Herschel, William, 1738-1822

Alternative names
Dates:
Birth 1738-11-15
Death 1822-08-25
Britons
English

Biographical notes:

William Herschel(b. November 15, 1738, Hannover, Germany–d. August 25, 1822, Slough, England) was a British astronomer and composer, and brother of fellow astronomer Caroline Herschel, with whom he worked.

Herschel constructed his first large telescope in 1774, after which he spent nine years carrying out sky surveys to investigate double stars. Herschel published catalogues of nebulae in 1802 (2,500 objects) and in 1820 (5,000 objects). In the course of an observation on 13 March 1781, he realized that one celestial body he had observed was not a star, but a planet, Uranus. This was the first planet to be discovered since antiquity and Herschel became famous overnight. As a result of this discovery, George III appointed him Court Astronomer.

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Permalink:
http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hx1j8c
Ark ID:
w6hx1j8c
SNAC ID:
6358256

Subjects:

  • Astronomy--History--19th century
  • Concertos (Oboe)--Parts
  • Reflecting telescopes--Design and construction
  • Astronomy--History
  • Comets--Orbits
  • Solar heating
  • Astronomy--History--18th century--Sources
  • Sunspots
  • Astronomical observations
  • Music--Manuscripts
  • Reflecting telescopes--Design and construction--18th century
  • Nebulae--Catalogs
  • Oboe with chamber orchestra--Parts
  • Double stars
  • Violin and continuo music--Scores
  • Astronomy
  • Astronomy--History--18th century
  • Symphonies (Chamber orchestra)--Scores and parts
  • Nebulae--Observations
  • Telescopes
  • Uranus (planet)
  • Astronomers--Correspondence
  • Harpsichord music
  • Astronomy--Observations
  • Stars--Catalogs
  • Instrumental music
  • Stars--Clusters
  • Sonatas (Harpsichord, violin, violoncello)--Parts
  • Trio sonatas (Violin, violoncello, continuo)--Scores
  • Music--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
  • Heat--Experiments
  • Concertos (Viola with string orchestra)--Scores
  • Astronomy--Early works to 1800
  • Science--History

Occupations:

  • Astronomers--Biography--18 century
  • Astronomers--England
  • Astronomers
  • Musicians

Places:

  • Slough, , UK
  • Hannover, 06, DE
  • England, ENG, GB