883-1955. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Stanton, Thaddeus Harlan, 1835-1900. Itinerary of a journey to and through Arizona in the winter of 1871-2, 1871-1872. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902. Correspondence of John Wesley Powell, 1876-1902. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Crook, George, 1828-1890. Telegrams, 1886. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Hagner, Francis R. (Francis Randall), 1873-1940,. Francis R. Hagner collection, 1860-1946, bulk (1876-1925). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901. Cañon de los Embudos photographs, March 1886. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888. Telegram, 1876 Jul 10. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Carter, William A. (William Alexander), 1818-1881. William A. Carter papers, 1863-1929. American Primers
referencedIn Thaddeus Hurlbut Capron Family Papers, 1864-1966 (bulk 1867-1884) University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn King, Charles, 1844-1933. Papers of Charles King, 1875-1954. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Whitney, William H. Civil War letters of William H. Whitney, 1864 August 20 to September 18. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Coates, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1827-1899. Benjamin F. Coates collection, 1862-1881 (bulk 1862-1865). University of Oslo Medical Library
creatorOf United States. War Dept. Dept. of the Platte. U. S. War Department. Department of the Platte records, 1875-1888. Montana Historical Society Library
referencedIn United States. Army. Military Division of the Missouri. Dispatch, 1876 Jul 16. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn United States. Army. Spotted Tail commission, 1876. National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum
creatorOf Kosakoff, R. (Reuven). Park Avenue Synagogue, May 13, 1960 [sound recording] : Lichvod Shabbat : archival disc / Reuven Kosakoff. Jewish Theological Seminary of America
referencedIn Kennon, Lyman Walter Vere, 1858-1918. Papers, 1863-1917. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf George Crook papers, 1863-1890 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Bourke, John Gregory, 1846-1896. Letter to S.S. McClure, 1890 March 22. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hayes, Webb Cook, 1856-1935. Webb C. Hayes I photograph collection, [ca. 1850]-1934. University of Oslo Medical Library
referencedIn Kennon, Lyman W. V., d. 1918. Lyman W.V. Kennon photograph collection. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Hale, Francis G. Civil War diaries of Francis G. Hale [manuscript], 1861-1864, University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Hamilton, John M., 1839-1898. Lt. Colonel John M. Hamilton papers, 1863-1925 (bulk 1898). National Cowboy & Western Heritage Museum
creatorOf The Crook-Kennon papers, 1830-1923. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Brisbin, James S. (James Sanks), 1837-1892. Letter : Fort Pease (Mont.), to S.H.H. Clark, 1876 Apr 22. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Gray, John S. (John Stephens), 1910-1991. John S. Gray research papers, 1942-1991. Newberry Library
referencedIn Rutherford, Mildred Lewis, 1852-1928. Civil War miscellaneous collection, 1860-1965, and undated. James Madison University Libraries
referencedIn Bennett, Frank P. Comments regarding the removal of the Apaches from Mount Vernon, Alabama : ADS, [ca. 1890]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Carrington family. Carrington family papers, 1749-1929 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Baird, George William, 1839-1906. George William Baird papers, 1877-1899. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Brisbin, James S. (James Sanks), 1837-1892. Letter : Fort Pease (Mont.), to S.H.H. Clark, 1876 Apr 22. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Crook, George, 1828-1890. Autobiography of Major General George Crook, U.S.A. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
creatorOf Crook, George, 1829-1889. Papers, 1871-1890. Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center, Hayes Presidential Center
referencedIn Luhn, Gerhard Luke, 1831-1920. Papers, 1863-1918. University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Stanton, Thaddeus H., d. 1900. Thaddeus H. Stanton papers, 1835-1929. U.S. Army Heritage & Education Center
referencedIn Rice, Elliott Warren, 1835-1887. Elliott Warren Rice Papers, 1861-1887. The Filson Historical Society
creatorOf Smith, William Henry, 1833-1896. Papers. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Corbusier, William Henry, 1844-1930. Indian language vocabularies of William Henry Corbusier, 1851-1927. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Glover, James Benton, 1842-1929. Glover papers, 1928-1929. Arizona Historical Society, Southern Arizona Division
referencedIn Baird, George William, 1839-1906. Indian campaigning with General Miles in Montana. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hayes, Webb Cook, 1856-1935. Webb C. Hayes I photograph collection, [ca. 1850]-1934. Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center, Hayes Presidential Center
creatorOf Records of U.S. Army Continental Commands. 1817 - 1947. Correspondence, Lists, Reports, and Returns
creatorOf Schuyler, Walter Scribner, 1850-1932. Papers of Walter Scribner Schuyler, 1871-1932. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Indians and settlers, 1876-1877. UC Berkeley Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Allison, William B., (William Boyd), 1829-1908 person
associatedWith Altschuler, Constance Wynn. person
associatedWith Anspach family. family
associatedWith Arizona Historical Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Arizona. Legislature. Committee on Military and Indian Affairs. corporateBody
associatedWith Baird, George William, 1839-1906. person
associatedWith Bennett, Frank P. person
correspondedWith Bourke, John Gregory, 1846-1896. person
associatedWith Brininstool, E. A. (Earl Alonzo), 1870-1957. person
associatedWith Brisbin, James S. (James Sanks), 1837-1892. person
associatedWith Bukey, Van H., 1836-1909. person
associatedWith Bush, Edward G. (Edward Geer), 1832-1892. person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
correspondedWith Campbell, Lewis D. (Lewis Davis), 1811-1882 person
associatedWith Capron, Thaddeus Hurlbut, 1840-1890. person
associatedWith Carrington family family
associatedWith Carrington family. family
associatedWith Carrington family. family
associatedWith Carter, William A. (William Alexander), 1818-1881. person
associatedWith Casanova, Frank person
associatedWith Chase, George F. person
associatedWith Chrisman, Clarence. person
associatedWith Coates, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1827-1899. person
associatedWith Colyer, Vincent, 1825-1888. person
correspondedWith Cooley, Corydon E. (Corydon Eliphalet), 1836-1917. person
associatedWith Corbusier, William Henry, 1844-1930. person
correspondedWith Crawford, Emmett person
associatedWith Crook, George, 1829-1890. person
associatedWith Crook George Jazz collector person
associatedWith Custer, George A. (George Armstrong), 1839-1876. person
correspondedWith Davis, Jefferson Columbus, 1828-1879 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Ellington Duke 1899-1974 person
associatedWith Felton, William G. person
associatedWith Fly, C. S. (Camillus Sidney), 1849-1901. person
associatedWith Gatewood, Charles. person
associatedWith Gatewood, Charles Baehr, 1853-1896. person
associatedWith Geronimo, 1829-1909. person
associatedWith Glover, James Benton, 1842-1929. person
associatedWith Grasshopper, Isaac (Cheyenne Indian), fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Gray, John S. (John Stephens), 1910-1991. person
associatedWith Hagner, Francis R. (Francis Randall), 1873-1940, person
associatedWith Hale, Francis G. person
associatedWith Hamilton, John M., 1839-1898. person
associatedWith Hayes, Webb Cook, 1856-1935. person
associatedWith High Wolf (Cheyenne Indian), fl. 19th century. person
correspondedWith Kelton, J. C. (John Cummingham), 1828-1893 person
associatedWith Kennon, Lyman Walter Vere, 1858-1918. person
associatedWith Kennon, Lyman W. V., d. 1918. person
associatedWith Kimball, William A. person
associatedWith King, Charles, 1844-1933. person
associatedWith Kosakoff, R. (Reuven) person
associatedWith Lockwood, John C., 1857-1928. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Luhn, Gerhard Luke, 1831-1920. person
associatedWith Mackenzie, Ranald Slidell, 1840-1889. person
correspondedWith Marshau, F. C. person
associatedWith Maus, Marion P. (Marion Perry), 1850-1930. person
associatedWith McGillycuddy, Julia B. (Julia Blanchard) person
associatedWith McGillycuddy, Valentine Trent O'Connell, 1849-1939. person
associatedWith McKay, W. C. (William Cameron), 1824-1893. person
associatedWith Merritt, Wesley, 1834-1910. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Minnesota Commandery. corporateBody
associatedWith Moore, Thomas. person
associatedWith Nichols, Charles A., 1878-1970. person
associatedWith Nye, William H., b. 1833. person
associatedWith Porter, Henry R., 1848-1903. person
associatedWith Post, Rita Johns. person
associatedWith Powell, John Wesley, 1834-1902. person
associatedWith Proctor, Redfield, 1831-1908. person
associatedWith Red Cloud, 1822-1909. person
associatedWith Rice, Elliott Warren, 1835-1887. person
associatedWith Sanford, Wilmot P. person
associatedWith Schuyler, Walter Scribner, 1850-1932. person
associatedWith Secunda, Sholom, 1894-1974. person
correspondedWith Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888 person
associatedWith Smith, William Henry, 1833-1896. person
associatedWith Stanton, Thaddeus Harlan, 1835-1900. person
associatedWith Stanton, Thaddeus H., d. 1900. person
associatedWith Strahorn, Robert E. (Robert Edmund), 1852-1944. person
associatedWith Strauss, Charles Moses, 1840-1892. person
correspondedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Cavalry, 5th corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Cavalry, 8th corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Infantry Regiment, 23rd. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army. Military Division of the Missouri. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pine Ridge Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Sioux Commission (1889) corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Dept. Dept. of the Platte. corporateBody
associatedWith Walking Cherry Woman (Cheyenne Indian), fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Walking Woman (Cheyenne Indian), fl. 19th century person
associatedWith Warner, J. Chapin. person
associatedWith Wasson, Joseph, 1833-1909. person
associatedWith Whitney, William H. person
correspondedWith Williams, Robert, 1829-1901 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Purchased from the Frank T. Siebert Library of the North American Indian and the American Frontier, Part II, auctioned at Sotheby's, New York, October 28, 1999
United States
Northwest, Pacific
United States
New Mexico
Pine Ridge Indian Reservation (S.D.)
United States
United States
Arizona
Fort Laramie (Wyo.)
United States
Fort Robinson (Neb.)
United States
Subject
Indians of North America--Crimes against
Pacific Coast Indians, Wars with, 1847-1865
Native Americans
Military passes--United States--19th century
Red Cloud's War, 1866-1867
General
Generals--Correspondence
Jazz
Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876--Sources
Indians of North America--Government relations
Indians of North America--Women--History--19th century
Government and Politics
Apache Indians--Wars, 1883-1886
Indians of North America--Government relations--1869-1934
Military
Indians of North America--Wars, 1866-1865
Generals--United States
Dakota Indians--Wars, 1876
Safe-conducts--United States--19th century
Indians of North America
Indians of North America--Wars--1866-1895
Indians of North America--Wars--1866-1895--Sources
Apache Indians
Generals--Biography
Occupation
Generals--United States
Soldiers--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1829-09-23

Death 1890-03-21

Americans

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6639tc0

SNAC ID: 34427784