Holbrook, John Edwards, 1794-1871

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A physician and founder of the Medical College of South Carolina (1824), Holbrook was also considered the most important zoologist of his time, specializing in the study of American reptiles and fishes.

From the description of ALS : to Childs & Peterson, Philadelphia, [1858] May 9. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122525066

Beaufort and Charleston, S.C. zoologist and physician. Holbrook spent much of his early life in Massachusetts, graduating from Brown University in 1815. He received his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania and afterwards spent four years in travel and graduate study in Europe. Returning to the United States in 1822, he established a medical practice in Charleston, S.C., where he was later professor of anatomy at the Medical College. Holbrook authored a book entitled "North American Herpetology," first published in 1836. His wife was Harriott Pinckney Rutledge, daughter of Frederick Rutledge (1768-1821) and Harriett Pinckney Horry (1770-1858).

From the description of John Edwards Holbrook papers, 1844-1871. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 35953355

Zoologist and physician of Beaufort and Charleston, S.C.; a native of Beaufort, S.C., Holbrook spent much of his early life in Massachusetts and New England; he graduated in 1815 from Brown University and in 1818 took his M.D. degree in from the University of Pennsylvania and afterwards spent four years in travel and graduate study in Europe. Returning to the United States in 1822, he established a medical practice in Charleston, S.C.; in 1827, he married Charlestonian Harriott Pinckney Rutledge, daughter of Frederick Rutledge (1768-1821) and Harriett Pinckney Horry (1770-1858).

Holbrook was a founder of the Medical College of South Carolina; author of North American Herpetology (1842) and Ichthyology of South Carolina (1855-1860); son of Silas and Mary Edwards Holbrook.

From the description of John Edwards Holbrook papers, 1819-1860. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 30082583

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIj, 1898-1988 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Davis, George T. (George Thomas), 1810-1871. Letters to Harriott Pinckney Rutledge Holbrook, 1853-1854. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
creatorOf Holbrook, John Edwards, 1794-1871. John Edwards Holbrook papers, 1844-1871. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
referencedIn John L. (John Lawrence) LeConte papers, 1812-1897, 1812-1897 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn John Edward Gray papers, 1783-1884, 1783-1884 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Samuel George Morton Papers, 1819-1850 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn William W. Black Papers 82-015; 92-184., 1820-1911 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIe, 1845-1865 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 33: Office Of The Secretary, Outgoing Corres..
referencedIn Autograph File, H, 1584-1988. Houghton Library.
referencedIn National Academy Of Sciences, Archives. Deceased Members.
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. Ru 52: Assistant Secretary, Incoming Correspondenc.
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Holbrook, John Edwards, 1794-1871. ALS : to Childs & Peterson, Philadelphia, [1858] May 9. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Smithsonian Archives. James Henry Coffin Papers.
creatorOf Gibbes, Robert W. (Robert Wilson), 1809-1866. Papers, 1851 and undated. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Jervey, Mary Postell, 1816-1887. Verses upon Dr. Holbrook, 1871. South Carolina Historical Society, SCHS
creatorOf Holbrook, John Edwards, 1794-1871. John Edwards Holbrook papers, 1819-1860. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn Pou family. Pou family papers, 1853-1912. University of South Carolina, University Libraries
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IId, 1837-1844 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
correspondedWith American Association For The Advancement Of Science corporateBody
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
correspondedWith Baird, Spencer F. person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Black, William W. person
associatedWith Brown University corporateBody
associatedWith Childs & Peterson, corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Davis, George T. (George Thomas), 1810-1871. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gibbes, Robert W. (Robert Wilson), 1809-1866. person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
correspondedWith Gray, John Edward, 1800-1875 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Griffin, Reese E. person
correspondedWith Halderman, Samuel S., 1812-1880 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
correspondedWith Henry, Joseph, 1797-1878 person
associatedWith Jervey, Mary Postell, 1816-1887. person
associatedWith Kongelige Nordiske oldskriftselskab (Denmark) corporateBody
correspondedWith Le Conte, John L. (John Lawrence), 1825-1833 person
associatedWith LeConte, John L., (John Lawrence), 1825-1883 person
correspondedWith Leidy, Joseph, 1823-1891 person
correspondedWith Morton, Samuel George, 1799-1851 person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
correspondedWith Ord, George, 1781-1866 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Pou family. family
associatedWith Ravenel, Harriott Horry, 1832-1912. person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
correspondedWith Valenciennes, M., 1794-1865 person
correspondedWith Vaughan, John, 1756-1841 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Wied, Maximilian, Prinz von, 1782-1867. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
South Carolina
South Carolina
Scotland
Subject
Scientists--Correspondence
Physicians--Biography
Herpetology
Smithsonian Publications
Occupation
Zoologists--South Carolina
Zoologists
Function

Person

Birth 1794-12-31

Death 1871-09-08

Americans

English

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