Brooke, Edward W., III (Edward William, III), 1919-2015

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Edward William Brooke III (October 26, 1919 – January 3, 2015) was an American Republican politician. In 1966, he became the first African American popularly elected to the United States Senate. He represented Massachusetts in the Senate from 1967 to 1979.

Born and raised in Washington, D.C., Brooke graduated from the Boston University School of Law after serving in the United States Army during World War II. After serving as chairman of the Finance Commission of Boston, Brooke won election as Massachusetts Attorney General in 1962. In 1966, he defeated Democratic Governor Endicott Peabody in a landslide to win election to the Senate.

In the Senate, Brooke aligned with the liberal faction in the Republican party. He co-wrote the Civil Rights Act of 1968, which prohibits housing discrimination. Brooke became a prominent critic of President Richard Nixon and was the first Senate Republican to call for Nixon's resignation in light of the Watergate scandal. Brooke won re-election in 1972, but he was defeated by Democrat Paul Tsongas in 1978. After leaving the Senate, Brooke practiced law in Washington, D.C. and was affiliated with various businesses and non-profits.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994. Papers of Hugh Scott [manuscript], 1925-1979. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Larrabee, Don. Journalistic papers 1954-1970's. Raymond H. Fogler Library
referencedIn Records of the President of Radcliffe College, 1960-1972 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Thomas J. Dodd Papers, undated, 1919-1971. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Howe, Mark De Wolfe. Mark De Wolfe Howe papers. 1933-1967. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Lawrence Graham Brooks papers, 1897-1981 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 760
creatorOf Stuart, Alice Jackson, 1913-2001. Papers of Alice Jackson Stuart [manuscript], 1930-2001. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Richardson, Elliot L., 1920-1999. Papers, 1780-1984 (bulk 1947-1984). Library of Congress
creatorOf Brooke, Edward William, 1919-. Edward William Brooke : commercials, 1966-1978. University of Oklahoma, Political Community Archives
referencedIn Berger, Raoul. Raoul Berger Papers. 1921-2000. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 1881-1981. Papers, 1897-1981. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Bartlett, Eliot F. Correspondence of Eliot Fitch Bartlett [manuscript] 1965-68. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Edward William Brooke Papers, 1956-1988, (bulk 1963-1978) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, c.1971-1976 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Ball, Adelaide B. (Adelaide Buckingham), 1898-1983. Papers, 1944-1979. Jackson Homestead Museum
referencedIn Papers of Pauli Murray, 1827-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn George R. Metcalf papers, 1956-1971 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Freund, Paul A. Paul A. Freund papers. 1918-1993. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Papers, 1854-1988 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Records of the Fishermen's Wives of Gloucester (Association), (inclusive), (bulk), 1950-2009, 1977-2004 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Hogan, Elisabeth Woodbridge Morris, 1932-. Papers, 1971-1976 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Leach, Walter Barton. W. Barton Leach Papers. 1920-1971. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Brooke, Edward William, 1919-. [Letter] 1971 November 16, Washington [to] William P. Thompson, Philadelphia / Edward Brooke. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
referencedIn Hardy, Harriet Louise, 1906-. Papers, 1910-1984 (inclusive), 1924-1980 (bulk). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Aberjona Knitting Mills. [Business records]. American Textile History Museum Library
creatorOf Americans for Democratic Action. Massachusetts Chapter. Americans for Democratic Action records, 1949-1976. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Papers of Mary Gibson Hundley, 1910-1985 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Elliot L. Richardson Papers, 1780-1999, (bulk 1947-1999) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Harvard Law School Forums Records Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. Papers, 1870-1978 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Brooke, Senator Edward Gerald R. Ford Library
creatorOf Harris, Fred R., 1930-. Papers, 1963-1976. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
creatorOf Brooke, Edward William, 1919-. Papers, 1956-1988 (bulk 1963-1978). Library of Congress
creatorOf Peterson, Elly, 1914-. Elly Peterson papers, 1943-1997. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Records, 1967-1990 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Pryor, Janis A. Papers of Janis A. Pryor, 1940-1995. Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Hundley, Mary Gibson, 1897-1986. Papers, 1910-1985 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn McCane, Margaret Perea, 1906-. Papers, 1952-1983 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Floyd B. McKissick Papers, 1940s-1980s University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Revolutionary War Bicentennial Commission. Sound recordings and visual materials, 1961-1976 (bulk 1973-1976). Commonwealth of Massachusetts State Archives
creatorOf Bond, Julian, 1940-. Julian Bond papers [manuscript], circa 1943-2006. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Brooke, Edward William, 1919-. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, 1964. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Henry Aaron Hill Papers, 1867-1979, (bulk 1933-1979) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Brooke, Edward William, 1919-. [Letter] 1972 July 27, Washington [to] William P. Thompson, Philadelphia / Ed Brooke. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
creatorOf Peterson, Elly, 1914-. Elly Peterson papers, 1943-1985. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Wyzanski, Charles Edward. Charles E. (Charles Edward) Wyzanski papers. 1930-1968. Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
creatorOf Brooke, Edward William, 1919-. From John F. Kennedy's Inaugural Address, January 20, 1961. Temple University, Blockson Afro-American History Collection
referencedIn Hill, Henry Aaron, 1915-1979. Henry Aaron Hill papers, 1867-1979 (bulk 1933-1979). Library of Congress
referencedIn Glueck, Sheldon, 1896-1990. Papers, 1916-1972 Harvard Law School Library Langdell Hall Cambridge, MA 02138
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1975 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Richardson, Elliot L., 1920-1999. Papers of Elliot L. Richardson, 1780-1991 (bulk 1947-1991). Library of Congress
referencedIn Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 655
creatorOf Southern Elections Fund. Papers, 1965-1975 of the Fund and of the chairman of the Board of Trustees, Julian Bond [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892-1979. Autograph collection, 1930-1996 (bulk: 1930-1979) Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Operation Crossroads Africa. Archives. 1958-81. Tulane University, Amistad Research Center
referencedIn Metcalf, George R., 1914-. George R. Metcalf papers, 1956-1971. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Records of the Office of the Staff Secretary. 1976 - 1981. Presidential Files. 1977 - 1981. 3/9/78
referencedIn Papers, 1910-1984 Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
referencedIn Elly Peterson papers, 1943-2006, 1961-1980 Bentley Historica Library University of Michigan
referencedIn Publicity photographs of U.S. Senator Hugh Scott, 1958-1973. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Brooke, Edward William, 1919-. Edward William Brooke papers, 1956-1988 (bulk 1963-1978). Library of Congress
referencedIn Wise, Ozeline. Papers, 1854-1988 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
creatorOf Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 499
referencedIn Guide to the Daily Worker and Daily World Photographs Collection, 1920-2001 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
referencedIn Boston N.O.W. Records, 1967-1990 (inclusive). Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America‏
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf The HistoryMakers Video Oral History with The Honorable Edward Brooke The HistoryMakers
Relation Name
associatedWith Aberjona Knitting Mills. corporateBody
associatedWith Americans for Democratic Action. Massachusetts Chapter. corporateBody
correspondedWith Baker, Howard H. (Howard Henry), 1925- person
associatedWith Ball, Adelaide B. (Adelaide Buckingham), 1898-1983. person
associatedWith Bartlett, Eliot F. person
associatedWith Berger, Raoul, 1901- person
associatedWith Bond, Julian, 1940- person
associatedWith Boston (Mass.). Finance Commission corporateBody
associatedWith Boston N.O.W. corporateBody
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Boston university. School of Law corporateBody
correspondedWith Bottomly, John S. person
associatedWith Brooks, Lawrence Graham, 1881-1981. person
associatedWith Bunting, Mary Ingraham, 1910- person
associatedWith Carswell, G. Harrold (George Harrold), 1919-1992. person
correspondedWith Carter, Jimmy, 1924- person
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
correspondedWith Conte, Silvio O. (Silvio Ottavio), 1921-1991 person
associatedWith De Salvo, Albert Henry, 1931- person
correspondedWith Dodd, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph), 1907-1971 person
correspondedWith Elam, Clarence person
associatedWith Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. person
associatedWith Elisabeth Woodbridge Morris Hogan, 1932- person
correspondedWith Fishermen's Wives of Gloucester (Association) corporateBody
correspondedWith Ford, Gerald R., 1913-2006 person
correspondedWith Gammal, Albert A. (Albert Abraham), 1928- person
associatedWith Glueck, Sheldon, 1896- person
associatedWith Hardy, Harriet Louise, 1906- person
associatedWith Harriet Louise Hardy, 1906- person
associatedWith Harris, Fred R., 1930- person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
correspondedWith Hatfield, Mark O., 1922-2011 person
associatedWith Haynsworth, Clement F. (Clement Furman), 1912-1989. person
associatedWith Hill, Henry Aaron, 1915-1979. person
associatedWith Hogan, Elisabeth Woodbridge Morris, 1932- person
alumnusOrAlumnaOf Howard University corporateBody
correspondedWith Howe, Mark De Wolfe, 1906-1967 person
correspondedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith Hundley, Mary Gibson, 1897-1986. person
correspondedWith Javits, Jacob K. (Jacob Koppel), 1904-1986 person
correspondedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 person
correspondedWith Kaplan, Kivie, 1904-1975 person
associatedWith Larrabee, Don. person
associatedWith Leach, W. Barton (Walter Barton), 1900- person
associatedWith MARTHA MAY ELIOT, 1891-1978 person
correspondedWith Martin, Edward T. (Edward Thomas), 1910- person
associatedWith MARY (GIBSON) HUNDLEY, 1897-1986 person
associatedWith Massachusetts. Attorney General's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith McCane, Margaret Perea, 1906- person
correspondedWith McKissick, Floyd B. (Floyd Bixler), 1922- person
associatedWith Metcalf, George R., 1914- person
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nixon, Richard M. (Richard Milhous), 1913-1994 person
associatedWith Operation Crossroads Africa. corporateBody
associatedWith OZELINE BARRETT (PEARSON) WISE, 1903-1988 person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
correspondedWith Pauli Murray, 1910-1985 person
associatedWith Peterson, Elly, 1914- person
associatedWith Pryor, Janis A. person
correspondedWith Putnam, Glendora M., 1923- person
correspondedWith Putnam, Harold, 1916- person
associatedWith Republican Party (U.S. : 1854- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Revolutionary War Bicentennial Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Richardson, Elliot L., 1920-1999. person
correspondedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979 person
associatedWith Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892-1979. person
correspondedWith Sargent, Francis W., 1915-1998 person
correspondedWith Scott, Hugh, 1900-1994 person
associatedWith Southern Elections Fund. corporateBody
correspondedWith Spaulding, Josiah A., 1922-1983 person
associatedWith Stuart, Alice Jackson, 1913-2001. person
memberOf United States. Army corporateBody
memberOf United States. Congress. Senate corporateBody
memberOf United States. National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith University of Oklahoma. Political Commercial Archive. corporateBody
correspondedWith Volpe, John A. person
associatedWith Whitehead, Donald W. (Donald Wharton), 1929- person
associatedWith Wise, Ozeline. person
correspondedWith Woodworth, Roger person
correspondedWith Woodworth, Roger person
associatedWith Wyzanski, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1906- person
correspondedWith Yaffee, Charlotte person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Boston MA US
District of Columbia DC US
Coral Gables FL US
Subject
Practice of law
Advertising, political
Vietnam War, 1961-1975
Housing
Watergate Affair, 1972-1974
Civil rights
Military base closures
Competition, Unfair
Consumer protection--Law and legislation
Political corruption
Energy policy
Housing policy
Fishery law and legislation
Poverty
Conflict of interests
Practice of law--Massachusetts
Older people--Government policy
Eminent domain
American Revolution Bicentennial, 1976
African American legislators
Consumer protection
Murder--Massachusetts--Boston
American Revolution Bicentennial, 1776-1976
Corruption investigation
Finance, Public
Murder
Practice of law--Washington (D.C.)
Older people
Military policy
Television advertising
Murder--Investigation
Occupation
African American lawyers--Washington (D.C.)
African American legislators
Lawyers
Attorneys general
Attorneys general--Massachusetts
Senators, U.S. Congress--Massachusetts
African American politicians
Legislators
Army officers
Lawyers
Activity

Person

Birth 1919-10-26

Death 2015-01-03

Male

Americans

English

Information

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