Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946

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American journalist.

From the description of Letter : to the Cosmos Club, 1910 Mar. 31. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122545959

American journalist and author who also wrote under the name David Grayson.

From the description of [Notebooks] [microform]. 1880-1946. (Oceanside Free Library). WorldCat record id: 36820111

American author and journalist. He is also known by the pseudonym David Grayson.

From the description of Letter and an envelope, 1901. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 367574538

Ray Stannard Baker was an American journalist and author, best known for his work with McClure's and American. Born and educated in Michigan, an interest in journalism secured him a job with the Chicago News-Record. Motivated and hard-working, he became a skilled journalist, and also wrote articles for various magazines. In 1898 he moved to New York to join the staff of McClure's Magazine, an upscale and influential publication specializing in human interest stories. His success led to several collections of articles, as well as several other books, and ultimately to his becoming co-owner of American Magazine. A supporter of Woodrow Wilson, Baker was chosen to write Wilson's biography, which was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in 1940. Baker is remembered as a skilled journalist able to write on a variety of subjects, a conscientious social reformer, and a man who was very much in step with his times.

From the description of Ray Stannard Baker letter and postal card to Mrs. Leland S. Rhodes, 1942. (Pennsylvania State University Libraries). WorldCat record id: 79412628

American journalist and author

From the guide to the Ray Stannard Baker letter and note, 1939, undated, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.)

Journalist and author.

From the description of Ray Stannard Baker papers, 1836-1947 (bulk 1907-1944). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71062731

Ray Stannard Baker was a journalist, author, and authorized biographer of Woodrow Wilson.

He was born on April 17, 1870 in Lansing, Michigan to Joseph Stannard Baker and Alice Potter. Baker received a B.S. degree from Michigan Agricultural College in East Lansing in 1889. In 1892 he entered the University of Michigan for law school, but left after a few months, instead turning to journalism. He reported for the Chicago News-Record from 1892-1898 and also took on independent writing for periodicals. He joined the staff of McClure's magazine beginning in 1898, continuing his freelance work and traveling the country and abroad. Baker was interested in social issues of the early twentieth century, and was considered a "muckraker." Baker joined with John S. Phillips, Lincoln Steffens, Ida M. Tarbell, and several other journalists to purchase the American Magazine; he was the editor of American Magazine from 1906-1915. In 1918 Baker served as a special agent of the State Department in Great Britain, France, and Italy, and at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 he directed the American delegation's Press Bureau. Baker became a strong advocate of Wilson's work as a peacemaker and of the League of Nations. In 1922 he published a more three-volume work entitled "Woodrow Wilson and World Settlement" on those topics. Baker's involvement with Wilson continued in the mid-1920s, when he and William E. Dodd edited "The Public Papers of Woodrow Wilson" (6 vols., 1925-1927). Baker was given access to the Wilson papers before Wilson left the White House, and in 1925 Edith Wilson selected him as her husband's authorized biographer. Baker spent fifteen years on the biography; the first two volumes of "Woodrow Wilson: Life and Letters" appeared in 1927, and six additional volumes were published during the next twelve years. The biography was never really finished, only going up to the Armistice of 1918. Baker's treatment of Wilson was important, and he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1940. Baker married Jessie Irene Beal, the daughter of his college botany professor, in 1896. They had four children. Baker died July 12, 1946 in Amherst, Massachusetts.

From the description of Ray Stannard Baker papers, 1905-1944 (bulk 1912-1940) (Peking University Library). WorldCat record id: 156028972

Biographical Note

  • 1870, Apr. 17: Born, Lansing, Mich.
  • 1889: B.S., Michigan State College, East Lansing, Mich.
  • 1892 - 1897 : Reporter and editor of Chicago Record
  • 1896: Married Jessie I. Beal
  • 1897 - 1898 : Managing editor, McClure's Syndicate
  • 1899 - 1905 : Associate editor, McClure's Magazine
  • 1900: Published Our New Prosperity. New York: Doubleday & McClure
  • 1906 - 1915 : Editor, American Magazine
  • 1907: Published Adventures in Contentment. New York: Doubleday. First in a series of books published under the pseudonym David Grayson
  • 1908: Published Following the Color Line. New York: Doubleday
  • 1918: Special Commissioner for Department of State in Great Britain, France, and Italy
  • 1919: Director of Press Bureau, American Commission to Negotiate Peace, Paris, France Published What Wilson Did at Paris. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page
  • 1922: Published Woodrow Wilson and World Settlement. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page
  • 1925 - 1927 : Published with William E. Dood The Public Papers of Woodrow Wilson. New York: Harper and Brothers. 6 vols.
  • 1927 - 1939 : Published Woodrow Wilson: Life and Letters. Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Page. 8 vols.
  • 1928: Democratic Party presidential elector for Massachusetts
  • 1940: Awarded Pulitzer Prize for biography
  • 1941: Published Native American: The Book of My Youth. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1943 - 1944 : Technical adviser during production of the motion picture "Woodrow Wilson"
  • 1945: Published American Chronicle. New York: C. Scribner's Sons
  • 1946, July 12: Died, Amherst, Mass.

From the guide to the Ray Stannard Baker Papers, 1836-1947, (bulk 1907-1944), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Ray Stannard Baker (1870-1946) was a journalist, editor, and author. He earned recognition for his articles on liberal reform, for his philosophical essays written under the pseudonym David Grayson, and for his authorized biography and other works on President Woodrow Wilson. He worked at the News-Record in Chicago, McClure's magazine, American Magazine, and as an independent author.

Baker was born on April 17, 1870 in Lansing, Michigan to Joseph Stannard Baker and Alice (Potter) Baker. Baker received a B.S. degree from Michigan Agricultural College in East Lansing in 1889. After working at his father's real estate business, Baker returned to college, entering the University of Michigan for law school in 1892. He shifted his study to literature and studied journalism under Fred Newton Scott, leaving the university after a semester to pursue a career in journalism.

His first job in the field of journalism was in 1892 as a cub reporter at the Chicago News-Record, an independent newspaper. His coverage of a restaurant strike earned him a promotion to a regular staff job. He continued to report on strikes and labor unrest, crime, and the plight of the urban poor, and his coverage of the march of Coxey's army, a labor group, in 1894 earned him an editorship at the News-Record . While at the News-Record, Baker also began writing independently for periodicals.

In 1897, Baker joined the staff of McClure’s magazine, which was at the forefront of a new style of journalism that emphasized critical investigative reporting that became known as "muckraking." He was managing editor of McClure's Syndicate from 1897 to 1898 and associate editor of McClure's magazine from 1899 to 1905. He also continued his freelance work and traveling the country and abroad. Baker was the author of many articles on social and economic problems, as seen from a liberal viewpoint, with the purpose of exposing corruption and instigating reform. He earned a national reputation for his writings on industrial relations, including coverage of strikes and working conditions. In 1906, after internal conflict at McClure's, Baker and several other journalists, including John S. Phillips, Lincoln Steffens, and Ida M. Tarbell, left and purchased the American Magazine, where he continued to write progressively on social and political issues. He was the editor of American Magazine from 1906 to 1915.

Beginning in 1899, Baker also began writing and publishing books. His works include Boys' Book of Inventions (1899), Seen in Germany (1901), Following the Color Line (1908), The Spiritual Unrest (1910), and The New Industrial Unrest (1920). His greatest popularity as a writer, however, was under the pseudonym of David Grayson. These books, collections of philosophical essays on various aspects of nature from the point of view of a farmer, include Adventures in Contentment (1907), Adventures of Friendship (1910), The Friendly Road (1913), Adventures in Understanding (1925), and Adventures in Solitude (1931). Baker also wrote his autobiography, in two volumes: Native American (1941) and American Chronicle (1945).

In 1918, Baker served as Special Commissioner of the State Department in Great Britain, France, and Italy. In this capacity, he traveled through Europe, meeting with statesmen and leaders of liberal movements and reporting on potentially disruptive radicals in those countries. In 1919, Baker served as Director of the Press Bureau of the American Commission to Negotiate Peace at the Paris Peace Conference, a role that essentially made him the President's press secretary. This began an association with Wilson that would last for the rest of Baker's life. Baker became a strong advocate of Wilson's work as a peacemaker and especially of the League of Nations. Baker wrote What Wilson Did at Paris in 1919 and in 1922 published a three-volume work entitled Woodrow Wilson and World Settlement to describe Wilson's struggles to establish a lasting peace. Baker also co-editing the six volume The Public Papers of Woodrow Wilson with William E. Dodd, published from 1925 to 1927. Wilson asked Baker, shortly before his death, to write his authorized biography. Baker spent fifteen years on the biography; the first two volumes of Woodrow Wilson: Life and Letters appeared in 1927 and six additional volumes were published during the next twelve years, for which he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for biography in 1940.

Baker married Jessie Irene Beal, the daughter of his former college botany professor, on January 1, 1896. They had four children: Alice Beal (Hyde), James Stannard, Roger Denio and Rachel Moore (Napier). Baker died on July 12, 1946 in Amherst, Massachusetts.

From the guide to the Ray Stannard Baker Papers, 1887-1944, 1909-1919, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
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creatorOf Glass, Carter, 1858-1946. Papers of Carter Glass [manuscript], 1858-1946, and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
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referencedIn Butterfield, Kenyon L. (Kenyon Leech), 1868-1935. Papers of Kenyon L. Butterfield, 1890-1970. Library of Congress
referencedIn Holmes, Fred L., 1883-1946. Papers, 1864, 1904-1946. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Letters. 1916-1931. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Manny, Frank Addison, 1868-1954. Frank Addison Manny papers, 1890-1955. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Frank Manny papers, 1890-1955 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Ogden, Robert C. (Robert Curtis), 1836-1913. Papers of Robert C. Ogden, 1843-1913 (bulk 1890-1913). Library of Congress
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Letter : to the Cosmos Club, 1910 Mar. 31. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Baker-Yull-Cooley collection. State Archive of Michigan
referencedIn Edith Bolling Galt Wilson Papers, 1833-1961, (bulk 1925-1961) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hyde, Alice Beal Baker, 1897-1972. Alice Beal Baker Hyde Papers, 1897-1972 Smith College, Neilson Library
referencedIn Kent, William, 1864-1928. William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Autograph collection of American writers, 1808-1970. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Pickard-Whittier papers, 1815-1915. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Burleson, Albert Sidney, 1863-1937. Albert Sidney Burleson papers, 1845-1943 (bulk 1902-1943). Library of Congress
creatorOf Dennis, Charles Henry, 1860-1943. Charles H. Dennis papers, 1868-1942, (bulk 1885-1929). Newberry Library
creatorOf Graham, Samuel Jordan, 1859-1951. Papers, 1874-1947. Washington & Lee University, James G. Leyburn Library
referencedIn Mark Anthony De Wolfe Howe additional papers, 1880-1959. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1897-1930. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bevan, Edith Rossiter. Edith Rossiter Bevan autograph collection, 1792-1943. Library of Congress
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Ray Stannard Baker letters [manuscript], 1930-1935. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Joseph P. Tumulty Papers, 1898-1969, (bulk 1913-1940) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Ray Stannard Baker papers, 1905-1944 (bulk 1912-1940) Princeton University Library
referencedIn Kent, William, 1864-1928. William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Letters from various correspondents, American period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Correspondence and compositions, 1870-1963. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Kendrick-Brooks Family Papers, 1831-2000, (bulk 1912-1989) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Gregory, Thomas Watt, 1861-1933. Thomas Watt Gregory papers, 1896-1933 (bulk 1919-1933). Library of Congress
referencedIn DeWitt, Miriam Hapgood, 1906-1990. Miriam Hapgood DeWitt papers, 1812-1990 (bulk 1903-1990). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Mitchell, Stewart, 1892-1957. Papers, 1839-1957. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Johnson, Samuel, 1839-1916. Samuel Johnson Papers, 1824-1944. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Penn School Papers, 1862-2004 and undated, (bulk 1862-1978) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Claflin, John, 1850-1938. Letter to Ray Baker, 1899 January 16. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Ray Stannard Baker letter and postal card to Mrs. Leland S. Rhodes, 1942. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Byron Rufus Newton papers, 1882-1938 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Martha Dickinson Bianchi correspondence concerning publication of the poetry of the American poet, Emily Dickinson:, 1881-1943 (inclusive), 1925-1937 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hapgood family papers, 1829-1977 (inclusive), 1900-1940 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Letter, [undated]. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Francis Bowes Sayre Papers, 1861-1967, (bulk 1915-1961) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Dillard, Avarene Lippincott. Papers of the Dillard family, 1717-1964. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Lamont, Thomas W. (Thomas William), 1870-1948. Papers, 1894-1948 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf Ray Stannard Baker Papers, 1836-1947, (bulk 1907-1944) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Edward Sanford Martin correspondence and compositions, 1882-1939 (inclusive), 1900-1938 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Ray Stannard Baker Papers, 1887-1944, 1909-1919 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
referencedIn Frederick Jackson Turner correspondence, 1889-1927. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Letters [manuscript] 1901-1939. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Breckinridge Long Papers, 1486-1948, (bulk 1910-1948) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Daniel C. Roper Papers David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn La Follette family papers, 1844-1973. Library of Congress
referencedIn Polk, Frank Lyon, 1871-1943. Frank Lyon Polk papers, 1883-1942 (inclusive), 1915-1921 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Seymour, Charles, 1885-1963. Charles Seymour papers, 1912-1963 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Letter and an envelope, 1901. American Primers
creatorOf Ray Stannard Baker letter and note, 1939, undated New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Katharine Edith Brand Papers MS 248., 1881-1988, 1965-1980 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Papers of Professor Henry William Wilder Foote and Family, 1714-1959 Andover-Harvard Theological Library, Harvard Divinity School
referencedIn Theodore Roosevelt Collection: Books, pamphlets, periodicals, 18-- - <ongoing> Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
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creatorOf Trinity Church (New York, N.Y.). [A collection of printed material and other information pertaining to the closure of St. John's Chapel, Trinity Church, New York, N.Y.]. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Long, Breckinridge, 1881-1958. Breckinridge Long papers, 1486-1948 (bulk 1910-1948). Library of Congress
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referencedIn Carlton F. Wells papers, 1910-1994 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
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creatorOf Wells, Carlton F. (Carlton Frank), 1898-. Carlton F. Wells papers, 1910-1993. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
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referencedIn Fred Newton Scott papers, 1860-1931 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Moody, William H. (William Henry), 1853-1917. William H. Moody papers, 1879-1916. Library of Congress
referencedIn Robert C. Ogden Papers, 1843-1913, (bulk 1890-1913) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Scott, Fred Newton, 1860-1931. Fred Newton Scott papers, 1882-1931. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
referencedIn Hapgood family. Hapgood family papers, 1829-1977 (inclusive) 1900-1940 (bulk). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
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referencedIn Thomas Watt Gregory Papers, 1896-1933, (bulk 1919-1933) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Miriam Hapgood DeWitt Papers, 1812-1990, 1903-1990 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Williams, John David. John David Williams papers, 1932-1995. University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Ray Stannard Baker papers, 1892-1946 (inclusive) [microform]. Yale University Library
referencedIn Albert Sidney Burleson Papers, 1845-1943, (bulk 1902-1943) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn LaFollette Family Papers, 1781-1988, (bulk 1900-1953) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bridges, Robert, 1844-1930. Papers, 1865-1930. Dickinson College Library, Waidner-Spahr Library
referencedIn Derleth, August William, 1909-1971. August William Derleth papers, 1858, 1907-1978. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Rosenstock autograph collection, 1800-1950 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Papers, 1894-1960 Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Immigration Restriction League (U.S.) records, 1893-1921. Houghton Library.
creatorOf DePuy, E. Cora,. Collection, 1883-1927 (bulk 1900-1919). University of Michigan
referencedIn Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Henry Carter Adams Papers, 1964-1924 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Charles Seymour papers, 1912-1963 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn La Follette family papers (continuation record), 1781-1988 (bulk 1910-1953). Library of Congress
referencedIn Tumulty, Joseph P. (Joseph Patrick), 1879-1954. Papers of Joseph P. Tumulty, 1898-1969 (bulk 1913-1940). Library of Congress
referencedIn Frank Lyon Polk papers, 1883-1942 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Hooker, Richard, b. 1878. Richard Hooker papers, 1907-1964 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Weinberger, Harry, 1888-. Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1944 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Papers, 1836-1946. [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Ray Stannard Baker papers, 1836-1947 (bulk 1907-1944). Library of Congress
referencedIn Alice Beal Baker Hyde Papers MS 544., 1897-1972 Sophia Smith Collection
referencedIn The 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire Digital Collection Bancroft Library
creatorOf Allen, Carleton Kemp, Sir, 1887-1966,. Letters to the editors of the Virginia Quarterly Review 1925-1934. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Hammer-Purgstall, Joseph, Freiherr von, 1774-1856. [Collection of extracts from journals concerning the history of Turkey and the Levant]. HCL Technical Services, Harvard College Library
referencedIn Richard Hooker papers, 1907-1964 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Brand, Katharine Edith. Katharine Edith Brand Papers, 1881-1988 (bulk 1965-80). Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. [Notebooks] [microform]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Black, Edith O'Dell. Papers, 1911-1974. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
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referencedIn Papers, 1859 (1882-1944) Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Baker, Ray Stannard, 1870-1946. Correspondence of Ray Stannard Baker [manuscript] 1925-41. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Henry White Papers, 1812-1931, (bulk 1880-1928) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Henry Carter, 1851-1921 person
correspondedWith Addams, Jane, 1860-1935 person
associatedWith Aylesworth, Barton O. (Barton Orville), 1860-1933 person
associatedWith Baker family. family
associatedWith Baker family. family
associatedWith Bevan, Edith Rossiter. person
associatedWith Bianchi, Martha Dickinson, 1866-1943 person
associatedWith Black, Edith O'Dell. person
correspondedWith Boyden, Albert A. (Albert Augustus), 1875-1925 person
correspondedWith Braithwaite, William Stanley, 1878-1962 person
associatedWith Brand, Katharine Edith person
associatedWith Brand, Katharine Edith. person
associatedWith Bridges, Robert, 1844-1930. person
associatedWith Bridges, Robert, 1858-1941, person
correspondedWith Brooks Family family
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associatedWith Butterfield, Kenyon L. (Kenyon Leech), 1868-1935. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
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associatedWith Cosmos Club (Washington, D.C.). corporateBody
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
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associatedWith DePuy, E. Cora, person
associatedWith Derleth, August William, 1909-1971. person
associatedWith DeWitt, Miriam Hapgood, 1906-1990. person
correspondedWith Doubleday, Frank Nelson, 1862-1934 person
correspondedWith Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 person
associatedWith ELIZABETH GLENDOWER (GARDINER) EVANS, 1856-1937 person
associatedWith Glass, Carter, 1858-1946. person
associatedWith Gold, Mary. person
associatedWith Graham, Samuel Jordan, 1859-1951. person
correspondedWith Gregory, Thomas Watt, 1861-1933. person
associatedWith Grover, Edwin Osgood, 1870- person
correspondedWith Haeckel, Ernst, 1834-1919 person
associatedWith Hanna, Alfred Jackson, 1893- person
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associatedWith Hapgood family. family
correspondedWith Hapgood, Norman, 1868-1937 person
associatedWith Holmes, Fred L., 1883-1946. person
associatedWith Holt, Hamilton, 1872-1951, person
associatedWith Hooker, Richard, 1878-1967 person
associatedWith Hooker, Richard, b. 1878. person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Howe, M. A. De Wolfe (Mark Antony De Wolfe), 1864-1960 person
associatedWith Hudson, Manley O. (Manley Ottmer), 1886-1960. person
associatedWith Hyde, Alice Beal Baker, 1897-1972 person
correspondedWith Immigration Restriction League (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Samuel, 1839-1916. person
correspondedWith Kendrick Family family
associatedWith Kent, William, 1864-1928. person
correspondedWith LaFollette family family
associatedWith La Follette, Robert M. (Robert Marion), 1855-1925. person
associatedWith Lamont, Thomas W. (Thomas William), 1870-1948. person
associatedWith League of Nations. corporateBody
correspondedWith Lindsey, Ben B. (Ben Barr), 1869-1943 person
correspondedWith Long, Breckinridge, 1881-1958. person
associatedWith Manny, Frank Addison, 1868-1954. person
associatedWith Marshall, Harold, 1866-1932. person
correspondedWith Martin, Edward Sanford, 1856-1939 person
correspondedWith McClure, S. S. (Samuel Sidney), 1857-1949 person
associatedWith Mitchell, Stewart, 1892-1957. person
correspondedWith Moody, William H. (William Henry), 1853-1917. person
associatedWith Morris, George Perry, person
associatedWith Newton, Byron Rufus, 1861-1938 person
associatedWith Ogden, Robert C. (Robert Curtis), 1836-1913. person
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
associatedWith Palmer, William Kimberly, 1856- person
associatedWith Paris Peace Conference (1919-1920) corporateBody
correspondedWith Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938 person
correspondedWith Pease, Arthur Stanley, 1881- person
associatedWith Penn School (Saint Helena Island, S.C.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Phillips, John S. (John Sanburn), 1861-1949 person
associatedWith Polk, Frank Lyon, 1871-1943. person
associatedWith Powell, Lyman P. (Lyman Pierson), b. 1866, person
associatedWith Rhodes, Christine Wood, person
associatedWith Rollins College (Winter Park, Fla.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
associatedWith Roper, Daniel C. (Daniel Calhoun), 1867-1943 person
associatedWith Rosenstock, Fred A., b. 1895 person
associatedWith Rugg, Harold Goddard, 1883-1957. person
associatedWith Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882- person
associatedWith Sayre, Francis Bowes, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Scott, Fred Newton, 1860-1931. person
associatedWith Seymour, Charles, 1885-1963. person
correspondedWith Sinclair, Upton, 1878-1968 person
correspondedWith Steffens, Lincoln, 1866-1936 person
associatedWith Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. person
correspondedWith Tarbell, Ida M. (Ida Minerva), 1857-1944 person
associatedWith Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. person
associatedWith Trinity Church (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Tumulty, Joseph P. (Joseph Patrick), 1879-1954. person
associatedWith Turner, Frederick Jackson, 1861-1932. person
associatedWith United States. American Commission to Negotiate Peace. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
correspondedWith Washington, Booker T., 1856-1915 person
associatedWith Weinberger, Harry, 1888- person
associatedWith Wells, Carlton F. (Carlton Frank), 1898- person
correspondedWith White, Henry, 1850-1927. person
correspondedWith White, William Allen, 1868-1944 person
correspondedWith Whittier, John Greenleaf, 1807-1892 person
associatedWith Williams, John David. person
correspondedWith Wilson, Edith Bolling Galt, 1872-1961 person
correspondedWith Wilson, Ellen Axson person
associatedWith Wilson family. family
associatedWith Wilson family. family
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
correspondedWith Wood, Leonard, 1860-1927 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Illinois--Chicago
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
Subject
Peace treaties
Peace treaties--20th century
Journalism--United States
Journalists--Diaries
Journalists--Correspondence
African Americans--History
American newspapers--Illinois--Chicago
Authors, American--20th century--Diaries
Labor
American politics and government
World War, 1914-1918--United States
Progressivism (United States politics)
American newspapers
American history/Gilded Age, Populism, Progressivism
Industries--United States
World War, 1914-1918--Peace
Journalism
Biographers--United States
Authors, American--Correspondence
Industry
American history/20th century
Editors--20th century
Labor--United States
Biographers--20th century
Occupation
Authors
Journalists
Function

Person

Birth 1870-04-17

Death 1946-07-12

Americans

Information

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Ark ID: w6x351sv

SNAC ID: 7193332