Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794

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John Witherspoon became one of the most outspoken supporters of the revolutionary cause, even before the colonies and the British fired the first shots of war in 1775. His radical outlook influenced students at the College of New Jersey (now Princeton) where he was president, including James Madison and Aaron Burr. In 1776, Witherspoon was sent by the State of New Jersey as a delegate to the Continental Congress. Later that year, he signed the Declaration of Independence as one of the delegates representing New Jersey. His political activities were not confined to the national level; he was elected as member of the New Jersey State Legislature for a term of one year in 1783.

From the description of John Witherspoon papers, 1766-[ca. 1841]. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 53873041

Signer of the Declaration of Independence from New Jersey, Continental Congressman, President of Princeton, Presbyterian minister.

From the description of ALS, 1777 February 3 : Pequia, to Captain Joseph Blewer, Philadelphia. (Copley Press, J S Copley Library). WorldCat record id: 14186721

At this time, John Witherspoon was a delegate from New Jersey to the Continental Congress. William Woodford was a respected general from the French and Indian War.

From the description of Letter to William Woodford, 1779 November 8. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155866523

Presbyterian clergyman and educator.

From the description of Papers, 1766-1784. (New Jersey Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 70955106

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Lectures on criticism : manuscript, 1790. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Stockton, Helen Hamilton Shields, 1864-1949. Some descendents of John Witherspoon who lived in Princeton one hundred years ago, [19--]. Historical Society of Princeton
referencedIn Stockton, Richard, 1764-1828. Degree, 1783 Oct. 7. Historical Society of Princeton
referencedIn Hamilton, James, 1752-1819. James Hamilton collection, 1733-1899. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Agnew, James, d. 1840. Lectures on moral philosophy, 1795. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Papers. [microform]. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Bussey, Benjamin, 1757-1842. Benjamin Bussey collection, 1767-1872, bulk 1800-1847. University of Michigan, William Clements Library
creatorOf Hunter, Andrew S. Lectures on moral philosophy, 1771-1772. Princeton University Library
referencedIn United States. Continental Congress. Oath, 1780 Jan. 24-Dec. 8. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Miscellaneous Manuscripts Collection, 1668-1983, Bulk, 1750-1850, 1668-1983 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Lectures on criticism, 1790. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Johnson, Robert G. Lectures on moral philosophy, 1786-1789. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Princeton University. University land records, 1752-1976, 1752-1860. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. Letter. 1909 TLS The Filson Historical Society
referencedIn Draper, Lyman Copeland, 1815-1891,. Draper manuscripts : Thomas Sumter papers, 1763-1885. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Ledger, 1770-1775. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Dod, Thaddeus, 1740-1793. Lectures on moral philosophy, 1772-1773. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Rosenbach, A. S. W. (Abraham Simon Wolf), 1876-1952,. Signers of the Declaration of Independence autograph collection, 1756-1818. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn University Land Records, 1752-1981, 1752-1860 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Princeton University Archives.
referencedIn Jared Sparks collection of documents concerning the American Revolution, 1740-1866 . Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Dickerson, Samuel Sharp. Lectures on moral philosophy, criticism and chronology, 1790-1791. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Marvine, Antonio. Lectures on eloquence, moral philosophy and chronology, [1787?]. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Pendleton, Philip Clayton, d.1863. Notebook, 1796. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Lecture Notes Collection, 1772-1990 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Princeton University Archives.
creatorOf Boudinot, Elias, 1740-1821. A journey to Boston in 1809 : manuscript, 1809. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. John Witherspoon papers, 1766-[ca. 1841]. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Henry A. Willard II Collection, 1743-1888, (bulk 1770-1840) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Read, George, 1733-1798. Read family papers, 1568-1906 (bulk 1775-1906). Library of Congress
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Diary and accounts, 1768. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Benjamin Bussey collection, Bussey, Benjamin collection, 1767-1872, 1800-1847 William L. Clements Library , University of Michigan
referencedIn Woodward, William Wallis,. List of subscribers to the second edition of Witherspoon's works : manuscript, [1801?]. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Buchanan, Roberdeau, 1839-1916,. Collection, 1761-1831. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Colhoun, John Ewing. Lectures on moral philosophy, 1774. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Lecture Notes Collection, 1792-1976. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Autograph albums of Davis R. Marshall [manuscript], ca. 1845-1865. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Dickinson, Samuel Sharp. Lectures on moral philosophy, criticism and chronology, 1790-1791. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Muir, Archibald, fl. 1693-1696. Dissertatio proemialis æthicæ : manuscript, [1693-1696]. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. ALS, 1777 February 3 : Pequia, to Captain Joseph Blewer, Philadelphia. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
referencedIn Letters and documents of signers of the Declaration of Independence, 1750-1933. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Manuscript notebook, [1763]. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Letter to William Woodford, 1779 November 8. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Bradford, William, 1755-1795. Lectures on eloquence : manuscript, [1772?]. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Read family. Papers, 1568-1906 (bulk 1775-1906). Library of Congress
creatorOf United States. Continental Congress. Resolution, 1776 June 19, regarding the examination and imprisonment of William Franklin. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Hanna, John A.,. Manuscript lectures upon eloquence and oratory, 1782. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Simms, Charles, 1755-1819. Papers of Charles Simms, 1731-1822. Library of Congress
creatorOf Simm, Hugh, d. 1810. Hugh Simm collection, 1748-1810 (bulk 1768-1784) Princeton University Library
creatorOf Livingston, William, 1723-1790. William Livingston family papers, 1695-1788. Massachusetts Historical Society
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. In memorian : John Witherspoon. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Dod, Thaddeus, 1740-1793. Lectures on moral philosophy : manuscript, 1772-1773. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Rush, Benjamin, 1746-1813. Papers, 1767, 1783. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
referencedIn Smith, Jonathan Bayard, 1742-1812. The Henley Smith Collection, 1686-1903. Library of Congress
referencedIn Frederick M. Dearborn collection of military and political Americana, Part I: The Revolution and the Administration, 1669-1958. Houghton Library, , Harvard College Library, Harvard University
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. Papers, 1766-1784. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Wilson, Joseph M. (Joseph Miller), 1838-1902. John Witherspoon ... [address at a public meeting of the Burns Club, Washington] Princeton University Library
creatorOf Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. Letter 1784, April 5, Passy [to] Revd. Dr. [John] Witherspoon. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
referencedIn Read Family Papers, 1568-1906, (bulk 1775-1906) Manuscript Division, Library of Congress
referencedIn Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944,. Autograph collection, 1683-1929. New Jersey Historical Society Library
referencedIn Slidell, Nancy, fl. 1869. Letter: 1869 Jan. 22, Newport, Rhode Island, to David Laing / Nancy Slidell. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Beekman, William, 1754-1808. Notebook, 1773. New-York Historical Society
referencedIn Office of the President Records : Jonathan Dickinson to Harold W. Dodds Subgroup, 1746-1999, 1830-1869 Princeton University. Library. Dept. of Rare Books and Special Collections.Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library. Princeton University Archives.
referencedIn Duffield, Edward Dickinson, b. 1871. Scotch granite : typescript, [1941?]. Princeton University Library
creatorOf Dod, Thaddeus, 1740-1793. Lectures on moral philosophy : manuscript, 1772-1773. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Willard, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1902-. Henry A. Willard II collection, 1743-1888 (bulk 1770-1840). Library of Congress
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. ALS, 1790 July 1, to Charles Lee, Alexandria, Va. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Witherspoon, John, 1723-1794. ALS, 1787 Feb. 19, Tusculum, N.J., to William Blount and Benjamin Hawkins, [Philadelphia?]. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf Agnew, James, d. 1840. Lectures on moral philosophy, [179-?] Princeton University Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Direct Relationships
Relation Name
associatedWith Agassiz, Louis, 1807-1873 person
associatedWith Agnew, James, d. 1840. person
associatedWith Bamberger, Louis, 1855-1944, person
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, Sir, 1743-1820 person
associatedWith Beekman, William, 1754-1808. person
associatedWith Blount, William, 1749-1800. person
associatedWith Boudinot, Elias, 1740-1821. person
associatedWith Bradford, William, 1755-1795. person
associatedWith Buchanan, Roberdeau, 1839-1916, person
associatedWith Bussey, Benjamin, 1757-1842. person
associatedWith Colhoun, John Ewing. person
associatedWith College of New Jersey. corporateBody
associatedWith Cooper, Thomas, 1759-1839 person
associatedWith Coues, Elliott, 1842-1899 person
associatedWith Crichton, Thomas. person
associatedWith Cuvier, Georges, Baron, 1769-1832 person
associatedWith Darlington, William, 1782-1863 person
associatedWith Dearborn, Frederick M. (Frederick Myers), b. 1876 person
associatedWith Dickerson, Samuel Sharp. person
associatedWith Dickinson, Samuel Sharp. person
associatedWith Dod, Thaddeus, 1740-1793. person
associatedWith Duffield, Edward Dickinson, b. 1871. person
associatedWith Edison, Thomas A., (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 person
associatedWith Einstein, Albert, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Erskine, John, fl. 1766-1784. person
associatedWith Everett, Edward, 1794-1865 person
associatedWith Fitch, John person
associatedWith Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790. person
associatedWith Genth, F. A., (Frederick Augustus), 1820-1893 person
associatedWith Gray, Asa, 1810-1888 person
associatedWith Greeley, Horace, 1811-1872 person
associatedWith Green, Ashbel, 1762-1848. person
associatedWith Hamilton, James, 1752-1819. person
associatedWith Hanna, John A., person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. person
associatedWith Hawkins, Benjamin, 1754-1816. person
associatedWith Hogg, Anna, fl. 1766-1784. person
associatedWith Hubbard, John, collector. person
associatedWith Hunter, Andrew S. person
associatedWith Illman, Thomas, d. 1859 or 60. person
correspondedWith Jay, John, 1745-1829 person
associatedWith Johnson, Robert G. person
associatedWith Lee, Charles, fl. 1790. person
associatedWith Marvine, Antonio. person
associatedWith Muir, Archibald, fl. 1693-1696. person
associatedWith Newcomb, Simon person
associatedWith Newton, Isaac, Sir, 1642-1727 person
associatedWith Nisbet, Charles, 1736-1804. person
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associatedWith Princeton University. Office of the President. corporateBody
associatedWith Randall, Thomas, 1711-1780. person
correspondedWith Read family. family
correspondedWith Read Family family
associatedWith Rittenhouse, David, 1732-1796 person
associatedWith Rodgers, John, 1727-1811. person
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correspondedWith Rush, Benjamin, 1745-1813 person
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associatedWith Seybert, Adam, 1773-1825 person
associatedWith Simm, Hugh, d. 1810. person
associatedWith Simms, Charles, 1755-1819. person
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associatedWith Smith, Robert. person
associatedWith Smith, William P., fl. 1766-1784. person
associatedWith Sparks, Jared, 1789-1866 person
associatedWith Sprague, William B. (William Buell), 1795-1876, person
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associatedWith Stockton, Helen Hamilton Shields, 1864-1949. person
associatedWith Stockton, Richard, 1730-1781. person
correspondedWith Stockton, Richard, 1730-1813 person
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associatedWith Sully, Thomas, 1783-1872 person
associatedWith Thomson, Charles, 1729-1824 person
associatedWith United States. Continental Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith Wallace, Archibald, fl. 1766-1784. person
associatedWith Wallace, John, fl. 1766-1784. person
associatedWith Waterton, Charles, 1782-1865 person
associatedWith Wayne, Anthony person
associatedWith Willard, Henry A. (Henry Augustus), 1902- person
associatedWith Wilson, Joseph M. (Joseph Miller), 1838-1902. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Woodford, William, 1734-1780, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
North Carolina
Princeton (N.J.)
Great Britain
New Jersey--Princeton
Princeton (N.J.)
New Jersey
Scotland
New Jersey
New Jersey--Princeton
New Jersey--Princeton
United States
Princeton (N.J.)
Subject
Fund raising
Teachers
Sermons
Presbyterian Church--Clergy
Postsecondary education
American diaries--18th century
Universities and colleges
Occupation
Clergy
College presidents
Function

Person

Birth 1723-02-05

Death 1794-11-15

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