Villard, Henry, 1835-1900

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Henry Villard was a journalist, railway promoter, and financier. Born in Bavaria, he came to the United States in 1853. He worked as a journalist for a variety of newspapers and was a Civil War correspondent for the New York Herald and New York Tribune . In 1873 Villard became a representative for a group of German bondholders of the Oregon and California Railroad, and his career as a railroad promoter in the Northwest was launched. He was president of the Northern Pacific Railroad, 1881-1884. Villard also served as representative of the Deutsche Bank in New York City.

From the guide to the Henry Villard additional papers, ca. 1884-1900., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Henry Villard was a journalist, railway promoter, and financier. Born in Bavaria, he came to the United States in 1853. He worked as a journalist for a variety of newspapers and was a Civil War correspondent for the New York Herald and New York Tribune. In 1873 Villard became a representative for a group of German bondholders of the Oregon and California Railroad, and his career as a railroad promoter in the Northwest was launched. He was president of the Northern Pacific Railroad, 1881-1884. Villard also served as representative of the Deutsche Bank in New York City.

From the description of Henry Villard additional papers, ca. 1884-1900. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612836967

Villard was a German-born American journalist, railway promoter, financier. Hilgard was a UC Berkeley professor of agriculture, geology and natural history.

From the description of Additional papers, 1876-1905. (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 80340013

From the guide to the Henry Villard additional papers, 1876-1905., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

Journalist, railway promoter, financier. Born in Bavaria in 1835, Villard came to the United States in 1853. He worked as a journalist for a variety of newspapers and was a Civil War correspondent for the New York Herald and New York Tribune. In 1873 he became a representative for a group of German bondholders of the Oregon and California Railroad, and his career as a railroad promoter in the Northwest was launched. He was president of the Northern Pacific Railroad, 1881-1884. He also helped finance Thomas A. Edison's ventures in electricity and served as representative of the Deutsche Bank in New York. See sketch in Dictionary of American Biography.

From the description of Henry Villard business papers, 1862-1900 (inclusive). (Harvard Business School). WorldCat record id: 122575843

Henry Villard, born in Rhenish, Bavaria, first emigrated to the United States at the age of 18. Ill health forced his return to Germany, but he soon returned to America to supervise the investment of a German group in the Oregon & California Railroad Company. He arrived in Oregon in 1874 and soon organized a monopoly of Oregon's steamboat industry. Villard later was elected president of the Northern Pacific Railroad and oversaw the completion of that line, giving Portland its first transcontinental railroad connection.

From the description of Papers, 1881-1884. (Oregon Historical Society Research Library). WorldCat record id: 37117345

Oregon businessman active in financing of railroad enterprises and bringing new settlers into Oregon. Made a substantial monetary contribution to the University of Oregon.

From the description of Letter, 1881 Oct. 25. (University of Oregon Libraries). WorldCat record id: 22523064

Henry Villard was a journalist, railway promoter, and financier. Born in Bavaria, he came to the United States in 1853. He worked as journalist for a variety of newspapers and was a Civil War correspondent for the New York Herald and New York Tribune. In 1873 Villard became a representative for a group of German bondholders of the Oregon and California Railroad, and his career as a railroad promoter in the Northwest was launched. He was president of the Northern Pacific Railroad, 1881-1884. Villard also served as representative of the Deutsche Bank in New York City.

From the description of Henry Villard papers, 1604-1948 (inclusive), 1863-1900 (bulk). (Harvard University). WorldCat record id: 612367571

From the guide to the Henry Villard papers, 1604-1948 (inclusive), 1863-1900 (bulk)., (Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University)

German-born financier Henry Villard (1835-1900) was an important figure in American and international business during the second half of the nineteenth century. Villard played key roled in the financing of the transcontinental railroad in the United States, in promoting the Pacific Northwest, and in the development of the electrical industry in the United States and Germany.

Henry Villard was born Ferdinand Heinrich Gustav Hilgard on April 10, 1835 in Speyer, Germany. The Hilgards were a prominent Bavarian family; Heinrich's father was a jurist who served on the supreme court of Bavaria. Heinrich attended university in Germany before an estrangement with his father led him to emigrate to the United States in 1853. He took the surname of a French schoolmate to avoid his father, who he feared would force him to return to Bavaria to join the army.

After holding various odd jobs and mastering English, Villard found work as a journalist. He first wrote for German-American newspapers in Chicago and New York. In 1860, he became a correspondent for the New York Herald and covered the Civil War. During visiting Boston in 1863, Villard became acquainted with the abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison and his family. Three years later, he married Garrison's daughter, Helen Frances Garrison (known as Fanny.) Henry Villard and Fanny Garrison Villard had four children: Helen, Henry, Oswald, and Heinrich.

In the 1860s, Villard became involved in finance as a liaison between German investors and American railroad companies. With support from his German backers, Villard financed many railroad companies, including the Kansas Pacific Railway Company, the Wisconsin Central Railroad Company, Oregon and California Railroad, Oregon Railway and Navigation Company, Northern Pacific Railroad Company, and the Oregon and Transcontinental Company . He also advocated developing the Pacific Northwest and encouraged immigration to Oregon and California.

After meeting Thomas A. Edison in 1879, Villard became interested in electricity . He saw the commercial potential for electricity, and he actively promoted Edison's patents all over the United States and Europe. He also pushed for an alliance between Edison and the German inventor, Werner von Siemens . In 1889, Villard formed the syndicate Edison General Electric with J. P. Morgan and G. Lowrey. Villard was thoroughly engaged in electric street railway systems and brought trolley systems to cities in 1891, beginning with Richmond, Virginia. In 1892, Villard had his own holding company for railroad and electrical securities: North American Company. Villard died on November 12, 1900 at the age of sixty-five.

From the guide to the Henry Villard business papers, 1862-1928 (inclusive), 1870-1900 (bulk), (Baker Library, Harvard Business School)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn John C. Ainsworth papers, 1858-1911 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Thomas, John Lewis, 1835-1893. John Lewis Thomas papers relating to the Northern Pacific Railroad, 1878-1884. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Schuricht, Herrmann, 1831-1899. Correspondence of Herrmann Schuricht [manuscript] 1876-99. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Ainsworth, J. C. (John Commingers), 1822-1893. John C. Ainsworth papers, 1858-1911. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Garrison family papers, 1801-1948 (inclusive), 1840-1907 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903. Frederick Law Olmsted papers, 1777-1952 (bulk 1838-1903). Library of Congress
creatorOf Henry Villard additional papers, 1876-1905. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Geary, Edward R., 1811-1886. Edward R. Geary letter to Melvin Clark George [manuscript], 1884 January 5. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Henry Villard business papers, 1862-1928 (inclusive), 1870-1900 (bulk) Baker Library, Harvard Business School
creatorOf Villard, Fanny Garrison, 1844-1928. Fanny Garrison Villard correspondence and papers, 1857-1928. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Hague, James D. (James Duncan), 1836-1908. Papers of James D. Hague, 1824-1936. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn American Social Science Association. American Social Science Association records, 1863-1906 (inclusive), 1865-1887 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn Bryce, James Bryce, Viscount, 1838-1922. Letter to a Mr. Fairchild, 1883 March 27. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Thomas, John Lewis, 1835-1893. John Lewis Thomas papers relating to the Northern Pacific Railroad, 1878-1884. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf American Social Science Association. Letters : to Henry Charles Lea, 1869. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Wells, David Ames, 1828-1898. Papers of David Ames Wells, 1795-1898 (bulk 1860-1886) Library of Congress
referencedIn Southern Pacific Railroad collection, circa 1868-1987 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Von Holst, H. (Hermann), 1841-1904. Papers, 1855-1903. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Hartman, John P., 1857-1945. Letter from John P. Hartman to Dr. Arthur Beardsley at the University of Washington Law Library, 1944 July 27. Washington State Library, Office of Secretary of State
creatorOf Villard, Henry, 1835-1900. Correspondence : to Henry Charles Lea, 1869. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Joshua R. Giddings and George Washington Julian Papers, 1839-1899 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Henry Failing papers, 1802-1968 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Villard, Henry, 1835-1900. Additional papers, 1876-1905. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company. Papers, 1876-1882. Washington State University, Holland and Terrell Libraries
creatorOf Willius, Ferdinand, 1830-1916. Ferdinand Willius and family papers, 1814-1956. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn F. B. Sanborn and William Ellery Channing papers, 1834-1917. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Drew, Thomas Bradford, 1834-1898. Diaries, 1849-1898. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn Garrison family correspondence, 1857-1919. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Mill, John Stuart, 1806-1873. [Letter] 1869 Jan. 19, Avignon, [France, to] Henry Villard / J. S. Mill. Smith College, Neilson Library
creatorOf Villard, Henry, 1835-1900. Papers, 1881-1884. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Oregon Southern Improvement Co. correspondence, 1883 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Oregon Libraries
referencedIn Rock, David,. David Rock collection [manuscript], 1977-1978. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Villard, Henry, 1835-1900. Henry Villard business papers, 1862-1900 (inclusive). Harvard Business School, Knowledge and Library Services/Baker Library
creatorOf Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949. Oswald Garrison Villard papers, 1856-1949. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn David Ames Wells Papers, 1795-1898, (bulk 1860-1886) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
creatorOf Villard, Henry, 1835-1900. Henry Villard papers, 1604-1948 (inclusive), 1863-1900 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Meischer, P., fl. 1884. Report on power possibilities at Willamette Falls, 1884-1935 1884. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Garrison family. Papers, 1801-1948 (inclusive), 1840-1907 (bulk). Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Villard, Henry, 1835-1900. Henry Villard additional papers, ca. 1884-1900. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Oregon Improvement Company. Oregon Improvement Company records, 1880-1896. University of Washington Libraries
referencedIn Southern Pacific Railroad Company. Southern Pacific Railroad collection [manuscript], circa 1868-1986. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Oregon Improvement Company records, 1880-1935 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Letters from various persons, 1860-1893. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Morse, James Herbert, b. 1841. Diaries, 1866-1911. Churchill County Museum
referencedIn American Social Science Association Records, 1863-1906, 1865-1887 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Henry Villard papers, 1604-1948 (inclusive), 1863-1900 (bulk). Houghton Library.
referencedIn Villard, Oswald Garrison, 1872-1949,. Scrapbook on Henry Villard, 1889-1899. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Failing, Henry, 1834-1898. Henry Failing papers, 1802-1968. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
creatorOf Villard, Henry, 1835-1900. Letter, 1881 Oct. 25. University of Oregon Libraries, UO Libraries
referencedIn Reilly, Thomas William. Tom W. Reilly collection, 1964-2001. California State University, Northridge
referencedIn Frederick Law Olmsted Papers, 1777-1952, (bulk 1838-1903) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Von Holst, Hermann Eduard. Collection, 1869-1902 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Buchtel, Joseph, 1830-1916,. Ladies' Relief Society photograph album [graphic], circa 1865-1899. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Carle, Frank Austin, 1851-1930. Frank A. Carle papers, 1884-1927. Minnesota Historical Society, Division of Archives and Manuscripts
referencedIn Edwin E. Swergal Papers, 1911-1961 Eastern Washington State Historical Society/Northwest Museum of Arts and Culture Joel E. Ferris Research Library and Archives
creatorOf German Hospital and Dispensary (N.Y.). Correspondence : with Henry Charles Lea, 1889. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Charles Sumner correspondence, 1829-1874. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Frank A. Carle papers., 1884-1927. Minnesota Historical Society.
referencedIn Giddings, Joshua R. (Joshua Reed), 1795-1864. Joshua R. Giddings and George Washington Julian papers, 1839-1899. Library of Congress
creatorOf Henry Villard additional papers, ca. 1884-1900. Houghton Library.
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correspondedWith Fanny (Garrison) Villard person
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associatedWith Kapp, Friedrich, 1824-1884. person
correspondedWith Kingsbury, Frederick John, 1823-1910 person
correspondedWith Knox, John Jay, 1828-1892 person
correspondedWith Koch, Karl. person
associatedWith Koehler, Richard person
associatedWith Koehler, Richard. person
correspondedWith Koerner, Gustav, 1809-1896 person
correspondedWith Krafft, Philip L. person
correspondedWith Kreismann, Herman. person
correspondedWith Kremer, L. F. person
correspondedWith Kyllman, Edward. person
correspondedWith Lahn, W. person
correspondedWith Lambrecht, Germany. School of weaving and industry. corporateBody
correspondedWith Lamont, Daniel Scott, 1851-1905 person
correspondedWith Lane, Henry Smith, 1811-1881 person
correspondedWith Lang, Johann person
correspondedWith Lasker, Edward. person
correspondedWith Laughlin, James Laurence, 1850-1933 person
correspondedWith Lavale, von. person
associatedWith Lawson, William person
associatedWith Lawson, William. person
correspondedWith Leach, Camilla. person
associatedWith Lee, Higginson and Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Lee, Higginson & Co. corporateBody
correspondedWith Lehmann, Lilli, 1848-1929 person
correspondedWith Lenbach, Franz von, 1836-1904 person
correspondedWith Lewis, Charlton Thomas, 1834-1904 person
correspondedWith Leyer, Alfred von der. person
correspondedWith Lieberich, Sophie (Nilgard). person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
correspondedWith Lincoln, David Francis, 1841-1916 person
correspondedWith Lincoln, S. Louise. person
correspondedWith Lindan, Paul, 1829-1910 person
correspondedWith Lindau, Bufolf. person
associatedWith Lindau, Paul, 1839-1919. person
correspondedWith Livingston, Crawford, 1848-1925 person
correspondedWith Lockwood, Frank. person
correspondedWith Lowell, Josephine (Shaw) 1843-1905 person
correspondedWith Lowrey, Grosvenor Porter. person
correspondedWith Low, Seth, 1850-1916 person
correspondedWith Ludwig Bamberger person
correspondedWith Lumholtz, Karl, 1851-1922 person
correspondedWith Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928 person
correspondedWith MacVeagh, Wayne, 1833-1917 person
correspondedWith Maercker, Th. person
correspondedWith Mahan, Alfred Thaye, 1840-1914 person
correspondedWith Mann, Birney. person
associatedWith Marcus, Arnold person
associatedWith Marcus, Arnold. person
correspondedWith Marie Therase, princess of Bavaria. person
correspondedWith Marzell, Caroline. person
correspondedWith Matthews, Charles W. person
correspondedWith McAneny, George. person
correspondedWith M. Carriete person
correspondedWith McElrath, Thomson P. person
correspondedWith McGinnis, John. person
correspondedWith McKeever, Chauncey, 1828-1901 person
correspondedWith McKim, Charles Follen, 1847-1909 person
correspondedWith McKim, Mead person
associatedWith McKim, Mead & White corporateBody
correspondedWith McNulty, J. W. person
associatedWith Meischer, P., fl. 1884. person
correspondedWith Metropolitan museum of art. New York corporateBody
correspondedWith Miles, Nelson Appleton, 1839-1925 person
associatedWith Mill, John Stuart, 1806-1873. person
correspondedWith Mills, James. person
associatedWith Mitchell, John H. (John Hipple), 1835-1905. person
associatedWith Mitchell & Tanner (Attorneys). corporateBody
associatedWith Morse, James Herbert, b. 1841. person
correspondedWith Murat Halstead person
correspondedWith Myron, W. G. person
correspondedWith National German- American teachers' seminary. corporateBody
correspondedWith Nevell, William S. person
associatedWith New York City and Northern Railroad Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith New York state. Chamber of commerce. corporateBody
associatedWith N. N. Bennett person
associatedWith North American Co. corporateBody
associatedWith North American Company corporateBody
associatedWith North American Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Pacific and Manitoba Railway Company corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Pacific and Manitoba Railway Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith Northern Pacific. Journalists Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Pacific Railroad corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Pacific Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Pacific Terminal Company of Oregon corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Pacific Terminal Company of Oregon. corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Pacific Trans. Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Northern Transcontinental Survey. corporateBody
associatedWith Northwest Trading Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Noyes person
associatedWith N.P.R.R. Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Oakes, Thomas Fletcher, 1843-1919. person
correspondedWith Oehler, Alfred. person
correspondedWith Olmsted, Frederick Law, 1822-1903. person
correspondedWith Olney, Richard, 1835-1917 person
correspondedWith Oregon Alpine club. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon and California Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon and California Railroad. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon and Transcont. Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon and Transcontinental Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Central Railroad Company corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Central Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregonian Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Improvement Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Railway and Navigation Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Southern Improvement Co. (Portland, Or.) corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Steamship Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Transcont. Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Transportation Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Oregon Transportation Development Company corporateBody
associatedWith Oterendorp, K. Van person
associatedWith Oterendorp, K. Van. person
associatedWith O. W. Holmes person
associatedWith Pacific Coast Steamship Co. corporateBody
associatedWith Pacific Coast Steamship Company corporateBody
correspondedWith Paddock, J. A. person
correspondedWith Parker, F. J. person
correspondedWith Paul Lindau person
correspondedWith Peabody, George Foster, 1852-1938 person
correspondedWith Peebles, R. D. person
correspondedWith Penfield, Frederic Courland, 1855-1922 person
correspondedWith Phelps, Edward John, 1822-1900 person
associatedWith Philadelphia Centennial Exposition corporateBody
correspondedWith Phillips, Wendell, 1811-1884 person
correspondedWith Pollak, Gustav, 1849-1919 person
correspondedWith Popp, Richard. person
correspondedWith Porter, Fitz-John, 1822-1901 person
correspondedWith Porter, Henry Codman, bp., 1835-1908 person
correspondedWith Porter, Horace, 1837-1921 person
correspondedWith Portland Board of Trade corporateBody
associatedWith Portland Canning Co. corporateBody
correspondedWith Potts, William, 1838-1908 person
correspondedWith Pricoupi, Sophie. person
correspondedWith Professor Eugene Woldemar Hilgard person
correspondedWith Prosser, William F. person
associatedWith Puget Sound Shore Railroad. corporateBody
correspondedWith Pullman, George Mortimer, 1831-1897 person
associatedWith Pumpelly, Raphael, 1837-1923. person
correspondedWith Putnam, George Haven, 1844-1930 person
correspondedWith Quincy, Josiah, 1859-1919 person
associatedWith Raphael Pumpelly person
correspondedWith Rathenau, Emil, d. 1915 person
correspondedWith Rathenau, Walther, 1867-1922 person
correspondedWith Reid, Whitelaw, 1837-1912 person
correspondedWith Resey, Emilie. person
correspondedWith Rhinehart, J. B. person
associatedWith Richard Koehler person
correspondedWith Richter person
correspondedWith Ritchie, John. person
correspondedWith Robert von Xylander person
associatedWith Rock, David, person
correspondedWith Rockefeller, John Davison, 1839-1937 person
associatedWith Rocky Fork Coal Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Rodewald, Fred person
associatedWith Rodewald, Fred. person
correspondedWith Roemer, Emilie. person
correspondedWith Rogers, C. R. P. person
correspondedWith Rood, Ogden Nicholas, 1831-1902 person
correspondedWith Rosa Tittmann person
correspondedWith Rose, C. person
correspondedWith Rose, Hermann. person
correspondedWith Rosengarten, Joseph George, 1835-1921 person
correspondedWith Runkle, L. G. person
correspondedWith Runyon, Theodore. person
correspondedWith Russell, Charles. person
correspondedWith Russell, Charles Russell, baron, 1832-1900 person
correspondedWith Saas, Georg. person
correspondedWith Sackville, Lionel Sackville Sackvillewest, 2nd baron, 1827-1908 person
correspondedWith Salomon, Edward person
correspondedWith Samuel May person
correspondedWith Sanborn, F. B. (Franklin Benjamin), 1831-1917 person
correspondedWith Saxer, George A. person
correspondedWith Schauss, Friederich von. person
correspondedWith Scherer, A. person
correspondedWith Schermerhorn, William C. person
correspondedWith Schiff, Jacob Henry, 1847-1920 person
correspondedWith Schimpe, Pauline. person
correspondedWith Schleiden, R. person
associatedWith Schmidt, Frederick C. person
associatedWith Schmidt, Frederick C. person
associatedWith Schuricht, Herrmann, 1831-1899. person
associatedWith Schurz, Carl, 1829-1906. person
correspondedWith Schutte, Natalie (Engelmann). person