Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958


Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958

Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958


This collection consists of the correspondence, reports, speeches, books, plays, articles, clippings, biographical data, and miscellaneous materials by and re: about 100 women and 4 men who were involved in furthering the woman's rights movement from colonial times to the present. The papers record the woman's rights movement up to the 1920's, highlighting the work done in Massachusetts; the woman suffrage movement up to the adoption of the woman suffrage amendment in 1920; and the gains for women in such areas as protective legislation and employment opportunities since 1920.

35.46 linear feet (85 file boxes) plus 7 oversize volumes, 39 framed items, 1 folio+ folder, 1 folio folder, 4 reels of microfilm (M-91, M-93, M-108)

eng, Latn

Related Entities

There are 122 Entities related to this resource.

Kelley, Florence, 1859-1932

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hb9wdg (person)

Florence Kelley (A.B., Cornell, 1882) was born in Philadelphia. In 1884 she married Lazare Wischnewetzky; they had three children. In 1891 Kelley divorced him, reclaimed her maiden name, and became a resident of Chicago's Hull-House. In 1892 the Illinois Bureau of Labor Statistics hired her to investigate the "sweating" system in the garment industry and the federal commissioner of labor asked her to participate in a survey of city slums. Illinois Governor John Peter Altgeld later...

Stone, Lucy, 1818-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wr0tw2 (person)

Lucy Stone (b. Aug. 13, 1818, West Brookfield, MA–d. Oct. 18, 1893, Boston, MA) was born to parents Hannah Matthews and Francis Stone. At age 16, Stone began teaching in district schools always earning far less money than men. In 1847, she became the first woman in Massachusetts to earn a college degree from Oberlin College. After college, Stone began her career with the Garrisonian Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and began giving public speeches on women's rights. In the fall of 1847, with...

Tilton, Elizabeth, 1869-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w658233g (person)

Elizabeth (Hewes) Tilton, Unitarian feminist and temperance crusader, was born on March 13, 1869, in Salem, Massachusetts, the daughter of Eleanor Fox (Jewett) and James Tracy Hewes. She attended Radcliffe College in 1887-1888. On January 10, 1911 she married William F. Tilton of Cambridge. She died on March 17, 1950, after a long illness, at her winter home in Winter Park, Florida. Beginning in 1911 and until failing health curtailed her activities in the mid-'30's, E...

Upton, Harriet Taylor, 1853-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p66cj3 (person)

Suffragist and author Harriet Taylor Upton (1853-1945) was born in Ravenna, Ohio. Upon her father's election to Congress in 1880, she moved to Washington, D.C., where she developed a close acquaintance with national Republican leaders and came in contact with leading suffragists. In 1890 Harriet Upton joined the National American Woman Suffrage Association, serving as treasurer from 1894-1910. In addition, she was president of the Ohio Woman Suffrage Association (1899-1908 and 1911-19...

Van Kleeck, Mary, 1883-1972

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sz748h (person)

Mary Abby Van Kleeck was born on June 26, 1883, in Glenham, New York, to Eliza Mayer and Episcopalian minister Robert Boyd Van Kleeck. (Mary van Kleeck changed the capitalization of her last name in the 1920s.) Following her father''s death in 1892, her family moved to Flushing, New York, where she attended Flushing High School. She earned an A.B. from Smith College in 1904. In the fall of 1905 she began working as a fellow for the College Settlement Association on New York''s Lower East Side, w...

Wambaugh, Sarah, 1882-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xq7w19 (person)

An instructor in history and government, and an expert in international affairs, Wambaugh was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the daughter of Eugene and Betty Wambaugh, and earned degrees from Radcliffe College (A.B. 1902, A.M. 1917). She was an advisor to the Peruvian government for the Tacna-Arica Plebiscite (1925-1926), to the Saar Plebiscite Commission (1934-35), to the American observers of the Greek national elections (1945-1946) and to the U.N. Plebiscite Commission to Jamma and K...

Sleeper, Mary P. (Mary Peet), 1867-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62g8chk (person)

Wells, Marguerite M. (Marguerite Milton), 1872-1959

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6650dt4 (person)

Wells, a suffrage leader, was president of the Minnesota League of Women Voters (1922-1932) and president of the National league (1934-1944). From the description of Papers, 1895-1959 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232006894 ...

White, Martha E. Davis, 1863-1944

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69x15k0 (person)

Willard, Emma, 1787-1870

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fp1x7f (person)

American educator; founder of the Emman Willard School for girls. From the description of Letters of Emma Willard [manuscript], 1818-1861. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647996500 Note: The following chronology was prepared by Lucy Townsend and Barbara Wiley for The Papers of Emma Hart Willard, 1787-1870. Guide to the Microfilm Edition . It is based on Emma Willard's memoir addressed to Professor Coggswell (1842), as well as her corr...

Willard, Frances E. (Frances Elizabeth), 1839-1898

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kf2p0m (person)

Best known for her leadership (1879-1898) of the influential Woman's Christian Temperance Union, Willard also supported and often spearheaded a wide variety of social reforms, including woman suffrage, economic equality, and fair labor laws. Willard gained an international reputation through her speeches and publications. She was the first woman to be honored with a statue in the U.S Capitol building, and her Evanston home was one of the first house museums to in the country. ...

Willard, Mabel Caldwell, 1862-1940

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q63drc (person)

Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tz45h7 (person)

Woodrow Wilson (b. Thomas Woodrow Wilson, December 28, 1856, Staunton, Virginia-d.February 3, 1924, Washington, D.C.), was the twenty-eight President of the United States, 1913-1921; Governor of New Jersey, 1911-1913; and president of Princeton University, 1902-1910. Biographical Note 1856, Dec. 28 Born, Staunton, Va. 1870 ...

Evans, Elizabeth Glendower, 1856-1937

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6r60fv9 (person)

Social reformer Elizabeth Glendower Evans was involved in prison reform, support of striking workers, the Massachusetts campaign for the first minimum wage act for women, the movement for women's suffrage, and peace. She was a contributing editor and financial supporter of La Follette's Magazine and the Progressive, and national director of the American Civil Liberties Union (1920-1937). From the description of Papers, 1859-1944 (inclusive), 1882-1944 (bulk). (Harvard University...

Adams, Abigail, 1744-1818

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z14062 (person)

Hailed for her now-famous admonition that the Founding Fathers “remember the ladies” in their new laws, Abigail Adams was not only an early advocate for women’s rights, she was a vital confidant and advisor to her husband John Adams, the nation’s second president. She opposed slavery and supported women’s education. Born to a prominent family in Weymouth, Massachusetts on November 11, 1744, Adams’ father, Reverend William Smith, was part of a prestigious ministerial community within the Congr...

Brown, Gertrude Foster, 1867-1956

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60w93t6 (person)

A concert pianist active in the women's suffrage movement, Gertrude Foster Brown (1867-1956) studied music in Boston, Berlin, and Paris, was an officer and president of the New York State Woman Suffrage Association (1913-1917), Director-General of the Women's Overseas Hospitals in France (1918), and General Manager of the Woman Citizen (1921-1931). Her husband, Arthur Raymond Brown (1865-1944), was descended from the Raymonds of Rindge, New Hampshire, and was great grandson of Revolutionary Ge...

United States. Children's Bureau

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d902f9 (corporateBody)

Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xm951b (person)

Frances Perkins (born Fannie Coralie Perkins; April 10, 1880 – May 14, 1965) was an American sociologist and workers-rights advocate who served as the U.S. Secretary of Labor from 1933 to 1945, the longest serving in that position, and the first woman appointed to the U.S. Cabinet. As a loyal supporter of her friend, Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR), she helped pull the labor movement into the New Deal coalition. She and Interior Secretary Harold L. Ickes were the only original members of the Rooseve...

National Woman's Party

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64g2f4t (corporateBody)

National Woman’s Party (NWP), formerly (1913–16) Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, American political party that in the early part of the 20th century employed militant methods to fight for an Equal Rights Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Formed in 1913 as the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage, the organization was headed by Alice Paul and Lucy Burns. Its members had been associated with the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), but their insistence that woman suffr...

McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66j56w7 (person)

Catharine Gouger Waugh McCulloch (June 4, 1862 – April 20, 1945) was an American lawyer, suffragist, and reformer. She actively lobbied for women's suffrage at the local, state, and national levels as a leader in the Illinois Equal Suffrage Association, Chicago Political Equality League, and National American Woman Suffrage Association. She was the first woman elected Justice of the Peace in Illinois. Born in 1862 in Ransomville, New York as Catherine Gouger Waugh, she entered Rockford Colleg...

Howe, Julia Ward, 1819-1910

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b95zmk (person)

Julia Ward Howe, née Julia Ward, (born May 27, 1819, New York, New York, U.S.—died October 17, 1910, Newport, Rhode Island), American author and lecturer best known for her “Battle Hymn of the Republic.” Julia Ward came of a well-to-do family and was educated privately. In 1843 she married educator Samuel Gridley Howe and took up residence in Boston. Always of a literary bent, she published her first volume of poetry, Passion Flowers, in 1854; this and subsequent works—including a poetry collec...

Foster, Abby Kelley, 1811-1887

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67t8c4n (person)

Abby Kelley Foster (January 15, 1811 – January 14, 1887) was an American abolitionist and radical social reformer active from the 1830s to 1870s. She became a fundraiser, lecturer and committee organizer for the influential American Anti-Slavery Society, where she worked closely with William Lloyd Garrison and other radicals. She married fellow abolitionist and lecturer Stephen Symonds Foster, and they both worked for equal rights for women and for Africans enslaved in the Americas. Foster wa...

Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6524nmh (person)

Charlotte Perkins Stetson Gilman (1860-1935) was the leading public intellectual of the women’s movement in the early 20th century. Born into the prestigious Beecher family, she struggled through a lonely childhood and disastrous marriage, which caused a nervous breakdown. Her mental health returned once she separated from her husband; she later gave him custody of their young daughter, and he had a happy second marriage to one of her close friends. She moved to California, and threw herself int...

League of Women Voters (U.S.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x45mpw (corporateBody)

The League of WomenVoters is a non-partisan political organization that influences public policy through education and advocacy. It supports positions, but not individual candidates or political parties. The national league was established in 1920, primarily to help the 20 million newly enfranchised women exercise their constitutional rights. League members study issues of local, state and national significance. Once members agree on a position, the League may act by pro...

Livermore, Mary A. (Mary Ashton), 1820-1905

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63z8wwv (person)

Mary Livermore, born Mary Ashton Rice, (December 19, 1820 – May 23, 1905) was an American journalist, abolitionist, and advocate of women's rights. When the American Civil War broke out, she became connected with the United States Sanitary Commission, headquarters at Chicago, performing a vast amount of labor of all kinds—organizing auxiliary societies, visiting hospitals and military posts, contributing to the press, answering correspondence, and other things incident to the work done by tha...

Grimké, Sarah Moore, 1792-1873

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zd8s40 (person)

Even though Sarah Moore Grimké was shy, she often spoke in front of large crowds with her sister Angelina. The two sisters became the first women to speak in front of a state legislature as representatives of the American Anti-Slavery Society. They also became active writers and speakers for women’s rights. Their ideas were so different from most of the ideas in the community that people burned their writings and angry mobs protested their speeches. However, Grimké and her sister would not let t...

Garrison, Edith Alice Stephanson.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6157cp1 (person)

Gordon, Kate M., 1861-1932.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63p1pxd (person)

Kate M. Gordon (14 July 1861– 24 August 1932) was an American suffragist, civic leader, and one of the leading advocates of women's voting rights in the Southern United States. Gordon was the organizer of the Southern States Woman Suffrage Conference and directed the 1918 campaign for woman suffrage in the state of Louisiana, the first such statewide effort in the American South. ...

Fitzgerald, Susan W. (Susan Walker), 1871-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6002x16 (person)

Johnson, Ethel McLean, 1882-1978.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66x25ps (person)

Public official and writer (Simmons College and Boston University, 1910), Johnson worked for the Women's Educational and Industrial Union, Boston (1910-1918), was secretary of the Congressional Committee, Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association (1918), a member of the Massachusetts Minimum Wage Commission (1918-1919), assistant commissioner of the Massachusetts Department of Labor and Industries (1919-1932), minimum wage director of the State of New Hampshire (1933-1935), worked at the Internat...

Anthony, Susan Brownell, 1820-1906

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dw2811 (person)

Susan B. Anthony (b. February 15, 1820, Adams, Massachusetts-d. March 13, 1906, Rochester, New York)1820-1906), educated in New York and at the Philadelphia Friends Seminary. Anthony taught at various New York schools between 1839 and 1849. She became involved in women's suffrage, temperance, abolitionism, and labor reform after a meeting with Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1850. Between 1868 and 1870 Anthony edited the "Revolution" a women's suffrage weekly. Best known for her lifelong crusade fo...

Hutchinson, Anne, 1591-1643

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ks7zbr (person)

Pitman, Mira H.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69c9s5k (person)

Crowley, Teresa A., 1874-1930.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v59gz (person)

A lawyer, suffragist, and amateur actress, Teresa A. (O'Leary) Crowley was born in Wakefield, Mass. As chair of the Legislative Committee of the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association, she led several successful campaigns against anti-suffrage politicians; she was considered one of the leading outdoor suffrage speakers. From the description of Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1914-1944 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232008700 ...

Bushnell, Katherine C.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68s7kpw (person)

Woman's Suffrage Bazaar Association.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66j0hmg (corporateBody)

The Woman's Suffrage Bazaar Association was organized by members of the New England Woman Suffrage Association to raise money for NEWSA's activities. Julia Ward Howe was WSBA's president during the planning for the second bazaar, held December 11-22, 1871, at the Music Hall in Boston (Mass.). The bazaar consisted of three days of entertainment and a week-long fair. Various suffrage organizations sponsored tables with information and publications; there were also tables where such items as clothe...

Stantial, Edna Lamprey

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6np2zkk (person)

Edna Lamprey Stantial was secretary of the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government and archivist of the National American Woman Suffrage Association. As Maud Wood Park's close friend and secretary, Stantial helped Park gather the papers that she gave to Radcliffe College in 1943. These papers, the Woman's Rights Collection, formed the nucleus of the Women's Archives, later the Schlesinger Library. Throughout the 1950s, Stantial continued to collect papers of leading figures in the ...

Sewall, Samuel E. (Samuel Edmund), 1799-1888

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62f83dk (person)

Brent, Margaret, approximately 1601-1670

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sv0jdk (person)

McCormick, Katharine Dexter, 1876-1967

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6g843s0 (person)

Philanthropist Katharine Dexter McCormick worked to promote woman suffrage, birth control, and higher education for women. For biographical information, see Notable American Women, The Modern Period (1980). From the description of Papers, 1912-1958 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007265 ...

Coe, Evelyn Peverley, 1881-1967?

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6000txv (person)

Evelyn Peverley Coe was born Isabella Evelyn Peverley, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Ralph Peverley. In 1906 she married Richard Davenport Coe; at some point the Coes moved to Massachusetts, where she served in a number of organizations devoted to woman suffrage and to war service work. She was chairman of the Public Service and the War Service Committees of the Boston Equal Suffrage Association (BESA), secretary of the Massachusetts branch of the Congressional Union, secretary of the Executive Commi...

Du Pont, Zara, 1869-1946

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sn12xt (person)

Breckinridge, Sophonisba Preston, 1866-1948

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b85p53 (person)

Social work educator. S.B., Wellesley College, 1888. Ph. M., University of Chicago, 1897; Ph. D., 1901; J.D., 1904. Assistant dean of women, University of Chicago, 1902-1925; docent in political science, 1902-1904; instructor in household administration, 1904-1909; assistant professor, 1909-1910; assistant professor of social economy, 1910-1920; associate professor economy, School of Social Service Administration, 1920-1925; dean in the College of Arts, Literature, and Science, 1923-1929; Samuel...

Robinson, Harriet Jane Hanson, 1825-1911

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k072jr (person)

Harriet Jane Hanson Robinson was an author (Loom and Spindle, 1898, etc.), women's suffrage leader, anti-slavery movement supporter, and promoter of women's clubs. She began working in a Lowell mill at the age of 10, and wrote for the Lowell Offering, where one of her poems caught the attention of William Stevens Robinson, an editor at the Lowell Courier. They were married in 1848. For further information see Notable American Women (1971). From the description of Papers, 1847-1872 (i...

Shaw, Pauline A. (Pauline Agassiz), 1841-1917

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6254cjd (person)

Pauline Agassiz Shaw was an educational philanthropist in Boston. For biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (1971). From the description of Letter, 1893. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007451 ...

Addams, Jane, 1860-1935

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62b8xj8 (person)

Social reformer; founder of Hull House settlement, Chicago. From the description of Letter: Hull-House, Chicago, to Louis J. Keller, Chicago, 1912 May 13. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 26496308 From the description of Letter: Hull-House, Chicago, to Paul M. Angle, Springfield, Ill., 1932 June 24. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 26496294 Founder of Hull House in Chicago. From the description of Cor...

Blackwell, Henry Browne, 1825-1909

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6571dkr (person)

Cambridge Public School Association.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66q7xcp (corporateBody)

In 1915 the Cambridge (Mass.) Public School Association (CPSA) encouraged women to register and to vote in both the February primaries and December general election for school committee. Working with the Women's Campaign Committee, the CPSA endorsed a slate for the general election that included two women, Florence Lee Whitman (incumbent) and Mary H. Winslow. Both groups believed that the recently expanded school committee should include at least two women; it had previously included only one. T...

Bradwell, Myra, 1831-1894

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cg265j (person)

First female attorney in Illinois; established and edited Chicago Legal News; admitted to practice before U.S. Supreme Court, 1892. From the description of Letter: Chicago, [Ill.], to John M. Palmer, 1870 Jan. 22. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 27418166 First female attorney in Illinois; established and edited Chicago Legal News; admitted to practice before the U.S. Supreme Court, 1892. From the description of James and Myra Bradwell ...

Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hr4p19 (person)

Carrie Lane Chapman Catt, suffragist, early feminist, political activist, and Iowa State alumna (1880), was born on January 9, 1859 in Ripon, Wisconsin to Maria Clinton and Lucius Lane. At the close of the Civil War, the Lanes moved to a farm near Charles City, Iowa where they remained throughout their lives. Carrie entered Iowa State College in 1877 completing her work in three years. She graduated at the top of her class and while in Ames established military drills for women, became the first...

Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zc88pm (person)

Daughter of suffrage leaders Lucy Stone and Henry Browne Blackwell, Alice Stone Blackwell joined her parents in writing and editing the Woman's Journal. For additional biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (1971). From the description of Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1885-1950 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232008749 Editor, The woman's journal and suffrage news. From the description of Letter, 1920 Apr...

Clark, Sue Ainslee.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b884gn (person)

Ames, Oakes, 1874-1950

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w67961 (person)

Born in North Easton, Massachusetts on September 26, 1874, Oakes Ames was the son of Massachusetts Governor Oliver Ames. He received a bachelor's degree from Harvard in 1898, followed by a master's degree in 1900. Ames had a lengthy and distinguished career as a botanist, including serving as supervisor of the Arnold Arboretum from 1927-1937 and as the Arboretum's second director from 1937 to 1945. He was also a professor of botany at Harvard University. Ames died in Ormond, Florida on April 30,...

Pinkham, Wenona Osborne, 1882-1930.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tt6n5x (person)

Pinkham taught in the public schools in Denver, Col., while earning a B.A. from the University of Denver. She married Henry W. Pinkham, a Unitarian minister and pacifist, and moved to Boston. As state chairman for the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association, 1913-1915, Pinkham was presented to audiences as an example of a woman voter, since Colorado had granted women suffrage years before. In 1917, she became executive secretary of the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government (BESA...

Hay, Mary Garrett, 1857-1928

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pg2krh (person)

Hay was an active suffragist who worked closely with Carrie Chapman Catt, as well as a temperance reformer and Republican Party leader. For additional biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (1971). From the description of Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1918-1923 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232008693 Mary Garrett Hay (1857-1928) was an American suffragist and civic leader who was active in the New York suffrage mov...

Permanent Court of International Justice

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6100vbz (corporateBody)

Mead, Lucia True Ames, 1856-1936

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vq3r4v (person)

Pacifist and suffragist, Mead devoted much of her life to social reform. She served as president of the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association (1903-1909) and supported many other organizations, including the Women's Municipal League, the Women's Educational and Industrial Union (Boston), the Consumers' League, the NAACP, and the American Civil Liberties Union. She was also vice president of the National Council for the Prevention of War, a director of the American Peace Society, and secretary...

Cambridge Political Equality Association.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63z46cb (corporateBody)

Foley, Margaret Urbas

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fz059m (person)

Stanley, Louise, 1883-1954

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m9341r (person)

Beatley, Clara Bancroft, 1858-1923

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x364ks (person)

Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q05zwg (person)

Anna Howard Shaw (February 14, 1847 – July 2, 1919) was a leader of the women's suffrage movement in the United States. She was also a physician and one of the first ordained female Methodist ministers in the United States. Born in northern England in Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1847, her family left England and immigrated to the United States. In their new country, the Shaws made several moves. After settling in the bustling port city of New Bedford, Massachusetts, they uprooted again, this time ...

National American Woman Suffrage Association

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mw6c23 (corporateBody)

Formed in 1890 by the merger of the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association. From the description of National American Woman Suffrage Association records, 1839-1961 bulk (1890-1930). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70979907 The National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA) was formed in 1890 with the merger of the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association. NAWSA fought for complete political ...

Forbes, Rose Dabney, 1864-1947

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rj5756 (person)

Claflin, Adelaide Avery, 1846-1931.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xk97k0 (person)

Claflin began lecturing on woman suffrage in 1883 and appeared with Lucy Stone, Mary Livermore, and Julia Ward Howe. A Unitarian minister ordained at Meadville, Pa., in 1897, she was on the executive board of the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association and a member of the Boston Equal Suffrage League. Claflin published articles and editorials in the Boston newspapers and in the Woman's Journal; she was also a member of the Quincy School Committee and the Boston Castilian Club, which promoted in...

Clarke, James Freeman, 1810-1888

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6rb73s9 (person)

Unitarian minister; trustee of the Boston Public Library, 1879-88; active on behalf of temperance, anti-slavery, women's sufferage movements; died in Jamaica Plain, Boston. From the description of Letters, 1863-1886. (Boston Public Library). WorldCat record id: 38003933 Clarke was a Unitarian clergyman, author, and reformer closely associated with the Transcendentalists. He was minister in Louisville, Ky. (1833-1840) and at the Church of the Disciples in Boston (1841-1850, 1...

Blair, Emily Newell, 1877-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69040p3 (person)

Emily Newell Blair was a suffragist, feminist, Democratic Party official, mother and writer. During World War I she worked in the press department of the Missouri Woman's Committee of the Council of National Defense, eventually becoming vice chair. Representing Missouri on the Democratic National Committee, Blair was chosen national vice chair responsible for organizing women voters and women's activities, and eventually rose to first vice president, organized 2,000 plus Democratic women's clubs...

Fall, Anna Christy, 1855-1930.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mh0k4d (person)

Schofield, Emma Fall, 1885-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62v59pn (person)

International Labour Office.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6md2t41 (corporateBody)

Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f192nz (person)

A writer, Inez (Haynes) Gillmore Irwin, was active in the women's suffrage movement, the first fiction editor of Max Eastman's periodical, The Masses, one of the original members of the feminist society, Heterodoxy, and a feminist historian. She served in leadership roles in various professional writers' associations and chaired the board of directors of the World Center for Women's Archives. For further information see Notable American Women, the Modern Period. From the description ...

League of Nations

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6fj69gn (corporateBody)

New Hampshire Woman Suffrage Association.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m96kd (corporateBody)

Bowles, Ada Chastina Burpee, 1836-1928.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6699z34 (person)

Roche, Josephine A. (Josephine Aspinwall), 1886-1976

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67s986b (person)

Director of the Foreign Language Information Service, Josephine Aspinwall Roche (1886-1976) was educated at Vassar and Columbia University. Before coming to the Service, she was chief probation officer and director of girls' work in the Denver (Colorado) juvenile court, inspector of amusements and policewomen in Denver, and special investigator for the National Consumers' League. The FLIS served sixteen nationality groups; its purpose was to interpret America to the immigrants and vice versa. It...

Mansfield, Bella, 1846-1911.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x956z7 (person)

Blackwell, Antoinette Louisa Brown, 1825-1921

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61p8q7w (person)

Antoinette Louisa Brown, later Antoinette Brown Blackwell (May 20, 1825 – November 5, 1921), was the first woman to be ordained as a mainstream Protestant minister in the United States. She was a well-versed public speaker on the paramount issues of her time and distinguished herself from her contemporaries with her use of religious faith in her efforts to expand women's rights. Brown was born the youngest of seven in Henrietta, New York, to Joseph Brown and Abby Morse. Brown was recognized as...

Ames, Blanche

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6377qdw (person)

Blanche Ames (1878-1969, Smith College Class of 1899) married Oakes Ames in 1901. Oakes Ames (1874-1950, Harvard University Class of 1898) was a botanist, professor at Harvard and head of Harvard's Botanical Museum. Blanche became his chief illustrator for his extensive work in the classification of orchids. Blanche was an accomplished artist, historian, inventor and champion of woman's suffrage and birth control. From the description of [Christmas cards], 1939-1950 / Blanche Ames, O...

Morris, Esther McQuigg, 1814-1902.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wb4wjs (person)

Esther Morris, a key figure in Wyoming's suffrage movement, was born in Tioga County, N.Y. In 1841, Esther Morris married Artemus Slack; they had one son. Widowed in 1845, Morris moved to Peru, Ill., where she married John Morris. In 1869 the family moved to the gold rush camp of South Pass City in the Wyoming Territory. There, Morris helped to influence legislator William H. Bright to introduce a woman suffrage bill, which passed on December 10, 1869, and was signed into law shortly thereafter....

Brown, Dorothy Kirchwey, 1888-1981.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qz42h2 (person)

Page, Mary H. (Mary Hutcheson), 1860-1940

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z05hk7 (person)

In addition to founding a discussion club that became the Brookline Equal Suffrage Association, being president of the Brookline Association, and serving as chairman of the Executive Board of the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association, Page played a major role in founding the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government. Chair of BESAGG's Executive Board and later its president, she was known for her fund-raising skills and ability to convince individual women to join the suffrage cau...

Woman Suffrage Party of Cambridge (Mass.)

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International Woman Suffrage Alliance. Conference

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Carrie Chapman Catt, president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association, invited representatives of suffrage societies from other countries to NAWSA's 1902 annual convention in Washington. Representatives from ten countries decide to form a loose international union, which formally became the International Woman Suffrage Alliance at the second meeting, held in Berlin two years later. IWSA, which later became the International Alliance of Women, held its "First Quinquennial IWSA Meetin...

Martineau, Harriet, 1802-1876

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nz8904 (person)

Harriet Martineau, English novelist, economist, and social reformer. From the guide to the Harriet Martineau manuscript material : 11 items, ca. 1834-1861, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.) English author and traveler. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Stockbridge, Massachusetts, to Judge Joseph Story, [1836] May 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270871427 Harriet Martineau, journalis...

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom

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WILPF developed out of the International Women's Congress against World War I that took place in The Hague, Netherlands, in 1915 and the formation of the International Women's Committee of Permanent Peace; the name WILPF was not chosen until 1919. The first WILPF president, Jane Addams, had previously founded the Woman's Peace Party in the United States, in January 1915, this group later became the US section of WILPF. Along with Jane Addams, Marian Cripps and Margaret E. Dungan were also foundi...

Bagley, Grace Hodges, 1860-1944.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69k765v (person)

Bagley devoted much of her life to social welfare. While living in Chicago, she was an early worker at Hull House, helped organize the first juvenile court and the first day nursery for children of working mothers and widowed fathers in Chicago, and helped educate immigrants for citizenship. In Massachusetts, she served as president of the Equal Suffrage Association of the 10th Norfolk District, director of the Boston Equal Suffrage Association, congressional chairman for Massachusetts for the N...

Lathrop, Julia Clifford, 1858-1932

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c5410w (person)

Social worker and reformer, Julia Clifford Lathrop was the first head of the United States Children's Bureau. From the description of Letter, 1926. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232007298 ...

Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government

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Suffragists Maud Wood Park, Pauline Agassiz Shaw, and Mary Hutcheson Page were among those who in 1901 founded the Boston Equal Suffrage Association for Good Government (BESAGG) "to promote a better civic life, the true development of the home and the welfare of the family, through the exercise of suffrage on the part of the women citizens of Boston." After 1920, BESAGG became the Boston League of Women Voters. For further historical information see Lois Bannister Merk, Massachusetts and the Wom...

Progressive Party (U.S. : 1948)

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Curtis MacDougall was born on February 11, 1903, in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. He started his career as a journalist there at the Fond du Lac Commonwealth-Reporter at the age of fifteen. He received a BA in English from Ripon College in Wisconsin in 1923. He went on to obtain a Master's from Northwestern University in 1926 and a Ph.D. in Sociology at the University of Wisconsin in 1933. After working at several newspapers, he joined the faculty of Northwestern University in 1935. During the depress...

Luscomb, Florence, 1887-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61c2pfs (person)

Trade-unionist. From the description of Oral history interview with Florence Luscomb, 1976. (Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban). WorldCat record id: 32321605 Florence Hope Luscomb, social and political activist, earned an S.B. in architecture (M.I.T., 1909), and worked as an architect until 1917, when she became executive secretary for the Boston Equal Suffrage Association. From the description of Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1904-...

O'Sullivan, Mary Kenney, 1864-1943

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mw3kgt (person)

O'Sullivan, labor organizer, factory worker and inspector, became the first woman general organizer of the American Federation of Labor in 1892, was one of the founders of the National Women's Trade Union League in 1903, and was an inspector for the Massachusetts Board of Labor and Industries, 1914-1929. She was also active in the prohibition and women's suffrage movements, and in the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. For further information see Notable American Women (1971). ...

Gardener, Helen H. (Helen Hamilton), 1853-1925

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62f8r2z (person)

Helen Hamilton Gardener was an author, feminist, and suffragist (1920-1925). She was the first woman member of the United States Civil Service Commission. Born Alice Chenoweth, she later legally adopted her nom-de-plume. She willed her brain to Cornell University, where research was in progress to refute the claim of a former United States Surgeon General that the female brain was inferior to that of the male. For further biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (1971). ...

Corbin, Hanna Lee.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f21td7 (person)

Johnson, Grace A., 1871-1952.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ng5h9p (person)

Educator, suffragist, civic reformer, and internationalist, Johnson lectured and wrote on a wide range of issues including suffrage, the status of women, prohibition, aspects of democracy and government structure, international cooperation, and public speaking techniques. She served as president of the Cambridge (Mass.) Political Equality Association (1911-1915), and congressional chair of the Middlesex County and Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association (1914-1917), and was a member of the Nati...

Lenroot, Katharine F. (Katharine Fredrica), 1891-1982

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66d5zt2 (person)

Government official, social worker. From the description of Reminiscences of Katharine Fredrica Lenroot : oral history, 1965. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 86158298 Katharine F. Lenroot, child welfare leader and the third Chief of the United States Children's Bureau (1934-1951) was born in Superior, Wisconsin on March 8, 1891 to Irvin Luther and Clara C. Lenroot. From early on, her father's political career made Lenroot aware...

Stanton, Elizabeth Cady, 1815-1902

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69706n1 (person)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton was born in Johnstown, New York in 1815. She organized the first Women's Rights Convention at Senecca Falls, New York, in 1848 and for more than fifty years thereafter was a crusader for women's rights, especially women's suffrage. She died in New York City in 1902....

College Equal Suffrage League.

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Shaw, Isabella Pratt.

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Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xs644v (person)

Mary Williams Dewson was born in Massachusetts and graduated from Wellesley College in 1897. At the Women's Educational and Industrial Union (Boston) she studied ways to professionalize housework. She was the first head of the parole department (1900-1912) of the Massachusetts State Industrial School for Girls (Lancaster), and worked for a minimum wage in Massachusetts and later with the National Consumers' League. She also worked for woman suffrage, and with the American Red Cross in France, 19...

Barton, Clara, 1821-1912

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m32xdr (person)

Founder of the American Red Cross. From the description of Letter to James Langstaff Dunn [manuscript], 1865 September 22. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647813309 Nurse and organizer of the American National Red Cross, of Washington, D.C. From the description of Papers, 1869. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19241558 Clara Barton (1821-1912) was the founder and for twenty-three years president of the American Red Cross. She ...

Mott, Lucretia, 1793-1880

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wx86s1 (person)

Lucretia Mott (née Coffin) was born Jan. 3, 1793 in Nantucket, MA. She was a descendent of Peter Folger and Mary Morrell Folger and a cousin of Framer Benjamin Franklin. Mott became a teacher; her interest in women's rights began when she discovered that male teachers at the school were paid significantly more than female staff. A well known abolitionist, Mott considered slavery to be evil, a Quaker view. When she moved to Philadelphia, she became Quaker minister. Along with white and black wo...

Osgood, Fanny C.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jd7rb5 (person)

Sherwin, Belle, 1868-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sj2cmv (person)

Sherwin was president of the National League of Women Voters, 1924-1934, a Cleveland civic leader, and a trusteee of Wellesley College, from which she graduated in 1890. For futher information see Notable American Women, the Modern Period. From the description of Papers, 1880-1955 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232006844 ...

Leonard, Gertrude Halladay, 1868-1919.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k96315 (person)

Abbott, Grace, 1878-1939

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kp8grp (person)

Edith Abbott was born in Grand Island, Nebraska, in 1876. She received her A.B. from the University of Nebraska in 1901 and her Ph.D. from the University of Chicago in 1905. From 1906 to 1908, she continued post-graduate studies in economics and political science at the University of London. In 1908, Edith returned to Chicago and became a resident of Hull House until 1920. Between 1908 and 1920, she served as Associate Director of the Chicago School of Civics and Philanthropy at the...

Blackwell, Elizabeth, 1821-1910

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64q82r1 (person)

Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell was born in Bristol, England, in 1821 to a politically outspoken father committed to fairness among his male and female children. In 1832, Samuel Blackwell moved his family to the United States in part for financial reasons but also to participate in the abolitionist movement. Two of his daughters would grow up to continue this fight against slavery and to work towards women's rights, specifically in the area of women in medicine. After years of struggling to be taken ...

Loines, Mary Hilliard, 1844-1944.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6nh49p3 (person)

Smith, Judith Winsor, 1821-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vb1m36 (person)

Judith Winsor Smith became a suffragist in the mid nineteenth century because she perceived laws, particularly property laws, regarding women to be unjust; in 1915, at the age of 93, she was still speaking at rallies and was billed as the "world's oldest suffrage orator." In addition, Smith was an honorary vice-president of the New England Woman's Club, having joined in 1873; in 1875, persuaded by Julia Ward Howe, she founded the Home Club in East Boston, where she lived for many years. ...

Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dv20tp (person)

Suffragist, social worker, reformer, and author. Married Charles Edward Park (1898), widowed (1904), married Robert Freeman Hunter (1908). From the description of Papers of Maud Wood Park, 1844-1979 (bulk 1886-1951). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80064531 Suffragist, civic reformer, and writer, Park graduated from Radcliffe College in 1898 and was active in suffrage and civic work in Boston for more than fifteen years. With Inez Haynes Gillmore, she organized t...

United States. Dept. of Labor.

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Lindsley, Virginia, 1856-1941.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n32s75 (person)

Coleman, Greta.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61k267c (person)

Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association

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In 1870, within a year of forming the American Woman Suffrage Association, Lucy Stone, Henry Blackwell, Julia Ward Howe, and others founded the Massachusetts Woman Suffrage Association. MWSA was affiliated with AWSA and shared both its goals and activities. The merger, in 1890, of AWSA with the National Woman Suffrage Association to form the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA), prompted Alice Stone Blackwell and Ellen Batelle Dietrick to write a new constitution in April 1892. T...

Bird, Anna Child, 1856-1942.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6225p26 (person)

Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ks7b35 (person)

Lawyer and judge, of Cleveland, Ohio. From the description of Papers, 1856-1967, bulk 1901-1967. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 17937526 First woman lawyer to be appointed to the U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, for the 6th circuit, 1934, Allen (1884-1966) had been a judge of the Supreme Court of Ohio, and earlier, judge of the Court of Common Pleas, Cuyahoga County, Ohio. From the description of Papers, 1921-1958 (inclusive). (Harvard Universi...

Jeffrey, Jennette A. Street, 1872-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ff6p4p (person)

Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964

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Anderson, Director of the Women's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor for 25 years, had emigrated from Sweden at 16. She worked for 18 years as a machine operator in shoe factories, was active in the Boot and Shoe Workers Union, and organized women workers for the National Women's Trade Union League before her appointment as assistant director of the Women in Industry Service in 1918. Anderson became director in 1919 and remained in that position (the Women in Industry Service became the Wome...

Boyer, Ida Porter, 1859-

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sx925r (person)

Boyer served as field secretary of the Pennsylvania Woman Suffrage Association, manager of the woman suffrage campaign in Oklahoma, and organizer for the National American Woman Suffrage Association. For additional biographical information, see Woman's Who's Who of America, 1914-15 (1914). From the description of Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1853-1940 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232008780 ...

Barron, Jennie L. (Jennie Loitman), 1891-1969

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60z9xsc (person)

Judge. Born in Boston and educated at Boston University: B.A., 1911; LL.B. and LL.M., 1914; and an honorary LL.D., 1959. Barron was elected to the Boston School Committee in 1925. In 1934 she was appointed to the District Court, in 1937 full-time to the Boston Municipal Court, and in 1959 to the Superior Court as Associate Justice, the first woman to serve full time. She married Samuel Barron, Jr., had three daughters, and in 1959 was selected National American Mother of the Year. She was active...

Ames, Fanny Baker, 1840-1931.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c56fgw (person)

Ames held various offices in Massachusetts and New England suffrage associations, including the presidency of the Boston Equal Suffrage Association. For additional biographical information, see Notable American Women, 1607-1950 (1971). From the description of Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1907-1943 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232008752 ...

Raushenbush, Elizabeth Brandeis

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64b3f01 (person)

Economist and educator (Radcliffe College, B.A., 1918; University of Wisconsin, M.A., 1924, Ph.D., 1928) Raushenbush was secretary of the Minimum Wage Board in Washington, D.C., a professor at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, chairman of the Wisconsin Governor's Commission on Migratory Labor, a member of the National Consumers' League, and active in the League of Women Voters. She is the daughter of Louis Dembitz and Alice Goldmark Brandeis. From the description of Papers, 1920-...

Robins, Margaret Dreier 1868-1945

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t7397p (person)

Women's rights leader and social activist. Margaret Dreier Robins was born in 1868 in Brooklyn, New York. She left New York in 1925 and moved to Florida with her husband Raymond Robins. The Robins' resided at a large estate called Chinsegut Hill near the town of Brooksville. Margaret was a founder and leader of the National Women's Trade Union League and an outspoken crusader for equal rights for women in the workplace. She and her husband were also active in politics and campaigned for candidat...