Kalm, Pehr, 1716-1779

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Pehr Kalm (b. March 6, 1716 –d. November 16, 1779) was a Finnish explorer, botanist, naturalist, and agricultural economist.

In 1747 he was commissioned by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to travel to the North American colonies and to bring back seeds and plants that might be useful to agriculture. Among his many scientific accomplishments, Kalm can be credited with the description of Niagara Falls written by a trained scientist; he described this phenomenon along the border of New York and Canada. In addition, he published the first scientific paper on the North American, 17-year periodical cicada, Magicicada septendecim.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Colden, Cadwallader, 1688-1776. Letter, 1750, Nov. 26 and 27 : Coldingham, New York, to Peter Collinson, London. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
referencedIn Linnean Society of London correspondence of American scientists, 1738-1865, 1738-1865 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Vol. I (ff. i + 214). (a) Papers relating to the "European Magazine," with details respecting the Handel Commemoration, 1784-1787. ff. 59 b-100; (b) Facsimile of Milton's assignment of "Paradise Lost" to S. Symons, 1667. The original is Add. MS. 1886... British Library
referencedIn Beattie, R. Kent (Rolla Kent), 1875-1960. Papers, 1899-1956 Washington State University Libraries Manuscripts, Archives, and Special Collections (MASC)
creatorOf [Pehr Kalm, biographical materials] University of Wisconsin - Madison, General Library System
referencedIn Federated Garden Clubs of Vermont. Horticulture in Vermont scrapbook, 1942-1944. Vermont Historical Society
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Library. Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection. 1668-1983. American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Noezen, Daniel Erik, 1770 Senate House Library (University of London)
referencedIn Linnean Society of London. Correspondence of American scientists, 1738-1865. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Kalm, Pehr, 1716-1779. Letter, 1755 July 1 : Abo, to University of Abo. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Kalm, Pehr, 1716-1779. Copie de la carte de Monsieur Klam ou l'on voit les sources e la riviere d'Orange suivant de nouvelles observation. William L. Clements Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Åbo akademi (1640-1827) corporateBody
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Beattie, R. Kent (Rolla Kent), b. 1875 person
associatedWith Colden, Cadwallader, 1688-1776. person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Federated Garden Clubs of Vermont. corporateBody
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Linnean Society of London. corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Noezen, Daniel Erik, fl 1770 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States 00 US
Republic of Finland 00 FI
Canada 00 CA
Manuscript maps


Birth 1716-03-06

Death 1779-11-16




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