Krock, Arthur, 1886-1974

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Krock, a journalist, was editor-in-chief of the Louisville (Ky.) Times (1919-23), assistant to the president of the New York World (1923-27), member of the board of the New York Times from 1927 until his retirement, and a member of the Pulitzer Prize Board of the Columbia University School of Journalism (1940-53).

From the description of Arthur Krock papers, 1909-1974 (bulk 1920-1968) (Princeton University Library). WorldCat record id: 77805948

Principal political writer and analyst for the New York Times, 1932-1966. Winner of two Pulitzer Prizes.

From the description of Arthur Krock letter to Dr. Leon Solis-Cohen [manuscript], 1955 Oct 12. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 182580096

Newspaperman; interviewee d. 1974.

From the description of Reminiscences of Arthur Krock : oral history, 1950. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309743165

Arthur Krock (1886-1974) had a long and distinguished career as a journalist, working for much of his career as Washington correspondent and columnist for The New York Times . His column "In the Nation" was noted for its depth of information and analysis, especially on American politics. Krock also worked as a reporter and editor at several Louisville newspapers and the New York World .

Arthur Krock was born on November 16, 1886 in Glasgow, Kentucky to Joseph and Caroline (Morris) Krock. He began study at Princeton University in 1904, but was forced to leave after his first semester due to the financial difficulties of his family. He then attended college at the Lewis Institute in Chicago for two years, earning an Associate in Arts degree in 1906, and returned to Louisville with the intention of securing a newspaper job. He was hired as a reporter at the Louisville Herald, where he covered the national political conventions at Chicago and Denver, his first experience reporting on national politics, after which he was assigned to cover Kentucky politics. Krock had to leave the Herald in 1908 when the newspaper reorganized and worked briefly as a deputy sheriff in Jefferson Country, Kentucky before becoming night editor for the Associated Press in Louisville.

In 1910, Krock went to Washington, D.C. for the first time as Washington correspondent for the Louisville Times . In 1911, he became Washington correspondent for the Louisville Courier-Journal as well, both papers being edited and partly owned by the same man. In 1915, Krock returned to Louisville to serve as editorial manager on both papers, working for Colonel Henry Watterson. Krock traveled to France for the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, where he wrote syndicated articles for several newspapers and was one of the journalists who convinced the Peace Conference to open its sessions to the public. Krock was made an officer in the French Legion of Honor for his coverage of the conference.

Krock became editor in chief of the Louisville Times in 1919, which was purchased by Judge Robert W. Bingham. He took time off to assist the chairman of the Democratic National Committee of New York in 1920, the only time in his career that he participated directly in politics. Krock remained at the Louisville Times until the fall of 1923, when he left for New York after differing with Bingham over editorial policy. He first took a job outside of journalism, working in public relations as assistant for Will H. Hays, head of the Motion Picture Producers and Distributors of America. While in this position, he was asked to write a few editorials by Frank I. Cobb, editor of the New York World, which lead to his appointment in 1923 as assistant to Ralph Pulitzer, president of the World . Krock remained there until 1927, when he left to join the editorial staff of The New York Times .

In 1932, Krock became the Times ' Washington correspondent and head of the Washington bureau. Much of his subsequent writing was for his column "In the Nation," which is published on the Times ' editorial page from 1933 until he retired in 1966, as well as writing on important events for the Times . His views on political, social, and economic issues were generally conservative, and "In the Nation" became widely regarded as a major voice of conservative America, while still maintaining independence from any political agenda. The column provided detailed information on current issues, along with critical analysis. In his writings, Krock supported the State Department's international policies, but beginning in 1936 became a critic of and authority on the economic policies of the Roosevelt Administration, the New Deal. Krock covered many fields, including foreign policy, but predominantly wrote about American politics. He wrote the "lead" story for the Times for every biennial election from 1932 to 1952. He won the Pulitzer Prize in 1935 for his excellence as Washington correspondent for his coverage of the beginning of the New Deal, and won again in 1938 for his exclusive interview with President Roosevelt. He also received a special commendation from the Pulitzer awards board for his interview of President Harry S. Truman in 1950 and a special citation in 1955 for distinguished correspondence from Washington. Krock retired from The New York Times in 1966, but continued to go to his office at the bureau, working on several books. In 1968, he published Memoirs: 60 Years on the Firing Line . He also wrote The Consent of the Governed and Other Deceits (1971) and Myself When Young: Growing Up in the 1890s (1974).

Arthur Krock married Marguerite Polleys on April 22, 1911 and they had one son, Thomas Polleys Krock. Marguerite Krock died in 1938. Krock married Martha Granger Blair on June 14, 1939. She had two sons, William Granger Blair and Robert H. Blair, from a previous marriage. Krock died on April 12, 1974 at the age of 87.

From the guide to the Arthur Krock Papers, 1909-1974, 1930-1974, (Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Kieran, John, 1892-1981. Papers of John Kieran, 1917-1981. Library of Congress
referencedIn Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972, 1929-1957 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers: Series I-II, 1833-1975 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Krock, Arthur, 1886-1974. Correspondence file, 1928-1929, from Horace Liveright, Inc. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. Papers, 1876-1962. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Finley, John H. (John Huston), 1863-1940. John H. Finley papers, 1892-1940, bulk (1913-1935). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Letts de Espil, Courtney. Courtney Letts de Espil papers, 1925-1994 (bulk 1930-1949). Library of Congress
creatorOf Krock, Arthur, 1886-1974. Arthur Krock papers, 1909-1974 (bulk 1920-1968) Princeton University Library
creatorOf Krock, Arthur, 1886-1974. Arthur Krock additional papers, 1917-1972. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Richard Pillsbury Gale papers., 1935-1945. Minnesota Historical Society.
creatorOf Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966. Papers of Harry Flood Byrd [manuscript] 1911-65. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Randolph, Bessie Carter, 1885-1966. Papers of Bessie Carter Randolph [manuscript] 1918-61. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Brown, Donaldson, 1885-1965. Papers, 1921-1966. Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Emerson C. Ives collection, Ives, Emerson C. collection, 1932-1970 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Hart, James, 1896-1959. Papers of James Hart [manuscript] 1919-59. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn New York Times (Firm). Managing editors papers, 1904-1951. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn John Kieran Papers, 1917-1985 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Lewis Gannett papers, 1681-1966 (inclusive) 1900-1960 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921. Henry Watterson : papers, 1863-1946. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921. Henry Watterson : papers, 1856-1965 (bulk 1910-1919). The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Baldwin, Hanson Weightman, 1903-1991. Hanson Weightman Baldwin papers, 1900-1988 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Konta, Alexander, 1862-1933. Alexander Konta : papers, 1915-1922. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Bingham, Robert Worth, 1871-1937. Robert Worth Bingham papers, 1856-1939 (bulk 1933-1937). Library of Congress
creatorOf Krock, Arthur, 1886-1974. Reminiscences of Arthur Krock : oral history, 1950. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Matthew Josephson papers, 1917-1979 (inclusive) Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn James M. Cain Papers, 1901-1978, (bulk 1925-1978) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Papers, 1833, 1884-1972 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn John Mason Brown papers, 1922-1967. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Woodson, Urey, 1859-1939. Urey Woodson papers, 1898-1939, 1929-1939 (bulk dates). University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Notestein, Wallace, 1878-1969. Wallace Notestein papers, 1899-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Richards, Augustus L. Papers, 1941-1944. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Rauch, Joseph, 1880-1957. Papers, 1900-1957 (bulk 1915-1955). American Jewish Archives
creatorOf Gale, Richard Pillsbury, 1900-1973. Richard Pillsbury Gale papers, 1935-1945. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Josephson, Matthew, 1899-1978. Matthew Josephson papers, 1917-1979 (inclusive). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Courtney Letts de Espil Papers, 1925-1994, (bulk 1930-1949) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hanson Weightman Baldwin papers, 1900-1988 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Sulzberger, Arthur Hays, 1891-1968. Papers, 1935-1968. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Moore, R. Walton (Robert Walton), 1859-1941. Papers, 1922-1941. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn John Foster Dulles oral history collection, 1964-1967 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
referencedIn Robert E. Sherwood papers, 1917-1968 (inclusive), 1934-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Arthur H. Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974, 1915-1951 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Krock, Arthur, 1886-1974. Arthur Krock letter to Dr. Leon Solis-Cohen [manuscript], 1955 Oct 12. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Carl W. Ackerman Papers, 1833-1970, (bulk 1931-1956) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn The Nation, records, 1879-1974 (inclusive), 1920-1955 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Ackerman, Carl W. (Carl William), 1890-1970. Carl W. Ackerman papers, 1833-1970 (bulk 1931-1956). Library of Congress
referencedIn Wallace Notestein papers, 1899-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn John H. Finley papers, 1892-1940, 1913-1935 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Robert Worth Bingham Papers, 1856-1939, (bulk 1933-1937) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Michelet, Simon Thenistrup, 1871-1956. Simon T. Michelet and family papers, 1879, 1908-1943. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010. James J. Kilpatrick papers [manuscript], 1925-1966 (bulk 1950-1966). University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Harkrader, Charles Johnston, 1885-. Charles Johnston Harkrader correspondence [manuscript] 1934-1967. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Cain, James M. (James Mallahan), 1892-1977. Papers of James M. Cain, 1901-1978 (bulk 1925-1978). Library of Congress
referencedIn Alexander Woollcott correspondence, ca. 1856-1943 (inclusive), 1920-1943 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Nicholas Roosevelt Papers, 1846-1962 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. Tom Wallace papers, 1925-1960. The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Davies, Joseph Edward. Joseph Edward Davies papers, 1860-1958 (bulk 1912-1958). Library of Congress
creatorOf McClary, Jane McIlvaine. Papers of Jane McIlvaine McClary [manuscript] 1947-1965. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Jenkins, William Sumner, 1902-1978. William Sumner Jenkins papers, 1940s-1960s [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Joseph Edward Davies Papers, 1860-1958, (bulk 1912-1958) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Mollenhoff, Clark R., 1921- . Papers, 1936-1990. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Barnes, Joseph, 1907-1970. Joseph Barnes papers, 1907-1970, 1923-1970. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Arthur Krock Papers, 1909-1974, 1930-1974 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Public Policy Papers.
creatorOf Hale, Nancy, 1908-1988. Nancy Hale Papers [manuscript] 1948-1950. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972 (inclusive), 1929-1957 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Joseph Barnes Papers, 1923-1970 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
correspondedWith Ackerman, Carl W. (Carl William), 1890-1970. person
associatedWith Albertson, Dean, 1920-, person
associatedWith Baldwin, Hanson Weightman, 1903-1991. person
associatedWith Barnes, Joseph, 1907-1970. person
correspondedWith Bingham, Robert Worth, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
associatedWith Brown, Donaldson, 1885-1965. person
correspondedWith Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969 person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966. person
correspondedWith Cain, James M. (James Mallahan), 1892-1977. person
correspondedWith Davies, Joseph Edward. person
associatedWith Democratic Party (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Emma (Guffey) Miller, 1874-1970 person
associatedWith Finley, John H. (John Huston), 1863-1940. person
associatedWith Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. person
associatedWith Gale, Richard Pillsbury, 1900-1973. person
correspondedWith Gannett, Lewis, 1891-1966 person
associatedWith Hale, Nancy, 1908-1988. person
associatedWith Harkrader, Charles Johnston, 1885- person
associatedWith Hart, James, 1896-1959. person
associatedWith Ives, Emerson C. person
associatedWith Jenkins, William Sumner, 1902-1978. person
associatedWith Josephson, Matthew, 1899-1978. person
correspondedWith Kieran, John, 1892-1981. person
associatedWith Kilpatrick, James Jackson, 1920-2010. person
associatedWith Konta, Alexander, 1862-1933. person
associatedWith Letts de Espil, Courtney. person
associatedWith Letts de Espil, Courtney. person
associatedWith McClary, Jane McIlvaine. person
associatedWith Michelet, Simon Thenistrup, 1871-1956. person
associatedWith Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. person
associatedWith Mollenhoff, Clark R., 1921- . person
associatedWith Moore, R. Walton (Robert Walton), 1859-1941. person
associatedWith Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949 person
correspondedWith Nation (New York, N.Y. : 1865). corporateBody
associatedWith Nevins, Allan, 1890-1971, person
associatedWith New York Times (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Notestein, Wallace, 1878-1969. person
associatedWith Paris Peace Conference (1919-1920) corporateBody
associatedWith Randolph, Bessie Carter, 1885-1966. person
associatedWith Rauch, Joseph, 1880-1957. person
associatedWith Richards, Augustus L. person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Nicholas, 1893-1982 person
associatedWith Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. corporateBody
correspondedWith Sherwood, Robert E. (Robert Emmet), 1896-1955 person
associatedWith Solis-Cohen, Leon, 1889-1965, person
associatedWith Stokes, Harold Phelps, 1887-1970. person
associatedWith Sulzberger, Arthur Hays, 1891-1968. person
associatedWith Underwood, Oscar W. (Oscar Wilder), 1862-1929. person
associatedWith United States. Army. American Expeditionary Forces. corporateBody
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951 person
associatedWith Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. person
associatedWith Watterson, Henry, 1840-1921. person
associatedWith Woodson, Urey, 1859-1939. person
correspondedWith Woollcott, Alexander, 1887-1943 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
New York (N.Y.)
United States
United States
Subject
Journalists--United States
Pulitzer Prizes
Presidents--United States--Correspondence
Journalists--20th century
Press and politics--20th century
Journalism--Awards--United States
Presidents--20th century--Correspondence
Press and politics--United States
American history/20th century
Newspaper publishing--20th century
Journalists--Washington (D.C.)
New Deal, 1933-1939
Journalists--Interviews
Newspaper publishing--New York (N.Y.)
Political conventions--United States
Political conventions--20th century
Journalism
Journalism--Awards--20th century
American politics and government
Occupation
Journalists--20th century.--United States
Function

Person

Birth 1886-11-16

Death 1974-04-12

Information

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Ark ID: w6086dfn

SNAC ID: 5394771