Javits, Jacob K. (Jacob Koppel), 1904-1986

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Jacob Koppel Javits (May 18, 1904 – March 7, 1986) was an American lawyer and politician. A member of the Republican Party, Javits served in the U.S. House of Representatives representing New York's 21st congressional district from 1947 to 1954, as the 58th Attorney General of New York from 1955 to 1957, and as a U.S. Senator from New York from 1957 until 1981.

After graduating from New York University School of Law, he established a law practice in New York City. During World War II, he served in the United States Army's Chemical Warfare Department. Outraged by the corruption of Tammany Hall, Javits joined the Republican Party and supported New York Mayor Fiorello H. La Guardia. He won election to the United States House of Representatives in 1946 and served in that body until 1954. In the House, Javits supported President Harry S. Truman's Cold War foreign policy and voted to fund the Marshall Plan. He defeated Franklin Delano Roosevelt Jr. in the 1954 election for Attorney General of New York, and defeated Democrat Robert F. Wagner Jr. in the 1956 United States Senate elections. Javits won re-election to the Senate in 1962, 1968, and 1974.

In the House and Senate, Javits established himself as a liberal Republican. He opposed the Labor Management Relations Act of 1947 and supported much of Lyndon B. Johnson's Great Society programs and civil rights legislation. He voted for the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution but came to question Johnson's handling of the Vietnam War. To rein in presidential war powers, Javits sponsored the War Powers Resolution. Javits also sponsored the Employee Retirement Income Security Act, which regulated defined-benefit private pensions. Supportive of labor unions and movements for civil rights, Senator Javits sponsored the first African-American Senate page in 1965 and the first female page in 1971. His liberalism was such that he tended to receive support from traditionally Democratic voters, with many Republicans defecting to support the Conservative Party of New York.

Diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) in 1979, Javits lost the 1980 Republican Senate primary to Alfonse D'Amato, who campaigned to Javits's right. Javits nonetheless ran in the election as the nominee of the Liberal Party; D'Amato defeated Javits and Democratic nominee Elizabeth Holtzman. Javits died of ALS in West Palm Beach, Florida in 1986. He is interred at Linden Hill Jewish Cemetery in Queens, New York.

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Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abrams, Charles, 1902-1970. person
associatedWith Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. corporateBody
correspondedWith American Ballet Theatre corporateBody
associatedWith American Committee on Italian Migration. Chicago Chapter (Ill.) corporateBody
associatedWith American League for an Undivided Ireland. corporateBody
associatedWith Arthur E. Scott, 1917-1976 person
associatedWith Aurelio, Richard, 1929- person
associatedWith Baehr, George, 1887-1978. person
associatedWith Barnes, Joseph, 1907-1970. person
associatedWith Bartlett, Eliot F. person
associatedWith Bendiner, Robert. person
associatedWith Berger, Raoul, 1901- person
associatedWith Bisno, Julius, 1911- person
associatedWith Boardman, Francis B., person
associatedWith Bond, Julian, 1940- person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986 person
correspondedWith Brant, Irving, 1885-1976. person
associatedWith Breathe Again corporateBody
correspondedWith Brooke, Edward William, 1919- person
associatedWith Brown, Prentiss Marsh, 1889-1973 person
associatedWith Brubaker, Howard, b. 1882. person
associatedWith Bryson, Bernarda. person
associatedWith Bryson, Bernarda Shahn person
associatedWith Buckley, James Lane, 1923- person
associatedWith Caroline Werner, Gannett 1894-1979. person
associatedWith Cerf, Bennett, 1898-1971. person
associatedWith Charles Abrams 1902-1970. person
associatedWith Childs, J. Rives (James Rives), 1893-1987. person
associatedWith Citizens Committee for the Protection of the Environment (Ossining, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Citizens' Crusade Against Poverty. corporateBody
almaMaterOf Columbia University corporateBody
associatedWith Commager, Henry Steele, 1902-1998 person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Congregation Shearith Israel (New York, N.Y.). Clerk's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Conservative Party of New York State. corporateBody
correspondedWith Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990 person
associatedWith Corning, Peter A., 1935-, person
associatedWith Corsi, Edward, 1896-1965 person
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Dodd, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph), 1907-1971 person
correspondedWith Dodd, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph), 1907-1971 person
associatedWith Dorothy (Feiner) Rodgers, 1909- person
associatedWith Dorsen, Norman person
associatedWith Dreier, Mary E. (Mary Elisabeth), 1875-1963. person
associatedWith Edelstein, Julius C. C. (Julius Caius Caesar), 1912-2005. person
associatedWith Edwin, Ed, person
associatedWith Ehrmann, Herbert Brutus, 1891-1970. person
associatedWith Erb, John E, 1901- person
correspondedWith Erikson, Erik H. (Erik Homburger), 1902-1994 person
associatedWith Federation of Ukrainian Student Organizations of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Feldman, George J., 1903- person
associatedWith Fellowship Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Finkelstein, David, 1929- . person
associatedWith Fischer, John Sylvester, 1910-1978. person
correspondedWith Freedom House (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Gannett, Caroline Werner, 1894-1979. person
associatedWith Gitlin, Todd. person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Goldman, Eric Frederick, 1915-1989. person
associatedWith Goldstein, Judith, person
associatedWith Greater Buffalo Industrial Union Council (CIO) corporateBody
associatedWith Gregersen, Halfdan, d. 1980. person
correspondedWith Guggenheim, Harry Frank, 1890-1971. person
associatedWith Hadassah, the Women's Zionist Organization of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Halsey, William Frederick, 1882-1959 person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
associatedWith Handler, Milton, 1903-1998. person
associatedWith Harold Rome person
associatedWith Harris, Fred R., 1930- person
associatedWith Hart, Philip A. (Philip Aloysius), 1912-1976 person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
associatedWith Hill, William Henry, 1877-1972. person
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. Local 62 (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. New York Cloak Joint Board. corporateBody
associatedWith International Ladies' Garment Workers' Union. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Ives, Emerson C. person
associatedWith James Alfred, Perkins 1911- person
sibling of Javits, Benjamin A. (Benjamin Abraham), 1894-1973. person
spouseOf Javits, Marian B person
correspondedWith Jenkins, Martin David, 1904- person
associatedWith JUSTINE (WISE) POLIER, 1903-1987 person
associatedWith Klinger, Florence. person
associatedWith Knapp, Dillis Charles person
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associatedWith Lesser, Allen, 1907-1994. person
associatedWith Levitan, Selig J., 1908- person
associatedWith Lortel, Lucille person
correspondedWith Marietta Tree person
associatedWith MARY ELISABETH DREIER, 1875-1963 person
correspondedWith MARY STEICHEN CALDERONE, 1904- person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
correspondedWith McKissick, Floyd B. (Floyd Bixler), 1922- person
associatedWith Mercado, Edward, 1937- person
associatedWith Millenson, Roy H. person
associatedWith Moody, Blair, 1902-1954 person
associatedWith National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing. corporateBody
associatedWith National Foreign Trade Council. corporateBody
associatedWith National Organization for Women corporateBody
associatedWith National Organization for Women. New York City. corporateBody
associatedWith New Democratic Coalition of New York. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Attorney General. corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Farm Bureau Federation. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf New York university. School of law corporateBody
associatedWith Novit︠s︡kiĭ, Georgiĭ Isakievich. person
associatedWith Operation Crossroads Africa. corporateBody
associatedWith Osborn, Stellanova, 1894-1988. person
associatedWith Parsons, Geoffrey, 1879-1956. person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Perkins, James Alfred, 1911-1998. person
associatedWith Polier, Justine Wise, 1903-1987. person
associatedWith Postal Union of Manhattan-Bronx Clerks. corporateBody
associatedWith Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 person
associatedWith Reid, Ogden R. (Ogden Rogers), 1925- person
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Rodgers, Dorothy F., 1909- person
associatedWith Rome, Harold, 1908-1993. person
associatedWith Rosenthal, A. M. (Abraham Michael), 1922-2006 person
associatedWith Royer, William B., Jr. person
associatedWith Rustin, Bayard, 1912-1987. person
associatedWith Ruth Proskauer Smith, 1906- person
associatedWith Saddler, Donald person
associatedWith Safire, William, 1929-2009. person
associatedWith Scott, Arthur E., 1917-1976. person
associatedWith Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994. person
associatedWith Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994. person
associatedWith Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Sherer, Morris, 1921- person
associatedWith Smith, Howard K. (Howard Kingsbury), 1914-2002. person
associatedWith Smith, Ruth Proskauer, 1907- person
correspondedWith Sobeloff, Simon Ernest, 1894-1973. person
associatedWith Somers, Herman Miles, 1911- person
associatedWith State University of New York at Stony Brook. University Libraries. Special Collections. corporateBody
associatedWith Student Struggle for Soviet Jewry. corporateBody
associatedWith Sutherland, Arthur E., 1902-1973 person
associatedWith Sykes, Gerald, 1903- person
correspondedWith Terry, Walter person
associatedWith Traube, Shepard, 1907-1983. person
memberOf United States. Army corporateBody
memberOf United States. Congress. House person
memberOf United States. Congress. Senate. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
correspondedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Wagner, Robert F. (Ferdinad), 1910-1991. person
associatedWith Wahl, Henry C. person
correspondedWith Weitz, Martin M. (Martin Mishli), 1907- person
associatedWith Weston, Harold, 1894-1972 person
associatedWith WNYC (Radio station : New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Women's Economic Round Table corporateBody
associatedWith Wood, Audrey, 1905-1985 person
associatedWith World Jewish Congress corporateBody
associatedWith Zeeman, Joan Javits. person
associatedWith Zeiss, Carl H. person
correspondedWith Zorina, Vera. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York City NY US
West Palm Beach FL US
Subject
Social security
Television advertising
Advertising, political
Jews, American
Civil rights
Financial disclosure
Jewish statesmen
Jews in public life
Legislators
Legislators
Occupation
Representatives, U.S. Congress
Salesmen
Senators, U.S. Congress
Army officers
Attorneys general
Lawyers
Activity

Person

Birth 1904-05-18

Death 1986-03-07

Male

Americans

English

Information

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