Hutton, Charles, 1737-1823

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Charles Hutton (1737-1823) was the son of a colliery labourer. He opened a mathematical school at Newcastle-upon-Tyne in 1760, and became Professor of Mathematics at the Woolwich Academy from 1773 to 1807. During this period, he also acted as editor of the Ladies Diary , 1773-1818. Hutton was a Fellow of the Royal Society, 1774, became the Copley medallist in 1778, and acted as its foreign secretary in 1779. Amongst other work, Hutton calculated the mean density of the earth in 1778. Publications: The compendious measurer; being a brief, yet comprehensive, treatise on mensuration and practical geometry. With an introduction to decimal and duodecimal arithmetic (G.G.J. and J. Robinson, and R. Baldwin ... and G. and J. Wilkie ..., London, 1786); The school-master's guide: or, a complete system of practical arithmetic, adapted to the use of schools (I. Thompson, Esq, Newcastle upon Tyne, 1764); A Computation of the length of the sine of a circular arc of one minute of a degree ; A course of mathematics, in two volumes: composed, and more especially designed, for the use of the gentlemen cadets in the Royal Military Academy at Woolwich (G.G. and J. Robinson, London, 1798); A mathematical and philosophical dictionary: containing an explanation of the terms, and an account of the several subjects, comprized under the heads mathematics, astronomy, and philosophy both natural and experimental ... also memoirs of the lives and writings of the most eminent authors, both ancient and modern (J. Johnson; G. G. & J. Robinson, London, 1795); A treatise on Mensuration, both in theory and practice (Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 1770); An account of the Calculations made from the survey and measures taken at Schehallien, in order to ascertain the mean density of the earth (London, 1779); Mathematical Tables ... containing ... logarithms ... with tables useful in mathematical calculations. To which is prefixed a large ... history of the ... writings relating to those subjects , etc.. London, 1785; The principles of bridges: containing the mathematical demonstrations of the properties of the arches, the thickness of the piers, the force of the water against them (T. Saint, London, 1772).

From the guide to the Hutton, Charles, 1800, (Senate House Library, University of London)

Charles Hutton (1737-1823) was a mathematician, professor, and foreign secretary of the Royal Society from 1777-1783. He was interested in applied mathematics and open to innovations from the continent, active in experiments with military technology, including studies in ballistics and bridge-building, and helped lay the groundwork for the reformation of British mathematics during the first half of the nineteenth century.

From the description of Catalogue of Dr. Hutton's library, 1815. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 702184081

Robert Hoddle arrived in New South Wales in 1823 and worked with J. Oxley in Queensland and the Blue Mountains. In 1837 he was appointed senior surveyor at Port Phillip and designed Melbourne, Geelong, Williamstown and many other Victorian settlements.

From the description of A course of mathematics in two volumes for the use of academies as well as private tuition / by Charles Hutton, 1807-1812 [manuscript]. 1807-1812. (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 224343778

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Hutton, Charles, 1800 Senate House Library, University of London
creatorOf Jeaurat, Edme-Sébastien, 1725-1803. Letter. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
creatorOf Hutton, Charles, 1737-1823. A course of mathematics in two volumes for the use of academies as well as private tuition / by Charles Hutton, 1807-1812 [manuscript]. Libraries Australia
creatorOf Hutton, Charles, 1737-1823. Catalogue of Dr. Hutton's library, 1815. Yale University, Lewis Walpole Library
creatorOf Davy, Humphry, Sir, 1778-1829. Papers. Smithsonian Institution. Libraries
referencedIn Extra-illustrated Life of Nollekens, 1708-1875, 1768-1836 Yale Center for British Art
creatorOf Herschel Family. Papers, 1721-1951, (bulk 1810-1871). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Davy, Humphry, Sir, 1778-1829. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Herschel Family. family
associatedWith Hoddle, Robert, 1794-1881. person
associatedWith Jeaurat, Edme-Sébastien, 1725-1803. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Poinsett, Joel Roberts, 1779-1851 person
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813 person
associatedWith Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, 1793-1864 person
associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Stevens, Henry person
associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Tartalea, Nicholas, 1500-1557 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith Upcott, William, 1779-1845 person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Great Britain
Private libraries--Catalogs--Early works to 1800
Science and technology libraries
Mathematicians--Books and reading
Collectors and collecting--Catalogs


Birth 1737-08-14

Death 1823-01-27





Ark ID: w6959q1w

SNAC ID: 60083391