Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Secretary of the Department of Labor and Commerce, 1906-1909.

From the description of Letter, 1906 Nov. 7, New York, to Lee M. Friedman, Boston. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 174212191

American ambassador and government official.

From the description of Papers, 1869-1947. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 122589779

Attorney, businessman, public official, diplomat, U.S. secretary of commerce and labor, and author.

From the description of Oscar S. Straus papers, 1856-1955 (bulk 1856-1923). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71131237

Biographical Note

  • 1850, Dec. 23: Born, Otterberg, Bavaria
  • 1854: Came to America and lived in Talbotton, Ga.
  • 1865: Moved to New York, N.Y.
  • 1871: A.B., Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1873: LL.D., Columbia University, New York, N.Y.
  • 1873 - 1881 : Practiced law, New York, N.Y.
  • 1881 - 1906 : Member of the firm L. Straus & Sons, importers of pottery and glassware
  • 1882: Married Sarah Lavenburg (died 1945)
  • 1885: Published The Origin of Republican Form of Government in the United States of America. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons
  • 1887 - 1889 : Minister to Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1894: Published Roger Williams, the Pioneer of Religious Liberty. New York: The Century Co.
  • 1898 - 1899 : Minister to Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1902 - 1924 : Appointed member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration, Hague, Netherlands
  • 1906 - 1909 : United States secretary of commerce and labor; first Jew appointed to a cabinet position
  • 1909 - 1910 : Ambassador to Ottoman Empire (Turkey)
  • 1912: Chairman, arbitration commission to decide wage dispute between eastern railways and their engineers
  • 1913: Published The American Spirit. New York: The Century Co.
  • 1915 - 1918 : Chairman, New York Public Service Commission, First District
  • 1919: Chairman, Paris Committee of the League to Enforce Peace
  • 1919 - 1920 : Member, President's Second Industrial Conference to establish a code of industrial relations
  • 1922: Published autobiography Under Four Administrations, from Cleveland to Taft; Reflections of Oscar S. Straus. New York: Houghton Mifflin
  • 1926, May 3: Died, New York, N.Y.

From the guide to the Oscar S. Straus Papers, 1856-1955, (bulk 1856-1923), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Loomis, Francis B. (Francis Butler), 1861-1948. Francis B. Loomis papers, 1897-1939. [microform]. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn New York Times Company records. Arthur Hays Sulzberger papers, 1823-1999 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Grover Cleveland Papers, 1743-1945, (bulk 1885-1908) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926. Papers, 1869-1947. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Straus family. Straus family papers, 1810-1962, bulk (1870-1912). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. Papers of William H. Taft, 1784-1973. Library of Congress
referencedIn W.R. Grace & Co. W.R. Grace & Co. records, 1828-1986, bulk 1861-1960. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Simon Wolf, papers, undated, 1868-1925 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Root, Elihu, 1845-1937. Papers of Elihu Root, 1863-1937 (bulk 1899-1937). Library of Congress
referencedIn Cortelyou, George B. (George Bruce), 1862-1940. George B. Cortelyou papers, 1871-1948 (bulk 1897-1908). Library of Congress
referencedIn William H. Taft Papers, 1784-1973, (bulk 1880-1930) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn George B. Cortelyou Papers, 1871-1948, (bulk 1897-1908) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Fuller, Melville Weston, 1833-1910. Melville Weston Fuller papers, 1794-1949 (bulk 1849-1910). Library of Congress
referencedIn Thomas F. Bayard Papers, 1780-1899, (bulk 1860-1889) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Nathan Straus papers, 1840-1990, 1865-1930 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939. Papers, ca.1800-1941. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn John Callan O'Laughlin Papers, 1895-1949 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Loomis, Francis B. (Francis Butler), 1861-1948. Francis B. Loomis papers, 1897-1939. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Family papers, 1853-1954. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Andrews, Fannie Fern, 1867-1950,. Records of the New York Peace Society, 1818-1940 bulk 1906-1940. Swarthmore College, Peace Collection, SCPC
referencedIn Julius Bisno Collection, undated, 1780, 1801-1980 American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Straus, Nathan, 1848-1931. Nathan Straus papers, 1840-1990, bulk (1865-1930). Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn George Sarton additional papers, 1901-1956. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Addresses and articles (bound), 1899-1921. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service. 1787 - 2004. Subject and Policy Files. 1893 - 1957. Industrial Peace Foundation and Conference Between Union Representatives and Secretary Oscar S. Straus
referencedIn Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898. Thomas F. Bayard papers, 1780-1899 (bulk 1860-1898). Library of Congress
referencedIn Melville Weston Fuller Papers, 1794-1949, (bulk 1849-1910) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. Grover Cleveland papers, 1743-1945 (bulk 1885-1908). Library of Congress
referencedIn Cyrus Adler Papers, undated, 1883-1937 American Jewish Historical Society
creatorOf Oscar S. Straus Papers, 1856-1955, (bulk 1856-1923) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Arlett, Arthur M. Arthur Arlett papers, 1912-1921. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919. Papers of Andrew Carnegie, 1803-1935 (bulk 1890-1919). Library of Congress
referencedIn O'Laughlin, John Callan, 1873-1949. Papers of John Callan O'Laughlin, 1895-1949. Library of Congress
creatorOf Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926. Oscar S. Straus papers, 1856-1955 (bulk 1856-1923). Library of Congress
referencedIn Henry Villard papers, 1604-1948 (inclusive), 1863-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Papers, 1840-1961. Harvard Law School Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Robinson, Elmer E., 1894-1982. The Elmer E. Robinson manuscript collection of American history and government, 1764-1944. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Mrs. Oscar Straus African Expedition (1929). Field photographs, 1929. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn William Woodville Rockhill papers, 1826-1941. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. William H. Taft papers, 1784-1973 (bulk 1880-1930). Library of Congress
referencedIn Hooker, Zebulon Vance. Moses Jacob Ezekiel collection, 1864-1974. American Jewish Archives
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, R-Z, and unidentified. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Letters sent to Walter Hines Page from various correspondents, English period, 1876-1937. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Gordon Auchincloss papers, 1914-1951 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Baron de Hirsch Fund Records, undated, 1819-1991 (bulk 1882-1935) American Jewish Historical Society
referencedIn Papers, 1879-1938 (inclusive), 1897-1903 (bulk). Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
referencedIn Andrew Carnegie Papers, 1803-1935, (bulk 1890-1919) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Auchincloss, Gordon, 1886-1943. Gordon Auchincloss papers, 1914-1951 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn New York Board of Trade and Transportation (New York, N.Y.). Papers, 1878-1916. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Francis B. (Francis Butler) Loomis Papers : microfilm, 1897-1939 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Oscar S. Straus Memorial Association. Records of the Oscar S. Straus Memorial Association, 1927-1954. Library of Congress
referencedIn Max James Kohler Papers, 1765-1963 (bulk 1888-1935) American Jewish Historical Society
creatorOf Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926,. Autograph letter signed from Oscar S. Straus, New York City, to Augustin Daly [manuscript], 1890 January 8. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Straus family papers, 1810-1962, 1870-1912 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Fairbanks mss., 1819-1939 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Correspondence and compositions collected by The Carl H. Pforzheimer Library, 1878-1923. Theodore Roosevelt Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Straus, Oscar S. (Oscar Solomon), 1850-1926. Letter, 1906 Nov. 7, New York, to Lee M. Friedman, Boston. Boston Athenaeum
referencedIn Elihu Root Papers, 1863-1937, (bulk 1899-1937) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1872-1949. Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Adler, Cyrus person
associatedWith Arlett, Arthur M. person
associatedWith Auchincloss, Gordon, 1886-1943. person
correspondedWith Bacon, Robert, 1860-1919 person
associatedWith Barnard, Frederick A. P. (Frederick Augustus Porter), 1809-1889. person
associatedWith Baron de Hirsch Fund (1891 - Present) person
correspondedWith Barrett, John, 1866-1938 person
correspondedWith Bayard, Thomas F. (Thomas Francis), 1828-1898. person
associatedWith Bisno, Julius, 1911- person
correspondedWith Butler, Nicholas Murray, 1862-1947 person
associatedWith Carnegie, Andrew, 1835-1919. person
correspondedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. person
correspondedWith Cole, Corinne Robinson Alsop, 1886-1971 person
associatedWith Columbia College (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933 person
correspondedWith Cortelyou, George B. (George Bruce), 1862-1940. person
correspondedWith Daly, Augustin, 1838-1899 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
correspondedWith Easley, Ralph M. (Ralph Montgomery), b. 1858 person
associatedWith Fairbanks, Charles W. (Charles Warren), 1852-1918 person
associatedWith Friedman, Lee M. (Lee Max), 1871-1957. person
correspondedWith Fuller, Melville Weston, 1833-1910. person
correspondedWith Garfield, James Rudolph, 1865-1950 person
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. (Ulysses Simpson), 1822-1885. person
correspondedWith Griscom, Lloyd Carpenter, 1872-1959 person
associatedWith Hand, Learned, 1872-1961 person
correspondedWith Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923 person
correspondedWith Harrison, Benjamin, 1833-1901 person
correspondedWith Hay, John, 1838-1905 person
associatedWith Holls, Frederick William, 1857-1903 person
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Industrial Conference (1919-1920 : Washington, D.C.) corporateBody
associatedWith Kohler, Max J. (Max James), 1871-1934 person
correspondedWith Kohns, Lee, 1864-1927 person
correspondedWith Lansing, Robert, 1864-1928 person
associatedWith Lavanburg, Louis. person
associatedWith League to Enforce Peace (U.S.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Loeb, William, 1866-1937 person
associatedWith Loomis, Francis B. (Francis Butler), 1861-1948. person
correspondedWith McKinley, William, 1843-1901 person
associatedWith Mrs. Oscar Straus African Expedition (1929) corporateBody
associatedWith National Civic Federation. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Board of Trade and Transportation (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith New York (State). Public Service Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith New York Times Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Ochs, Adolph S. (Adolph Simon), 1858-1935 person
correspondedWith O'Laughlin, John Callan, 1873-1949. person
associatedWith Oscar S. Straus Memorial Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Oscar S. Straus Memorial Association. Oscar S. Straus Memorial Association records. 1927-1954. corporateBody
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918 person
correspondedWith Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938 person
associatedWith Permanent Court of Arbitration. corporateBody
associatedWith Robinson, Elmer E., 1894-1982. person
correspondedWith Rockhill, William Woodville, 1854-1914 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
associatedWith Root, Elihu, 1845-1937. person
correspondedWith Sarton, George, 1884-1956 person
associatedWith Simon Wolf, 1836-1923 person
associatedWith Straus family. family
associatedWith Straus, Isidor, 1845-1912. person
associatedWith Straus, Nathan, 1848-1931. person
associatedWith Strauss family family
associatedWith Strauss family. family
associatedWith Strauss family. family
correspondedWith Taft, William H. (William Howard), 1857-1930. person
associatedWith Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939. person
associatedWith United States. Department of Commerce and Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of Commerce and Labor. corporateBody
correspondedWith Villard, Henry, 1835-1900 person
correspondedWith Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949 person
correspondedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
associatedWith W.R. Grace & Co. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Romania
Russia.
Egypt
Russia
Turkey
Turkey--Istanbul
United States
Turkey
Romania.
United States
Egypt
Subject
Arbitration (International law)
Diplomatic and consular service, American--Turkey
Wages--Railroads--United States
Diplomatic and consular service, American
Labor policy
World War, 1914-1918
Freedom of religion--Turkey
Freedom of religion
Industrial relations
Wages--Railroad
Labor policy--United States
Industrial relations--United States
Occupation
Businessmen
Diplomats
Cabinet officers
Lawyers
Authors
Function

Person

Birth 1850-12-23

Death 1926-05-03

Americans

English

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68k7vc3

Ark ID: w68k7vc3

SNAC ID: 25963366