Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929

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Incorporated in Maine in 1907, the Telepost Company was an independent telegraph company using the rapid system of telegraphy invented by Patrick B. Delaney. The company operated between Chicago, St. Louis, Indianapolis, Louisville and other cities in the west. Rates were a quarter for 25 words and a nickel for each additional 10 words when the message was delivered by messenger; and 50 words for a quarter when the message was sent by wire and delivered to the post office in a sealed envelop. That's how they came up with the name "Telepost"....Telegraph and Post Office.

From the guide to the Letters from U. S. Senators regarding the "Telepost Bill" of 1910 mss. 3730., 1910, (University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama)

United States senator from Alabama.

From the description of Photographs of Oscar Wilder Underwood, 1883-1926. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32959273

House of Representative Majority Leader and Senate Minority Leader. Presidential candidate 1912 and 1923; author of Underwood Tariff Bill; and member Washington Naval Conference.

From the description of Clippings regarding his political and legislative career as House of Representative Majority Leader and Senate Minority Leader [manuscript] 1909-1929. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647966833

Oscar Wilder Underwood was born in Louisville, Ky., on 1862 May 6, to Eugene and Frederica Virginia Wilder. In 1864 the family moved to St. Paul, Minn. By 1876 the family had moved back to Louisville. Oscar was sent to Rugby preparatory school in Louisville. He attended the University of Va. leaving in 1884 without a degree.

After practising law for two months in St. Paul, Underwood moved to Birmingham where his half-brother, William T. Underwood, had substantial business connections. Underwood was admitted to the Ala. bar by 1884 Sept., and he joined James J. Garrett and Ellis Phelan, although the latter soon retired, and the firm became Garrett and Underwood.

On 1885 Oct. 8 Underwood married Eugenia Massie. They had two sons, John Lewis and Oscar Wilder, Jr. Underwood engaged in a variety of businesses in Birmingham. Although his law practise was primarily with civil cases, he also handled some work for corporations such as the First National Bank (Ala.) and the DeBardeleben Coal and Iron Company (Ala.).

In 1894, he was elected Democrat member-elect to the Fifty-fourth Congress from the Ninth District (Birmingham). However, Truman H. Aldrich successfully contested the election, and Underwood had to wait until 1896. He was returned to the House of Representatives where he remained until 1914 when he was elected to the U.S. Senate. During his second term in the House of Representatives, widower Underwood married Bertha Woodward. Reelected to the Senate in 1920, Underwood declined to run again in 1927.

During his political career he was the Democratic floor leader of the House of Representatives, 1911-1915; he was a candidate for the presidential nomination in 1912 and 1924; and he was the floor leader of his party in the Senate from 1921-1923.

He retired to his estate, Woodlawn, in Fairfax Co., Va. where he died on 1929 Jan. 25.

From the description of Papers, 1876-1962. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122547857

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Beer family. Beer family papers, 1740-1981 (inclusive), 1827-1981 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Wertenbaker, Charles Poindexter, 1860-1916. Letterbooks of Dr. Charles P. Wertenbaker, 1889-1913. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Abbott, Lyman, 1835-1922. Papers of the Barringer family [manuscript], 1828-1963. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Comer, B. B. (Braxton Bragg), 1848-1927. Braxton Bragg Comer papers, 1905-1940 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn John Sharp Williams Papers, 1902-1924, (bulk 1914-1924) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Bankhead, John H. (John Hollis), 1842-1920. Papers, 1865-1923, and n.d. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Durr family. Papers, 1868-1968. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama. Records 1875-1986. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf McConnell, Frank P., b. 1870. Papers, 1912-1918. William & Mary Libraries
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Papers of Oscar Wilder Underwood [manuscript], 1894-1928. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Glick, Nathan H. (Nathan Harold), 1912-. Pen and ink drawings, [199--]-[1993]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn William B. Mershon Papers, 1848-1943 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama. Records, 1875-1986. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Glass, Carter, 1858-1946. Papers of Carter Glass [manuscript], 1858-1946, and n.d. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Colquitt, William Neyle. Papers, 1901-1923; (bulk 1911-1915). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Papers, 1876-1962. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Immigration Restriction League (U.S.) records, 1893-1921. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Johnston, Joseph F. (Joseph Forney), 1843-1913. Papers, 1847-1926. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Alabama oversized photographs and pictures collection, [18--?]-[ongoing]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Letters from U. S. Senators regarding the "Telepost Bill" of 1910 mss. 3730., 1910 University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama
referencedIn Key Pittman Papers, 1898-1951, (bulk 1912-1940) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Bancroft, George, 1800-1891. Letters of U.S., British, and French political & literary figures [manuscript] 1863-1941. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Alabama photographs collection-persons vertical file, [ca.1845- ]. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Butler, Mr., fl. 1649.,. Correspondence of J. J. Jusserand and Oscar Wilder Underwood and a Civil War receipt [manuscript], 1861, 1912-1954. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Taylor, Gibson, b. 1862. Gibson Taylor : miscellaneous papers, 1901-1903. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Beer family papers, 1740-1981, 1827-1981 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Borah, William Edgar, 1865-1940. Papers of Robert Baylor Tunstall and Virginia Hunter Lyne Tunstall [manuscript], 1803-1972, bulk 1868-1972. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Brown, Charles W. Papers, 1912. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Century Company records, 1870-1924 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Woodrow Wilson Papers, 1786-1957, (bulk 1876-1924) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Photograph of Oscar Wilder Underwood [manuscript], [1907?]. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Underwood family. Letters of the Underwood family, 1813, 1861, and 1913. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Oscar Wilder Underwood letters [manuscript] 1909-25. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Delano, Frederick Adrian. Letters of prominent literary and political figures [manuscript] 1860-1920. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Underwood, Margaret Hench, 1929-. Margaret Hench Uncerwood letter to Atcheson Laughlin Hench and Virginia Bedinger Hench [manuscript] 1964 Nov. 14. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Alabama. Governor (1923-1927 : Brandon). Administrative files, 1923-1927. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943. Alabama pamphlets collection, 1821-1961. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Clippings regarding his political and legislative career as House of Representative Majority Leader and Senate Minority Leader [manuscript] 1909-1929. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Barrett, Robert South, 1877-1959. Papers of Robert South Barrett [manuscript] 1898-1959. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Albrecht, Emil P.,. Miscellaneous letters in the Atcheson L. Hench collection, [manuscript], 1780-1921. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Simms, Robert Nirwana, 1876-. Papers, 1910-1942. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Wessel, Henry F., 1856-1936. Henry F. Wessel letters, 1912-1924. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Woodrow Wilson papers, 1786-1957 (bulk 1876-1924). Library of Congress
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Oscar Wilder Underwood letter to Everett P. Wheeler. [manuscript] 1922 June 20. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf University of Virginia. Correspondence regarding choice of first president, proposed merger of Medical School with Medical College of Virginia, and Co-ordinate College for women [manuscript] 1902-1916. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Letter to Gertrude Thornton, 1928 April 4. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939. Papers, ca.1800-1941. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Papers of Oscar Wilder Underwood [manuscript] 1810-1955. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Owen, Thomas McAdory, 1866-1920. Papers, 1853-1920. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Photographs of Oscar Wilder Underwood, 1883-1926. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf McClure, Charles, 1858-1942. Papers of Charles McClure, 1866-1940. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf National Council of Jewish Women. Minneapolis Section. Records, 1917-1970. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Pittman, Key, 1872-1940. Papers of Key Pittman, 1898-1951. Library of Congress
referencedIn Glass, Carter, 1858-1946. Letters to Jouett Shouse [manuscript] 1916-40. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Election ephemera from 1969-1976, 1969-1976. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Williams, John Sharp, 1854-1932. Papers of John Sharp Williams, 1902-1924 (bulk 1914-1924). Library of Congress
creatorOf Alabama. Dept. of Archives and History. Woman's suffrage files, 1915-1920. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Johnston, Forney, 1879-1965. Papers, 1876-1982. Alabama Department of Archives and History
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John Quincy, 1767-1848. person
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associatedWith American Colonization Society. corporateBody
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associatedWith Bankhead, John H. (John Hollis), 1872-1946. person
associatedWith Bankhead, John Hollis, 1842-1920 person
associatedWith Barrett, E.W. (Edward Ware), b.1866. person
associatedWith Barrett, Robert South, 1877-1959. person
associatedWith Beer family family
associatedWith Beer family. family
associatedWith Bell, Thomas M. (Thomas Montgomery), 1861-1941. person
associatedWith Birmingham, Water, Light, and Power Company (Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Booth, John Wilkes, 1838-1865. person
associatedWith Bowie, Sydney J. (Sydney Johnston), b.1865. person
associatedWith Brady, James Buchanan, 1856-1917. person
associatedWith Brandeis, Louis Dembitz, 1856-1941. person
associatedWith Brandon, William W. (William Woodward), 1868-1934. person
associatedWith Brown, Charles W. person
associatedWith Bryan, William Jennings, 1860-1925. person
associatedWith Campbell, Edward K., b.1858. person
correspondedWith Century Company corporateBody
associatedWith Chappell, Cory, 1853-1928. person
associatedWith Clay, Henry, 1777-1852. person
associatedWith Colquitt, William Neyle. person
associatedWith Comer, B. B. (Braxton Bragg), 1848-1927. person
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associatedWith Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933, person
associatedWith Crockett, Davy, 1786-1836. person
associatedWith DeBardeleben, Henry T. person
correspondedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935 person
associatedWith Democratic Party (Ala.) corporateBody
associatedWith Dent, Stanley H., 1869-1938 person
associatedWith Durr family. family
associatedWith Ellis, James B. (James Bachelor), b.1863. person
associatedWith Ellison, John T. person
associatedWith Garrett, Frank B. person
associatedWith Garrett, James L. person
associatedWith Glass, Carter, 1858-1946. person
associatedWith Glick, Nathan H. (Nathan Harold), 1912- person
associatedWith Gompers, Samuel, 1850-1924. person
associatedWith Graves, Bibb (David Bibb), 1873-1942. person
associatedWith Greer, Charles H. person
associatedWith Gunter, Gaston, 1874-1919. person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923. person
associatedWith Harding, W. P. G. (William Proctor Gould), 1864-1930. person
associatedWith Harris, Garrard, 1875-1927. person
associatedWith Hench, Atcheson Laughlin, 1891-1974, person
associatedWith Hobson, Richmond Pearson, 1870-1937. person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Howze, Henry R. (Henry Russell). person
associatedWith Hundley, Oscar R. (Oscar Richard), b.1854. person
associatedWith Hundley, Oscar R. (Oscar Richard), d.1954. person
associatedWith Immigration Restriction League. corporateBody
correspondedWith Immigration Restriction League (U.S.). corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845. person
associatedWith Jelks, William Dorsey, 1855-1931. person
associatedWith Jemison, Robert (Robert Underwood), 1853-1927. person
associatedWith John, Samuel Will (Samuel Williamson), b.1845. person
associatedWith Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937. person
associatedWith Johnston, Forney. person
associatedWith Johnston, Forney, 1879-1965. person
associatedWith Johnston, Joseph F. (Joseph Forney), 1843-1913. person
associatedWith Jones, Thomas Goode, 1844-1914. person
associatedWith Kellogg, Frank B. (Frank Billings), 1856-1937. person
associatedWith Knox, Philander C. (Philander Chase), 1853-1921. person
associatedWith Krock, Arthur B., b.1886. person
associatedWith Ku Klux Klan (1915- ) corporateBody
associatedWith Ku Klux Klan (19th cent.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lafayette, Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert Du Motier, marquis de, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Link, Arthur Stanley. person
associatedWith Mallory, Hugh S.D. (Hugh Sheppard Darby), 1848-1920. person
associatedWith Mallory, Hugh S.D. (Hugh Shepperd Darby), 1848-1920. person
associatedWith Mangum, Robert H. (Robert Henry), b.1875. person
associatedWith Massie, R. W., person
associatedWith Massie, Thomas, 1783-1864, person
associatedWith Massie, Thomas E., 1822-1863, person
associatedWith McAdoo, W. G. (William Gibbs), 1863-1941. person
associatedWith McClure, Charles, 1858-1942. person
associatedWith McConnell, Frank P., b. 1870. person
associatedWith Mershon, William Butts, 1856-1943 person
associatedWith Miller, Nathan L. (Nathan Lee), b.1866. person
associatedWith Moore, Albert Burton, 1887-1967. person
associatedWith Musgrove, Lucurgus Breckinridge, b.1859. person
associatedWith Mystic Order of Eli Banana corporateBody
associatedWith National Council of Jewish Women. Minneapolis Section. corporateBody
associatedWith National Grange. corporateBody
associatedWith O'Neal, Emmet, 1853-1922. person
associatedWith Owen, Thomas McAdory, 1866-1920. person
associatedWith Patterson, Nita Underwood, person
associatedWith Patterson, William Mynn Thornton, 1851-1935, person
associatedWith Pittman, Key, 1872-1940. person
associatedWith Pratt, Daniel, b.1866. person
associatedWith Rives, John R.T. person
associatedWith Ryan, Thomas F. (Thomas Fortune), 1851-1928. person
associatedWith Simms, Robert Nirwana, 1876- person
associatedWith Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944. person
associatedWith Smith, Hoke, 1855-1931. person
associatedWith State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama. corporateBody
associatedWith State Democratic Executive Committee of Alabama. corporateBody
associatedWith Stern, Samuel B. person
associatedWith Stimson, Henry L. (Henry Lewis), 1867-1950. person
associatedWith Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. person
associatedWith Sumner, Charles. person
associatedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith Taylor, Gibson, b. 1862. person
associatedWith Telepost Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Thach, Robert H. (Robert Henry), b.1866. person
associatedWith Thompson, Charles Willis, 1871-1946. person
associatedWith Thompson, Frederick I. (Frederick Ingate), 1875-1952. person
associatedWith Thornton, Gertrude, person
associatedWith Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939. person
associatedWith Underwood, Bertha Woodward, person
associatedWith Underwood, Eliza M. Trotter, d. 1835. person
associatedWith Underwood, Eugene, 1818-1893. person
associatedWith Underwood, Eugene, Jr. person
associatedWith Underwood, Eugenia Massie, person
associatedWith Underwood family. family
associatedWith Underwood, Frederica Virginia Smith Wilder person
associatedWith Underwood, Frederica, Virginia Smith Wilder, 1831- person
associatedWith Underwood, Henry L. person
associatedWith Underwood, John Cox, 1840-1913. person
associatedWith Underwood, John Lewis, 1888-1973. person
associatedWith Underwood, Joseph Lewis, person
associatedWith Underwood, Joseph Rogers, 1791-1876. person
associatedWith Underwood, Margaret Hench, 1929- person
associatedWith Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1890-1962, person
associatedWith Underwood, Sidney Smith, b.1864. person
associatedWith Underwood, W.T. (William Thompson), b.1848. person
associatedWith United States. Congress corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia Rotunda (Charlottesville, Va.) corporateBody
associatedWith University of Virginia. School of Law. corporateBody
associatedWith Vardaman, James Kimble, 1861-1930. person
associatedWith Walker, Shelby S. person
associatedWith Washington Naval Conference. corporateBody
associatedWith Webster, Daniel, 1782-1852. person
associatedWith Wertenbaker, Charles Poindexter, 1860-1916. person
associatedWith Wessel, Henry F., 1856-1936. person
associatedWith Wheeler, Everett Pepperrell, 1840-1925 person
associatedWith Williams, John Sharp, 1854-1932. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Woodward, Joseph H. (Joseph Hersey), 1844-1918. person
associatedWith Woodward, W.T. person
associatedWith Worthington, J.W. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Black Warrior River (Ala.)
Woodlawn Plantation (Va.)
Alabama
Monticello (Va.)
Birmingham (Ala.)
United States
United States
United States
United States
Panama
United States
Kentucky
Cahaba River (Ala.)
Tennessee River
Colorado
Alabama
Muscle Shoals (Ala.)
Philippine Islands
United States
California
Virginia
Subject
Government, Law and Politics
Taxation
Margarine--Law and legislation
Railway mail service
Postal service
Labor laws and legislation
Press and politics
Political parties
Slavery--Transportation
Iron industry and trade
Rural free delivery
Tintype
Parcel post
Railroads
Dams
Foreign workers
Road construction
Campaign management
Judges
Sheep--Transportation
Prohibition
Racism
Lawyers
Coal trade
Suffrage
Hours of labor
Military education
Presidents--Election--1912
Internal revenue
Women--Suffrage
Journalists
Tariff--Law and legislation
Monetary policy
Politics, Practical
Political parties--Platforms
Free trade and protection
Lawyers--Political activity
African Americans--Suffrage
Education
Daguerreotype
Presidents--Election--1824
Advertising, political
Tariff
Cotton trade
Banks and banking
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1862-05-06

Death 1929-01-25

Information

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