Vinson, Frederick Moore, 1890-1953

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Frederick Moore Vinson (January 22, 1890 – September 8, 1953) was an American Democratic politician who served the United States in all three branches of government. The most prominent member of the Vinson political family, he was the 53rd United States Secretary of the Treasury and the 13th Chief Justice of the United States.

Born in Louisa, Kentucky, he pursued a legal career and served in the United States Army during World War I. After the war, he served as the Commonwealth's Attorney for the Thirty-Second Judicial District of Kentucky before winning election to the United States House of Representatives in 1924. He lost re-election in 1928 but regained his seat in 1930 and served in Congress until 1937. During his time in Congress, he became an adviser and confidante of Missouri Senator Harry S. Truman. In 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Vinson to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia. Vinson resigned from the appellate court in 1943, when he became the Director of the Office of Economic Stabilization. After Truman acceded to the presidency following Roosevelt's death in 1945, Truman appointed Vinson to the position of Secretary of the Treasury. Vinson negotiated the payment of the Anglo-American loan and presided over the establishment of numerous post-war organizations, including the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and the International Monetary Fund.

After the death of Chief Justice Harlan F. Stone in 1946, Truman appointed Vinson to the Supreme Court. As of 2020, Vinson is the last Chief Justice nominee nominated by a president from the Democratic Party to be confirmed.[1][2] Vinson dissented in the case of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer, which ruled against the Truman administration's control of the nation's steel mills during a strike. He ordered a rehearing of the Briggs v. Elliott case, which was eventually combined into the case known as Brown v. Board of Education.

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referencedIn Harry S. Truman Papers Pertaining to Family, Business and Personal Affairs, 1280 - 1975. Family Correspondence Files, 1910 - 1964. Correspondence from Harry S. Truman to Mary Jane Truman, 1945-1948: July 16, 1946. Letter from Harry S. Truman to Martha Ellen Truman and Mary Jane Truman, 7/16/1946. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Harry S. Truman Papers Pertaining to Family, Business and Personal Affairs, 1280 - 1975. Family Correspondence Files, 1910 - 1964. Correspondence from Harry S. Truman to Bess Wallace Truman, 1921-1959: June 22, 1946. Letter from Harry S. Truman to Bess W. Truman, 6/22/1946. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985. Earle C. Clements papers, 1940-1960. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Matthew J. Connelly Papers, 1945 - 1953. Notes on Cabinet Meetings Files, 1945 - 1953. October 19, 1945. Cabinet Meeting Minutes, 10/19/1945. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Harry S. Truman Papers Pertaining to Family, Business and Personal Affairs, 1280 - 1975. Family Correspondence Files, 1910 - 1964. Correspondence from Harry S. Truman to Bess Wallace Truman, 1921-1959: July 11, 1947. Letter from Harry S. Truman to Bess W. Truman, 7/11/1947. United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Douglas, William O. (William Orville), 1898-1980. William O. Douglas interviews, cassettes, 1961-1963. Princeton University Library
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Treasury. 1775 - 2005. Moving Images Relating to Financial, Economic and Tax Policies. 1941 - 1972. PEACE COMES TO AMERICA United States. National Archives and Records Administration
referencedIn Joseph Edward Davies Papers, 1860-1958, (bulk 1912-1958) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn E. A. Goldenweiser Papers, 1911-1952, (bulk 1930-1945) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Jouett Shouse papers, 1911-1967, 1915-1967 (bulk dates) University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn General Records of the Department of the Navy. 1941 - 2004. Moving Images Relating to Military Activities. 1947 - 1980. INAUGURATION OF HARRY S. TRUMAN United States. National Archives and Records Administration
creatorOf Vinson, Fred M., 1890-1953. Letters to Charles A. Dewey. Washington, DC., 1951-1952. University of Iowa Libraries
Relation Name
associatedWith American Council on Alcohol Problems. corporateBody
associatedWith American Newspaper Boys War Stamp Sales Campaign. corporateBody
associatedWith Arnett, Louis Wagner, 1879-1953. person
associatedWith Arnett, Louis W. (Louis Wagner), 1879-1953. person
associatedWith Askew, E. S. person
associatedWith Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956. person
associatedWith Barkley, Alben William, 1877-1956. person
associatedWith Black, Hugo LaFayette, 1886-1971. person
associatedWith Boone Bicentennial Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Bordeau, Kenneth V. person
correspondedWith Breckinridge family family
associatedWith Burton, Harold H. (Harold Hitz), 1888-1964. person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1887-1966. person
associatedWith Byrd, Harry Flood, 1914- person
associatedWith Chandler, Albert B. (Albert Benjamin), 1898- person
associatedWith Chapman, Virgil M. (Virgil Munday), 1895-1951. person
associatedWith Clark, Thomas C., (Thomas Campbell) person
associatedWith Clements, Earle C. (Earle Chester), 1896-1985. person
associatedWith Clifford, Clark M., 1906-1998. person
associatedWith Connelly, Matthew J., 1907-1976 person
correspondedWith Davies, Joseph Edward. person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dewey, Charles Almon, 1877-1958, person
associatedWith Douglass, William O., (William Orville), 1898-1980. person
associatedWith Douglas, William O. (William Orville), 1898-1980. person
correspondedWith Draper, Ernest Gallaudet, 1885-1954 person
associatedWith Ebb, Larry. person
associatedWith Fields, William Jason, 1874-1954. person
associatedWith Flannagan, John William, 1885-1955. person
associatedWith Forrestal, James, 1892-1949. person
associatedWith Frankfurter, Felix, 1882-1965. person
associatedWith Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. person
associatedWith Frank, Jerome, 1889-1957. person
correspondedWith Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947 person
correspondedWith Goldenweiser, E. A. (Emanuel Alexandrovich), 1883-1953. person
associatedWith Griswold, Erwin N. (Erwin Nathaniel), 1904-1994, person
associatedWith Groner, Duncan Lawrence, 1873-1957. person
correspondedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
correspondedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
associatedWith Hudgens, Robert Watts, 1896-1973 person
associatedWith Johnson, Keen, 1896- person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. (Lyndon Baines), 1908-1973. person
associatedWith Keenan, Joseph Berry, 1888-1954 person
associatedWith Kluger, Richard. person
associatedWith Kluger, Richard. person
correspondedWith Land, Emory Scott, 1879-1971. person
associatedWith Matthew J. Connelly (Secretary to President Truman) person
associatedWith McCormack, John William, 1891-1980. person
associatedWith Minton, Sherman, 1890-1965. person
associatedWith Murphy, Frank, 1890-1949 person
associatedWith Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958 person
associatedWith Paul A. Freund person
associatedWith Powell, Lewis F., 1907-1998. person
associatedWith Price, Byron, 1891-1981. person
associatedWith Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 person
associatedWith Reed, Stanley F. (Stanley Forman), 1884-1980. person
associatedWith Robertson, A. Willis, 1887-1971. person
associatedWith Robinson, James J., 1893-1980 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. (Franklin Delano), 1882-1945. person
associatedWith Ruthven, Alexander Grant, 1882- person
correspondedWith Rutledge, Wiley, 1894-1949. person
correspondedWith Rutledge, Wiley Blount person
associatedWith Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. person
associatedWith Sandburg, Carl, 1878-1967. person
associatedWith Sharfman, I. Leo (Isaiah Leo), 1886-1969. person
associatedWith Sharfman, Isaiah Leo, 1886- person
associatedWith Shouse, Jouett, 1879-1968. person
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution. Board of Regents. corporateBody
associatedWith Spence, Brent, 1874-1967. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith Underwood, Thomas R. (Thomas Rust), 1898-1956. person
associatedWith United States. Department of the Treasury corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Emergency Court of Appeals corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office for Emergency Management corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court corporateBody
associatedWith United States. War Refugee Board corporateBody
associatedWith Vandenberg, Arthur H. (Arthur Hendrick), 1884-1951 person
associatedWith Wallace, Tom, 1874-1961. person
associatedWith Wetherby, Lawrence W. (Lawrence Winchester), 1908- person
associatedWith Wheeler, Philip A. person
associatedWith Willis, Simeon S., 1879-1965. person
associatedWith Wyatt, Walter, 1893-1978. person
correspondedWith Zeck, Belle Mayer person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Washington, D. C. DC US
Kentucky KY US
Subject
Economic stabilization
United States. Treasury Dept
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka
Broadsides
United States Supreme Court Cases
Government securities
New Deal, 1933-1939
Supreme Court justices--United States
Occupation
Politicians--20th century.--United States
Judges
Legislators
Function

Person

Birth 1890-01-22

Death 1953-09-08

Male

Americans

English

Information

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