Jefferson Davis collection 1861-1865 Davis, Jefferson collection

ArchivalResource

Jefferson Davis collection, Davis, Jefferson collection, 1861-1865

Jefferson Davis collection 1861-1865 Davis, Jefferson collection

The Jefferson Davis collection contains political and military correspondence of Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America. Most of the letters are from congressmen, governors, cabinet officers, generals, and local politicians to Davis.

0.25 linear feet

eng,

Related Constellations

There are 55 Constellations related to this resource.

Phelan, James, 1821-1873

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pr8h4n (person)

Confederate senator from Aberdeen, Mississippi. From the description of James Phelan letter, 1862 June 18. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 276367659 Confederate official. From the description of Letter, 1865 Jan. 17. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49308936 ...

Rives, William Cabell, 1825-1889

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6dz0hcb (person)

Albemarle Co., Va., and Boston, Mass., lawyer. From the description of Papers of William Cabell Rives [manuscript], 1860-1882. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647818447 Charlottesville, Va., lawyer. From the description of Diplomas of William Cabell Rives [manuscript], 1843-1847 (bulk 1843-1844). (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647818577 ...

House, John Ford, 1827-1904

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw2v4c (person)

Bocock, Thomas S., 1815-1891

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6c53x99 (person)

U.S. Congressman from Virginia. From the description of Letter of Thomas S. Bocock, [manuscript], 1865 June 23. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647810877 From the description of Letter of Thomas S. Bocock, 1865 June 23. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 32959807 United States and Confederate States of America congressman. From the description of Letter to Brigadier General John H. Winder [manuscript], 1862 August 26. (University...

Malloy, Stephen Russell, 1812-1873.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mk7n7x (person)

Castle Thunder Prison (Richmond, Va.)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6964mtd (corporateBody)

Barnwell, Robert Woodward, 1801-1882

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bv8h51 (person)

U.S. senator, U.S. representative, C.S.A. senator, from South Carolina, and educator. From the description of Robert Woodward Barnwell correspondence, 1868. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450147 American politician, US Congressman from S.C., 1829-1833, US Senator, 1850-1851, Confederate Congressman 1862-1866. From the guide to the Robert Woodward Barnwell paycheck and autograph, 1832, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) La...

Pemberton, John C. (John Clifford), 1814-1881

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ff4t51 (person)

Confederate army officer. From the description of Papers of John C. Pemberton, 1862-1937. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79453948 Officer in the U.S. Army and later in the Confederate States of America Army. From the description of Letter, 1862. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 39522011 Confederate general controversial for his surrender of Vicksburg, Miss., 4 July 1863; a veteran of the Seminole Wars, the Mexican War, and service on the fr...

Johnston, Joseph E. (Joseph Eggleston), 1807-1891

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6n29v22 (person)

Confederate general. From the description of Letter (copy), 1861 Sept. 11 : Manassas, Va., to G.T. Beauregard. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122489351 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Selma [Alabama], to Colonel Blanton Duncan, 1867 Jan. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270489683 From the description of Letter, October 9, 1861. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 443082432 Benjamin Stoddert E...

Cairo (Gunboat)

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66x4fhm (corporateBody)

Built at Mound City, Illinois, commissioned January 16, 1862; named for Cairo, Illinois; mission was to engage Confederate gunboats on inland rivers; sunk by mine on Yazoo River near Vicksburg, December 12, 1862; discovered 1956; raised 1964; museum opened at Vicksburg Military Park, 1980; restoration completed, 1984. From the description of Collection 1968-1984. (University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus). WorldCat record id: 32117241 ...

Lovell, Mansfield, 1822-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w63b68wf (person)

Confederate general. From the description of Telegram, 1862 Apr. 22, New Orleans, La., to G.T. Beauregard, Corinth, Miss. (Rosenbach Museum & Library). WorldCat record id: 122626029 Born 1822 in Washington, D.C.; with U.S. Army during the Mexican War; resigned the Army and worked in civilian positions in Trenton, N.J. and New York City; joined the Confederate States Army as Major General; given command of forces defending New Orleans; held no later command but served thr...

Kirby-Smith, Edmund, 1824-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6z61128 (person)

Edmund Kirby-Smith, son of General Edmund Kirby-Smith, was a citizen of the United States and an engineer by profession. From the guide to the Records of Land Transactions by Edmund Kirby-Smith and Virginia Téllez de Kirby-Smith in the Isla de Tacamichapa, Veracruz 32741540., 1884-1945, 1895-1925, (Benson Latin American Collection, General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin) Confederate general, university chancellor, and mathematics professor from St. Augustine (S...

McRae, John J., 1815-1868

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6j10fw5 (person)

Slidell, John, 1793-1871

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6m61jxk (person)

American lawyer and politician. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to T.H. Herbert, Esq., 1856 12 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270664032 Slidell was a Louisiana lawyer and politician who served in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, and as Confederate agent to France whose capture sparked the Trent affair. From the description of Legal answer, 1800s. (Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library). WorldCat record id: 122558030 ...

Smith, Gustavus Woodson, 1822-1896

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6bz67rm (person)

Gustavus Woodson Smith (1822-1896), civil and military engineer and Confederate Major General, born in Kentucky. From the description of Gustavus Woodson Smith papers, 1858-1863. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38478117 Army officer and engineer. Appointed major-general in the provisional Confederate Army in September 1861 and held various commands off and on until the end of the war, including several days as acting secretary of war. From the description of State...

Letcher, John, 1813-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zw1pdh (person)

Governor of Virginia. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Richmond, Va., to President Buchanan, 1860 June 13. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270591184 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Lexington, Va., to Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State, 1813-1884. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270590807 Native of Virginia; graduate of Washington College; lawyer, newspaper editor, presidential elector in 1848, and member of Virginia's constitutional c...

Mason, J. M. (James Murray), 1798-1871

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m36st (person)

United States senator. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Washington, to C. Neale, Esq., 1849 Jan. 7. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270607846 From the description of Autograph letter signed : Selma, to Joseph C. Cabell, Esq., 1846 Nov. 23. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270607032 From the description of Autograph letter signed : to Messrs. Gales & Seaton, 1839 Feb. 6. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270607773 U.S. Congressman, and Confede...

Trenholm, George Alfred, 1806-1876

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6h13c49 (person)

Secretary of Confederate Treasury; member of South Carolina House of Representatives; cotton broker and native of Charleston, S.C.; Trenholm owned John Fraser & Company of Charleston, S.C., and shipped sea island cotton to Fraser, Trenholm, and Co. (Liverpool, England); Trenholm also owned interests in interests in steamships, railroads, banks, hotels, plantations, wharves, and cotton presses; father of William Lee Trenholm (1836-1901), who served as Captain, Company B, Seventh Regiment, Sou...

Reagan, John H. (John Henninger), 1818-1905

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w61j9w6h (person)

U.S. Representative and Senator from Texas; Confederate Postmaster General. From the description of Letter to John W. Swindell, 1878 December 1. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 50734517 Postmaster General, C.S.A. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Palestine, Texas, to George W. Paschal, Jr., 1877 Mar. 20. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270616448 Born in Sevier County, Tennessee, John Henniger Reagan (1818-1905) c...

Floyd, John B. (John Buchanan), 1806-1863

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6k0777s (person)

John Swank, a native of Augusta County, Va., settled near Singers Glen, Rockingham County, Va., where he lived until his death just before the outbreak of the Civil War. He was a member of the Lutheran Church and is buried at St. John's [Lutheran Church, Rockingham County.]. From the description of Land grant, 1849 March 31, to John Swank. (Colonial Williamsburg Foundation). WorldCat record id: 15347747 Biographical note: Politician; John Buchanan Floyd was Governor of Virgi...

Davis, Jefferson, 1808-1889

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xk8d2z (person)

Mary Ann Lamar Cobb (1818-1889), wife of Gen. Howell Cobb (1815-1868). From the description of Letter to Mary Ann Lamar Cobb, 1888 Oct. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476494 Jefferson Davis (1808-1889) was born in Kentucky. He attended Transylvania University for a short time before enrolling at West Point in 1824, at the age of 16. He graduated in 1828 and immediately joined the First Infantry. His regiment was engaged in the Blackhawk War of 1831. In 1833, he became a...

Johnson, Herschel V. (Herschel Vespasian), 1812-1880

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xs6htc (person)

Herschel Vespasian Johnson was born on September 18, 1812, in Burke County. Like most of Georgia's antebellum political lights, Johnson passed through the University of Georgia, graduating in 1834. He took up the law and established prosperous practices in Augusta, Louisville, and finally Milledgeville, the state capital. Ambrose Wright, the future Confederate officer and newspaper journalist, began his study of law in Johnson's Louisville office. In 1844, the same year he moved to Milledgeville...

Lee, George Washington Custis, 1832-1913

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6p277sk (person)

The central figures in this collection are Cuthbert Powell (1775-1849), his son, Charles Leven Powell (1804-1896), Charles Leven Powell's wife, Selina (Lloyd) Powell (d. 1871), and their children. Cuthbert Powell Cuthbert Powell (1775-1849) was born in Middleburg, Loudoun County, Virginia to parents Leven Powell (1737-1810) and Sarah (Harrison) Powell. He was one of eleven children. Cuthbert made his fortune alongside his brother, Leven Powell, Jr. (1772-1807), as a merc...

Clay, Clement Comer, 1789-1866

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6t44j8c (person)

U.S. senator and representative and governor of Alabama. From the description of Clement Comer Clay correspondence, 1832-1834. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79453575 Clement Clay, playwright. From the description of The new dominion, n.d. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122576255 ...

Magruder, John Bankhead, 1807-1871

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6vm4dr4 (person)

James Barron Hope was born 23 March 1829 in Norfolk, Virginia. He was the grandson of Commodore James Barron (1769-1851) and son of Wilton Hope and Jane Armistead (Barron) Hope (1791-1862). James Barron Hope graduated from the College of William and Mary. He practiced law and was the commonwealth's attorney for Norfolk. He married Annie Beverley Whiting (1825-1920) in 1857. The couple had two daughters, Jane ("Janey" or "Jennie") Barron Hope (b. 1859?) and Ann ("Nanny") Hope. James Barron Hope i...

Bragg, Braxton, 1817-1876

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64b2zg4 (person)

Confederate Army officer, planter, and engineer. From the description of Braxton Bragg papers, 1833-1879 [microform]. (Rhinelander District Library). WorldCat record id: 44880220 Confederate General. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Mobile, to H. Storm, 1873 Oct. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270133497 Army officer. From the description of Braxton Bragg papers, 1861-1863. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79455179 G...

Crittenden, George Bibb, 1812-1880

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6d515cn (person)

Davis, Reuben, 1813-1890

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w394pz (person)

Born in Tennessee; practiced law in Monroe County, Mississippi; attorney for 6th Judicial District; judge of Mississippi High Court of Appeals; colonel of 2nd Mississippi Volunteers during the Mexican War; member of the state legislature 1855-1858 and the U.S. House of Representatives 1858-1861; member of the Confederate Congress 1861-1864; lawyer and author. From the description of Speech, 1859 February 17. (University of Southern Mississippi, Regional Campus). WorldCat record id: 1...

Keyes, Wade, 1821-1879

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w69c85vq (person)

Foote, Henry S. (Henry Stuart), 1804-1880

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jq28fx (person)

United States Senator and Governor of Mississippi. From the description of Letter signed : Washington, D.C., to the President, 1878 Jun. 15. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270538122 American political leader. From the description of Autograph letter signed from Horace H. Harrison : [n.p.], to President, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270519281 From the description of Autograph letter signed : [n.p.], [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 2705256...

Dargan, Edmund Strother, 1805-1879

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xh108b (person)

Semmes, Thomas J. (Thomas Jenkins), 1824-1899

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6ms4fp6 (person)

Lawyer, member of the Confederate Senate, 1862-1865, and member of the law faculty of Tulane University, New Orleans, 1873-1879. From the description of Papers, 1835-1899. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20314014 Thomas Jenkins Semmes served in the Louisiana House of Representatives and as a delegate to the Louisiana secession convention (1861), where he helped draft the Ordinance of Secession. He was also elected senator to the Confederate Congress (1862-65),...

Randolph, George Wythe, 1818-1867

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sx6k4c (person)

Confederate secretary of war. From the description of Letter : to Bettie D. George, Charlottesville, Va., 1862 September 25. (Charlottesville-Albemarle History Collection). WorldCat record id: 29536517 Army general and Secretary of War for the Confederate States of America. From the description of George Wythe Randolph letter, 1862 July 17. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 259801913 ...

Caperton, Allen Taylor, 1810-1876

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pk0n8b (person)

Forrest, Nathan Bedford, 1821-1877

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6pc318z (person)

Army officer. From the description of Nathan Bedford Forrest letter, 1867. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450304 Planter, slave dealer, and Confederate Army officer; resident of Memphis (Shelby Co.), Tenn. From the description of Papers, 1862-1866. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 19562174 Confederate general; led cavalry forces during the battle of Fort Pillow, Tenn.; Confederate troops accused of slaughtering Union soldiers following th...

Barry, William T. S. (William Taylor Sullivan), 1821-1868

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w62r50s7 (person)

American politician and Confederate leader From the guide to the William Taylor Sullivan Barry letter, 1856, (The New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division.) ...

Benjamin, J. P. (Judah Philip), 1811-1884

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w66m3f7j (person)

U.S. senator from Louisiana; Confederate cabinet member, and lawyer. In Feb. 1862, Benjamin was the Confederate Secretary of War. From the description of Judah Philip Benjamin correspondence, 1862 Feb. 2. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 419566560 Judah P. Benjamin was an attorney, planter, politician, and Confederate cabinet member. He was born in St. Thomas, British West Indies and came to New Orleans in 1828. Benjamin was elected to the Louisiana Legislature in 1842, became...

Seddon, James A. (James Alexander), 1815-1880

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64m99gp (person)

Representative from Virginia; Confederate Secretary of War. From the description of Autograph letter in pencil signed : [n.p.], to R.J. Walker, [n.d.]. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270633277 Confederate Secretary of War. From the description of Letter to Dr. [Lewis] [manuscript], 1853 November 9. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647986794 From the description of Papers, 1862-1865. (Duke University Library). WorldCat record id: 20313944 ...

Marshall, Humphrey, 1812-1872

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6mp5gdc (person)

Humphrey Marshall, the grandson of politician and historian Humphrey Marshall (1760-1841), was a politician, attorney, and Confederate general. Born in 1812 in Frankfort, Marshall graduated from West Point in 1832 and briefly served in the military before resigning his commission to pursue a career in law and politics. Marshall's military career resumed during the Mexican War, when he served as colonel of the 1st Kentucky Cavalry, which fought at the Battle of Buena Vista. After the war, as a Wh...

Heth, Henry, 1825-1899

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6q24c5b (person)

United States Army officer and Confederate States of America general; of Chesterfield County and Richmond, Va. From the description of Papers of Henry Heth [manuscript], 1758-1942. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647854522 ...

Ives, J. C.

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60018fb (person)

Army officer and engineer. Born 1828, died 1868. Full name: Joseph Christmas Ives. From the description of Papers of J. C. Ives, 1862. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79454086 Lt. Joseph C. Ives of the United States Army Corps of Topographic Engineers was in command of a U.S. Army expedition whose mission was to explore the region of the Colorado River and the Grand Canyon, and to establish the limit of navigation of the Colorado River. From the description of [Jo...

Hampton, Wade, 1818-1902

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6jw8d33 (person)

Wade Hampton (1818-1902) was a planter, Confederate officer, governor of South Carolina, and United States senator. From the guide to the Wade Hampton Papers, ., 1813-1891, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.) South Carolina governor. From the description of Letter : Columbia, S.C., to Gen. Conner, 1880 October 31. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 32140158 Confederate Army off...

Hill, D. H. (Daniel Harvey), 1821-1889

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w65b0ch3 (person)

Daniel Harvey Hill (1821-1889), soldier and educator, was born in York District, S.C., to Solomon Hill and Nancy Cabeen Hill. He graduated from West Point in 1842. As a United States army officer, he participated in all the major battles of the Mexican War. Hill resigned from the military in 1849 to become professor of mathematics at Washington College (now Washington and Lee University). In 1854, he accepted the chair of the mathematics department at Davidson College, a position he held unti...

Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, 1812-1883

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w958tz (person)

Former vice-president of the Confederate States of America. From the description of Letter, 1866 Dec. 26, Crawfordville, Georgia, to Henry Bradley Plant. (Boston Athenaeum). WorldCat record id: 260819402 Alexander Hamilton Stephens (1812-1883), lawyer, politician, Vice President of the Confederate States of America. From the description of Alexander H. Stephens papers, 1844-1882. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 38476996 Lawyer, journalist, governor of Geo...

Beauregard, G. T. (Gustave Toutant), 1818-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w60r9nd2 (person)

P.G.T. Beauregard was a Confederate States Army general from New Orleans, Louisiana. The Aztec Club was organized in 1847 as a fraternal society for officers serving under General Winfield Scott's command in Mexico City. Several officers later became major Civil War leaders. From the description of Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard letter, 1892 Dec. 29. (Louisiana State University). WorldCat record id: 70294149 Former Confederate general and resident of New Orleans. At the t...

Davis, George, 1820-1896

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kp8bgf (person)

Yancey, William Lowndes, 1814-1863

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6w38039 (person)

American lawyer and politician. From the description of Autograph signature clipped from the register of Brown's Hotel, Washington, D.C., 1857 Mar. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270584435 Lawyer, Ala. legislator, and secessionist. From the description of Letter, 1858 June 15. (Filson Historical Society, The). WorldCat record id: 49479565 Attorney, editor, and politician, William L. Yancey was for many years a resident of Greenville, South Carolina. ...

Chesnut, James, 1815-1885

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gq75tw (person)

Camden, S.C. attorney, plantation owner, state legislator, and U.S. Senator. He held several military posts during the Civil War including a staff position in Richmond, Va. from 1862 to 1864. His wife was Mary Boykin Miller (1823-1886). From the description of James Chesnut papers, 1850-1900. (The South Carolina Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 36794015 Attorney, plantation owner, South Carolina Representative, South Carolina Senator, and U.S. Senator. A native of Ca...

Smith, M. L. (Martin Luther), 1819-1866

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xk902c (person)

Lee, Robert Edward, 1807-1870

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6sk28nd (person)

Robert Edward Lee (1807-1870) served as General of the Confederate Army in the U.S. Civil War and was president of Washington College in Lexington, Virginia from 1865 to 1870. Lee spent the first twenty-three years of his military career in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. From 1837 to 1841 he was superintending engineer for the harbor of St. Louis and the upper Mississippi and Missouri rivers. Robert E. Lee was a United States Army officer, 1829-1861; commander of Virginia forces in the ...

William L. Clements library

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6gr0wpg (corporateBody)

Thomas Amory, the son of Jonathan and Rebecca Amory, was born in Ireland in 1682. In 1685, following his mother's death, Amory moved to South Carolina with his father. In 1696, he traveled to England for his education and, in 1709, moved to the Azores at the behest of French merchant Ozell. Amory stayed in the Azores for several years until leaving for Boston in 1719, where he married Rebecca Holmes in 1721. There, he enjoyed a successful mercantile career until his death in 1728. He and his wif...

Rosecrans, William S. (William Starke), 1819-1898

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6zs2vdx (person)

General during the Civil War; congressman from California (1881-1885); U.S. Register of the Treasury (1885-1893). From the description of Papers, 1864-1895. (University of Notre Dame). WorldCat record id: 24039377 William Starke Rosecrans was an inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and United States Army officer during the Civil War. He was the victor at prominent Western Theater battles such as Second Corinth, Stones River, and the Tullahoma Campaign,...

Barksdale, E. (Ethelbert), 1824-1893

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6126vf8 (person)

U.S. and Confederate representative from Mississippi; journalist and agriculturist. From the description of E. Barksdale correspondence, 1867. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 79450126 ...

Garland, A. H. (Augustus Hill), 1832-1899

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6kk9zx2 (person)

U.S. senator from Arkansas. From the description of A.H. Garland letter and address, 1862. (Arkansas History Commission). WorldCat record id: 604884726 American lawyer and politician; Governor of Arkansas. From the description of Autograph letter signed : Little Rock, to the Daily Tribune, 1875 Jan. 30. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 269572048 American lawyer and politican; Governor of Arkansas. From the description of Signature to printed fo...

Buckner, Simon Bolivar, 1823-1914

http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w6xs5wtj (person)

Simon Bolivar Buckner, governor of Kentucky during 1887-91, was born near Munfordville, Kentucky, in 1823, to Aytell Hartswell and Elizabeth Ann Buckner. He entered West Point in 1840 and saw active duty in the Mexican War after graduation. He later became head of Kentucky's state militia, then joined the Confederate Army as brigadier general at the start of the Civil War. After the war, Buckner was a journalist and businessman in New Orleans until he was allowed to return to Kentucky in 1868. I...