McCormack, John W. (John William), 1891-1980

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John William McCormack (December 21, 1891 – November 22, 1980) was an American politician from Boston, Massachusetts. An attorney and a Democrat, McCormack served in the United States Army during World War I, and afterwards won terms in both the Massachusetts House of Representatives and Massachusetts State Senate before winning election to the United States House of Representatives. He became the 45th Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1962.

McCormack enjoyed a long House career (1928 to 1971), and advanced through the leadership ranks to become the 45th Speaker of the House. He served as Speaker from 1962 until his 1971 retirement.

McCormack's Congressional career was highlighted by his support for the New Deal measures undertaken to combat the Great Depression, U.S. involvement in World War II, and support for the Great Society programs of the 1960s, including civil rights, education, and health care for the elderly. A staunch anti-communist, McCormack supported U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War. His support for the war and the seniority system in Congress caused increasing numbers of younger members to challenge his leadership; McCormack survived a 1969 contest with Mo Udall for the Speakership. He did not run for reelection to his House seat in 1970, and retired to his home in Boston. He later resided at a Dedham nursing home, where he died in 1980.

At 42 years and 58 days, as of 2017 McCormack's service in the U.S. House ranks 15th in terms of uninterrupted time. He is the longest-serving member of the U.S. House in Massachusetts history; Joseph William Martin Jr. is second to McCormack at 41 years, 305 days.

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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creatorOf McCormack, John W., 1891-1980. ALS : Boston, Mass., to Tom Parry, Raleigh, N.C. 1973 Jan. 14. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
referencedIn Levis, Rosa Marie Finnochietti, 1878-1959. Papers, 1890-1959 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
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referencedIn John Lesinski papers, 1930s-1964, 1950-1964 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
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referencedIn Barnes, James Martin, 1899-1958. James Martin Barnes papers, 1918-1958 (bulk 1943-1945). Library of Congress
referencedIn John Collier papers Yale University Library
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referencedIn Dewey D. Stone Papers Wyner Family Jewish Heritage Center at New England Historic Genealogical Society
creatorOf Lyndon Baines Johnson Archives Collection. 1931 - 1968. Congressional Correspondence Files
referencedIn McNamara, Francis J. (Francis Joseph), 1896-1979. Francis J. McNamara, Sr., collection, 1926-1979. Boston University. School of Medicine
referencedIn Kroll, Jack, 1885-1971. Papers of Jack Kroll, 1919-1969 (bulk 1946-1957). Library of Congress
referencedIn Wright, Paul M. Research material about John W. McCormack, 1901-1992 (bulk, 1984-1988). University of Massachusetts at Boston, Healey Library
creatorOf Crosser, Robert, 1874-1957. Papers 1901-1954. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Papers, 1833, 1884-1972 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
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creatorOf Shattuck, Henry Lee, 1879-1971. Henry Lee Shattuck papers, 1897-1971. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Rogers, Edith Nourse, 1881-1960. Papers, 1854-1961 (inclusive), 1881-1961 (bulk). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Wyzanski, Charles Edward. Charles E. (Charles Edward) Wyzanski papers. 1930-1968. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Papers, 1898-1975 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Robert Barnes Papers, 1962-1964 East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn Spyros P. Skouras Papers, 1942-1971 Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Morris, Toby. Toby Morris photograph collection, 1947-1961. Museum of the Great Plains
referencedIn Thomas J. Dodd Papers, undated, 1919-1971. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Oliver F. Atkins photograph collection, 1943-1975 George Mason University. Special Collections and Archives.
referencedIn Homburger, Freddy. Papers of Freddy Homburger, 1926-1990 (bulk 1941-1989). Library of Congress
referencedIn Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1982 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Indiana Politics, 1969;, 1978 Indiana University, Bloomington. Center for the Study of History and Memory
referencedIn Papers, 1900-1965 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
creatorOf Wilson, George Howard, 1905-1985. Papers, 1933-1974. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
referencedIn Freddy Homburger Papers, 1926-1990, (bulk 1941-1989) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Emanuel Celler Papers, 1924-1973, (bulk 1945-1973) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Rayburn, Sam, papers 92-172, 92-257, 92-389, 92-415, 94-017, 96-066, 96-177, 97-347, 98-130, 2008-225, 2009-008. 29749116., 1831, 1845, 1903-2007 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Harvard Law School Forums Records Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn McGranery, James P. (James Patrick), 1895-1962. James P. McGranery and Regina Clark McGranery papers, 1909-1975 (bulk 1943-1975). Library of Congress
referencedIn Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. Papers: Series III-IV, 1900-1972 (inclusive) [microform]. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Hocking, William Ernest. William Ernest Hocking Papers. 1860-1979. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Atkins, Oliver F., 1916-1977. Oliver F. Atkins photograph collection, 1943-1975. George Mason University, Fenwick Library
creatorOf McCormack, John W., 1891-1980. Letters to John W. McCormack, 1957. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Pilcher, John L. (John Leonard), 1898-1981. John Leonard Pilcher Papers, Series II: Meigs Office, 1960-1964. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
creatorOf Boston College. Office of the President. William J. Murphy President's Office records, 1911-1947, (bulk 1939-1945). Boston College. John J. Burns Library
creatorOf Boston College. Office of the President. William James McGarry President's Office Records, 1922-1982, (bulk 1937-1939). Boston College. John J. Burns Library
referencedIn Vinson, Fred M., 1890-1953. Frederick Moore Vinson papers, 1907-1953. University of Kentucky Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1890-1959 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Harvard University. Harvard University Archives Photograph Collection: Portraits. ca.1852-ca.2004. Harvard University Archives.
referencedIn Margaret Bayne Price Papers, 1918-1969, 1947-1968 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Papers, 1854, 1881-1961 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Skouras, Spyros P., 1893-1971. Spyros P. Skouras papers, 1942-1971. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Lee, Maurice du Pont, 1885-1974. Papers, 1900-1973 (bulk 1952-1972). Hagley Museum & Library
referencedIn Records, 1891-1955 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn James Martin Barnes Papers, circa 1918-1958, (bulk 1943-1945) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. Papers, 1870-1978 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Albert, Carl Bert, 1908-2000. Congressional papers, 1910-1998, bulk 1946-1998. University of Oklahoma, Bizzell Memorial Library
referencedIn White, Eva Whiting, 1880-1974. Papers, 1900-1965 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn William D. Ford Papers, 1955-1995, 1965-1995 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations (Nixon Administration). 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Sound Recordings of Meetings and Telephone Conversations. 2/16/1971 - 7/18/1973. Oval Office tape number 664 National Archives at College Park
referencedIn Consumers' League of Massachusetts. Records, 1891-1955 (inclusive). Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
referencedIn Lawrence, William Howard, 1916-1972. Papers, 1936-1972. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Collier, John, 1884-1968. John Collier papers, 1910-1987 (inclusive). Yale University Library
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referencedIn James P. McGranery and Regina Clark McGranery, 1909-1975, (bulk 1943-1975) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Blair Moody Papers, 1928-1954, 1934-1952 Bentley Historical Library , University of Michigan
creatorOf Papers of Gould Lincoln. 3/14/1957 - 12/15/1965. Papers of Gould Lincoln
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Albert, Carl Bert, 1908-2000. person
associatedWith Atkins, Oliver F., 1916-1977. person
associatedWith Augusta County (Va.) Circuit Court corporateBody
correspondedWith Barnes, James Martin, 1899-1958. person
correspondedWith Barnes, Robert. person
associatedWith Boggs, Lindy, 1916- person
associatedWith Boston College. Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith Boston College. Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith Bowles, Chester, 1901-1986. person
correspondedWith Celler, Emanuel, 1888-1981 person
associatedWith Collier, John, 1884-1968. person
associatedWith Consumers' League of Massachusetts. corporateBody
associatedWith Crosser, Robert, 1874-1957. person
associatedWith Cushing, Richard, 1895-1970. person
correspondedWith Dodd, Thomas J. (Thomas Joseph), 1907-1971 person
associatedWith EDITH NOURSE ROGERS, 1881-1960 person
associatedWith Eliot, Martha M. (Martha May), b. 1891. person
associatedWith Emma (Guffey) Miller, 1874-1970 person
associatedWith Ford, William D. (William David), 1927- person
correspondedWith Harvard Law School Forum corporateBody
correspondedWith Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966 person
correspondedWith Homburger, Freddy. person
associatedWith Homburger, Freddy. person
associatedWith Howe, Mark De Wolfe, 1906-1967 person
associatedWith Indiana University Center for the Study of History and Memory corporateBody
correspondedWith Klumpp, Theodore G., 1903-1997. person
correspondedWith Kroll, Jack, 1885-1971. person
associatedWith Lawrence, William Howard, 1916-1972. person
associatedWith Lee, Maurice du Pont, 1885-1974. person
associatedWith Lesinski, John, 1914-2005 person
associatedWith Levis, Rosa Marie Finnochietti, 1878-1959. person
associatedWith MARTHA MAY ELIOT, 1891-1978 person
correspondedWith McGranery, James P. (James Patrick), 1895-1962. person
correspondedWith McGranery, Regina Clark, 1907-1975 person
correspondedWith McNamara, Francis J. (Francis Joseph), 1896-1979. person
associatedWith Miller, Emma Guffey, 1874-1970. person
associatedWith Moody, Blair, 1902-1954 person
associatedWith Morris, Toby. person
associatedWith Murray, Tom. person
associatedWith Oliver F. Atkins, 1916-1977 person
correspondedWith Parry, Tom person
correspondedWith Pilcher, John L. (John Leonard), 1898-1981. person
associatedWith Pray, George Washington, 1825-1890 person
associatedWith Price, Margaret Bayne, 1912-1968 person
associatedWith Rayburn, Sam, 1882-1961 person
associatedWith Rogers, Edith Nourse, 1881-1960. person
associatedWith Rosa Marie Levis, 1878-1959 person
associatedWith Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Shattuck, Henry Lee, 1879-1971. person
associatedWith Skouras, Spyros P., 1893-1971. person
associatedWith Spellman, Francis, 1889-1967. person
associatedWith Spence, Brent, 1874-1967. person
associatedWith Stone, Dewey D., 1900-1977 person
associatedWith Tito, Josip Broz, 1892-1980. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. corporateBody
associatedWith Vinson, Fred M., 1890-1953. person
associatedWith White, Eva Whiting, 1880-1974. person
associatedWith Wilson, George Howard, 1905-1985. person
associatedWith Wright, Paul M. person
associatedWith Wyzanski, Charles E. (Charles Edward), 1906- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Dedham MA US
Boston MA US
Subject
Legislators
Presidents--/Election--1972
Bishop
Occupation
Representatives U.S. Congress--Massachusetts
State Representative
Lawyers
Speakers of the House, U.S. Congress
Function

Person

Birth 1891-12-21

Death 1980-11-22

Male

Americans

English

Information

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