Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834

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Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, the son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, was born in Paris on June 24, 1771. In 1787, he was accepted as a student in the Regis des Poudres, a government agency for the manufacture of gunpowder which was directed by Antoine Lavoisier. In 1800 Eleuthère Irénée du Pont emigrated to the United States and began investigating sites for a black powder manufactory. After consulting with Thomas Jefferson he established E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co. on the bank of the Brandywine River, just north of Wilmington, Del. In the spring of 1803 he settled his family at Eleutherian Mills and wrote to Jefferson seeking government patronage for his new powder factory. During the 1810s du Pont was active in the Society of the State of Delaware for the Promotion of American Manufacturers, where he lobbied Congress for high tariffs. In 1822 he was named a director of the Bank of the United States. Eleuthère Irénée du Pont died in Philadelphia on October 31, 1834.

From the description of Papers, 1782-1838. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 86134169

From the description of Ledger, 1814-1818. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122516448

Eleuthère Iréẹ́e du Pont was born in Paris in 1771, the younger son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours. Early in 1788, his father's close friend, the chemist Antoine Lavoisier, who had been appointed chief of the royal powder works, took Irénée into his laboratory at Essonnes as an apprentice. During the French Revolution when Lavoisier was removed from the Essonnes powder works, du Pont was forced to resign his position. In 1799 he emigrated to the United States and three years later established a black powder manufactory on the banks of the Brandywine River, just north of Wilmington, Delaware. Within a decade E.I. du Pont de Nemours had become one of the largest gunpowder producers in the United States.

From the description of Notes on powder making, gunpowder mills and saltpeter, 1788. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122397121

Eleuthère Irénée du Pont (1771-1834), son of Pierre Samuel du Pont de Nemours, was born in Paris. He was educated at the Collège Royal and in 1789 began an apprenticeship in the manufacture of black powder. He worked in the government powder mills at Essonnes under the supervision of Antoine Lavoisier. In 1800 he emigrated to the United States, where he, his father and brother, Victor du Pont, established the commission house Du Pont de Nemours, Père et Fils & Cie. In 1802 he established a black powder manufactory on the banks of the Brandywine River, just north of Wilmington, Del., and dissolved the New York commission house, which was only marginally profitable.

By the War of 1812 E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., which had adopted European technology to the American environment, had become one of the largest powder producers in the United States. E.I. du Pont and his sons were active in Whig Party politics, as they were supporters of high protective tariff. On this and other issues he strongly identified with Henry Clay. In 1822 E.I. du Pont was named Director of the Bank of the United States, a position he held until shortly before his death.

From the description of Papers, 1771-1922. (Hagley Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122516430

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. Papers, 1771-1922. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 1739-1817. Correspondence, 1787-1817 [typed transcriptions]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Ruhnka, Gertrude. Love for life : A self-portrait of the first three generations of du Ponts in America, 1791-1834 : typescript, 1976. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954,. Acquisitions of Pierre S. du Pont, 1438-1921. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Pont, Victor Marie, 1767-1827. Description of property at Angelica, Allegany County, N.Y., [1809 or 1810]. SUNY Geneseo, Milne Library
referencedIn Du Planty, McCall & Company. Records, 1813-1844. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Delaware. Court of Chancery. Files relating to the cases of Peter Bauduy vs. E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Co., and Victor du Pont vs. Merritt H. Paxson, 1816-1882 [microfilm]. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1777-1834. Love letters, n.d. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent, 1743-1794. Déclaration par Lavoisier de ses revenues, 1793. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Alfred Victor, 1798-1856. Papers, 1803-1897. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Joséphine, 1770-1837. Notre transplantation en Amerique, dédiée à nos enfants et à nos neveux. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. Ledger, 1814-1818. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. In account with Rumford and Abijah Dawes, 1802-1803. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. Sample page of Jefferson's "Epistolary record," February-March 1804. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954,. The Longwood Manuscripts, 1438-1954. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Henry, 1812-1889. Papers, 1822-1899. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours family. Papers relating to the American Philosophical Society, 1800-1894. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Bauduy, Victorine du Pont, 1792-1861. Papers, 1798-1861. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. Pocket diaries, 1803, 1828. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Brandywine Mill Seat Company. Records, 1798-1854. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Vaughan, John, 1755-1841. Papers, 1768-1922 (inclusive). American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Legal Dept. Records, 1801-1965. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Henry Francis, 1880-1969,. The Winterthur Manuscripts 1588-1955. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Victor, 1767-1827. Papers, 1753-1847. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Charles I. du Pont & Company. Records, 1810-1856. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. Notes on powder making, gunpowder mills and saltpeter, 1788. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIa, 1743-1806 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. Papers, 1782-1838. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, H. A. (Henry Algernon), 1838-1926. Papers, 1843-1926. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Victor, 1767-1827. Papers, 1778-1827. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 1739-1817. Papers, 1769-1831. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Copeland, Lammot du Pont, 1905-1983,. Belin-du Pont-Copeland family papers, 1788-1972. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Hagley Museum. Research reports, 1953-1978. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Henry Francis, 1880-1969,. The Winterthur Manuscripts 1588-1955. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Wilmington and Philadelphia Turnpike Company. Stock certificate, 1814. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn A. Cardon & Company. Records, 1815-1833. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Farmers Bank of the State of Delaware. Records, 1785-1900 (bulk 1807-1900) [microform]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 1739-1817. Papers, 1757-1836. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Brandywine Manufacturers Sunday School. Records, 1817-1899. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Copies of Henry du Pont's U.S. Military Academy records, 1828-1890 [photocopies]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Hancock, Harold Bell, 1913-1987. Henry du Pont : typescript. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Bancroft family. Papers, 1788-1962. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. General accounts, 1800-1903. Hagley Museum & Library
creatorOf Du Pont, Eleuthère Irénée, 1771-1834. Articles and regulations for a company of Delaware militia, 1813 [photocopy]. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954,. The P. S. du Pont Office Collection, 1749-1939. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Bancroft family. Papers, 1788-1962. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Bauduy & Company. Records, 1809-1815. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives, 1743-1984 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Du Pont de Nemours family. Papers relating to the American Philosophical Society, 1800-1894, 1800-1894 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn John Vaughan papers, 1768 - Circa 1936, 1768 - Circa 1936 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954. Papers, 1880-1954. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Eleuthera Bradford, 1873-1953,. The Eleuthera Bradford du Pont Collection, 1799-1834. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. Papers, 1812-1865. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Records, 1800-1905. Hagley Museum & Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith A. Cardon & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith A. Cardon & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848. person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Bancroft family. family
associatedWith Bancroft family. family
associatedWith Bauduy, Peter, 1769-1833. person
associatedWith Bauduy, Victorine du Pont, 1792-1861. person
associatedWith Benét, S. V. (Stephen Vincent), 1827-1895. person
associatedWith Biddle, Nicholas, 1786-1844. person
associatedWith Bidermann, James Antoine, 1790-1865. person
associatedWith Bollmann, Erick, 1769-1821. person
associatedWith Bomford, George, 1782-1848. person
associatedWith Brandywine Manufacturers Sunday School. corporateBody
associatedWith Brandywine Mill Seat Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Brandywine Works (E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company). corporateBody
associatedWith Brongniart, Alexandre, 1770-1847. person
associatedWith Broom, Jacob, 1752-1810. person
associatedWith Bureaux de Pusy, J. X. (Jean Xavier), 1750-1805. person
associatedWith California Powder Works. corporateBody
associatedWith Cardon de Sandrans, Alexandre, b. 1787. person
associatedWith Carey, Mathew, 1760-1839. person
associatedWith Cazenove, Anthony Charles, 1775-1852. person
associatedWith Cazenove, Charles J. (Charles John), 1801-1834. person
associatedWith Cazenove, Louis A. (Louis Albert), 1807-1852. person
associatedWith Charles I. du Pont & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Chauncey, Isaac, 1772-1840. person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. person
associatedWith Condorcet, Jean-Antoine-Nicolas de Caritat, marquis de, 1743-1794. person
associatedWith Copeland, Lammot du Pont, 1905-1983, person
associatedWith Cruger, Bertram P. (Bertram Peter). person
associatedWith Dawes, Abijah. person
associatedWith Dawes, Rumford, 1744-1819. person
associatedWith Degrand, P. P. F. (Peter Paul Francis), d. 1855. person
associatedWith Delaware. Court of Chancery. corporateBody
associatedWith Delaware. Militia. corporateBody
associatedWith Didier, Pierre, 1741-1830. person
associatedWith Duane, William, 1760-1835. person
associatedWith Du Planty, McCall & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Du Planty, Raphael Defrédot, 1776-1854. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Alfred Victor, 1798-1856. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Bauduy & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Du Pont, Bauduy & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Du Pont, Charles I. (Charles Irénée), 1797-1869. person
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours family family
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours family. family
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours, Père et Fils & Cie. corporateBody
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours, Père et Fils & Cie. corporateBody
associatedWith Du Pont de Nemours, Pierre Samuel, 1739-1817. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Eleuthera Bradford, 1873-1953, person
associatedWith Du Pont family. family
associatedWith Du Pont, H. A. (Henry Algernon), 1838-1926. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Henry, 1812-1889. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Henry Francis, 1880-1969, person
associatedWith Du Pont, Joséphine, 1770-1837. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Lammot, 1831-1884. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Pierre S. (Pierre Samuel), 1870-1954, person
associatedWith Du Pont, Samuel Francis, 1803-1865. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Sophie (Dalmas), 1775-1828. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Sophie Madeleine, 1810-1888. person
associatedWith Du Pont, Victor, 1767-1827. person
associatedWith E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company. Legal Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Farmers Bank of the State of Delaware. corporateBody
associatedWith Gallatin, Albert, 1761-1849. person
associatedWith Girard, Anthony. person
associatedWith Gratiot, Charles, 1786-1855. person
associatedWith Grouchy, Emmanuel, marquis de, 1766-1847. person
associatedWith Hagley Museum. corporateBody
associatedWith Hancock, Harold Bell, 1913-1987. person
associatedWith Harmand, Philippe Nicolas. person
associatedWith Hyde de Neuville, Jean Guillaume, baron, 1776-1857. person
associatedWith Ingersoll, Charles Jared, 1782-1862. person
associatedWith Irvine, Callender, 1775-1841. person
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Josephine, Empress, consort of Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1763-1814. person
associatedWith Kemble, William, 1795?-1881. person
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent, 1743-1794. person
associatedWith Livingston, Edward, 1764-1836. person
associatedWith Livingston, Robert R., 1746-1813. person
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Mason, John, 1766-1849. person
associatedWith McCall, Archibald, 1727-1799. person
associatedWith McCall, Archibald, 1767-1843. person
associatedWith McKenney, Thomas Loraine, 1785-1859. person
associatedWith McLane, Louis, 1786-1857. person
associatedWith Mordecai, Alfred, 1804-1887. person
associatedWith Morris, Ellwood, 1813?-1872. person
associatedWith New Jersey Society for the Promotion of Manufactures and the Mechanical Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Niles, Hezekiah, 1777-1839. person
associatedWith Peale, Rembrandt, 1778-1860. person
associatedWith Pepper, Henry. person
associatedWith Philadelphia and Wilmington Steam Boat Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Poussin, Guillaume Tell, 1794-1876. person
associatedWith Proust, Louis Joseph, 1754-1826. person
associatedWith Rafinesque, C. S. (Constantine Samuel), 1783-1840. person
associatedWith Rodgers, John, 1812-1882. person
associatedWith Rodney, C. A. (Caesar Augustus), 1772-1824. person
associatedWith Ruhnka, Gertrude. person
associatedWith Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles Maurice de, prince de Bénévent, 1754-1838. person
associatedWith Thayer, Sylvanus, 1785-1872. person
associatedWith Thornton, William, 1759-1828. person
associatedWith Tousard, Louis de, 1749-1817. person
associatedWith United States. Army. Ordnance Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Navy. corporateBody
associatedWith Vaughan, John, 1755-1841. person
associatedWith Vaughan, John, ca. 1780-ca. 1850. person
associatedWith Victor & Charles I. du Pont & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Victor du Pont de Nemours & Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilmington and Philadelphia Turnpike Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Wilmington and Philadelphia Turnpike Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Young, William, 1755-1829. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
New York (State)
Harpers Ferry Arsenal (W. Va.)
United States
Delaware
Delaware River (N.Y.-Del. and N.J.)
France
France
United States
Delaware
Delaware
Frankford Arsenal (Pa.)
Delaware
Pittsburgh (Pa.)
Subject
Water-power
Saltpeter
Saltpeter industry
Technology transfer
Agriculture--19th century
Manufactures
Gunpowder industry
Wool industry
Horticulture
Cotton textile industry
Turbines
Gunpowder
Merino sheep
Company towns
Love-letters
Steamboat lines
Explosives industry
Leather industry and trade
Water-wheels
Tariff--19th century
Powder mills
Technology and civilization
Botany
Coal mines and mining
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1771-06-24

Death 1834-10-31

French

English,

Latin,

French,

Undetermined

Information

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