Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858

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English collector and antiquary.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : Yarmouth, to Mr. Kerrich and an unidentified recipient, 1818 Sept. 16 and 1846 Jan. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270872383

English physician and botanist.

From the description of Papers, 1800-1820. (Duke University). WorldCat record id: 35527757

English botanist and antiquary.

From the description of Autograph letters signed (2) : Yarmouth, 1841 Aug. 28 and 1847 Mar. 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270573556

Dawson Turner was a botanist.

From the description of Correspondence, 1820-1848. (American Philosophical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 122464819

Turner was an English banker, antiquarian, art patron, collector and botanist. His art collection, originally purchased from John Crome, Thomas Harvey and dealers such as Alexis Delahante was sold at Christie's, London, on May 14, 1852.

From the description of Letters regarding art collecting, 1797-1833. (Getty Research Institute). WorldCat record id: 84547240

Collector of the correspondence of major British historical figures.

From the description of Miscellanea curiosa : collected by Dawson Turner, 1549- 1834. (Virginia Historical Society Library). WorldCat record id: 30087479

Botanist and antiquary Dawson Turner was born at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk on 18 October 1775 to banker James Turner and Elizabeth Cotman, the only daughter of the John Cotman, mayor of Yarmouth. He received his early education at the public grammar school and afterwards privately by Reverend Robert Forby, a botanist of some ability, from whom it is believed that Turner may have acquired his penchant for botany. He entered Pembroke College of Cambridge in 1793 only to leave a year later maybe in part because his father was ill; he died that same year. Following in his father's footsteps, he joined the Yarmouth Bank in 1796. During the same year, Turner married Mary Palgrave by whom he had 11 children. The fortune left to him by his father gave Turner the opportunity to pursue his foremost interests, botany, more specifically cryptogamic botany, and the study of antiquities.

Turner devoted most of his leisure time to botanical tours. In 1799 for instance he made an extensive tour through the western counties in England and on his return published a catalogue of the rarer plants collected on the expedition. In the following years he made tours in Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Turner was most notably interested in mosses, lichens, and algae, describing in publications four new species of lichens between 1802 and 1804.

Turner published numerous works on the subject of botany including, The Botanist's Guide through England and Wales and the Natural History of Fuci . He also contributed several articles to the Transactions of the Linnean Society and formed large collections, predominantly of algae. After 1820, Turner seems to have directed his attention to the study of antiquities, in part because he gave the whole of his herbarium to his son-in-law Sir William Hooker, with possibly his most notable contribution the, Account of a Tour in Normandy, undertaken chiefly for the purpose of investigating the Architectural Antiquities of the Duchy . Many of his publications were enriched by drawings and etchings by his wife and six daughters.

Many of his family's drawing supplemented the nearly 8,000 volumes that comprised Turner's extensive personal library. Turner's Library was a leading interest of his throughout his life and he continued to collect book nearly to the end of his life. Turner was also an avid collector of manuscripts, his collection included the literary and scientific correspondence of many prominent men such as, Sir Isaac Newton, John Pinkerton, and Henry Baker, as well as some 25,000 autograph letters.

Between 1797 and 1803 he was elected a fellow of the Linnean Society, the Imperial Academy, the Royal Society, and the Society of Antiquaries. He continued to work as a banker in Yarmouth until 1851 when after his wife had died, Turner married a woman whom his family did not approve causing him to move to London. In 1855 Tuner's health began to fail and he died in London on 21 June 1858.

From the guide to the Dawson Turner Papers, 1820-1848, (American Philosophical Society)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel de Riquetti, comte de, 1749-1791. Sur les lois romaines, [ca. 1785]. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Letter: 1846 Jan. 21, Yarmouth, to David Laing / Dawson Turner. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Autograph letters signed (2) : Yarmouth, 1841 Aug. 28 and 1847 Mar. 13. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Murray, John, 1778-1843. Letter to Dawson Turner. Albemarle St. [1835 Jan. 26]. University of Iowa Libraries
referencedIn An Annotated Calendar of the Letters of Charles Darwin in the Library of the American Philosophical Society, 1799-1882 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Valpy, R. (Richard), 1754-1836,. Autograph letter signed from Richard Valpy to Dawson Turner Esqr., Yarmouth, Norfolk [manuscript], 1823 September 13. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Dawson Turner's original catalogue of his manuscripts. 1834. Grolier Club
referencedIn Wolfe, James, 1727-1759. Collection of letters, autographs, and drawings related to James Wolfe, 1740-1859. , (bulk ) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Dawson Turner Papers, 1820-1848 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Letter: 1839 Apr. 11, Yarmouth, to David Laing / Dawson Turner. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Sotheby, William, 1757-1833. Letters to William Sotheby, 1813-1833. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820. Collection of letters of Sir Joseph Banks : Soho Square [London] 1783 Sept. 6 - 1814 May 30. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Correspondence, 1820-1848. American Philosophical Society Library
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Letter: 1845 Mar. 1, Yarmouth, to David Laing / Dawson Turner. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Nicholls, Norton, 1742-1811. Norton Nicholls papers, 1750-1811. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875. Papers, 1806-1874. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Sowerby, James, 1757-1822. Autograph letter signed : Lambeth, to "Dear Madam" [possibly Mrs. Dawson Turner], [17]99 July 8. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Le Keux correspondence, 1811-1879 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn William Upcott papers, 1650-1881. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Stanhope, Michael, fl. 1596-1602. Papers relating to the Earl of Essex, Sir Gelly Meyrick and the Essex Rebellion [manuscript], 1596-1602. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Autograph letter in the third person : London, to Mr. Hering , 1824 Dec. 6. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Heath, James, 1757-1834. James Heath letters to Dawson Turner, 1829, undated. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf Bellamy, John, d. 1825. Lithographic copy of a letter with an autograph signature : London, to Dawson Turner, [watermark 1812]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Bray, Mrs (Anna Eliza), 1790-1883. Anna Eliza Bray manuscript material : 2 items, 1824 New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Peirson, Robert. Autograph letter signed : Coxwold, Yorks., to Dawson Turner, 1805 Jan. 29. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Scoresby, William, 1789-1857. Letter, 1829 October 10, Liverpool, to Dawson Turner. Dartmouth College Library
creatorOf Cripps, John Marten, 1780-1853. Autograph letter signed : Wimbledon, to Dawson Turner, 1811 May 5. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Papers, 1800-1820. Duke University, Medical Center Library & Archives
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Letter: 1848 Feb. 12, Yarmouth, to David Laing / Dawson Turner. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Upcott, William, 1779-1845. Correspondence of William Upcott, 1802-1845 (bulk 1817-1845). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Anna Eliza Bray manuscript material : 2 items, 1824 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Autograph letters signed (2) : Yarmouth, to Mr. Kerrich and an unidentified recipient, 1818 Sept. 16 and 1846 Jan. 20. Pierpont Morgan Library.
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. ANS : Yarmouth [England], 1842 Jan. 11. Boston Public Library, Central Library in Copley Square
creatorOf Manning, James, 1781-1866,. Precedents of pleading, ca. 1773. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Letter: 1845 Feb. 21, Yarmouth, to David Laing / Dawson Turner. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Hume, Joseph, 1777-1855. Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], to Dawson Turner, 1841 Dec. 17. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers and prints concerning John Wilkes, 1758-1843 Houghton Library.
referencedIn Clarke, Charles Cowden, 1787-1877,. Autograph letters signed from Charles Cowden Clarke to various people [manuscript], 1845-1874. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Barry Cornwall manuscript material : 13 items, 1816-1862 The New York Public Library. Carl H. Pforzheimer Collection of Shelley and His Circle.
referencedIn Dawson Turner Manuscripts, 18th-19th century Bodleian Library, University of Oxford
creatorOf Suckling, Alfred Inigo, 1796-1856,. Autograph letters signed from Alfred Inigo Suckling, Barsham, to Dawson Turner [manuscript], 1847-1848. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Landseer, John, 1769-1852. Autograph letter signed : Burgh Castle [Suffolk], to Dawson Turner, 1847 Sept. 12. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Norton Nicholls papers, 1750-1811 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Cornwall, Barry, 1787-1874. Barry Cornwall manuscript material : 13 items, 1816-1862 New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858,. Miscellanea curiosa : collected by Dawson Turner, 1549- 1834. Virginia Historical Society Library
creatorOf Halliwell-Phillipps, J. O. (James Orchard), 1820-1889,. Letter signed from James Orchard Halliwell-Phillips, Soho Square, London, to Dawson Turner [manuscript], 1845 December 4. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Boswell's Life of Johnson : including Boswell's Journal of a tour to the Hebrides and Johnson's Diary of a journey into North Wales, edited by George Birkbeck Hill, extra-illustrated, 1464-1897 (inclusive), 1724-1874 (bulk). Houghton Library.
creatorOf Stanhope, Michael, fl. 1596-1602. Transcript of Papers relating to the Earl of Essex, Sir Gelly Meyrick and the Essex Rebellion, 1596-1602 [manuscript], ca. 1837. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Meen, Henry, 1744-1817. Poems : manuscript, [17--?] Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Le Keux correspondence, 1811-1879. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Sir Charles Lyell papers, 1806-1874, 1806-1874 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Holcroft, Thomas, 1745-1809. Autograph letter signed : London, to Dawson Turner, [n.d.]. Pierpont Morgan Library.
referencedIn Papers, 1808-1888. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Schreiber, Aloys Wilhelm, 1761-1841. Aloys Wilhelm Schreiber letter to Dawson Turner, 1833 September 2. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
creatorOf Ewing, W. C. (William Creasey), 1787-1862,. Autograph letter signed from William C. Ewing, Eaton, to Dawson Turner [manuscript], 1837 September 16. Folger Shakespeare Library
creatorOf Castell, Edmund, 1606-1685. Views on a heptaglot lexicon [manuscript], ca. 1660? Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Richard Mackenzie Bacon: Correspondence and Papers, 1752-1874 Cambridge University Library, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Letters regarding art collecting, 1797-1833. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Le Keux correspondence, 1811-1879. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Hooker, Joseph Dalton, Sir, 1817-1911. Correspondence, 1844-1910. American Philosophical Society Library
referencedIn Houghton Library printed book provenance file, R-Z, and unidentified. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Letter: 1840 Nov. 25, Yarmouth, to David Laing / Dawson Turner. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
creatorOf Betham, William, Sir, 1779-1853. Precedents of pleading, ca. 1820. Harvard Law School Library, HLS Library
referencedIn Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker correspondence, 1844-1910, 1844-1910 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Blakesley, Joseph Williams, 1808-1885. Pamphlets [electronic resource] 1827-1850. OCLC Econtent Synchronization Program
referencedIn Clarke, Mary Cowden, 1809-1898,. Autograph letters signed from Mary Cowden Clarke to various recipients [manuscript], 1843-1896. Folger Shakespeare Library
referencedIn Sir James Paget correspondence, 1784-1932, 1784-1932 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. Letter: 1850 Jan. 8, Yarmouth, to David Laing / Dawson Turner. University of Edinburgh - Main Library, Edinburgh University Library
referencedIn Book collectors miscellaneous papers, 1649-1937. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Hume, Joseph, 1777-1855. Letters, 1836-1851. University of Iowa Libraries
creatorOf Dibdin, Thomas Frognall, 1776-1847. Papers, 1798-1836. Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Blake, William, 1757-1827. ALS : to Dawson Turner, 1818 June 9. Rosenbach Museum & Library
referencedIn Thomas Frognall Dibdin papers, 1798-1836. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Turner, Dawson, 1775-1858. [Dawson Turner correspondence]. Natural History Museum
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Banks, Joseph, 1743-1820. person
associatedWith Bannatyne Club (Edinburgh, Scotland) corporateBody
associatedWith Bellamy, John, d. 1825. person
associatedWith Blake, William, 1757-1827. person
associatedWith Blewitt, Octavian, 1810-1884 person
correspondedWith Boswell, James, 1740-1795 person
associatedWith Bowyer, George. person
associatedWith Bray, Mrs (Anna Eliza), 1790-1883. person
associatedWith Burn, Jacob H. person
associatedWith Burton, Decimus, 1800-1881. person
associatedWith Burton, James. person
associatedWith Cahoon, Herbert, 1918- person
associatedWith Cantrill, W. person
associatedWith Carey, William, 1759-1839. person
associatedWith Castell, Edmund, 1606-1685. person
associatedWith Christie, James. person
correspondedWith Clarke, Charles Cowden, 1787-1877, person
correspondedWith Clarke, Mary Cowden, 1809-1898, person
associatedWith Coltan, Wilman Charles. person
associatedWith Colton, Wilman Charles person
associatedWith Cornwall, Barry, 1787-1874. person
associatedWith Cowley, William Ambrosia. person
associatedWith Cripps, John Marten, 1780-1853. person
associatedWith Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882 person
associatedWith Dawson Turner, 1775-1858 person
associatedWith Dibdin, Thomas Frognall, 1776-1847. person
correspondedWith Dillon, John, d. ca. 1868 person
associatedWith Edwards, William Camden. person
correspondedWith Ewing, W. C. (William Creasey), 1787-1862, person
associatedWith Gevartius, Casperius person
correspondedWith Halliwell-Phillipps, J. O. (James Orchard), 1820-1889, person
associatedWith Harington, John, 1561-1612 person
associatedWith Hastings, Edward, 1890-1980. person
associatedWith Hawkins, Edward, 1780-1867. person
associatedWith Haydon, Benjamin Robert, 1786-1846 person
associatedWith Heath, James, 1757-1834. person
associatedWith Hering, Mr, person
associatedWith Holcroft, Thomas, 1745-1809. person
associatedWith Hooker, Joseph Dalton, Sir, 1817-1911. person
associatedWith Houghton Library. person
associatedWith Hume, Joseph, 1777-1855. person
associatedWith Humphry, Ozias, 1742-1810. person
associatedWith J. D. (John Dodington) person
associatedWith Kerrich, Mr, person
associatedWith Landseer, John, 1769-1852. person
associatedWith Locke, John, 1632-1704. person
associatedWith Lyell, Charles, Sir, 1797-1875. person
associatedWith Meen, Henry, 1744-1817. person
associatedWith Mirabeau, Honoré-Gabriel de Riquetti, comte de, 1749-1791. person
associatedWith Molini, Charles. person
associatedWith Murray, John, 1778-1843. person
associatedWith Nicholls, Norton, 1742-1811 person
associatedWith Nicholls, Norton, 1742-1811. person
associatedWith Paget, James, Sir, 1814-1899 person
associatedWith Peirson, Robert. person
associatedWith Phillipps, Thomas, Sir, 1792-1872, person
associatedWith Raleigh, Walter, Sir, 1552?-1618. person
associatedWith Ray, Gordon Norton, 1915- person
associatedWith Richard Mackenzie Bacon person
associatedWith Richards, William. person
associatedWith Rivers, Lady. person
associatedWith Saunders, George, 1762-1839. person
associatedWith Schreiber, Aloys Wilhelm, 1761-1841. person
associatedWith Scoresby, William, 1789-1857. person
associatedWith Smith, James Edward, Sir, 1759-1828. person
associatedWith Sotheby, William, 1757-1833. person
associatedWith Southgate, Richard. person
associatedWith Sowerby, James, 1757-1822. person
associatedWith Sowerby, James de Carl, 1787-1871. person
associatedWith Stanhope, Michael, fl. 1596-1602. person
correspondedWith Suckling, Alfred Inigo, 1796-1856, person
associatedWith Upcott, William, 1779-1845. person
correspondedWith Valpy, R. (Richard), 1754-1836, person
associatedWith Vander Geest, Cornelius person
associatedWith Wolfe, James, 1727-1759 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
England--London
Virginia
Savoy (France and Italy)
France
England--Manchester
Ireland
England
Subject
Book collectors
Numismatists
Acquisitions (Libraries)
Voyages and travels--17th century
Religious literature
Book collecting
Private libraries--19th century--Catalogs
Auctioneers
Botany
Art criticism--19th-20th centuries
Collectors and collecting
Manuscripts--Catalogs
Private libraries
Beyond Early America
Occupation
Collector
Function

Person

Birth 1775-10-18

Death 1858-06-21

Britons

English

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