Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Negatives Collection, 1930-2001

ArchivalResource

Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Negatives Collection, 1930-2001

1930-2001

The official organ of the Communist Party, USA, the Daily Worker's editorial positions reflected the policies of the Communist Party. At the same time the paper also attempted to speak to the broad left-wing community in the United States that included labor, civil rights, and peace activists, with stories covering a wide range of events, organizations and individuals in the United States and around the world. As a daily newspaper, it covered the major stories of the twentieth century. However, the paper always placed an emphasis on radical social movements, social and economic conditions particularly in working class and minority communities, poverty, labor struggles, racial discrimination, right wing extremism with an emphasis on fascist and Nazi movements, and of course the Soviet Union and the world-wide Communist movement. The paper has had a succession of names and has been published in varying frequences between daily to weekly over the course of its existence. In 2010 it ceased print publication and became an electronic, online-only, weekly publication titled the <i>People's World</i>. The bulk of the collection consists of printed photographic images produced through a variety of processes, collected by the photography editors of the <i>Daily Worker</i> and its successor newspapers as a means of maintaining an organized collection of images for use in publication. Images of many important people, groups and events associated with the CPUSA and the American Left are present in the collection, including many local and national labor unions, particularly those affiliated with the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO).

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Davis, Ossie

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Ossie Davis is an actor, playwright and director who has performed for stage, film and television, and specializes in film production relating to black culture and history. Born in 1919 in Cogdell, Georgia, Davis attended Howard University from 1938 to 1941. His theater career began in the early 1940's with such plays to his credit as "Anna Lucasta," "No Time for Sergeants," "A Raisin in the Sun," and "Purlie Victorious." Three of the many films he acted in are "The Joe Louis Story,...

Chisholm, Shirley, 1924-2005

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Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich, 1931-

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Abernathy, Ralph, 1926-1990

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Bussi de Allende, Hortensia

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Harrington, Oliver W. (Oliver Wendell), 1912-

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Bloor, Ella Reeve, 1862-1951

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Ali, Muhammad, 1942-2016

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Muhammad Ali (b. Cassius Marcellus Clay Jr., January 17, 1942, Louisville, KT-d. June 3, 2016, Scottsdale, AZ) began training as an amateur boxer when he was 12 years old. At 18 he won a gold medal in the light heavyweight division at the 1960 Summer Olympics and turned professional later that year. After converting to Island, he changed his name to Muhammad Ali. During the Vietnam War he refused to be drafted into the U.S. military, citing his religious beliefs and opposition to American involv...

Davis, Benjamin J. (Benjamin Jefferson), 1903-1964

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A prominent black attorney, Davis graduated from Amherst College in 1925, graduated from Harvard Law School in 1929, and returned to Georgia to practice law. He gained notoriety for his defense of Angelo Herndon in 1933 who had been accused of insurrection. Davis became actively involved with the Communist Party and moved to New York City in 1935 to edit the Daily Worker. In 1948, he was arrested under the Smith Act and received a five-year sentence. He was arrested again in 1962 for his partici...

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District 65, United Automobile Workers (UAW) began as the Wholesale Dry Goods Workers Union organized in September 1933 by Arthur Osman and a group of Jewish workers at a dry goods warehouse on New York City's Lower East Side. Originally affiliated with the United Hebrew Trades, the union obtained a charter from the American Federation of Labor (AFL) early in 1935 to become Federal Local 19932, Wholesale Dry Good Employees Union. Between 1937-1942, Local 65 was at the ce...

Kirkpatrick, Frederick Douglass

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Conyers, John, Jr., 1929-2019

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John James Conyers Jr. (May 16, 1929 – October 27, 2019) was an American politician of the Democratic Party who served as a U.S. Representative for Michigan from 1965 to 2017. The districts he represented always included part of western Detroit. During his final three terms, his district included many of Detroit's western suburbs, as well as a large portion of the Downriver area. Conyers served more than fifty years in Congress, becoming the sixth-longest serving member of Congress in U.S. hi...

Churchill, Winston, 1874-1965

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Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill was born at Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, on 30 November 1874. He was educated at Harrow and the Royal Military College at Sandhurst before joining the Army in 1895 and serving in India and Sudan. After leaving the Army in 1899, he worked as a war correspondent for the Morning Post and the following year was elected Conservative Member of Parliament for Oldham. In 1904, Churchill decided to join the Liberal Party, and in 1906, was elected Liberal MP f...

Ford, James W., 1893-1957

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James W. “Jim” Ford (December 22, 1893 – 1957) was an activist and politician, the Vice-Presidential candidate for the Communist Party USA in 1932, 1936, and 1940. A party organizer born in Alabama and living in New York City, Ford was the first African American to run on a presidential ticket in the 20th century....

Mooney, Thomas J., 1882-1942

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Thomas J. Mooney was born on December 8, 1882 in Chicago, Illinois and raised in Indiana and Massachusetts. A molder by trade, Mooney first came to California in 1908, permanently settling in San Francisco in 1910. There he became involved in the work of the Socialist party and various labor organizing activites. In 1916, Mooney and Warren K. Billings were wrongfully convicted of the Preparedness Day bombing of July 22. Mooney's plight became a cause amongst labor until his eventual release and ...

McCarthy, Eugene J., 1916-2005

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Educator, U.S. representative from Minnesota, U.S. senator from Minnesota, and author. From the description of Papers of Eugene J. McCarthy, 1960. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71064286 Eugene J. McCarthy served as a U.S. Congress member (Democratic Farmer-Labor) from Minnesota's fourth district (1949-1958) and as U.S. senator from Minnesota (1959-1970). He sought the Democratic nomination for President of the United States in 1968 against Lyndon B....

Dellinger, David T., 1915-2004

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Hồ, Chí Minh, 1890-1969

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United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers of America

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District 7 of the United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America (UE) consisted of locals throughout Ohio and are now part of the UE's Eastern Region. From the description of UE National Office records relating to District 7 and District 7 locals, 1936-1990s. (University of Pittsburgh). WorldCat record id: 767644242 District 5 of the United Electrical, Radio, and Machine Workers of America (UE) consisted of locals throughout Canada. From the description...

Browder, Earl, 1891-1973

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Earl Russell Browder (1891-1973) was General Secretary of the Communist party of the United States during the height of its popularity, in the 1930s and 1940s and twice represented the Party as its candidate for President. Earl Browder was born on May 20, 1891, in Wichita, Kansas. He was the son of William Browder and Martha Jane Hankins Browder. His father was a teacher and farmer who was avidly Populist. Earl Browder had little formal education and went to work to help support the family. At t...

Lewis, John L. (John Llewellyn), 1880-1969

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John L. Lewis was born in Lucas, Iowa in 1880. From 1917 until his death in 1969 he served the United Mine Workers of America, acting as its president from 1920 to 1960. Lewis led in the establishment of the Congress of Industrial Organizations and served as CIO president until his resignation from that post in 1940. From the description of Papers, 1879-1969. [microform] (Cornell University Library). WorldCat record id: 64091529 From its founding in 1935 until 1942, the hist...

Weinstock, Louis 1903-1994.

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Louis Weinstock was born in Hungary in 1903 and emigrated to the United States in 1923. He settled in New York City and in 1925 joined the Painters' Union, Local 499. Weinstock became one of the leaders of the "Rank and File" movement in District Council 9 of the International Painters and Paperhangers. In 1926 Louis married Rose, also from Hungary and an activist in the International Ladies Garment Workers Union. During the Depression, Weinstock fought for Social Security and initi...