Fitzgerald, Frank Dwight, 1885-1939

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Frank D. Fitzgerald, Republican governor of Michigan 1935-1936 and from January 1 to March 16, 1939, was born January 27, 1885 in Grand Ledge, Michigan. He attended Ferris Institute taking business courses but did not graduate. He began his career as post office clerk in Grand Ledge (his father was postmaster). He held this positions from 1906 to 1911. In 1912, he was elected as a Republican to the county board of supervisors. In addition, over the next several years Fitzgerald would hold a variety of positions in state government. In 1913, he became committee clerk in the Michigan State Senate. In 1915, he became a proof reader in the House of Representatives and in 1917 a bill clerk in the House.

During the period when the legislature was not in session, Fitzgerald sought other employment, one of these was as clerk in the office of Michigan Secretary of State. During World War I, he accepted the position of executive secretary of the Michigan Food Administration serving from 1917 to 1919. In 1919, he was chosen deputy secretary of state, but remained only a year to go into private business with an automobile dealership in Tennessee. The business did not flourish and Fitzgerald returned to Michigan accepting in 1923 the position of business manager in the Michigan State Highway Department.

In 1931, Fitzgerald was elected to the office of Michigan Secretary of State. During his tenure, Fitzgerald advocated the restructuring of the gas and weight taxes, and sought exemptions from the sales tax for products used in farm production and industrial manufacture. Although both were Republicans, Fitzgerald and Governor Wilber Brucker were at odds over several issues. In the election of 1932, Brucker went down to defeat to William A. Comstock while Fitzgerald was barely reelected in this decidedly Democratic year.

In 1934, Fitzgerald was elected governor of Michigan defeating Arthur Lacy who had defeated Governor Comstock in the primary. As governor, Fitzgerald called for a balanced budget and the need to streamline state government. In the 1936 Roosevelt landslide victory, Fitzgerald was defeated by Detroit mayor Frank Murphy. He returned to different business ventures but his real aim was to return to the governor's chair. Running on an anti-New Deal platform which contrasted his fiscal management with Murphy's, Fitzgerald defeated Murphy in 1938. He would served only a few weeks of his second term as he died March 16, 1939.

From the guide to the Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944, 1930-1939, (Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn William B. Mershon Papers, 1848-1943 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Emerson R. Boyles papers, 1879-1911 and 1931-1960 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Howard Cyrus Lawrence Papers, 1916-1966 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Frank D. McKay Papers, 1909-1965 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Albert Joseph Engel Papers, 1885-1960 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Wilber M. Brucker Papers, 1877-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Charles A. Sink Papers, 1890s-1996 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Carl M. Weideman Papers, 1921-1972, 1932-1934 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Rudolph E. Reichert Papers, 1907-1962 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Marshall L. Cook and William R. Cook papers, 1880-1945 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944, 1930-1939 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Michael A. Gorman papers, 1920-1958 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn James K. Pollock papers, 1920-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Fred W. Green papers, 1881-1939 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Alexander G. Ruthven Papers, 1901-1961, 1906-1951 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Earl C. Michener papers, 1898-1934 and 1940-1954, 1904-1934 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Murray D. Van Wagoner Papers, 1921-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Shirley Wheeler Smith Papers, 1881-1959 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn James Orin Murfin papers, 1896-1940 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Emil Lorch Papers, 1891-1963 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Louis Carlisle Walker papers, 1881-1963 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn William J. Norton papers, 1906-1987, 1916-1972 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Frank A. Picard papers, 1907-1963 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Michigan Civil Service Study Commission records, 1935-1941 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Prentiss Marsh Brown Papers, 1902-1973 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Governors of Michigan. Library of Michigan
referencedIn Charles M. Ziegler papers, 1928-1959 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Abbott, Horatio J. (Horatio Johnson), 1876- person
associatedWith Alger, Frederick Moulton, 1876-1933 person
associatedWith Alger, Frederick Moulton, 1907-1967 person
associatedWith Atwood, Orville E., 1880- person
associatedWith Beal, Junius E. (Junius Emery), 1860-1942 person
associatedWith Bennett, Harry Herbert, 1892-1979 person
associatedWith Bingay, Malcolm Wallace, 1884- person
associatedWith Blackney, William Wallace, 1876-1963 person
associatedWith Bohn, Frank Probasco, 1866-1944 person
associatedWith Boyles, Emerson R., 1881-1960 person
associatedWith Bradley, Frederick Van Ness, 1898-1947 person
associatedWith Bridges, Styles, 1898-1961 person
associatedWith Briggs, Walter Owen, 1877-1952 person
associatedWith Brown, Prentiss Marsh, 1889-1973 person
associatedWith Brown, Walter Folger, 1869-1961 person
associatedWith Brucker, Wilber Marion, 1894-1968 person
associatedWith Brumm, John Lewis, 1878-1958 person
associatedWith Cady, Burt D., 1874- person
associatedWith Cady, Claude Ernest, 1878-1953 person
associatedWith Carton, John J. (John Jay), 1856-1934 person
associatedWith Chapin, Roy D. (Roy Dikeman), 1880-1936 person
associatedWith Clancy, Robert Henry, 1882-1962 person
associatedWith Cleage, Albert B. person
associatedWith Comstock, William Alfred, 1877-1949 person
associatedWith Cook, Marshall L., 1858-1955 person
associatedWith Coughlin, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1891-1979 person
associatedWith Couzens, Frank, 1902-1950 person
associatedWith Couzens, James, 1872-1936 person
associatedWith Cramton, Louis C. (Louis Convers), b. 1875 person
associatedWith Crowley, David Henry, 1882- person
associatedWith Currie, Gilbert, 1882-1960 person
associatedWith Daniels, Josephus, 1862-1948 person
associatedWith Davidson, James Edward, 1867- person
associatedWith DeFoe, Murl Holcomb, 1879- person
associatedWith DeLand, Charles J., 1879- person
associatedWith Dempsey, Jack, 1895-1983 person
associatedWith Dickinson, Luren Dudley, 1859-1943 person
associatedWith Dillman, Grover Cleveland, 1889- person
associatedWith Dondero, George Anthony, 1883-1968 person
associatedWith Engel, Albert Joseph, 1888-1959 person
associatedWith Ferguson, Homer, 1889-1982 person
associatedWith Fry, Theodore I., 1881- person
associatedWith Fuller, George N. (George Newman), 1873-1957 person
associatedWith Fuller, Oramel B., b. 1858 person
associatedWith Gorman, Michael A. (Michael Arthur), 1892-1958 person
associatedWith Green, Fred Warren, 1872-1936 person
associatedWith Groesbeck, Alexander J., 1873-1953 person
associatedWith Guest, Edgar A. (Edgar Albert), 1881-1959 person
associatedWith Haber, William, 1899-1988 person
associatedWith Hannah, John A., 1902- person
associatedWith Hart, Michael James, 1877-1951 person
associatedWith Hoffman, Clare Eugene, 1875-1967 person
associatedWith Hooper, Joseph Lawrence, 1877-1934 person
associatedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 person
associatedWith Hoover, J. Edgar (John Edgar), 1895-1972 person
associatedWith Hopkins, Harry L. (Harry Lloyd), 1890-1946 person
associatedWith Hubbard, Orville Liscum, 1903-1982 person
associatedWith Hull, Cordell, 1871-1955 person
associatedWith Hull, Ivan E., 1894- person
associatedWith James, William Francis, 1873-1945 person
associatedWith Jayne, Ira Waite, 1882- person
associatedWith Joslin, Theodore M. person
associatedWith Kellogg, John Harvey, 1852-1943 person
associatedWith Kelly, Harry F. (Harry Francis), 1895-1971 person
associatedWith Kennedy, G. Donald (George Donald), 1900- person
associatedWith Ketcham, John Clark, 1873-1941 person
associatedWith Kimball, Henry Mahlon, 1878-1935 person
associatedWith Knox, Frank, 1874-1944 person
associatedWith Lacy, Arthur J. (Arthur Jay), 1876-1975 person
associatedWith La Guardia, Fiorello H. (Fiorello Henry), 1882-1947 person
associatedWith Landon, Alfred M. (Alfred Mossman), 1887-1987 person
associatedWith Lawrence, Howard Cyrus, 1890-1961 person
associatedWith Lehr, John Camillus, 1878-1958 person
associatedWith Lorch, Emil, 1870-1963 person
associatedWith Louis, Joe, 1914-1981 person
associatedWith Maddy, Joseph E. (Joseph Edgar), 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Mapes, Carl Edgar, 1874-1939 person
associatedWith Martin, John Butlin, 1909- person
associatedWith McKay, Frank D., 1883- person
associatedWith McLeod, Clarence John, 1895-1959 person
associatedWith McNitt, H. Earl, 1888-1944 person
associatedWith Mershon, William Butts, 1856-1943 person
associatedWith Michener, Earl C. (Earl Cory), 1876-1957 person
associatedWith Michigan. Civil Service Study Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Moley, Raymond, 1886-1975 person
associatedWith Murfin, James Orin, 1875-1940 person
associatedWith Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949 person
associatedWith Norton, William J. (William John), 1883-1975 person
associatedWith O'Brien, Patrick Henry, 1868- person
associatedWith O'Hara, John J., 1885- person
associatedWith Olds, Ransom Eli, 1864-1950 person
associatedWith Osborn, Chase S. (Chase Salmon), b. 1860 person
associatedWith Perkins, Frances, 1880-1965 person
associatedWith Person, Seymour Howe, 1879-1957 person
associatedWith Picard, Frank A., 1889-1963 person
associatedWith Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946 person
associatedWith Pollock, James Kerr, 1898- person
associatedWith Potter, William W., 1869-1940 person
associatedWith Read, Thomas, 1881- person
associatedWith Reichert, Rudolph Edward, 1887-1965 person
associatedWith Republican National Convention (21st : 1936 : Cleveland, Ohio) corporateBody
associatedWith Republican Party (Mich.) corporateBody
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882- person
associatedWith Shafer, Paul W. (Paul Werntz), 1893-1954 person
associatedWith Shields, Edmund Claude, 1871-1947 person
associatedWith Sink, Charles Albert, 1879-1972 person
associatedWith Sloan, Alfred P. (Alfred Pritchard), 1875-1966 person
associatedWith Smith, Shirley Wheeler, 1875-1959 person
associatedWith Stack, John K., 1884-1935 person
associatedWith Toy, Harry Stanley, 1892-1955 person
associatedWith Tufty, Esther Van Wagoner, d. 1986 person
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951 person
associatedWith Van Wagoner, Murray Delos, 1898- person
associatedWith Vaughan, Coleman C., 1857- person
associatedWith Walker, Louis Carlisle, 1875-1963 person
associatedWith Weideman, Carl May, 1898-1972 person
associatedWith White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955 person
associatedWith Wolcott, Jesse Paine, 1893-1969 person
associatedWith Woodruff, Roy Orchard, 1876-1953 person
associatedWith Yost, Fielding Harris, 1871-1946 person
associatedWith Ziegler, Charles M., 1888-1959 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Michigan
Subject
Elections--Michigan--1932
Handicapped persons
Governors--Michigan
Elections--Michigan--1934
Elections--Michigan--1938
Presidents--United States--Election--1936
Billboards
Politicians--Michigan
Elections--Michigan--1936
Political elections--1936
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1885

Death 1939

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