Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883

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American army officer.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Omaha, Neb., to William Worth Belknap, 1872 Jan. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270610636

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Omaha, Neb., to "Dear Genl" [William W. Belknap?], 1872 Nov. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270610635

From the description of Autograph letter signed : San Francisco, to "Dear Genl." [William Worth Belknap?], 1870 Jan. 19. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270610820

From the description of Autograph letter signed : City Point, to Gen. Turner, 1865 Jan. 31. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270609890

Edward Otho Cresap Ord, born in Maryland about 1818, was an army officer who participated in several territorial surveys and expeditions. Ord also commanded troops during the Civil War. He retired from active service in 1880 and died in Havana, Cuba in 1883.

From the description of Letters, 1854-1885. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122447932

Edward Otho Cresap Ord (October 18, 1818-July 22, 1883) was the designer of Fort Sam Houston, and a United States Army officer who saw action in the Seminole War, the Indian Wars, and the American Civil War. He commanded an army during the final days of the Civil War, and was instrumental in forcing the surrender of Confederate General Robert E. Lee. He retired In 1880 and accepted the position of engineer in the construction of the Mexican Railway. En route from Vera Cruz, Mexico to New York, General Ord contracted yellow fever aboard ship. He was taken ashore in Havana, Cuba, where he died on July 22, 1883. He is buried in Arlington Cemetery.

From the description of Edward Otho Cresap Ord papers, 1840-1887. (University of California, Berkeley). WorldCat record id: 50012567

Born to James Ord and Rebecca Ruth Cresap in Cumberland, Maryland, Edward Otho Cresap (E. O. C.) Ord (1818-1883) enrolled in the West Point Military Academy in 1835. Ord was appointed a second lieutenant in the Third Artillery Regiment following his graduation in 1839, and was promoted to first lieutenant in 1841 as a result of his efforts fighting the Florida Seminoles. Shortly after the Mexican War, he was promoted to captain while stationed in California. During the Civil War, Ord served as brigadier general in the U. S. Army, commanding several different corps, including the Thirteenth, Eighth, and Eighteenth. Following the war, he assumed command of the military departments of California and Texas as well as the Fourth Military District. Additionally, Ord directed the construction of Fort Sam Houston while stationed in San Antonio, Texas.

Source:

Cutrer, Thomas W. Ord, Edward Otho Cresap. Handbook of Texas Online . Accessed July 27, 2011. http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/for01 .

From the guide to the Ord, E. O. C. Item 70-024., undated, (Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin)

Born to James Ord and Rebecca Ruth Cresap in Cumberland, Maryland, Edward Otho Cresap (E. O. C.) Ord (1818-1883) enrolled in the West Point Military Academy in 1835.

Ord was appointed a second lieutenant in the Third Artillery Regiment following his graduation in 1839, and was promoted to first lieutenant in 1841 as a result of his efforts fighting the Florida Seminoles. Shortly after the Mexican War, he was promoted to captain while stationed in California. During the Civil War, Ord served as brigadier general in the U. S. Army, commanding several different corps, including the Thirteenth, Eighth, and Eighteenth. Following the war, he assumed command of the military departments of California and Texas as well as the Fourth Military District. Additionally, Ord directed the construction of Fort Sam Houston while stationed in San Antonio, Texas.

From the description of Ord, E. O. C., Item, undated (University of Texas Libraries). WorldCat record id: 754848455

Biography

Edward Otho Cresap Ord, born in Cumberland, Maryland in 1818, descended from a family of military forebears. His mathematical ability early won for him an appointment to West Point, from which he graduated in 1839. For his first assignment, with the third artillery, he fought the Seminole Indians in Florida in 1840. In 1847 he was sent around the Horn to California, where he aided in maintaining order in Monterey, was made a captain in 1850, and in 1854 married Mary Mercer Thompson. From 1850 he participated in the coast survey, working mainly in the vicinity of San Pedro, California. He led a successful campaign against the Rogue River Indians of Oregon in 1856, and later against the Spokane Indians of Washington.

At the beginning of the Civil War, Ord was stationed at the San Francisco Presidio, He was soon ordered east, defended Washington, D. C. from November 1861 to May 1862, and then headed the Army of Tennessee, taking part in the battle at Iuka, Mississippi. He was wounded while driving back Confederate troops at Hatchie. From June to October 1863, he led the Army of Western Louisiana. In March 1864 he campaigned against Staunton, Virginia and later led operations against Richmond. He was again wounded at the capture of Fort Harrison. He commanded the Army of the James and the Department of North Carolina from January 8, 1865, and actively assisted in the battle of Petersburg, Virginia.

After the war, Ord was sent to various posts - Ohio, Arkansas, California, and Texas. He was retired with the rank of major general in 1880, and while on his way from New York to accept a position as engineer for the construction of a railroad in Mexico, fell ill with yellow fever, dying at Havana, Cuba, when taken ashore, on July 22, 1883.

From the guide to the Edward Otho Cresap Ord Papers, 1850-1883, (The Bancroft Library)

BIOGRAPHY

  • 1818: Born Maryland
  • 1835 - 39 : Cadet, Military Academy
  • 1839, July 1: 2nd Lt., 3rd Artillery
  • 1839 - 42 : Florida War against Seminole Indians
  • 1841, July 1: 1st Lt., 3rd Artillery
  • 1842 - 44 : Ft. Macon, North Carolina
  • 1845 - 46 : Coast Survey
  • 1846: Recruiting Service
  • 1846 - 47 : Voyage to California
  • 1847 - 48 : Mexican War--serving in California
  • 1847 - 50 : Monterey, California
  • 1850, Sept. 7: Capt., 3rd Artillery
  • 1851 - 52 : Ft. Independence, Massachusetts
  • 1852 - 55 : Coast Survey
  • 1855: Benicia, California
  • 1855: Yakima Expedition
  • 1856: Benicia, California
  • 1856: Rogue River Expedition; action of Mackanootney Villages and Chefeco Creek
  • 1856 - 58 : Benicia, California
  • 1858: Ft. Miller, California; frontier duty
  • 1858: Spokane Expedition; combat of Four Lakes and Spokane Plain, skirmish of Spokane River
  • 1859: Ft. Monroe, Virginia (Artillery School for Practice)
  • 1859: On Harper's Ferry Expedition to suppress John Brown's Raid
  • 1859 - 60 : Ft. Monroe, Virginia
  • 1861: Ft. Vancouver Washington; frontier duty
  • 186l: Benicia, California and San Francisco
  • 1851 - 62 : In command of a brigade of the Army of the Potomac
  • 1861, Sept. 14: Brig. General, U.S. Volunteers
  • 1861, Nov. 21: Major, 4th Artillery
  • 1861, Dec. 20: In command of engaged troops at Drainsville, Virginia
  • 1861, Dec.: Bvt. Lieut. Col. for gallant and meritorious service at Battle of Drainsville.
  • 1862, May - 1862 June : In command of division in the Department of the Rappahannock
  • 1862, May 2: Major General, U.S. Volunteers
  • 1862, June - 1862 Aug. : In command of Corinth, Mississippi
  • 1862, Aug. - 1862 Sept. : In Major General Grant's operations in Mississippi, commanding left wing of army
  • 1862, Sept. 19: Battle of Iuka; Bvt. Colonel for gallant and meritorious services
  • 1862, Sept. - 1862 Oct. : In command of the District of Jackson, Tennessee
  • 1862, Oct. 5: Battle of the Hatchie, severely wounded while commanding
  • 1862 - 63 : Military Commission investigating Gen. Buell's Campaign in Kentucky and Tennessee
  • 1863, June - 1863 Oct. : In command of 13th Army Corps--engaged in Siege of Vicksburg, capture of Jackson
  • 1864, Jan. - 1864 Feb. : Commanded 13th Army Corps in the Department of the Gulf
  • 1864, April - 1864 July : Commanded troops in West Virginia
  • 1864, July: Commanded 8th Army Corps and all troops in Middle Department
  • 1864, July - 1864 Sept. : Commanded 18th Army Corps; in operations against Richmond; wounded in assault and capture of Ft. Harrison (Sept. 29)
  • 1865, Jan. - 1865 Feb. : Commanded Department of Virginia and North Carolina
  • 1865, Feb. - 1865 June : Commanded Department of Virginia; engaged Siege of Petersburg, pursuit of Rebel Army to capitulation of Lee at Appomattox
  • 1865, March 13: Bvt. Brig. General for service at Battle of the Hatchie
  • 1865, March 13: Bvt. Major General U.S.A. for services in assault on Ft. Harrison
  • 1865 - 66 : Commanded Department of the Ohio
  • 1866 - 67 : Commanded Department of the Arkansas
  • 1866, Sept. 1: Mustered out of Volunteer Service
  • 1867 - 68 : Commanded: Fourth Military District (Arkansas and Mississippi)
  • 1868 - 71 : Commanded: Department of California
  • 1871 - 75 : Commanded: Department of the Platte
  • 1875 - 80 : Commanded: Department of Texas
  • 1880, Dec. 6: Retired from active service
  • 1881, Jan. 28: Major General
  • 1883, July 22: Died at Havana Cuba

From the guide to the Edward Otho Cresap Ord Letters, 1854-1885, (Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Jordan, Thomas, 1819-1895. To Osborn Cross: Annual report giving a description of the country, its resources, plan of post, & c, & c, Fort Miller, Cal., year ending June 30, 1853, 1853 Aug. 15. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Letter : Head Quarters Department of Virginia and North Carolina, Army of the James, to M[arsena] R[udolph] Patrick, Provost Marshal General, City Point, Va., 1865 Jan. 18. Texas Christian University
creatorOf Livermore, William Roscoe, 1843-1919. Military map of western Texas : and also sketch of military operations for the year ending December 31, 1878 / compiled by W.R. Livermore, Engineer Officer Department of Texas ; and Topl. Assists A. Cotera and F.E. Butterfield ; Brig Genl. E.O.C. Ord. commanding. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Capt. Ord's diary, U.S. Army, Fort Orford, Oreg., 1856, 1856 Mar. 13-1856 July 16. Oregon State University Libraries
referencedIn Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States Commandery of the State of Massachusetts Civil War collection, 1724-1933 (inclusive);, 1861-1912 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Steele, Frederick, 1819-1868. General Frederick Steele papers, 1845-1965 (inclusive), 1862-1868 (bulk). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Heath, John Francis. Papers pertaining to Virginia [manuscript], 1856-1882 (bulk 1856-1865). University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Collection of letters & documents relating to the death of General Edward Otho Cresap Ord. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Badeau, Adam, 1831-1895. ALS, 1883 July 26, Havana, to Mrs. Ord. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Letters, 1854-1885. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. ALS, 1876 June 9 : to Major General E.O.C. Ord. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. ALS, 1865 Jan. 20, City Point, Va., to Edward O.C. Ord and George G. Meade. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Ord, E. O. C., Item, undated University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Letters, 1862-1866. American Primers
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Autograph letter signed : Omaha, Neb., to "Dear Genl" [William W. Belknap?], 1872 Nov. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. ALS, 1867 September 22 : Washington, to Bvt. Maj. Gen. E.O.C. Ord, Vicksburg, Miss. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Lawson Poem. Johns Hopkins University, Sheridan Libraries and the Milton S. Eisenhower Library
referencedIn General Frederick Steele Papers, 1845-1965 (inclusive), 1862-1868 (bulk) Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Autograph letter signed : City Point, to Gen. Turner, 1865 Jan. 31. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Ellis, Arthur M. (Arthur McDonald), 1875-1932,. Arthur M. Ellis Photographic Negative Collection [graphic], 1849-1923, (bulk 1880s-1890s) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888. Letter to Edward Otho Cresap Ord. Chicago, IL. 1874 May 1. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Jordan, Thomas, 1819-1895. Annual report giving a description of the country, its resources, plan of post, &c, &c, Fort Miller, Cal., year ending June 30, 1853, 1853 Aug. 15. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. William Rufus Shafter papers, 1862-1945, (bulk 1862-1904). Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
creatorOf Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. Papers, 1863-1897, 1876-1877. Texas Tech University Libraries, Academic Library
referencedIn Welcker, George L., 1812-1848. Letter: to E. O. C. Ord /by George L. Welcker, 1847 Oct 28. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Letter: to Dear Judge /by Edward Otho Cresap, 1874 Jun 19. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Letters and report, 1846-1933. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Charnay, Désiré, 1828-1915. Panorama de Mexico [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. ALS, 1881 July 12 : Bath, Long Island [NY], to W.H.C. Pierce, Waters Pierce Oil Co., St. Louis, MO. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Edward Otho Cresap Ord Papers, 1850-1883 Bancroft Library
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. DS, 1849 July 22 : Los Angeles. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Jacks, David, 1822-1909. David Jacks papers, 1845-1905. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part III: The Civil War: The Union, 1804-1915. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Ord, E. O. C. Item 70-024., undated Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Philip Case Lockwood memorial collection of Civil War portraits and autographs, 1862-ca. 1886. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Andrews, George Lippitt, 1828-1920. George Lippitt Andrews Papers, 1870. University of Arizona Libraries
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Letter to Dr. Gene? Omaha, NE. 1875 Oct. 15. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Autograph letter signed : San Francisco, to "Dear Genl." [William Worth Belknap?], 1870 Jan. 19. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Edward Otho Cresap Ord papers, 1850-1883. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. William Tecumseh Sherman papers, 1863-1865. Navarro College
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Ulysses S. Grant papers, 1819-1974 (bulk 1843-1908). Library of Congress
referencedIn Arthur M. Ellis Collection of Photographic Negatives, 1849-1923, bulk 1880s-1890s The Huntington Library
creatorOf Edward Otho Cresap Ord Letters, 1854-1885 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Ulysses S. Grant Papers, 1819-1969, (bulk 1843-1885) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Edward Otho Cresap Ord papers, 1840-1887. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. Papers, 1862-1891. University of Oslo Medical Library
creatorOf Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. ALS, 1850 May 1 : Washington, D.C. to Lt. E.C. Ord. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
creatorOf Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. Papers of William Silliman Hillyer, 1822 (1861-1874) 1931, [manuscript]. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn William T. Sherman Papers, 1759-1897, (bulk 1848-1891) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Eberstadt Collection AR 76-62., 1699-1959 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Ord, Edward O. C. Extract of a letter to General Bennett Riley, 1849 November 6. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County Foundation, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Autograph letter signed : Omaha, to Gen.?, 1872 Nov. 15. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. Papers of William Rufus Shafter, 1862-1904. Library of Congress
referencedIn Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. Order and letters, 1848. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. William Rufus Shafter papers, 1862-1945 (inclusive), 1862-1904 (bulk). [microform]. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. Papers, 1843-1969 (bulk 1843-1908) Library of Congress
referencedIn Kautz, August V. (August Valentine), 1828-1895. Papers, 1864-1865. Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
referencedIn Plumb, Edward Lee, 1827-1912. Edward Lee Plumb papers, 1856-1912. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891. Diary of Benson J. Lossing [manuscript], 1865 April 12-May 2. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn French, Samuel Gibbs, 1818-1910. Letter : to Dear Ord / by Samuel Gibbs French, 1846 Apr 21. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. Civil War letters and field order of William T. Sherman, 1863-1865. Navarro College
creatorOf Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. Letter : Washington, D.C. to General E.O.C. Ord, San Francisco, Calif., 1871 March 18. Natural History Museum Los Angeles County Foundation, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
referencedIn Walker, Henry Harrison, ca. 1833-1912. Letters, 1858-1860. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Minor, Colville Jackson, 1824-1847. Colville Jackson Minor letters, 1846-1847. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Letter : Head Quarters Department of Virginia and North Carolina, Army of the James, to M[arsena] R[udolph] Patrick, Provost Marshal General, City Point, Va., 1865 Jan. 18. University of Chicago Library
creatorOf Ord, Edward Otho Cresap, 1818-1883. Autograph letter signed : Omaha, Neb., to William Worth Belknap, 1872 Jan. 9. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Joseph Halle Schaffner autograph collection, 1683-1948. Houghton Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Andrews, George Lippitt, 1828-1920 person
associatedWith Badeau, Adam, 1831-1895. person
associatedWith Belknap, William W. (William Worth), 1829-1890, person
associatedWith Brown, H. person
associatedWith Brown, John. person
associatedWith Butler, Benjamin F. (Benjamin Franklin), 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Butler-Gunsaulus Collection (University of Chicago. Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Charnay, Désiré, 1828-1915. person
correspondedWith Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Eberstadt, Edward, 1883-1958 person
associatedWith Ellis, Arthur M. (Arthur McDonald), 1875-1932, person
associatedWith French, Samuel Gibbs, 1818-1910. person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
correspondedWith Grant, U. S. (Ulysses S.), 1881-1968 person
associatedWith Hillyer, William Silliman, 1831-1874. person
associatedWith Jacks, David, 1822-1909. person
associatedWith Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. person
associatedWith Jordan, Thomas, 1819-1895. person
associatedWith Kautz, August V. (August Valentine), 1828-1895. person
associatedWith Lee, Robert E. (Robert Edward), 1807-1870. person
associatedWith Lerdo de Tejada, Sebastián, 1823-1889. person
associatedWith Lexington (Sloop) corporateBody
associatedWith Livermore, William Roscoe, 1843-1919. person
correspondedWith Lockwood, Philip Case, 1844-1897 person
associatedWith Lossing, Benson John, 1813-1891. person
associatedWith Lugo, Antonio María, 1775-1860. person
associatedWith McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885. person
associatedWith Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States. Commandery of the State of Massachusetts, collector. corporateBody
associatedWith Minor, Colville Jackson, 1824-1847. person
associatedWith Napoleon III, Emperor of the French, 1808-1873. person
correspondedWith Ord, James, 1786?-1873 person
associatedWith Ord, James L. person
correspondedWith Ord, James L., 1820-1898 person
associatedWith Ord, Robert A. person
associatedWith Patrick, Marsena Rudolph, 1811-1888. person
associatedWith Plumb, Edward Lee, 1827-1912. person
correspondedWith Porter, Horace, 1837-1921 person
associatedWith Riley, Bennett. person
associatedWith Schaffner, Joseph Halle, 1897-1972 person
associatedWith Seward, William Howard. person
associatedWith Shafter, William Rufus, 1835-1906. person
associatedWith Sheridan, Philip Henry, 1831-1888. person
associatedWith Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891. person
associatedWith Shugert, S. T., person
associatedWith Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869. person
associatedWith Steele, Frederick, 1819-1868. person
associatedWith Stoneman, George, 1822-1894. person
associatedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. person
associatedWith Thompson, Jacob, 1810-1885, person
associatedWith Turner, John Wesley, 1833-1899, person
associatedWith United States. Army corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Army of the James. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Patent Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Walker, Henry Harrison, ca. 1833-1912. person
associatedWith Welcker, George L., 1812-1848. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington (D.C.)
Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Oregon Territory
United States
Oregon
United States
California
United States
Monterey (Calif.)
Monterey (Calif.)
Channel Islands (Calif.)
Mexico
Panama
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Arkansas
Texas
Confederate States of America
Oregon
California
Mexico
Omaha (Neb.)
United States
Texas
California
Los Angeles (Calif.)
United States
United States
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
United States
Subject
American Bison
Surveying
Generals--Archives
Earthquakes
Frontier and pioneer life
Railroads--Design and construction
Surveys
African Americans
Indians of North America
Nez Percé Indians
Paloos Indians
Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
Mines and Mineral Resources
Temperance
Rogue River Wars
Slavery
Vaccination
Indians of North America--Wars
Spokane Indians
Petroleum
Women
Generals--Correspondence
Railroads
Rogue River Indian War, 1855-1856--Sources
Yakama Indians
Voyages to the Pacific coast
Fenians
Voyages to the Pacific
Crime--History--19th century
Camp Ord
Occupation
Soldiers--California
Function

Person

Birth 1818-10-18

Death 1883-07-22

Information

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