An Annotated Calendar of the Letters of Charles Darwin in the Library of the American Philosophical Society 1799-1882

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An Annotated Calendar of the Letters of Charles Darwin in the Library of the American Philosophical Society, 1799-1882

An Annotated Calendar of the Letters of Charles Darwin in the Library of the American Philosophical Society 1799-1882

One of the most important natural historians in nineteenth century Britain, Charles Darwin provided the first compelling mechanism to account for organismal evolutionary change. Although lacking a coherent model of heredity, Darwin's natural selection has exerted an enormous influence over the biological sciences and since the introduction of Mendelian genetics, had remained the key unifying principle in the discipline. The APS Darwin Papers are a large a valuable assemblage of Darwin's correspondence with scientific colleagues, including Charles Lyell and George J. Romanes. They are included in the print version of the (Cambridge Univ. Press). Correspondence of Charles Darwin

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Epithet: geologist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001085.0x0000a0 Born Portsmouth, 1840; educated Camberwell, Royal School of Mines; Geological Survey of England and Wales, 1867-1870; Inspector of Schools, 1871; President of the Geological Society, 1887-1888; Professor of Geology, 1876-1905; CB, 1895; Dean of the Royal College of Science, 1895-1905; Emeritus Professor of Geology, Imperial College,...

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Zoological society of London

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Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q63cm5 (person)

Charles Robert Darwin was born on February 12, 1809 in Shrewsbury, England. His father, Robert Waring Darwin (1766-1848), was a physician, the son of Erasmus Darwin (1731-1802), a poet, philosopher, and naturalist. Robert established a successful medical practice in Shrewsbury where he was known for his kindness extended to the poor. He was financially quite successful and willing to support his sons in their various endeavors. Although not a prolific writer, he was elected to the Royal Society ...

Scrope, George Poulett, 1797-1876

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qf9q9z (person)

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De La Beche, Henry T. (Henry Thomas), 1796-1855

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65d8z6t (person)

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Edwin Ray Lankester was a British zoologist and author. He taught at Exeter College (1872-1874), University College (1874-1882), Edinburgh University (1882-1891), and Oxford (1891-1927). From the description of Letters, 1892-[ca. 1903]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173465793 From the guide to the Sir E. Ray (Edwin Ray) Lankester letters, 1892-[ca. 1903], 1892-1903, (American Philosophical Society) ...

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Adam Sedgwick was one of the founders of modern geology. He proposed the Devonian period of the geological timescale. Later, he proposed the Cambrian period, based on work which he did on Welsh rock strata. Though he had guided the young Charles Darwin in his early study of geology, Sedgwick was an outspoken opponent of Darwin's theory of evolution by means of natural selection. From the description of Letter to Richard Owen, [1860?], January 8. (Huntington Library, Art Collections &...

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6wd862f (person)

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w632007k (person)

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kk9jj5 (person)

Falconer, Hugh, 1808-1865

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m3rhv (person)

Physician, Bengal Medical Service, East India Company. Superintendent, Botanic Garden, Saharunpur. Entry in D.G. Crawford, 'Role of the Indian Medical Service, 1615-1930' (London: W. Thacker & Co.,1930): Bengal. Year 1830. No. 1174. Born 29 February 1808. Master of Arts [M.A.] King’s College, Aberdeen 1826. Doctor of Medicine [M.D.] Edinburgh 1829. Assistant Surgeon 7 April 1830. Surgeon 2 November 1846. Retired or resi...

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http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vd6wcp (person)

Scottish historian and social critic considered the most important philosophical moralist of the early Victorian age. From the description of Letter, 1841. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122461042 Scottish essayist and historian. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Gt. Malvern, to Robert Browning, 1851 Aug. 21. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270133400 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Chelsea, London, to William Tait, 1834 S...

Darwin, Emma Wedgwood, 1808-1896

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tb24dh (person)

Donnelly, Ignatius, 1831-1901

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63x88f7 (person)

Farmer, editor, author, and orator. From the description of Ignatius Donnelly papers, 1887. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 71009547 American politician and author. From the description of Letter, 1863, Washington, D. C. [manuscript]. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647812376 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to President Lincoln, 1864 May. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270531076 From the description of ...

Mackenzie, George Steuart, Sir, 1780-1848

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sn0dxk (person)

Hooker, William Jackson, Sir, 1785-1865

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p84b5p (person)

William Jackson Hooker was the premier English botanist of his time. His early interest in natural history was refined to botany by the fortuitous discovery of a rare moss. His education included travels through Europe, after which he became regius professor of botany at Glasgow. He published extensively, and founded and edited several journals; his main interests were ferns, mosses, and fungi, and he was a pioneer of economic botany. He was appointed first director of Kew Gardens, which became ...

Henfrey, Arthur, 1819-1859

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65r7j7c (person)

Flower, William Henry, 1831-1899

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v989nz (person)

Goodsir, John, 1814-1867

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65z11xx (person)

Parlatore, Filippo, 1816-1877

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6998s08 (person)

Epithet: Professor; of the Accademia Economico-Agraria of Florence British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001193.0x0002f9 ...

Herschel, John F. W. (John Frederick William), 1792-1871

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v1261m (person)

Engineer and Astronomer. Fellow of the Royal Society. From the description of Letters to Sir W. R. Hamilton, 1833-1865. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 78514949 Astronomer. Fellow of the Royal Society. From the description of Letters to J. D. Forbes, 1832-1859. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86123372 From the description of Papers, 1816-1868. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 80362531 John F. W. Herschel was an English mathematician, astronomer, che...

Murchison, Roderick Impey, Sir, 1792-1871

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c82c26 (person)

British geologist. From the description of Papers, 1857 and undated. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35230784 English geologist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Folkestone, to an unnamed correspondent, 1870 Sept. 5. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270612797 Geologist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to an unidentified recipient, 1847 July 8. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270872039 Ro...

Westwood, J.O. (John Obadiah), 1805-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6280vh8 (person)

British entomologist and paleographer, an authority on Anglo-Saxon and medieval manuscripts, and one of the pioneers in the publication of the pictures in illuminated manuscripts. From the description of Sketches and proofs for Illuminated illustrations of the Bible : copied from select manuscripts of the Middle Ages, 1846-1847. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 79821976 British entomologist and paleographer, an authority on Anglo-Saxon and medieval manuscripts...

Smith, James Edward, 1759-1828

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61g15r8 (person)

José Francisco Correia da Serra (1750–1823, APS 1812) was an abbot, diplomat, scholar and botanist. In his work as a botanist he was particularly concerned with the systematic classification of vegetable species. Thomas Jefferson described him as “profoundly learned in several branches of science he was so above all others in that of Botany; in which he preferred an amalgamation of the methods of Linnaeus [1707-1778, APS 1769] and of Jussieu [1686-1758] to either of them exclusively...

Horsburgh, Joseph, 1782-1836

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zt5jp8 (person)

Jukes, J. Beete (Joseph Beete), 1811-1869

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67382pv (person)

In 1842 geologist Joseph Beete Jukes sailed as a naturalist on board H.M.S. Fly despatched to survey Torres Strait, New Guinea, and the east coast of Australia. Their mission was completed in 1846. From the description of Part of Great Barrier Reefs : [between Cape Upstart and Hervey's Bay / cartographer, J.B. Jukes]. [1843] (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 224778307 ...

Eyton, T. C. (Thomas Campbell), 1809-1880

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62n5m61 (person)

Epithet: of Eyton, county Shropshire British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001188.0x000279 Thomas Campbell Eyton was an English naturalist. From the description of Correspondence, 1836-1874. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122523683 Thomas Campbell Eyton (1809-1880) was a British naturalist and agriculturist. While he also studied cattle, and fishes, Eyt...

Martius, Karl Friedrich Philipp von, 1794-1868

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bc53xz (person)

Beccari, Odoardo, 1843-1920

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63v3qgg (person)

Hancock, Albany, 1806-1873

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w95tv1 (person)

Grey-Egerton, Philip de Malpas, 1806-1881

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6hr6ms3 (person)

Foster, M. (Michael), Sir, 1836-1907

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63x85bn (person)

Physiologist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Prof. Knight, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270470141 ...

Wallace, Alfred Russel, 1823-1913

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bc41d1 (person)

Wallace was a naturalist and collaborator with Darwin on the theory of evolution. From the description of Letter, 1895, January 16, Parkstone, Dorset, to Wallis Mansford, Esq. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 123275202 Epithet: FRS British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000751.0x00011f British naturalist. From the description of Letters to E. D. Girdlestone : ALS, 18...

Bell, Charles, Sir, 1774-1842

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cc109f (person)

British surgeon and anatomist. From the description of Charles Bell papers, 1830 and undated. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 34992302 Charles Bell was born at Edinburgh in November 1774. He received his medical education from the University of Edinburgh. In 1799 he was elected a fellow of the College of Surgeons of Edinburgh and practised at the Edinburgh Infirmary. In 1804 he left Edinburgh for London to practise and to teach (1812-1836) at the William Hunter's Scho...

Sclater, Philip Lutley, 1829-1913

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d22b4x (person)

Epithet: FRS, Sec Zoological Society of London British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000758.0x0001eb ...

Wallace, Alfred Russel, 1823-1913

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bc41d1 (person)

Wallace was a naturalist and collaborator with Darwin on the theory of evolution. From the description of Letter, 1895, January 16, Parkstone, Dorset, to Wallis Mansford, Esq. (University of South Carolina). WorldCat record id: 123275202 Epithet: FRS British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000751.0x00011f British naturalist. From the description of Letters to E. D. Girdlestone : ALS, 18...

Miller, Hugh, 1802-1856

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6cv52gv (person)

Hugh Miller was a Scottish geologist and the author of The old red sandstone. From the description of Miscellaneous manuscripts, n.d. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 155887189 ...

Bell, Lady Marion Shaw

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pt0jv4 (person)

Darwin, Francis, Sir, 1848-1925

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j697vc (person)

Francis Darwin was the son of British naturalist Charles Darwin, and followed his father into the study of botany. Dr. Harkness studied fungi. He was the president of the California Academy of Sciences, 1887-1896. From the description of Autograph letter signed to Dr. Harvey Wilson Harkness, nd. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 754864475 Francis Galton Darwin was a botanist. From the description of Letters, 1868-1925. (American Philosophical Society Library). World...

Mead, Frank J., 1853-1908

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qm04f1 (person)

Bryce, James Bryce, Viscount, 1838-1922

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6tq62d0 (person)

James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce, was a British writer, historian and statesman. Born in Belfast, he was educated at Glasgow University and later Oxford, he practiced law briefly, but returned to Oxford as a professor of civil law. He served in Parliament for many years, and held several government positions, including Ambassador to the United States. A renowned historian, he was also a productive writer of travel books, law tracts, and political theory. Universally admired and liked, an obituary...

Smith, Pleasance Reeve, Lady, 1773-1877

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c668s6 (person)

Rivoire, Mr.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bx03pf (person)

Rolleston, George, 1829-1881

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c25zvm (person)

Henslow, J. S. (John Stevens), 1796-1861

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w68g8sd2 (person)

John Stevens Henslow was a British botanist and taught mineralogy (1822-1827) and botany (1827-1861) at Cambridge. It was he who recommended his pupil Charles Robert Darwin as naturalist for the Beagle expedition, 1831-1836. From the description of Papers, 1825-1867. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 173466006 From the guide to the J. S. (John Stevens) Henslow papers, 1825-1867, 1825-1867, (American Philosophical Society) John Stevens Henslow (1796-1861), botanist, was...

Babbage, Charles, 1791-1871

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mp5525 (person)

Mathematician. Trinity College, Cambridge (England), from 1811; graduated Peterhouse, 1914; M.A. 1817. Lucasian professor of mathematics, Cambridge University, 1828-1839. Fellow Royal Society, 1816. Worked with and tried to perfect calculating machines; devised basic principles of modern computers. From the description of Correspondence, 1830-1849. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 155005505 Mathematician. Trinity College, Cambridge (England), from 1811; graduated Peterhouse, 1...

Waterhouse, G.R. (George Robert), 1810-1888

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dv2gs1 (person)

Forchhammer, G. (Georg), 1794-1865

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6b97w3s (person)

Curtis, John, 1791-1862

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c86h5q (person)

Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w67h1gjh (person)

Sir Charles Lyell was a distinguished English geologist. From the description of Miscellaneous manuscripts, 1826-1850. (University of Pennsylvania Library). WorldCat record id: 191533869 British geologist. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Kinnordy, Kirriemuir, N.B., to George Sumner, [1849 July 19]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590709 English geologist. From the description of Papers, 1841-1859. (Duke University). WorldC...

Thomson, Thomas, 1817-1878

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jt2nk9 (person)

Darwin, Charles Galton, Sir, 1887-1962

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zs2z2p (person)

Physicist and Fellow of the Royal Society. From the description of Correspondence with Sir D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson, 1923-1948. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122505991 Physicist (wave theory, quantum theory, x-ray diffraction) and administrator. On the physics faculty at Manchester University (1910-1914); on the mathematics faculty at University of Cambridge (1914-1922, 1936-1938); on the natural philosophy faculty at University of Edinburgh (1923-1936); director of the Na...

Wilson, William, 1799-1871

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6qn6z2n (person)

William Wilson (1799-1871) was a British bryologist noted for his work, Bryologia Britannica ... (1855). He collaborated with Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker on Musci Antarctici (1839-1843) . He was born 7 June 1799 in Warrington, England and died 3 April 1871 in Paddington, near Warrington. From the description of William Wilson papers 1800-1869. (New York Botanical Garden). WorldCat record id: 44262242 William Wilson (1799-1871) was a British bryologist noted for his work, Bryolo...

Bentham, George, 1800-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6x92nd9 (person)

English botanist; nephew of Jeremy Bentham, 1748-1832 From the guide to the George Bentham letter to Asa Gray, ., (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) Epithet: Captain; RN British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000001243.0x000263 ...

Ball, John, 1818-1889

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m08c91 (person)

Lubbock, John, Sir, 1834-1913

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6445q8m (person)

John Lubbock was an English banker, politican, scientist, antiquarian and man of letters. He became the first Baron Avebury, ca. 1900. From the description of Letter : London, England to Douglas Murray, 1911 October 27-31 / Avebury. (Haverford College Library). WorldCat record id: 701491819 English banker and author. From the description of Autograph letters signed (20) : London, Beckenham, St. Andrews, etc., to W.A. Knight, 1883 July 19-1907 Nov. 13, and undated...

Darwin to Herbert

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6v24tg0 (person)

Buckland, William, 1784-1856

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65144j2 (person)

William Buckland was an English cleric, geologist, and vertebrate paleontologist. He was the first Reader of Geology, University of Oxford (from 1819). Buckland is most noted as the scientific discoverer of dinosaurs. From the description of Letters, 1817-1848. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122689446 English cleric William Buckland worked as a geologist and vertebrate paleontologist. The first Reader of Geology, University of Oxford (from 1819...

Owen, Richard, 1804-1892

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dn4677 (person)

Richard Owen was a comparative anatomist and palaeontologist. From the description of Letter from Richard Owen to Charles Léopold Laurillard to introduce John Gould, 1833 [manuscript]. [1833] (Libraries Australia). WorldCat record id: 277137992 Professor of the Royal College of Surgeons of London; authority on comparative anatomy, vertebrate paleontology and geology. From the description of Osteological contributions to the natural history of the chimpanzees (Tr...

Strickland, H.E. (Hugh Edwin), 1811-1853

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61853p0 (person)

Epithet: geologist British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000571.0x000084 ...

Phillips, John, 1800-1874

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6f486cp (person)

Anthony, John Gould, 1804-1877

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6np2wqj (person)