John Russell Young Papers circa 1840-1959 (bulk 1858-1898)
There are 51 Entities related to this resource.
Eisenhower, Dwight D. (Dwight David), 1890-1969
Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969) was leader of the Allied forces in Europe in World War II, commander of NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization), and the thirty-fourth president of the United States, from January 20, 1953, to January 20, 1961. Eisenhower was born on October 14, 1890, in Denison, Texas, the third son of David Jacob Eisenhower, a railroad worker, and Ida Elizabeth Stover. In 1891, the family moved to Abilene, Kansas, where David accepted a job at a local creamery run by ...
Grant, Ulysses Simpson, 1822-1885
Ulysses S. Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant, April 27, 1822, Point Pleasant, Ohio-died July 23, 1885, Wilton, New York) was the 18th president of the United States, serving from 1869 to 1877. As president, Grant was an effective civil rights executive who worked with the Radical Republicans during Reconstruction to protect African Americans, created the Justice Department, and reestablish the public credit. Promoted lieutenant-general, in 1864, Grant led the Union Army in winning the American Civ...
Dana, Charles A. (Charles Anderson), 1819-1897
Charles Anderson Dana (August 8, 1819 – October 17, 1897) was an American journalist, author, and senior government official. He was a top aide to Horace Greeley as the managing editor of the powerful Republican newspaper New-York Tribune until 1862. During the American Civil War, he served as Assistant Secretary of War, playing especially the role of the liaison between the War Department and General Ulysses S. Grant. In 1868 he became the editor and part-owner of the New York Sun. He at first ...
Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882
Ralph Waldo Emerson (May 25, 1803, Boston, Massachusetts– April 27, 1882, Concord, Massachusetts), American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.Epithet: American essayist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000621.0x000365 ...
Schurz, Carl, 1829-1906
Army officer, statesman, journalist, legislator, and U.S. Secy. of the Interior, of Missouri. From the description of Papers, 1870-1901 (bulk 1870-1890). (Rutherford B Hayes Presidential Center). WorldCat record id: 70953302 German-American army officer, author and politician. From the description of Papers of Carl Schurz, 1862-1893. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32136358 U.S. cabinet officer, diplomat, and senator from Missouri, Union Ar...
Twain, Mark, 1835-1910
Mark Twain (b. Samuel Langhorne Clemens, November 30, 1835, Florida, MO – d. April 21, 1910, Redding, CT) was an American writer, humorist, entrepreneur, publisher, and lecturer. Among his novels are The Adventures of Tom Sawyer (1876) and its sequel, the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885). Twain served an apprenticeship with a printer and then worked as a typesetter, contributing articles to the newspaper of his older brother Orion Clemens. He later became a riverboat pil...
Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888
Sheridan claimed he was born in Albany in the State of New York, the third child of six of John and Mary Meenagh Sheridan, Irish Catholic immigrants from the parish of Killinkere in County Cavan, Ireland. He grew up in Somerset, Ohio. Fully grown, he reached only 165 cm (5 feet 5 inches) tall, a stature that led to the nickname, "Little Phil." Abraham Lincoln described his appearance in a famous anecdote: "A brown, chunky little chap, with a long body, short legs, not enough neck to hang him, an...
Holmes, Oliver Wendell, 1809-1894
Holmes (Harvard, M.D. 1836) was Parkman Professor of Anatomy at Harvard Medical School from 1847 to 1882, dean of the Medical School from 1847 to 1853, and a noted essayist and poet. A paper on the contagiousness of puerperal fever, presented at an 1843 meeting of the Boston Society for Medical Improvement, was his most famous contribution to medicine. His indictment of physicians for their role in causing and spreading the fever was one of the most controversial treatises of the time...
Library of Congress
The Library of Congress was established by an act of Congress in 1800 when President John Adams signed a bill providing for the transfer of the seat of government from Philadelphia to the new capital city of Washington. The legislation described a reference library for Congress only, containing "such books as may be necessary for the use of Congress - and for putting up a suitable apartment for containing them therein…" The original library was housed in the Washington, DC until August 1814, ...
Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872
Horace Greeley (February 3, 1811 – November 29, 1872) was an American newspaper editor and publisher who was the founder and editor of the New-York Tribune, among the great newspapers of its time. Long active in politics, he served briefly as a congressman from New York, and was the unsuccessful candidate of the new Liberal Republican party in the 1872 presidential election against incumbent President Ulysses S. Grant, who won by a landslide. Greeley was born to a poor family in Amherst, New ...
Howard, Oliver Otis, 1830-1909
Oliver Howard was born in Leeds, Maine, the son of Rowland Bailey Howard and Eliza Otis Howard. Rowland, a farmer, died when Oliver was 9 years old. Oliver attended Monmouth Academy in Monmouth, North Yarmouth Academy in Yarmouth, Kents Hill School in Readfield, and graduated from Bowdoin College in 1850 at the age of 19. He then attended the United States Military Academy, graduating in 1854, fourth in his class of 46 cadets, as a brevet second lieutenant of ordnance. He served at the Watervlie...
Sickles, Daniel Edgar, 1819-1914
In 1819, Sickles was born in New York City to Susan Marsh Sickles and George Garrett Sickles, a patent lawyer and politician. (His year of birth is sometimes given as 1825, and Sickles was known to have claimed as such. Historians speculate that Sickles chose to appear younger when he married a woman half his age.) He learned the printer's trade and studied at the University of the City of New York (now New York University). He studied law in the office of Benjamin Butler, was admitted to the ba...
Mckinley, William, 1843-1901
President William McKinley was the 25th President of the United States. He was beginning his second term as President after winning the election in 1900. On Sept. 5, 1901 he and his wife were attending the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo, New York when he was shot by as assassin waiting in line to shake his hand. After being attended by physicians, he was resting at the exposition's director's home in Buffalo, NY. He seemed to be recovering when his condition rapidly worsened on Sept. 14th. P...
Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891
Sherman was born in 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio, near the banks of the Hocking River. His father, Charles Robert Sherman, a successful lawyer who sat on the Ohio Supreme Court, died unexpectedly in 1829. He left his widow, Mary Hoyt Sherman, with eleven children and no inheritance. After his father's death, the nine-year-old Sherman was raised by a Lancaster neighbor and family friend, attorney Thomas Ewing, Sr., a prominent member of the Whig Party who served as senator from Ohio and as the first S...
Gordon, James B. (James Byron), 1822-1864
Mills, Stephen Crosby, Mrs.
Stephen C. Mills was a United States (U.S.) Army officer. He was a second, first lieutenant, and captain in the 12th U.S. Infantry Division; and a first lieutenant, Company D, Indian Scouts. From the description of The Stephen C. Mills papers, 1877-1907. (US Army, Mil Hist Institute). WorldCat record id: 47197796 ...
White, Andrew Dickson, 1832-1918
The second International Peace Conference was held at the Hague in 1907. From the description of Hague Peace Conference documents, 1907. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64052217 Ambassador to Russia; first president of Cornell University. From the description of Andrew Dickson White papers, 1901-1902. (New York State Historical Documents). WorldCat record id: 155410378 Andrew Dickson White was born at Homer, New York, November 7, 1832. ...
Chase, Salmon P. (Salmon Portland), 1808-1873
Lawyer. From the description of Letter, 1845 March 4, Cincinnati, [Ohio], to Robert F. Paine, Columbus, O[hio]. (University of Toledo). WorldCat record id: 13541605 Salmon P. Chase served as the Secretary of the Treasury from 1861 to 1864. He oversaw the creation of the Bureau of Internal Revenue (1862) and implemented the introduction of the income tax and the national currency. From the description of Letter press book of the Secretary of the Treasury. 1863, Ju...
Bryce, James Bryce, Viscount, 1838-1922
James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, was a British writer, historian and statesman. Born in Belfast, he was educated at Glasgow University and later Oxford, he practiced law briefly, but returned to Oxford as a professor of civil law. He served in Parliament for many years, and held several government positions, including Ambassador to the United States. A renowned historian, he was also a productive writer of travel books, law tracts, and political theory. Universally admired and liked, an obituary...
Dickens, Charles, 1812-1870
Charles Dickens, English novelist. From the guide to the Charles Dickens manuscript material : 7 items, 1842-1851, (The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.) Charles Dickens (1812-1870), the Victorian novelist. For fuller details of his life and achievements see the Dictionary of National Biography . From the guide to the Correspondence of Charles Dickens, with related material, ca. 1834-1955, (Leeds University Librar...
Longfellow, Charles Appleton
Garfield, James A. (James Abram), 1831-1881
James Garfield, twentieth President of the United States, was born in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, in 1831. After embarking on an academic career, he joined the Ohio volunteer infantry regiment, and in 1863 was appointed Major General in the same regiment. He served as a member of the U. S. House of Representatives from 1863 to 1880, when he was elected President. His inauguration took place on March 4, 1881, but his term of office was unfortunately brought to an abrupt end with his assassination by C...
Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912
U.S. politician, historian and newspaper editor. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Cedarville, to Schuyler Colfax, 1863 Sept. 18. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 649441349 American newspaperman, editor, diplomat, and historian. From the description of Papers of Whitelaw Reid [manuscript], 1878-1893. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647879858 From the description of Papers of Whitelaw Reid, 1878-1893. (University of Virginia). ...
Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884
Wendell Phillips (born November 29, 1811, Boston, Massachusetts – died February 2, 1884, Boston, Massachusetts), orator and reformer, was one of the leaders of the abolitionist movement in Boston, Massachusetts, wrote frequently for William Lloyd Garrison's Liberator, and eventually became president of the American Anti-Slavery Society. He contributed much to the cause through inflammatory speeches favoring the division of the Union and opposing the acquisition of Texas and the war with Mexico. ...
Stanley, Henry M. (Henry Morton), 1841-1904
English explorer in Africa. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Congo River, to Robert Newton, the British Vice-Consul at Luanda, Angola, while "advancing to the interior" on an exploring expedition, 1880 Mar. 26. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270574627 British explorer and author of THROUGH SOUTH AFRICA. From the description of Letter, 1899. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 38744855 British explorer. From the des...
Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901
Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901) was a Republican politician who served as the 23rd President of the United States from 1889 to 1893. He was both preceded and succeeded in office by Democrat Grover Cleveland. From the guide to the Benjamin Harrison letter to George C. Baker, 1888, (Brooklyn Historical Society) John Harrington Farley, born in Cleveland in 1845, was a Democratic politician who served three terms on Cleveland's city council (1871-1877) and two terms as its mayor (...
Howells, William Dean, 1837-1920
Carolyn Wells published under the pseudonym Rowland Wright. From the description of Autograph postcard signed from W.D. Howells to Carolyn Wells, Rahway [manuscript], 19th or 20th century. (Folger Shakespeare Library). WorldCat record id: 694525270 Author, editor, critic. From the description of Letters chiefly to Alexander? Black [manuscript] 1888-1919. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647943111 William Dean Howells was an American novelist...
George, Henry, 1839-1897
Economist and reformer. From the description of Papers of Henry George, 1888-1893. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455433 Henry George (1839-1897), political economist and social reformer, was best known for his book Progress and Poverty, in which he advocated economic equality through a single tax on land value. He ran unsuccessfully for mayor of New York City on a labor ticket in 1884 and died during his second mayoral campaign in 1897. From the guide to the H...
Smith, Hoke, 1855-1931
Hoke Smith (1855-1931), lawyer, politician, U.S. Senator, born in Newton, North Carolina. From the description of Hoke Smith papers, 1879-1931. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38477511 Hoke Smith (1855-1931), politician, Georgia Governor (1907-1909, 1911), U.S. Senator, resided in Atlanta, Georgia. From the description of Hoke Smith papers, 1886-1930 (bulk 1920-1925). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38477302 Governor of the state of Georgia and Secretary o...
Young, Dorothy Mills
Morgan, Edwin D. (Edwin Denison), 1811-1883
New York governor, 1859-1863. From the description of Letter : Albany, [N.Y.], to Abraham Lincoln, Washington, D.C., 1862 Jan. 10. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 30798399 Governor of New York, U.S. Senator, major general, merchant. From the description of Letter, 1867 November 71. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122458844 U.S. senator from New York, U.S. army officer, governor of New York, and businessman. From the...
Young, Mary Dow Davids. Mary Dow Davids Young correspondence and diaries.
Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921
Journalist, author, and politician. From the description of Papers of Henry Watterson, 1857-1983, (bulk 1882-1921). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71071676 American journalist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Louisville, KY, to Hon. D. A. Wells, 1887 Oct. 31. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270660897 Watterson was the editor of the Louisville Courier-Journal. From the description of Autograph letters signed from Henry Watters...
Beecher, Henry Ward, 1813-1887
Abolitionist; orator; pastor of Plymouth Church, 1847-1887. From the description of Papers, [ca.1847]-1937, 1847-1887 (bulk) (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155459715 American Congregational clergyman, lecturer, reformer, and author. From the guide to the Henry Ward Beecher papers, 1851-1896, n.d, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) Congregationalist minister. From the description of Sermon notes, [n.d.], 1893, 18...
Alexander, Edward Porter, 1835-1910
Edward P. Alexander was Chief of Artillery, 1st Corps of the Army of Northern Virginia, Confederate States Army. He was the author of several books on the Civil War and railroads, including THE WILDERNESS CAMPAIGN, MILITARY MEMOIRS OF A CONFEDERATE, THE CONFEDERATE VETERAN, FIGHTING FOR THE CONFEDERACY, SKETCH OF LONGSTREET'S DIVISION--YORKTOWN AND WILLIAMSBURG, and RAILWAY PRACTICE. From the description of E.P. Alexander circular letter, 1866. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat ...
Sumner, Charles, 1811-1874
Massachusetts lawyer and U.S. Senator, 1851-1874. He was an ardent abolitionist who attacked the south in his "crime against Kansas" speech in 1856. Two days later he was assaulted in the Senate, receiving injuries that took him years to recover from. From the description of Letters, 1858-1869. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 55768315 Born in Boston, Mass., the U.S. statesman Charles Sumner studied law at Harvard and practiced law in his native ci...
Cooke, Jay, 1821-1905
Banker, financier, and fiscal agent for the U.S. Treasury Dept. during the Civil War. From the description of Jay Cooke correspondence, 1884. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70983928 During the Civil War, Jay Cooke & Co. of Philadelphia developed the idea of selling government bonds, which capitalized on feelings of patriotism at the time and which were a major source of financing the war. Jay Cooke later was heavily involved in finanacing (unsuccessfully) the Northern Pa...
Young, John Russell, 1840-1899
Epithet: American author British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000574.0x000334 Irish American journalist, author, diplomat and Librarian of Congress. From the description of John Russell Young letters [manuscript], 1867-1891. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 174958754 Journalist, editor, diplomat, and Librarian of Congress. From the description of John Russell Young paper...
Conkling, Roscoe, 1829-1888
Roscoe Conkling was a New York politician and lawyer, serving in Congress as both Senator and Representative. He resigned abruptly to protest Federal appointments in New York, and returned to his law practice. He later declined an appointment to the United States Supreme Court. From the description of Roscoe Conkling letter to D.B. Sickels, 1876 Apr. 20. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 52734482 Roscoe Conkling was a Senator (1867-81) and Congre...
Lowell, James Russell, 1819-1891
Poet and author, Cornell University non-resident professor. From the description of James Russell Lowell letter and portrait, 1871 July 12. (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 123412650 Lowell was an author, poet, editor, teacher, and diplomat. He edited The Atlantic Monthly, and with Charles Eliot Norton, The North American Review ; was professor of French and Spanish Languages and Literatures at Harvard; and U.S. minister to Spain and to England. Aldrich was ...
United States Military Academy
West Point, N.Y., was originally utilized as a strategic defense location during the American Revolution. West Point is geographically located on a 100 ft. plateau overlooking the Hudson River. After the American victory Congress created a Corps of Invalids (veterans) that were transferred to West Point for the purpose of instructing candidates for commission. In 1802 Congress legally established the United States Military Academy at West Point. The Academy produced many leaders of American forc...
Arthur, Chester Alan, 1829-1886
Chester Alan Arthur (October 5, 1829 – November 18, 1886) was an American attorney and politician who served as the 21st President of the United States from 1881 to 1885....
Young, G. R. (Gordon Russell), 1891-
Hay, John, 1838-1905
Brown class of 1858. Secretary to Abraham Lincoln; Ambassador to Court of St. James; Secretary of State; author. From the description of Papers, 1829-1916. (Brown University). WorldCat record id: 122598680 American diplomat and author. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Cleveland, to the editors of The Critic [Jeannette L. and Joseph B. Gilder], 1884 Aug. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 644640373 Statesman, poet, Secretary of State. ...
Taylor, Bayard, 1825-1878
Author, translator, and traveler. From the description of Papers of Bayard Taylor, 1856-1878. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064729 American journalist. From the description of Papers of Bayard Taylor [manuscript], 1847-1878. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647972079 From the description of Poem and letter, 1877 June 26, n.d. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647972081 From the description of Letter to a member of the...
Li, Hongzhang, 1823-1901
Daly, Augustin, 1838-1899
Playwright, producer; owner of Daly's Theatre in New York City. From the description of [John] Augustin Daly letter to Mr. [William A. ]Jenner [manuscript], 1892 Dec 7. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 191870954 American dramatist and theatrical manager. From the description of Autograph letter signed : New York, to Mr. Bouton (bookseller in New York), 1882 Dec. 11. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270526011 From the description of Autograph l...
Forney, John W. (John Wien), 1817-1881
Editor, publisher, clerk of the U.S. House of Representatives, and secretary of the U.S. Senate. From the description of John W. Forney papers, 1841-1881. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 164810989 Philadelphia journalist. From the description of Letter signed : Washington, to William Pitt Fessenden, 1863 Nov. 10. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270482790 From the description of Letter signed, with nine lines in autograph : Washington, D.C., to William Pitt...
McCook, Anson G. (Anson George), 1835-1917