Steele, Frederick, 1819-1868

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Frederick Steele (1819-1868) was a career military officer in the United States Army and a major general during the U.S. Civil War. A native of Delhi, N.Y., Steele graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point and participated in numerous battles in the Mexican-American War. During the Civil War he played a crucial role in the Union military effort throughout the Trans-Mississippi Theater and was promoted to major general in April 1863. He successfully captured Confederate-held Little Rock in September 1863 and subsequently pushed official Union boundaries south through the state. He later led the ill-fated Camden Expedition, a two-pronged military campaign that was supposed to unite northward-marching soldiers led by Generals Nathaniel P. Banks and David D. Porter and Steele's own Arkansas-based troops for a strike into Texas.

From the description of Frederick Steele letter, 1864 May 14. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 262685540

Frederick Steele was born at Delhi, Delaware County, New York, January 14, 1819. He was appointed cadet at West Point in 1839 and commissioned as 2nd lieutenant, 2nd infantry in 1843. He fought in the Mexican War, 1847-1848 and served in California, Minnesota, Nebraska, Kansas, Missouri, Arkansas, and Alabama. In 1862 he was made Major General of Volunteers and served in that capacity in the Civil War. He died in San Mateo, California in January 1868.

From the description of General Frederick Steele papers, 1845-1965 (inclusive), 1862-1868 (bulk). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122510705

Biography

  • 1819, Jan. 14: Born at Delhi, Delaware Co., N.Y. Son of Nathanial S. and descendent of John S., a founder of Hartford, Conn.
  • 1839: Appointed cadet at West Point.
  • 1843, July 1: Graduated from West Point; commissioned 2nd lieutenant, 2nd infantry.
  • 1846 - 47 : Mexican War. In action at Ocalaca, Contreras, Churubusco, Molino del Rey and Chapultepec. Twice brevetted for gallant conduct (Contreras and Churubusco).
  • 1848, June 6: 1st lieutenant, 2nd infantry.
  • 1848 - 53 : Served in California.
  • 1853 - 61 : Served in Minnesota, Nebraska and Kansas.
  • 1855, Feb. 5: Captain, 2nd Infantry.
  • 1861, May 14: Major, 11th Infantry.
  • 1861 +: During 1st year of Civil War, commanded a brigade at Wilson's Creek and other operations in Missouri.
  • 1861, Sept. 23: Colonel of 8th Iowa Infantry (Volunteers).
  • 1862, Jan. 29: Brigadier General of Volunteers.
  • 1862: Arkansas campaign. Division commander of Curtis' Army of the Southwest.
  • 1862, Nov. 29: Major General of Volunteers.
  • 1863: Division commander in XIII Army Corps in operations against Chickasaw Bluffs and Arkansas Post. (Jan. 11)
  • 1863, May - July 4 : Division commander in XV Army Corps (Sherman's) in Vicksburg campaign.
  • 1863, Sept. - 1864 : In command of forces in Arkansas.
  • 1863, Sep 10: Capture of Little Rock.
  • 1864, Mar. - 1864 May : Red River Campaign, capture of Camden, battle of Jenkin's Ferry.
  • 1865, Jan. - 1865 July : Canby's campaign against Mobile, in command of forces in Alabama east of Mobile Bay.
  • 1865, July - 1865 Oct. : Commanded Western District of Texas with headquarters at Brownsville on the Rio Grande.
  • 1865, Nov. - 1867 Dec. : Commanded Department of the Columbia.
  • 1867, March 1: Mustered out as Major General of Volunteers; promoted to Lt. Colonel in the regular army Aug. 26, 1863 and Colonel July 28, 1866.
  • 1868, Jan. 12: Died in San Mateo, California.

From the guide to the General Frederick Steele Papers, 1845-1965 (inclusive), 1862-1868 (bulk), (Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf General Frederick Steele Papers, 1845-1965 (inclusive), 1862-1868 (bulk) Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Salomon, Frederick C., 1826-1897. Papers, 1861-1865. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Russell, J. J. Russell letter, 1863 Apr. 17. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
referencedIn Garrett, John A. (John Alexander), 1824-1877. Diary of John A. Garrett, 1864, Jan. 1 -- Dec. 31. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Steele, Frederick, 1819-1868. Frederick Steele letter, 1864 May 14. Louisiana State University, LSU Libraries
creatorOf Steele, Frederick, 1819-1868. General Frederick Steele papers, 1845-1965 (inclusive), 1862-1868 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872. H.W. Halleck papers, 1843-1896 (bulk 1862). Library of Congress
referencedIn Wells, Samuel T. Papers, 1861-1889. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Bliss, Calvin Comins, 1823-1891. Calvin Comins Bliss papers, 1841-1906. Arkansas History Commission, Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn H. W. Halleck Papers, 1843-1896, (bulk 1862) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Edward Payson, d. 1897. person
associatedWith Andrews, C. C. (Christopher Columbus), 1829-1922. person
associatedWith Andrews, Christoppher Columbus, 1892-1922 person
associatedWith Asboth, Alexander S. (Alexander Sandor), 1811-1868. person
associatedWith Ballard, D. P. person
associatedWith Black, Charles, 1839-1915. person
associatedWith Blair, Francis Preston, 1791-1876. person
associatedWith Bliss, Calvin Comins, 1823-1891. person
associatedWith Canby, Edward Richard Sprigg, 1817-1873. person
associatedWith Christensen, Christian Thomsen. person
associatedWith Cortina, Juan Nepomuceno. person
associatedWith Custer, George A. (George Armstrong), 1839-1876. person
associatedWith Davidson, John W., 1825-1881. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dennis, Elias Smith, 1812-1894 person
associatedWith Dennis, Elias Smith, d. 1894. person
associatedWith Emery, Frederic William. person
associatedWith Emery, Frederic William. person
associatedWith Escobedo, Mariano, 1826-1902. person
associatedWith Ferguson, Samuel B. person
associatedWith Ferguson, Samuel B. person
associatedWith Garrett, John A. (John Alexander), 1824-1877. person
associatedWith Haight, J. William. person
associatedWith Haight, J. William. person
correspondedWith Halleck, H. W. (Henry Wager), 1815-1872. person
associatedWith Halsted, Richard F. person
associatedWith Halsted, Richard F. person
associatedWith Harte, Bret, 1836-1902. person
associatedWith Hawkins, John Parker, 1830-1914. person
associatedWith Herron, Francis Jay, 1837-1902. person
associatedWith Humphrey, Otis Milton. person
associatedWith Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. person
associatedWith Juárez, Benito, 1806-1872. person
associatedWith Kent, Richard A. person
associatedWith Kent, Richard (Richard A.) person
associatedWith Lacey, John F. (John Fletcher), 1841-1913. person
associatedWith Lawler, Michael Kelly, 1814-1882. person
associatedWith Leâon, Francisco Marâia de, 1799-1871 person
associatedWith León, Francisco María de, 1799-1871. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Lucas, Thomas John, 1826-1908. person
associatedWith Lyman, Joseph, 1840-1890. person
associatedWith Manter, Frederick H. person
associatedWith Manter, Frederick H. person
associatedWith Marcy, Randolph Barnes, 1812-1887. person
associatedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. person
associatedWith McEntee, Charles Stuart. person
associatedWith McEntee, Charles Stuart. person
associatedWith Mejâia, Thomâas, 1812-1867 person
associatedWith Mejía, Thomás, 1812-1867. person
associatedWith Miller, Stephen, 1816-1881. person
associatedWith Monroe, George. person
associatedWith Monro, George. person
associatedWith Murphy, Isaac Burns, 1861-1896. person
associatedWith Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1888. person
associatedWith Osterhaus, Peter, 1823-1917. person
associatedWith Reynolds, Joseph Jones, 1822-1899. person
associatedWith Rhoades, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Rhoades, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Russell, J. person
associatedWith Salomon, Frederick C., 1826-1897. person
associatedWith Sawtelle, Charles Greene. person
associatedWith Sawtelle, Charles Greene. person
associatedWith Schofield, John McAllister, 1831-1906. person
associatedWith Scott, Robert N. (Robert Nicholson), 1838-1887. person
associatedWith Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888. person
associatedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. person
associatedWith Spurling, Andrew Barday. person
associatedWith Spurling, Andrew Barday. person
associatedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. person
associatedWith Steele, John B. (John Benedict), 1814-1866. person
associatedWith Storer, Newman W. person
associatedWith Storer, Newman W. person
associatedWith Totten, James, d. 1871. person
associatedWith Townsend, E. D. (Edward Davis), 1817-1893. person
associatedWith United States. Army. Dept. of Arkansas. corporateBody
associatedWith Warren, William Frederick. person
associatedWith Warren, William Frederick. person
associatedWith Wells, Samuel T. person
associatedWith Wheeler, J. B. (Junius Brutus), 1830-1886. person
associatedWith Wheeler, Junius Brutus, d. 1886 person
associatedWith Wilbur, George L. person
associatedWith Wilbur, George L. person
associatedWith Williams, George H. (George Henry), 1823-1910. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Mexico.
Arkansas
Texas.
Arkansas.
New York (State)--Delphi
Oregon.
Arkansas
Oregon
United States
Mexico
Texas
Subject
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Campaigns
African Americans
Indians of North America
United States--Armed Forces--Afro--Americans
Afro--Americans
Slavery--United States
Mexican War, 1846-1848
Dinners and dining
Slavery
United States--History--War with Mexico, 1845-1848
Occupation
Generals--New York (State)--Delphi
Function

Person

Birth 1819-01-14

Death 1868-01-19

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