Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964

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Anderson, Director of the Women's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor for 25 years, had emigrated from Sweden at 16. She worked for 18 years as a machine operator in shoe factories, was active in the Boot and Shoe Workers Union, and organized women workers for the National Women's Trade Union League before her appointment as assistant director of the Women in Industry Service in 1918. Anderson became director in 1919 and remained in that position (the Women in Industry Service became the Women's Bureau in 1920) until her retirement in 1944. She was a member of the Women's Work Committee of the International Labor Office and represented the U.S. at various international labor conferences. For further information, see Notable American Women: The Modern Period.

From the description of Papers, 1918-1960 (inclusive). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 122470953

Anderson, Director of the Women's Bureau of the U.S. Department of Labor for 25 years, had emigrated from Sweden at 16. She worked for 18 years as a machine operator in shoe factories, was active in the Boot and Shoe Workers Union, and organized women workers for the Women's Trade Union League before her appointment as assistant director of the (federal) Women in Industry Service in 1918. Anderson became director in 1919 and remained in that position (the Women in Industry Service became the Women's Bureau in 1920) until her retirement in 1944.

From the description of [Oral history interview] [sound recording]. [unknown] (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232008966

From the description of Transcript of radio broadcast, 1942. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232009095

From the description of [Radio broadcast] [sound recording]. 1942. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 232008965

Mary Anderson (1872-1964) was born in Lidkoping, Sweden and emigrated to the United States in 1888. After some years as an industrial worker in garment and shoe factories, she became an organizer for the National Boot and Shoe Workers' Union and, in 1903, one of the founders of the National Women's Trade Union League. In 1918, she was appointed Assistant Director of the Woman-In-Industry Service and later served as its director. She served as Director of the Women's Bureau in the Department of Labor from 1920 to 1944. She later served as Legislative Representative of the National Consumers' League.

From the description of Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964 (U.S. National Archives and Records Administration). naId: 10574191

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Voices of World War II. Audio recordings, 1942-1943. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1908-1943 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1870-1960 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn National Women's Trade Union League of America. Records, 1903-1950. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Jacob Potofsky correspondence, 1930-1946, 1930-1940 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1929-1932 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964. Transcript of radio broadcast, 1942. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Bondfield, Margaret Grace, 1873-1953. Papers, 1854-1951, 1898-1951 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 7. Correspondence, 1935-1940. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn Bondfield, Margaret, 1873-1953. Margaret Grace Bondfield papers, 1854-1951, 1898-1951 (bulk). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn National Consumers' League Records, 1882-1986, (bulk 1920-1950) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn National Women's Trade Union League of America. Records, 1904-1950. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn American Association for Labor Legislation. Series 1, Subseries 6. Correspondence, 1930-1935 [microform]. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Rose Schneiderman Photographs, 1909-1962 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
creatorOf Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964. [Radio broadcast] [sound recording]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962. Papers of Molly Dewson, 1893-1962 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1965. Papers, 1797-1968 (bulk 1897-1968) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945. Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1869-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1894-1971 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Records of the Women's Bureau. 1892 - 1995. Reports
referencedIn Beyer, Clara M. (Clara Mortenson). Papers of Clara Mortenson Beyer, 1911-1974 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1870-1960 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America records, 1914-1980, 1920-1950 (bulk) Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
referencedIn Coit, Eleanor G. Papers, 1894-1971 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Sidney Hillman papers, 1930-1946 (bulk 1935-1945) Cornell University Library
referencedIn Switzer, Mary Elizabeth, 1900-. Papers, 1922-1973 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Foley, Margaret, 1875-1957. Papers, 1847-1968 (inclusive), 1909-1929 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. Papers, 1870-1978 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn National Consumers' League. National Consumers' League records, 1882-1986 (bulk 1920-1950). Library of Congress
referencedIn National Council on Household Employment. National Council on Household Employment records, 1908-1946, bulk 1928-1941. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Foley, Margaret, 1875-1957. Papers, 1847-1968 (bulk: 1909-1929) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Winslow, Mary N. (Mary Nelson). Papers, 1923-1951 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Newman, Pauline. Papers, 1903-1982 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1963. Papers, 1797-1963 (inclusive), 1897-1963 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964. Papers, 1918-1960 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1975 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945. Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon collection, 1869-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Anna Howard Shaw in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1863-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Rose Schneiderman Collection. Photographic prints, 1909-1962. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1908-1943 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Van Kleeck, Mary, 1883-1972. Papers, 1849-1998 Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962. Papers, 1893-1962 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Voices of World War II. Audio recordings, 1942-1943. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Martin P. Catherwood Library, Cornell University.
referencedIn [Memorial service] [sound recording]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Anderson, Mary, 1872-1964,. [Oral history interview] [sound recording]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Hillman, Bessie. Bessie Hillman correspondence, 1930-1970, 1945-1970 (bulk). Cornell University Library
referencedIn Lamont, Corliss, 1902-. Papers, 1929-1932 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn National Women's Trade Union League of America. National Women's Trade Union Legaue of America papers of the Women's Trade Union League and its principal leaders, 1855-1964, bulk 1903-1950. [microform] Cornell University Library
referencedIn Newman, Pauline, ca. 1890-1986. Papers, 1900-1980 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn National Council on Household Employment records, 1908-1946, bulk 1928-1941. Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbott, Grace, 1878-1939. person
associatedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935. person
associatedWith Allen, Florence Ellinwood, 1884-1966 person
associatedWith Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. corporateBody
associatedWith American Association for Labor Legislation. corporateBody
associatedWith Anna Howard Shaw, 1847-1919 person
associatedWith Anthony, Lucy E., 1861-1944. person
associatedWith Anthony, Lucy Elmina, 1861-1944 person
associatedWith Beyer, Clara M. (Clara Mortenson) person
associatedWith Bondfield, Margaret. person
associatedWith Bondfield, Margaret Grace, 1873-1953. person
associatedWith Catharine Gouger (Waugh) McCullouch, 1862-1945 person
associatedWith Catt, Carrie Chapman, 1859-1947. person
associatedWith Christman, Elisabeth. person
associatedWith Coit, Eleanor G. person
associatedWith Corliss Lamont, 1902- person
associatedWith Daughters of the American Revolution. corporateBody
associatedWith Dewson, Molly, 1874-1962. person
associatedWith Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. person
associatedWith Foley, Margaret, 1875-1957. person
associatedWith Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965. person
associatedWith Franklin, Stella. person
associatedWith Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924. person
associatedWith Green, William, 1870-1952. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923. person
associatedWith Henry, Alice, 1857-1943. person
associatedWith Hickey, Margaret, 1902- person
associatedWith Hillman, Bessie. person
associatedWith International Federation of Working Women. corporateBody
associatedWith International Labour Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Kelley, Florence, 1859-1932. person
associatedWith Kjelsberg, Betzy. person
associatedWith Laidlaw, Harriet Burton Wright, 1873-1949. person
associatedWith Lamont, Corliss, 1902- person
associatedWith Lloyd, Alice. person
associatedWith Magee, Elizabeth Stewart, 1889- person
associatedWith MARTHA MAY ELIOT, 1891-1978 person
associatedWith MARY ELISABETH DREIER, 1875-1963 person
associatedWith MARY (MOLLY) WILLIAMS DEWSON, 1874-1962 person
associatedWith Maud May (Wood) Park, 1871-1955 person
associatedWith McCulloch, Catharine Waugh, b. 1862. person
associatedWith McCullouch, Catharine Waugh, 1862-1945. person
associatedWith National Consumer's League. corporateBody
associatedWith National Consumers' League. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council on Household Employment. corporateBody
associatedWith National Woman's Party. corporateBody
associatedWith National Women's Trade Union League. corporateBody
associatedWith National Women's Trade Union League of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Nestor, Agnes, 1880-1948. person
associatedWith Newman, Pauline. person
associatedWith O'Connor, Agnes J. person
associatedWith O'Connor, Kate F. person
associatedWith Paige, Mabeth Hurd. person
associatedWith Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. person
associatedWith PAULINE NEWMAN, 1888-1986 person
associatedWith Perkins, Frances, 1882-1965. person
associatedWith Peterson, Esther, 1906-1997, person
associatedWith Phillips, Lena Madesin, 1881-1955. person
associatedWith Reilly, Caroline I. person
associatedWith Robins, Margaret Dreier, 1868-1945. person
associatedWith Roche, Josephine A. (Josephine Aspinwall), 1886-1976 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Schneiderman, Rose, 1882-1972. person
associatedWith Shaw, Anna Howard, 1847-1919. person
associatedWith Strauss, Anna Lord, 1889- person
associatedWith Switzer, Mary Elizabeth, 1900- person
associatedWith Tarbell, I. M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944. person
associatedWith Thomas, M. Carey (Martha Carey), 1857-1935. person
associatedWith United States. National Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Women's Bureau. corporateBody
associatedWith Upton, Harriet Taylor. person
associatedWith Van Kleeck, Mary, 1883- person
associatedWith Wells, Marguerite Milton, 1872-1959. person
associatedWith Winslow, Mary N., 1888-1952. person
associatedWith Winslow, Mary N. (Mary Nelson) person
associatedWith Women's Trade Union League of America. corporateBody
associatedWith World Center for Women's Archives. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
Subject
Quality of work life
Women labor leaders
Work environment
Labor laws and legislation
Labor unions
Equal pay for equal work
Women--Legal status, laws, etc
Labor leaders
Equal rights amendments
World War, 1939-1945--Women
Sex discrimination against women
Labor unions--Organizing
Blacklisting, Labor
Sex discrimination in employment
Women--Employment
Women's rights
Labor and laboring classes
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1872-08-27

Death 1964

English

Information

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Ark ID: w6cc1cx2

SNAC ID: 71681045