Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849

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Soldier, planter, and U.S. congressman, of Georgia.

From the description of Duncan Lamont Clinch papers, 1834-1859. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 144796486

United States Military General.

Duncan Clinch was born in North Carolina on April 6, 1787. He served in the War of 1812 in the South, led the expedition that destroyed the Negro Fort on the Apalachicola, and, with the rank of general, commanded at the Battle of Withlacoochee, December 31, 1835, during the Second Seminole War. He resigned his commission on April 26, 1836, amidst criticism over his actions in the latter battle, and retired to his home in Camden County, Georgia. He died in 1849.

From the description of General Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers, 1804-1904. (University of Florida). WorldCat record id: 48886522

Duncan Lamont Clinch was born in 1787 in North Carolina to a middle class family. He was orphaned in youth and started life with an inheritance of twelve hundred dollars. In 1808 Congressman Thomas Blount selected Clinch as one of two individuals to receive commissions as first lieutenants in the U.S. Army. During the War of 1812 he was stationed in Louisiana and Plattsburg, N.Y. In July of 1816 he led the expedition that destroyed the "Negro Fort" on the Apalachicola River. Later he was brevetted to the rank of Brigadier General and led over seven hundred men against the Seminole Indians at the Battle of the Withlacoochee during the Second Seminole War. On April 26, 1836 General Clinch tendered his resignation to President Andrew Jackson, who tried to get him to reconsider; however, Clinch refused and on September 21, 1836 retired from his military career.

During his lifetime Clinch married three times. His first wife was Eliza Bayard McIntosh of the wealthy McIntosh family of Camden County, Georgia. This marriage produced eight children, five boys and three girls. Eliza died fairly soon after the eighth child was born and Clinch married his second wife, Elizabeth Bayard Houstoun, who after two still births died as well. Clinch's third wife, Sofia Gibbs, outlived Clinch by over fifty years. After his retirement from the service Clinch was responsible for his eight children and the Refuge plantation, on the Satilla River, Georgia, which he had inherited from his first wife's father, John Houstoun McIntosh. Clinch also became involved in politics and in 1843 was elected to replace Congressman John Millen who had died in office. After finishing that term Clinch did not enter politics again until 1847 when he was nominated as a gubernatorial candidate for Georgia but subsequently lost the election.

Clinch died on November 27, 1849 in Macon, Georgia. He had amassed an estate valued at two million dollars. The estate included the Refuge plantation with five thousand acres, a summer mansion in Clarksville, Georgia, two hundred and ten slaves, and over twenty-one thousand acres of land in Florida.

Source: Patrick, Rembert Wallace, Aristocrat in Uniform, Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1963.

From the guide to the General Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers, 1804-1904, (Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849. General Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers, 1804-1904. University of Florida
referencedIn Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849. General Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers, 1804-1904. University of Florida
creatorOf Edward E. Ayer Manuscript Collection (Newberry Library). Capt. Dade and all his officers and men were murdered on the 18th Dec. 1835 about 15 miles from the Withlacoochee battleground ... : Fort Drane, E.F. : dispatch, 1836 Jan. 22. Newberry Library
referencedIn Robert Anderson Papers, 1819-1948, (bulk 1836-1870) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Snodgrass, Dena Elizabeth. Collection, 1812-1996. University of Florida
referencedIn Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883. Alexander H. Stephens papers, 1823-1954. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Snodgrass, Dena Elizabeth. Collection, 1812-1996. University of Florida
creatorOf Call, R. K. (Richard Keith), 1791-1862. Correspondence, 1791-1794,1825-1849. Florida State Archive
creatorOf Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849. Duncan Lamont Clinch papers, 1834-1859. Library of Congress
referencedIn Potter, Woodburne. History of Florida Hillsborough County Public Library Cooperative, HCPLC
referencedIn Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. Papers of Robert Anderson, 1819-1948 (bulk 1836-1870). Library of Congress
referencedIn T. Butler King Papers,  , 1773-1868, 2003, (bulk 1835-1868) University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849. Letters, 1840-1844. United States Military Academy, USMA Library
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf General Duncan Lamont Clinch Family Papers, 1804-1904 Special and Area Studies Collections, George A. Smathers Libraries, University of Florida
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Anderson family. family
associatedWith Anderson family. family
correspondedWith Anderson, Robert, 1805-1871. person
associatedWith Call, R. K. (Richard Keith), 1791-1862. person
associatedWith Clinch, Duncan Lamont, 1787-1849. person
associatedWith Clinch family. family
associatedWith Clinch, John Houston McIntosh. person
associatedWith Clinch, John Houstoun McIntosh. person
correspondedWith Gadsden, James, 1788-1858 person
correspondedWith Gaines, Edmund Pendleton, 1777-1849 person
associatedWith Graham, William Montrose, 1798-1847. person
associatedWith King, T. Butler (Thomas Butler), 1800-1864 person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Millen, John, 1804-1843. person
correspondedWith Smith, Robert P., d. 1847 person
associatedWith Snodgrass, Dena Elizabeth. person
associatedWith Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883. person
correspondedWith Thruston, Charles M. (Charles Mynn), 1789-1873 person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Florida
Georgia
United States
Georgia
United States
Fort King (Fla.)
Subject
Plantations
Fortification
African Americans
Indians of North America--Wars
Plantations--Georgia
Seminole War, 2nd, 1835-1842
Slavery
Occupation
Plantation owners
Representatives, U.S. Congress--Georgia
Soldiers
Function

Person

Birth 1787-04-06

Death 1849-10-28

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