Hawley, Joseph R. (Joseph Roswell), 1826-1905

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1826-10-31
Death 1905-03-18

Biographical notes:

Former Union general; U.S. senator from Connecticut (1881-1905).

From the description of Autograph memorandum, [between 1881-1905]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 70973305

American Amry officer; United States senator from Connecticut.

From the description of Autograph telegram signed : Wilmington, N.C., to Major Prince, 1865 May 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270479165

The April 29, 1868 issue of the Hartford (Conn.) Post, page 2, column 2, quotes from the April 28 issue of the Worcester (Mass.) Spy, evaluating Connecticut candidates for the Senatorship.

From the description of Letter, 1868 April 30, Hartford, Conn. to journalist at the Worcester (Mass.) Spy. (Hartford Public Library). WorldCat record id: 17614096

Army officer, editor, and U.S. representative and senator from Connecticut.

From the description of Papers of Joseph R. Hawley, 1638-1906 (bulk 1841-1906). (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71063345

Mary Shipman was the wife of Nathaniel Shipman.

From the description of Letter to Nathaniel Shipman. (Hartford Public Library). WorldCat record id: 35682964

Hawley was born in North Carolina, educated in Connecticut and graduated from Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y. in 1847. He practiced law, edited the Hartford Evening Press and later the Hartford Courant, served in the Civil War, was Governor of Connecticut in 1866, president of the United States Centennial Commission, 1873-1876, representative to Congress, 1872-1875, 1879-1881, and a member of the U.S. Senate, 1881-1905. He married first Harriet Ward Foote and second, Edith Ann Hornor, with whom he had two daughters: Alice Marian (who married Louis L. Coudert), and Edith J. Roswell Hawley.

From the description of Joseph Hawley papers, 1849-1905. (Hartford Public Library). WorldCat record id: 471874789

Joseph Roswell Hawley was a Union army brevet major general in the Civil War. After the war he was elected Governor of Connecticut and served as a United States Representative and Senator from Connecticut.

From the description of Joseph Hawley letters, 1865, 1896. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 745911359

American editor, soldier, and senator.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Hartford, to Charles Nordhoff, 1867 Dec. 4. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270468392

From the description of Autograph letter signed : Philadelphia, to William W. Belknap, 1873 Jun. 25. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270471885

Hawley, a lawyer, newspaper editor, and Republican activist from Connecticut, was a captain in the 1st Connecticut Infantry (90 days), lieutenant colonel and colonel of the 7th Connecticut Infantry, and a Union brigadier general. After the war he served in the U. S. House of Representatives and as a U. S. Senator (1881-1905).

From the description of Letter, September 17, 1861. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 436785715

American Army officer; United States senator from Connecticut.

From the description of Autograph telegram signed : Richmond, Va., to Gideon Welles, 1865 Aug. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270479186

Biographical Note

  • 1826, Oct. 31: Born, Stewartville, Richmond County, N.C.
  • 1837: Moved with family to Connecticut
  • 1847: Graduated with honors, Hamilton College, Clinton, N.Y.
  • 1850: Admitted to Connecticut bar and commenced practice
  • 1852: Delegate to the national convention of the Free Soil Party Editor, Charter Oak, an abolitionist journal
  • 1855: Married Harriet Ward Foote
  • 1856: Helped organize Connecticut Republican Party
  • 1857: Editor, Hartford Evening Press
  • 1861: Commissioned a captain in the First Regiment, Connecticut Volunteer Infantry; promoted to lieutenant colonel of the Seventh Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers
  • 1862: Colonel, Seventh Regiment, Connecticut Volunteers
  • 1864: Brigadier general of United States Volunteers
  • 1865: Brevetted major general of United States Volunteers
  • 1866: Discharged from the army Elected governor of Connecticut
  • 1867: Editor, Hartford Courant
  • 1868: Chairman, Republican national convention, Chicago, Ill.
  • 1872: Elected to the Forty-Second Congress to fill vacancy caused by death of Julius L. Strong
  • 1872 - 1876 : President, United States Centennial Commission
  • 1874: Defeated for reelection to the United States House of Representatives
  • 1879 - 1881 : Member, United States House of Representatives
  • 1881 - 1905 : Member, United States Senate
  • 1904: Declined renomination as senatorial candidate
  • 1905, Mar. 17: Died, Washington, D.C.

From the guide to the Joseph R. Hawley Papers, 1638-1906, (bulk 1841-1906), (Manuscript Division Library of Congress)

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Subjects:

  • American newspapers--Connecticut
  • Veterans--Societies, etc
  • Veterans--United States--Societies, etc
  • Reconstruction (U.S. history, 1865-1877)
  • Abolitionists
  • Christmas
  • Legislators
  • Slavery--Attitudes
  • Antislavery movements--Connecticut
  • Ivories
  • Skating rinks
  • American newspapers
  • Currency question
  • Correspondence
  • Marriage
  • Newspapers
  • Antislavery movements
  • Antislavery movements--New York (State)
  • Presidents--Election--1856
  • Newspaper editors

Occupations:

  • Legislators--United States
  • Representatives, U.S. Congress--Connecticut
  • Army officers
  • Newspaper editors
  • Senators, U.S. Congress--Connecticut

Places:

  • Connecticut (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Connecticut (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • South Carolina (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Connecticut (as recorded)
  • Virginia (as recorded)
  • North Carolina (as recorded)
  • Connecticut (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Hartford (Conn.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Connecticut (as recorded)
  • Washington (D.C.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • Hartford (Conn.) (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • New York (State) (as recorded)
  • Connecticut--Hartford (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)
  • North Carolina (as recorded)
  • United States (as recorded)