Garden, Alexander, 1730-1791

Alternative names
Birth 1730
Death 1791-04-15

Biographical notes:

Charleston and Prince William Parish, S.C. physician and naturalist.

From the description of Account with the estate of John Gordon, 1779. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 37521715

South Carolina plantation owner, physician, and naturalist, after whom Karl Linnaeus named the "Gardenia." Alexander Garden married Elizabeth Peronneau (d. 1805). Garden remained loyal to the Crown, although his son, Alexander Garden (1757-1829) supported the colonial cause in the American Revolution. Garden was vice-president of the British Royal Society and died in London in 1791.

From the description of Alexander Garden correspondence, 1776. (College of Charleston). WorldCat record id: 31739705

A native of Scotland, Alexander Garden arrived in South Carolina in 1752 and began a medical practice in Prince William Parish, later settling in Charleston. He became well known for his contributions in botany and other natural sciences, and he corresponded with many eminent men of science of his time. Dr. Garden was a friend of Richard Bohun Baker (1736-1783), owner of Archdale Hall and other South Carolina plantations, and was physician to the Baker family and their slaves. When the Revolutionary War began, Garden, a Loyalist, left South Carolina for England. His wife was Elizabeth Perroneau (d. 1805).

From the description of Alexander Garden papers, 1758-1767. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 35953260


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  • Medicine
  • Seeds
  • Atmospheric physics--History--18th century
  • Medicine 15th-18th centuries
  • Slaves--Medical care
  • Barometric hypsometry
  • Botany, Medical
  • Medicine--Practice--Accounting
  • Bark--Utilization
  • Scientists' writings


  • Physicians--Correspondence.--South Carolina
  • Physicians
  • Scientists


  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)