Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910

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Educated at City of London School. After a few years of business he decided to devote himself to astronomy. F. R. A. S. 1854. In 1856 he built an observatory at Tulse Hill and applied to stars the methods of Kirchhofs researches into the chemical constitution of the sun. In conjunction with William Allen Miller (F. R. S. 1845) he devised the star spectroscope and showed that in structure the stars resemble the sun. F. R. S. 1865. Royal Medal 1866. Rumford Medal 1880. Copley Medal 1898. President of British Association 1891. K. C. B. 1897. O. M. 1902. He was elected 37th President of the Royal Society 1900-1905. In 1890 he received a civil list pension.

From the description of Correspondence, 1865-1908. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79715496

Astronomer. Fellow of the Royal Society.

From the description of Papers, 1854-1900. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78440560

Pioneer in field of astrophysics and spectroscopic astronomy. Huggins designed a spectrascope to observe stellar spectra. His work also includes spectroscopic observations of nebula, comets and a nova.

From the description of Diaries, 1856-1900. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 83949157

English astronomer.

From the description of Typewritten letter signed, dated : [London] July 6 1897, to Sir Alexander [Mackenzie], 1897 July 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270666493

From the description of Typewritten letter signed, dated : [London] July 12 1897, to an unidentified recipient, 1897 July 12. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270666498

Astonomer and Fellow of the Royal Society.

From the description of Letters to A. B. Kempe, 1894-1905. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80170558

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Lubbock, John, Sir, 1834-1913. Letters. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Typewritten letter signed, dated : [London] July 6 1897, to Sir Alexander [Mackenzie], 1897 July 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Paper. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Scientists Collection, 1563-1973 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Papers, 1854-1900. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn THOMPSON, Professor Silvanus Phillips (1851-1916), 1828-1951 Imperial College of Science, Technology and Medicine
referencedIn Collection of autographs of scientists, 1772-1973, 1772-1973 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Typewritten letter signed, dated : [London] July 12 1897, to an unidentified recipient, 1897 July 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Rawlins, Ray E. D., 1917-1979,. Collection of autographs of scientists, 1772-1973. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. Selected papers [microform], 1849-1908. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Correspondence, 1865-1908. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Album materials, 1777-1925 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Sir William Huggins collection, 1901-1903 Scott Polar Research Institute
referencedIn University of Oxford. Observatory, 1875-. Records, 1873-ca. 1930. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Ramsay, William, 1852-1916. Papers, 1870-1916. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Lick Observatory. Records, 1873-1966. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Letters to A. B. Kempe, 1894-1905. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. David Peck Todd papers, 1862-1939 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn American Philosophical Society Archives. Record Group IIi, 1897 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Sir James Paget correspondence, 1784-1932, 1784-1932 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Diaries, 1856-1900. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
referencedIn Whelpley, Albert W. Albert W. Whelpley Autograph Collection. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library
creatorOf Huggins, William, Sir, 1824-1910. Letters from Sir William Huggins, with related material. University of Leeds, Brotherton Library, Leeds University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Aitken, Samuel. person
associatedWith American Philosophical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Dibner, Bern, person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William), Sir, 1792-1891. person
associatedWith Hogg, Jabez, 1817-1899. person
associatedWith Knight, William H. (William Henry), 1835-1925. person
associatedWith Larmor, Joseph, 1857-1942. person
associatedWith Lick Observatory. corporateBody
associatedWith Lubbock, John, Sir, 1834-1913. person
associatedWith Mackenzie, Alexander Campbell, Sir, 1847-1935, person
associatedWith Mary Flagler Cary Music Collection (Pierpont Morgan Library) corporateBody
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Paget, James, Sir, 1814-1899 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Ramsay, William, 1852-1916. person
associatedWith Rawlins, Ray, 1917- person
associatedWith Rawlins, Ray E. D., 1917-1979, person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sir William Huggins person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thompson, Silvanus P. (Silvanus Phillips), 1851-1916. person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Todd, David P. (David Peck), 1855-1939. person
associatedWith University of Oxford. Observatory, 1875- corporateBody
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Whelpley, Albert W. person
associatedWith Young, Charles A. (Charles Augustus), 1834-1908. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Jupiter (Planet)
Great Britain
Saturn (Planet)
Uranus (Planet)
Subject
Spectrum analysis
Astronomical spectroscopy
Stars--Observations
Solar eclipses--1870
Photographs--19th century
Astronomy--Societies (Academies and learned societies)
Letters--19th century
Planets--Observations
Occupation
Astronomers
Function

Person

Birth 1824-02-07

Death 1910-05-12

Britons

English

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