Weston, Harold, 1894-1972

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Correspondence to Lewis Mumford from Harold Weston and his wife, Faith Weston.

From the description of Letters, 1938-1985, n.d., to Lewis Mumford. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155879509

Harold Weston (1894-1972) was an American painter and humanitarian.

From the guide to the Harold Weston Papers, 1916-1971, (Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries)

Harold Weston (1894-1972) was a painter and abstract artist from New York, N.Y.

President of the U.S. Commission of the International Association of Art, Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors and chairman of Nat'l Council on the Arts and Government.

From the description of Harold Weston papers, 1894-1978, bulk, 1912-1972. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 744426614

Painter and abstract artist; New York, N.Y.

President of the U.S. Commission of the International Association of Art, Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors and chairman of Nat'l Council on the Arts and Government.

From the description of Harold Weston papers, 1916-1972. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 82500259

Modernist painter and federal Treasury Relief Art Project artist Harold Weston (1894-1972) worked primarily in New York City and St. Huberts, New York in the Adirondacks. Weston was president of the U.S. Commission of the International Association of Art/Plastic Arts and the Federation of Modern Painters and Scultors. He was also chairman of the National Council on the Arts and Government and active with various political and humanitarian causes.

Harold Weston was born in 1894 in Merion, Pennsylvania into a privileged family. He attended school in Europe as a teenager, where he began to draw and sketch. In 1910, Harold contracted Polio which left him with a weak leg. After graduating from Exeter Academy, Harold entered Harvard University with the class of 1916 and was active in the Delta Upsilon Club and the Harvard Lampoon, for which he illustrated.

Despite his leg, Weston was determined to serve in some form during World War I. He traveled to Baghdad and volunteered with the YMCA. Here he started the Baghdad Art Club and organized exhibitions of soldier art. He remained in the Middle East until 1919 and served as the official painter for the British Army. The colors and the landscape of the region also inspired later works of art.

Upon returning to the United States, Weston built a one-room cabin in the Adirondack Mountains, where he lived and painted. He had his first one-man exhibtition at the Montross Gallery in 1922. In 1923, he married Faith Borton who moved with him to the Adirondacks. His wife inspired his series of "landscape nudes" which treated the body with different techniques that would typically be used in landscape painting. After suffering from a kidney infection in 1925, Weston and his wife moved to Ceres, France to recover. Weston continued to paint and started a family with Faith while in France. In 1930, the family moved back to the United States and lived in Greenwich Village, New York.

From 1936-1938, Harold Weston worked with the federal Treasury Relief Art Project and painted murals in the Procurement Building in Washington, D.C. The murals represent the growth of public buildings during the Great Depression. He took on a second major project to document the contruction of the United Nations in a series of six paintings. Later, the Smithsonian Instution received the paintings as gifts through an independent committee.

In addition to painting, Harold Weston devoted himself to public service by becoming involved in humanitarian causes, artist professional organizations, and federal government support of the arts. Weston served as president or chairman of three different organizations including the Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors, the International Association of Art/International Association of the Plastic Art, and the National Council on the Arts and Government. Before the start of World War II, Harold Weston was named the Chairman of Essex County Committee to Defend America, which argued for financial support of the allied forces in World War II. After the start of the war, he helped form the Food for Freedom movement which urged American aid for European and Asian refugees. Similarly, Weston served as Executive Secretary for the Reconstruction Service Committee which was established to assist the rebuilding of Europe.

Later in life, Weston wrote a book Freedom in the Wilds, which combined his own autobiography with a history of the Adirondack Mountain Reserve. Harold Weston died on April 10th, 1972 in New York City.

From the guide to the Harold Weston papers, 1894-1978, bulk 1912-1972, (Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Chaim Gross Papers, 1937-1964 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Brandeis, Adele, 1885-1975,. Oral History interview with Adele Brandeis, 1965 June 1 [sound recording]. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Food for Freedom, Inc. Records of Food for Freedom, Inc., 1942-1947. Library of Congress
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Weston, Harold, 1894-1972 : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Gross, Estelle Shane, 1929-1992. Oral history interview with Estelle Gross, 1989 Apr. 5. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Weston, Harold, 1894-1972. Artist file. Brooklyn Museum Libraries & Archives
creatorOf Weston, Harold, 1894-1972. Harold F. Weston : artist file : study photographs and reproductions of works of art with accompanying documentation 1930?-1990 [graphic] [compiled by staff of The Museum of Modern Art, New York]. Frick Art Reference Library of The Frick Collection
creatorOf Weston, Harold, 1894-1972. Letters, 1938-1985, n.d., to Lewis Mumford. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Contreras, Belisario R., 1916-. Belisario Contreras papers, 1958-1984. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Food for Freedom, Inc., Records, 1942-1948 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Harold Weston Papers, 1916-1971 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Weston, Harold, 1894-1972. Harold Weston papers, 1894-1978, bulk, 1912-1972. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Weston, Harold, 1894-1972. Artist file : miscellaneous uncataloged material. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
referencedIn Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965. Papers, 1903-2005. Harvard University Art Museum
creatorOf Weston, Harold, 1894-1972. Harold Weston papers, 1916-1972. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970. Papers of John Dos Passos, 1930-1948, n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Montross Gallery. Montross Gallery exhibition catalogs, 1908-1926. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Harold Weston papers, 1894-1978, bulk 1912-1972 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Paris, Dorothy, b. 1899. Dorothy Paris papers, 1917-1979. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Papers, 1903-2005 Harvard Art Museum Archives, Harvard University
referencedIn Gross McCleaf Gallery. Gross McCleaf Gallery selected artists' files, 1947-1986. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Gross, Estelle Shane, 1929-1992. Estelle Gross interview, 1989 Apr. 5. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Hios, Theo, 1908-. Theo Hios papers, 1938-1994. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adirondack Trail Improvement Society. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Aspinall, Wayne N. person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986 person
associatedWith Brandeis, Adele, 1885-1975, person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966 person
associatedWith Carmichael, Leonard, 1898- person
associatedWith Celler, Emanuel, 1888-1981 person
associatedWith Clark, Joseph S. person
associatedWith Committee to Defend America by Aiding the Allies (UNITED STATES OF AMERICA). Americans-in-Britain Outpost. corporateBody
associatedWith Contreras, Belisario R., 1916- person
associatedWith Cooper, John Sherman, 1901- person
associatedWith Corcoran Gallery of Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Dos Passos, John, 1896-1970. person
associatedWith Dows, Olin, 1904-1981. person
associatedWith Federation of Modern Painters and Sculptors. corporateBody
associatedWith Food for Freedom, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Fulbright, J. William (James William), 1905-1995 person
associatedWith Gish, Lillian, 1893-1993 person
associatedWith Gross, Chaim, 1904- person
associatedWith Gross, Estelle Shane, 1929-1992 person
associatedWith Gross McCleaf Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard Lampoon (Organization) corporateBody
associatedWith Harvard University corporateBody
associatedWith Herter, Christian Archibald, 1895-1966 person
associatedWith Hios, Theo, 1908- person
associatedWith Holbrook, Hal. person
associatedWith Humphrey, Hubert H. (Hubert Horatio), 1911-1978 person
associatedWith International Association of Art. corporateBody
associatedWith International Association of Art. United States Committee corporateBody
associatedWith International Association of Art. United States Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith International Association of Art. United States Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Ives, Irving McNeil, 1896-1962 person
associatedWith Javits, Jacob K. (Jacob Koppel), 1904-1986 person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973 person
associatedWith Kearns, Carroll D. person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Keogh, Eugene J. person
associatedWith Lehman, Herbert H. (Herbert Henry), 1878-1963 person
associatedWith Lindsay, John V. person
associatedWith Lodge, Henry Cabot, 1902-1985 person
associatedWith MacLeish, Archibald, 1892-1982 person
associatedWith Metcalf, Lee, 1911-1978 person
associatedWith Montross Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Mumford, Lewis, 1895- person
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Council on the Arts and Government corporateBody
associatedWith National Council on the Arts and Government. corporateBody
associatedWith National Council on the Arts and Government. corporateBody
associatedWith National Endowment for the Arts. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith New York State Council on the Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Paris, Dorothy, b. 1899. person
associatedWith Pell, Claiborne. person
associatedWith Phillips Collection corporateBody
associatedWith Phillips Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Phillips, Duncan, 1886-1966. person
associatedWith Reuss, Henry S. person
associatedWith Richardson, Elliot L., 1920- person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962. person
associatedWith Rosenfeld, Paul, 1890-1946. person
associatedWith Sachs, Paul J. (Paul Joseph), 1878-1965. person
associatedWith Saltonstall, Leverett, 1892- person
associatedWith Schlesinger, Arthur Meier, 1917- person
associatedWith Scott, Hugh. person
associatedWith Sizer, Theodore, 1892-1967. person
associatedWith Steichen, Edward, 1879-1973 person
associatedWith Stevenson, Adlai E. (Adlai Ewing), 1930- person
associatedWith Studio House (Phillips Memorial Gallery) corporateBody
associatedWith Thompson, Frank. person
associatedWith UNESCO. corporateBody
associatedWith United Nations. corporateBody
associatedWith Wagner, Robert F. (Robert Ferdinand), 1910- person
associatedWith Weston, Faith person
associatedWith Weston, Faith. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Adirondack Mountain Reserve (N.Y.)
New York (State)--New York
New York (State)--New York
Adirondack Mountain Reserve (N.Y.)
Subject
Art--Painters
Painting, Abstract--New York (State)--New York
Painting, American
Art, American
Humanitarianism
Art, American--20th century
World War, 1914-1918--Personal narratives, American
Painting, Abstract
Painters--United States
Painting, American--20th century
Painters--New York (State)--New York
Art and state
Federal aid to the arts
Painters
Art--American (?)--Reproductions
Painting, Modern--20th century--New York (State)--New York
Painting, Modern--20th century
Occupation
Artists
Painter
Function

Person

Birth 1894-02-14

Death 1972-04-10

Americans

Information

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