Irwin, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970

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Inez Haynes Gillmore was a suffragist, activist and writer, and the wife of Will Irwin.

From the description of The adventure of California : typescript, [19--]. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 214983819

Inez Haynes Irwin (March 2, 1873 – September 25, 1970) was an American feminist author, journalist, member of the National Women's Party, and president of the Authors Guild. Many of her works were published under her former name Inez Haynes Gillmore. She wrote over 40 books and was active in the suffragist movement in the early 1900s. Irwin was a "rebellious and daring woman", but referred to herself as "the most timid of created beings". She died at the age of 97.

Irwin was a close friend of the American feminist writer Mary MacLane, who included a colorful personality portrait of Irwin in her newspaper articles in Butte, Montana, in 1910.

Inez Haynes was born on March 2, 1873, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, to Gideon Haynes and Emma Jane Hopkins Haynes. Her parents were from Boston in the United States, but were staying in Brazil because of her father's business problems. Her mother, her father's second wife, was 24 years younger than him, and had to raise a family of 17 children (10 of whom were her own). The family returned to Boston where Inez Haynes grew up. She attended four public schools, and then Radcliffe College between 1897 and 1900. At the time Radcliffe was a "center of suffragist sentiment", and Inez Haynes and Maud Wood Park founded the College Equal Suffrage League, which later became the National College Equal Suffrage League.

In August 1897, Inez Haynes married Rufus H. Gillmore, a newspaper editor, and assumed the name Inez Haynes Gillmore. The Gillmores visited pre-War Europe where she met Russian revolutionaries and French impressionist painters. While her husband supported her feminism, they later divorced. She published her first novel, June Jeopardy in 1908 and soon after became fiction editor of The Masses, a left-wing monthly magazine. In January 1916, she married writer William Henry Irwin, and her name changed to Inez Haynes Irwin, although she continued publishing under her former name, Inez Haynes Gillmore. The Irwins summered in Scituate, Massachusetts, during the early 1900s. During World War I the Irwins lived in Europe where she worked as a war correspondent in England, France and Italy. Inez Haynes estimated that between 500,000 and 750,000 women were killed in the war. William Henry died in 1948 and she moved to Scituate, Massachusetts, where she remained until her death at the age of 97 on September 25, 1970.

Inez Haynes was a feminist leader and a political activist. She was a member of the National Advisory Council of the National Women's Party, and wrote the Party's biography, The Story of the Woman's Party, in 1921. She also wrote a history of American women, Angels and Amazons: A Hundred Years of American Women (1933).

Apart from the non-fiction works noted above, she published over 30 novels, including Angel Island (1914), a "radical feminist Swiftian fantasy" about a group of men stranded on an island occupied by winged women. Angel Island was republished in 1988 as a "classic of early feminist literature" with an introduction by science fiction and fantasy author Ursula K. Le Guin. Her fiction often addressed feminist issues and the plight of women, including divorce, single parenthood and problems in the workplace.

Her 15-book "Maida" series of children's books was written over a period of 45 years, and tells the story of a school girl whose mother has died and whose father is very wealthy.

She also wrote short stories for magazines, one of which, "The Spring Flight," won her the O. Henry Memorial Prize in 1924.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Papers, 1922-1967 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers, 1874-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Collection, 1921-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1870-1960 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Channing, Grace Ellery, 1862-1937. Papers, 1806-1973 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn League of Women Voters (Cambridge, Mass.). Records, 1916-ca.1976 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Seton-Thompson, Grace Gallatin. Papers, 1878-1989 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company. Houghton Mifflin Company reader reports on manuscripts submitted for publication. 1882-1931. Houghton Library
referencedIn Federal Writers' Project. Women's archives, 1890-1953. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Wilson, Edmund, 1895-1972. Letters, 1955-1956 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947. Papers: Series III, 1909-1942 (inclusive) [microform]. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn White, Marjorie, 1894-1972. Papers, ca. 1930-ca. 1970 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Maud Wood Park papers, 1844-1979 (bulk 1886-1951) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1938(1942-1947) 1959 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Gillmore, Inez Hayes, 1873-1970. The adventure of California : typescript, [19--]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn John Mason Brown papers, 1922-1967. Houghton Library
creatorOf Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970. Notes on Gelett Burgess : ms.S. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1870-1960 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Stantial, Edna Lamprey. Papers of Edna Lamprey Stantial, 1861-1999. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn White, Marjorie, 1894-1972. Papers, ca.1930-ca.1970 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Martin, Anne, 1875-1951. Anne Martin campaign literature, 1914-1918. University of Nevada, Reno, Mathewson-IGT Knowledge Center
creatorOf Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970. Adventures of yesterday. [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Irwin, Will, 1873-1948. William Irwin and Inez Haynes Irwin papers, ca. 1906-1960. Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Seton-Thompson, Grace Gallatin, 1879-1959. Papers, 1860s-1993 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers of Maud Wood Park, 1844-1979 (bulk 1886-1951). Library of Congress
referencedIn Records, 1913-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Stantial, Edna Lamprey. Papers, 1836-1958 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970. War diary, 1916. [Microform] San Diego State University Library, SDSU Library and Information Access
referencedIn Papers, 1806-1973 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Alexander Woollcott correspondence, ca. 1856-1943 (inclusive), 1920-1943 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958. Papers, 1935-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937. The George Palmer Putnam Collection of Amelia Earhart Papers, 1785-1948 (inclusive), 1928-1937 (bulk). Purdue University Library
referencedIn Papers, 1846-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Papers, 1872-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Wood, Charles Erskine Scott, 1852-1944. Papers of C. E. S. Wood, 1829-1980 (bulk 1870-1940). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Additional papers, ca. 1870-1922. Houghton Library
referencedIn Mabel Vernon Papers, 1933-1947 Syracuse University. Library. Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Coe, Evelyn Peverley, 1881-1966. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1918 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Kirchwey, Freda, 1893-1976. Papers, 1871-1972 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970. Letters, 1940. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Papers of Inez Haynes Gillmore, 1872-1945 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970. Adventures of yesterday [n.d.] [Microform] San Diego State University Library, SDSU Library and Information Access
referencedIn Coe, Evelyn Peverley, 1881-1967?. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1918. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Radcliffe College. Office of the Dean of College Relations. Records of the Office of the Dean of College Relations, 1913-1958 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Woman's rights collection, 1853-1958 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935. Papers, 1846-1961 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970. Typed letter signed Inez Haynes Irwin to: "Dear Rita" May 19, 1942. Wellesley College
referencedIn Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958. Papers, 1935-1958 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn William Irwin and Inez Haynes Irwin papers, ca. 1906-1960 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Irwin family. Letters to Cyril Clemens, 1935-1957. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Marks, Jeannette Augustus, 1875-1964. Papers, 1938-1959 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Stantial, Edna Lamprey. Series XI of the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1893-1944 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Gillmore, Inez Haynes, 1873-1970. Preliminary notebooks [n.d.] [Microform] San Diego State University Library, SDSU Library and Information Access
referencedIn Cumming, Adelaide Fish Hawley, 1905-. Papers, 1922-1967 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955. Papers in the Woman's Rights Collection, 1870-1960 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Channing, Grace Ellery, 1862-1937. Additional papers of Grace Ellery Channing, 1884-1976 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of of Alma Lutz,1921-1961 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Papers of Doris Stevens, 1884-1983 (inclusive), 1920-1960 (bulk) Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn American authors collection, 1832-1956. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Stantial, Edna Lamprey, 1897-1985. Papers in the Mary Earhart Dillon Collection, 1870-1944 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adelaide Fish Hawley Cumming person
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associatedWith Beard, Mary Ritter, 1876-1958. person
associatedWith Blackwell, Alice Stone person
associatedWith Blackwell, Alice Stone, 1857-1950. person
correspondedWith Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969 person
associatedWith Burgess, Gelett person
associatedWith Burgess, Gelett, 1866-1951. person
associatedWith Channing, Grace Ellery, 1862-1937. person
associatedWith Coe, Evelyn Peverley, 1881-1967? person
associatedWith Cumming, Adelaide Fish Hawley, 1905- person
associatedWith Dennett, Mary Ware, 1872-1947 person
correspondedWith Doris Stevens person
associatedWith Earhart, Amelia, 1897-1937. person
associatedWith Evelyn (Peverley) Coe, 1881-1967? person
associatedWith Federal Writers' Project. corporateBody
associatedWith Gilman, Charlotte Perkins person
associatedWith Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, 1860-1935 person
associatedWith GRACE ELLERY (CHANNING) STETSON, 1862-1937 person
associatedWith Grace (Gallatin) Seton, 1872-1959 person
associatedWith Haynes, Lorenza, 1817- person
associatedWith Haynes Lorenza, ca. 1817 person
associatedWith Heterodoxy (Club) corporateBody
associatedWith Hoover, Lou Henry, 1874-1944. person
associatedWith Hoover, Mrs. Herbert person
associatedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Howe, Marie Jenney. person
associatedWith Howe, Marje Jenney person
associatedWith Irwin family. family
associatedWith Irwin, Will person
associatedWith Irwin, Will, 1873-1948. person
associatedWith Jeannette Augustus Marks, 1875-1964 person
associatedWith Kirchwey, Freda, 1893-1976 person
associatedWith Kleeman, Rita Halle, b. 1885. person
associatedWith League of Women Voters of Cambridge corporateBody
associatedWith Lutz, Alma, 1890-1973 person
associatedWith Marjorie White, 1894-1972 person
associatedWith Marks, Jeannette Augustus, 1875-1964. person
associatedWith Martin, Anne, 1875-1951. person
associatedWith McBride, Mary Margaret person
associatedWith McBride, Mary Margaret, 1899-1976. person
associatedWith Pankhurst, Christabel person
associatedWith Pankhurst, Christabel, Dame, 1880-1958. person
associatedWith Park, Maud Wood person
associatedWith Park, Maud Wood, 1871-1955 person
associatedWith Paul, Alice person
associatedWith Paul, Alice, 1885-1977. person
associatedWith Peabody, Josephine Preston, 1874-1922 person
associatedWith Radcliffe College corporateBody
associatedWith Radcliffe College. corporateBody
associatedWith Radcliffe College. Office of the Dean of College Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith Seton-Thompson, Grace Gallatin. person
associatedWith Stantial, Edna Lamprey. person
associatedWith Stantial, Edna Lamprey, 1897-1985 person
associatedWith Stein, Gertrude person
associatedWith Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. person
associatedWith Vernon, Mabel. person
associatedWith White, Marjorie, 1894-1972. person
associatedWith Wilson, Edmund, 1895-1972. person
associatedWith Wood, Charles Erskine Scott, 1852-1944. person
correspondedWith Woollcott, Alexander, 1887-1943 person
associatedWith World Center for Women's Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Younger, Maud person
associatedWith Younger, Maud. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Rio de Janeiro 21 BR
Scituate MA US
San Francisco (Calif.)
California
England ENG GB
Boston MA US
Republic of France 00 FR
Subject
Labor and laboring classes
Artists
Feminists
American literature--20th century
Voyages and travels
Greeting cards
Christmas cards
Women--Suffrage
World War, 1914-1918--Journalists
Occupation
Suffragists
Journalist
Writer
Authors
War correspondents
Activity

Person

Birth 1873

Death 1970

Birth 1873-03-02

Death 1970-09-30

Birth 1873

Female

Americans

English

Information

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