Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958

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John Johnston Parker (1885-1958) of Charlotte, N.C., was a judge in the United States Court of Appeals for the 4th Circuit from 1925 to 1958.

From the description of John Johnston Parker papers, 1920-1956. WorldCat record id: 25327598

Parker of North Carolina, judge of the U.S. Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, 1925-1958, served as an alternate judge in the Nuremberg trial of major German war criminals in 1945-1946.

From the description of Records of Nuremberg trial of major German war criminals, 1945-1946 [manuscript]. WorldCat record id: 24864270

Parker of North Carolina, judge of the United States Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, 1925-1958, served as an alternate judge in the Nuremberg trial of major German war criminals in 1945-1946.

From the guide to the Records of Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, ., 1945-1946, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Charles Lee Raper was a professor of economics at the University of North Carolina.

From the guide to the North Carolina Banking Papers, ., 1900-1906, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

John J. Parker (1885-1958) was born in Monroe, N.C., the son of John Daniel and Frances Johnston Parker. He received the Bachelor of Arts degree from the University of North Carolina in 1907 and a Law Degree in 1908. While at the University, Parker was president of his class in his freshman and senior years, of the Student Council, of the Athletic Association, and of the Phi Beta Kappa Society. In addition, he won a number of prizes and medals.

After leaving the University, Parker practiced law in Greensboro, N.C., in 1908-1909, and then, from 1910 until 1922, he practiced law in his home town of Monroe. Parker married Maria Burgwin Maffitt of Wilmington, N.C, in 1910. In 1922, Parker moved to Charlotte and became head of the firm of Parker, Stewart, McRae, and Bobbitt. He was nominated for a number of public offices in the state by the Republican Party and ran against Cameron Morrison for governor in 1920. In 1924, he was elected Republican National committeeman from North Carolina and member of the Republican National Convention which nominated Calvin Coolidge. After serving as special assistant to the attorney general of the United States in 1923, Parker was appointed, in 1925, as one of the United States Circuit Court judges of the Fourth Circuit. He served in this capacity until his death in 1958, at which time he was senior appellate judge of the United States.

In 1930, Parker was nominated by President Herbert Hoover to the United States Supreme Court, but was defeated by one vote in the Senate as a result of political opposition. In 1945-1946, he served as an alternate judge on the International Allied Military Tribunal at Nuremberg, Germany.

From the guide to the John Johnston Parker Papers (#3464), 1920-1956, (Southern Historical Collection)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Webb, E. Y. (Edwin Yates), 1872-1955. E. Y. Webb papers, 1901-1955 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Sobeloff, Simon Ernest, 1894-1973. Simon Ernest Sobeloff papers, 1882-1973 (bulk 1950-1973). Library of Congress
creatorOf North Carolina Banking Papers, ., 1900-1906 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Dobie, Armistead M. (Armistead Mason), 1881-1962. Papers, 1902-1963, bulk 1939-1956. University of Virginia, Arthur J. Morris Law Library
creatorOf Dobie, Armistead M. (Armistead Mason), 1881-1962. Papers, 1902-1963, bulk 1939-1956. University of Virginia, Arthur J. Morris Law Library
creatorOf John Johnston Parker Papers (#3464), 1920-1956 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Charns, Alexander, 1956-. Alexander Charns papers, 1930s-1990s [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Sobeloff, Simon Ernest, 1894-1973. Papers, 1882-1973 (bulk 1950-1973). Library of Congress
creatorOf Beers, George E. (George Emerson), 1865-1947. Letters from state and federal judges to George E. Beers concerning a report of the Committee on Uniformity of Judicial Decisions of the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws, 1934. Yale University, Law School Library
referencedIn Biggs, J. Crawford (James Crawford), 1872-1960. J. Crawford Biggs papers, 1893-1960 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958. Records of Nuremberg trial of major German war criminals, 1945-1946 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947. Oliver Max Gardner papers, 1892-1966. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949. Papers, 1872-1949 Houghton Library
creatorOf Groner, Duncan Lawrence, 1873-1957. Papers of Duncan Lawrence Groner [manuscript] 1888 (1930-1951) 1957. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn National Association for the Advancement of Colored People Records, 1842-1999, (bulk 1919-1991) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Earl Warren papers, 1864-1974 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Hocking, William Ernest, 1873-1966. William Ernest Hocking Papers, 1860-1979 Houghton Library
creatorOf Weichsel, John, 1870-1946. John Weichsel papers, 1905-1922. Archives of American Art
referencedIn Jonas, Charles Andrew, 1876-1955. Charles Andrew Jonas papers, 1900-1945. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Williams, Henry Horace, 1858-1940. Henry Horace William papers, 1861-1948. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Warren, Earl. Earl Warren Papers. 1864-1974. Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Slemp, C. Bascom (Campbell Bascom), 1870-1943. Papers of C. Bascom Slemp [manuscript], 1866-1944. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Simon Ernest Sobeloff Papers, 1882-1973, (bulk 1950-1973) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Records of Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, ., 1945-1946 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
creatorOf Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958. Papers, 1928-1957. University of North Carolina, Charlotte, J. Murrey Atkins Library
creatorOf North Carolina banking papers, 1900-1906 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958. John Johnston Parker papers, 1920-1956. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Role Title Holding Repository
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correspondedWith Sobeloff, Simon Ernest, 1894-1973. person
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Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
North Carolina
United States
Subject
Lawyers--Political activity
Lawyers--History--20th century
Judges--History--20th century
Practice of law--History--20th century
Nuremberg Trial of Major German War Criminals, Nuremberg, Germany, 1945-1946
Nuremberg War Crime Trials, Nuremberg, Germany, 1946-1949
Judges--Selection and appointment
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1885

Death 1958

Information

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Ark ID: w6v12h71

SNAC ID: 52352386