Alexander, James, 1691-1756

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1691
Death 1756

Biographical notes:

James Alexander was a lawyer in New Jersey and New York during the eighteenth century. Born in Scotland in 1691, Alexander fought in the Rebellion of 1715, which resulted in the exile of the Stuarts from England. That year, he moved to the United States and became the surveyor general of the Province of New Jersey. He served on both the Council of New York, from 1721 to 1732, and the Council of New Jersey, from 1723 to 1735. From 1723 to 1727, he also served as New Jersey's attorney general. Alexander died in 1756.

From the guide to the James Alexander Papers, 1688-1756, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

James Alexander (1691-1756) was an attorney, surveyor general of New Jersey, attorney general of New Jersey, deputy secretary of New York, boundary commissioner, etc.

From the description of Journal, 1718-1769. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58658531

From the description of Records and accounts, 1719-1747. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58658532

From the description of Register of cases in New York Supreme Court, 1721-1742. (New York University, Group Batchload). WorldCat record id: 58658534

James Alexander (1691-1756) was counsel for John Peter Zenger during his trial for libel, 1734-1735, in Mount Vernon, Westchester County, N.Y.

From the description of John Peter Zenger trial collection, 1733-1734. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122570817

From the guide to the John Peter Zenger trial collection, 1733-1734, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

From the guide to the James Alexander letters, 1740-1750, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

James Alexander was the surveyor-general of the Province of New Jersey and later of New York. In 1718, he became the recorder of Perth Amboy, N.J., where he resided. By 1723, James Alexander had been made deputy-secretary of New York (1718), boundary commissioner of New Jersey and New York (1719), a member of the Councils of New York and New Jersey (1721, 1723 respectively), a member of the provincial bar and attorney-general of New Jersey (1723). In 1725, with his seat in the Council of New Jersey, he tried to make positive legal reforms but in vain. As a result, in 1727, he stepped down as attorney-general of New Jersey.

By the onset of the Revolution, William Alexander (Lord Stirling) opposed the Stamp Act and organized a company of grenadiers. He was suspended from the Council after a heated correspondence with the Loyalist Gov. Franklin. On November 7, 1775, he was made colonel of the 1st New Jersey Regiment and raised and equipped two regiments in the state. In January 1776, with forty volunteers in a pilot boat, he captured at Sandy Hook the British transport Blue Mountain Valley. For this, he was thanked by Congress, and in March of the same year received the commission of brigadier-general in the Continental army. His services would lead to his promotion to major-general on Feb. 19, 1777. Stirling went on to play important roles in notable events like Valley Forge and the inquiry concerning the treachery of Benedict Arnold.

From the description of James Alexander and William Alexander papers, 1711-1909 1711-1770. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 54092599

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Subjects:

  • Land tenure--New Jersey--Cases--18th century
  • Civil rights--United States
  • Freedom of the press
  • Navigation
  • American history/Colonial
  • Indians of North America--New Jersey--Land transfers--18th century
  • Astronomy
  • New Jerseyana
  • Civil rights
  • Law--Cases
  • Misconduct in office--New York (State)
  • Voyages and travels
  • Trials (Libel)
  • Debt
  • Freedom of the press--New York (State)
  • Trials (Libel)--New York (State)
  • Land tenure

Occupations:

  • Surveyors--New Jersey--18th century
  • Lawyers

Places:

  • Charlottesville (Va.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • New Jersey (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New Jersey (as recorded)
  • New Jersey (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)