Black Panther Party

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The Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, California in 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale. The philosophy of the Black Panthers, known as their ten-point program, combined Marxist socialism and black nationalism with demands for land, housing, education, justice and peace. By 1969 the Black Panthers had become known nationally.

From the guide to the Black Panther Party FBI file, 1967-1969, (The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.)

The Bay Area Black Panther Party Collection was donated on November 1, 1991 by Douglas Daniels, who was at the time an Associate Professor of Black Studies at the University of California at Santa Barbara. The collection was gathered by Richard Aoki, a founding member of the Bay Area chapter and the only Asian American to hold a formal leadership position as Field Marshall. Particularly significant to this collection are several first issues of the Black Panther party newspaper, flyers from the Huey Newton Defense Fund (Committee), documents and handbills from Eldridge Cleaver's U.S. Presidential bid with the Peace and Freedom Party, and the political manifesto from the Lowndes County Freedom Organization (Alabama), the logo for which became the Black Panther's national symbol.

From the description of Bay Area Black Panther Party Collection, 1963-2000. (University of California, Santa Barbara). WorldCat record id: 56211795

The Black Panther Party was an African American political and activist organization founded in 1965 in Oakland, California by Bobby Seale and Huey P. Newton. An outgrowth of the "Black Power" movement, the Black Panther Party focused its efforts on community activism and social community programs. The organization was most active during the 1960s and 1970s.

From the description of Black Panther Party collection, 1965-1976. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 458818665

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Michigan State University. Library. American Radicalism Collection. Black Panther Party : file of clippings, pamphlets and miscellanea. Michigan State University Libraries, Main Library
referencedIn Printed Ephemera Collection on Organizations, 1886- Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Printed ephemera of African American political activism and arts, circa 1913-1990, 1963-1976 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Eldridge Cleaver photograph collection, 1966-circa 1982 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Clayton Van Lydegraf papers, 1944-1991 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Miller, James Knute, 1946-. James. K. Miller papers, 1966-1991. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Goodman, Ernest, 1906-. Ernest Goodman papers, 1952-1977, (bulk 1952-1972). Wayne State University, Archives of Labor & Urban Affairs
creatorOf Black Panther printed ephemera, ca. 1966-2006. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn University of California, Berkeley. New Left pamphlet collection, 1893-1973 and undated. Pennsylvania State University Libraries
referencedIn Papers, 1927-2008 Radcliffe College Archives, Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Ming, Myra. Elmer 'Geronimo' Pratt; A Case of Injustice? : video, 2 Dec. 1995. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Social protest collection, 1943-1982, (bulk 1960-1975) Bancroft Library
referencedIn Left wing political activities printed material, 1966-2007. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Omowale, Jomo Joka. Jomo Joka Omowale papers, 1969-2008. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Stella Maris House (Portland, Or.). Stella Maris House collection, 1940-1973 ; bulk : 1960-1972. Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Papers of Florynce Kennedy, (inclusive), (bulk), 1915-2004, 1947-1993 Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute
referencedIn Sellers, Cleveland, 1944-. Cleveland L. Sellers, Jr. papers, 1934-2003 (bulk 1960-1980). College of Charleston, Marlene and Nathan Addlestone Library
referencedIn Neal, Larry, 1937-1981. Larry Neal papers, 1961-1985. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Rosalie Ritz courtroom drawings, 1968-1982 Bancroft Library
referencedIn The Black Panther Party. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis
referencedIn Cleaver, Eldridge, 1935-1998. Papers ca. 1969-1977. Denver Public Library, Central Library
referencedIn Curtis Powell papers, 1935-2002, 1968-2002 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Columbia University. Archives. University Protest and Activism Collection, 1958-1999 (Bulk dates 1968-1972). Nolan, Norton & Company, Incorporated
referencedIn Charles Brittin papers, 1914-2004 (bulk 1950-1975) Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Christiane C. Collins collection of the West Harlem Coalition for Morningside Park and Urban Problems of the Contiguous Communities: West Harlem, Manhattan Valley, Morningside Heights and Manhattanville, 1941-1996, (1968-1973, 1956-1996, 1962-1987, 1960-1994, 1963-1982, 1959-1994, 1941-1986, 1964-1973, 1963-1987, 1966-1975, 1961-1981, 1966-1973, 1967-1987, 1967-1980, 1961-1971 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Hart, Newell. Newell Hart collection of Berkeley ephemera, 1963-1969. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Seattle (Wash.). Mayor. Wesley C. Uhlman mayoral records, 1956-1978 bulk 1970-1977. Seattle Municipal Archives
creatorOf Benjamin, Gilbert G. The Gilbert G. Benjamin collection on subversive activities. California State University, Northridge
referencedIn Alabama. Legislature. Commission to Preserve the Peace. Records, 1962-1975. Alabama Department of Archives and History
referencedIn Litwack, Leon F. Leon F. Litwack collection of Berkeley, California, protest literature, 1939-2004 (bulk 1964-1989). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Grant, Joanne. Joanne Grant research files, 1963-1968. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Interview by the Yale Daily News of Kingman Brewster, Jr., 1975. Yale University Library
referencedIn United States. Congress. House. Committee on Internal Security. Papers of the U.S. House Committee on Internal Security [manuscript], 1950-1974. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Lamaina, Susanna Lucia,. Photographs of Angela Davis, Emory Douglas, Ericka Huggins, and David Hilliard by Susanna Lucia Lamaina, 1984-2011. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees series 5. Charleston Medical College Hospital Strike interviews, 1979-1980, bulk 1980. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Dowd, Douglas F.,. Douglas F. Dowd tape recording, 1968. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Black Panther printed ephemera, ca. 1966-2009. Harvard University, Houghton Library
referencedIn Cleaver, Kathleen Neal. Flyer, 1968. Harvard University, Schlesinger Library
creatorOf Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.). Anti-Vietnam War Collection, ca. late 1960s-early 1970s. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn California Cornerstones: Selected Images from The Bancroft Library Pictorial Collection Bancroft Library
referencedIn Leon F. Litwack collection of Berkeley, California, protest literature, 1939-2004, 1964-1989 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Liberation News Service Photographs, Bulk, 1970-1979, 1965-1981, (Bulk 1970s) Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Shapiro, Phillip. Phillip Shapiro papers, ca. 1960-1985. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Garry, Charles R., 1909-. Charles R. Garry letter : to California Adult Authority, 1972 Sept. 15. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Patterson, William L. (William Lorenzo), 1890-1980. William Lorenzo Patterson papers, 1919-1979 (bulk, mid-1950s-1979). Moorland-Spingarn Resource Center
referencedIn Collins, Christiane Crasemann,. Christiane C. Collins collection : of the West Harlem Coalition for Morningside Park and Urban Problems of the Contiguous Communities: West Harlem, Manhattan Valley, Morningside Heights and Manhattanville. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Political Newspapers Collection, 1953-1994, bulk 1969-1992 California State University, Dominguez Hills Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn May Day rally and Yale collection, circa 1970-1974 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn James Forman Papers, 1848-2005, (bulk 1961-2001) Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
referencedIn Stella Maris House collection, 1940-1973, 1960-1972 Oregon Historical Society Research Library
referencedIn Lighthouse. The Lighthouse records, 1893-2000, bulk 1930-1983. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Roxbury Action Program Collection MS 765., 1944-1975, 1966-1974 Special Collections and University Archives, University of Massachusetts Amherst Libraries
referencedIn National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. Series 5. Charleston Medical College Hospital Strike interviews, 1979-1980, bulk 1980. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. Federal surveillance of African Americans, 1920-1984 [electronic resource]. University of California, Irvine. Library. Department of Special Collections
referencedIn Shames, Stephen. Stephen Shames Black Panther photograph collection [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Sir Joseph Gold political and miscellaneous ephemera collection, 1960s-1990s University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
referencedIn Summers, Clyde W. Summers, Clyde. Office files, 1940-2004. Cornell University Library
referencedIn Larry Neal papers, 1961-1985 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn [Elaine Brown] Historical Society of Pennsylvania
creatorOf Black Panther Party. Free street; free huey : poster, 1968. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Yale University. President's Office. Office of the president, Yale University, records concerning the May Day rally, 1970-1976 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn John R. Williams papers, 1966-1977 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Cleaver, Eldridge, 1935-1998. Eldridge Cleaver photograph collection [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Johnson, Robert Pierre, 1914-1974. Robert Pierre Johnson papers, 1894-1974, bulk 1940-1974. Presbyterian Historical Society, PHS
referencedIn Archive for Human Rights (Duke University). Incarceration zines collection, 1995-2007. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
creatorOf Black Panther Party. Black Panther Party collection, 1965-1976. Emory University Library, Special Collect Department
creatorOf Black Panther Party FBI file, 1967-1969 The New York Public Library. Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture, Manuscripts, Archives and Rare Books Division.
referencedIn Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation Inc. collection, 1968-1994 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Queens Borough Public Library. Long Island Division. Afro-Americans, Black Panthers / [compiled by Queens Borough Public Library, Long Island Division]. Queens Borough Public Library, Queens Library
referencedIn Communist Party of the United States of America Records, Bulk, 1950-1990, 1892-2009 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Zweig, Martha,. Political Newspapers Collection California State University, Dominguez Hills, CSUDH
referencedIn Aweusi, Alli Collection 96-129., 1969-1995 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
referencedIn Ronald V. Dellums Congressional Papers, 1971-1999 inclusive African American Museum and Library at Oakland (Oakland, Calif.)
referencedIn Hoffman Family Papers., undated, 1933-1998. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
referencedIn Brittin, Charles, 1928-. Charles Brittin papers, 1914-2004, bulk 1950-1975. Getty Research Institute
referencedIn Aweusi, Alli. Aweusi, Alli Collection, 1969-1995 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Frye, Hardy T.,. Oral history interviews, 1972-1978. Auburn University.
referencedIn Tamiment Library Newspapers, Bulk, 1960-1990, 1873-, (Bulk 1960-1990) Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Stiner, Watani, 1948-. Something more precious than freedom : photocopy, 2005. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Women's History Research Center. Records, 1845-1992 (bulk 1959-1978). University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
referencedIn Flanagan, Robert B., 1929-. Robert B. Flanagan oral history interviews (part II), 1988 Nov. 10 and 1989 Jan. 9. Georgia State University
referencedIn Sacks, Herbert S. Reminiscences of Herbert S. Sacks : oral history, 1970. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Marlon Riggs Collection, 1957-1994 Cecil H. Green Library. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Tamiment Library Poster and Broadside Collection, Bulk, 1970-1990, 1904-1991, bulk 1970-1990 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn Alioto, Joseph L. Joseph L. Alioto papers, 1958-1977 (bulk 1968-1974). San Francisco Public Library, Main Library
creatorOf Black Panther Party. Black Panther Party FBI file, 1967-1969. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation, Inc. Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation Inc. collection, 1968 -1994. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn McEldowney, Carol. Papers, 1964-1971. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Women's History Research Center resource files, 1845-1992 (bulk 1959-1978) University of Wyoming. American Heritage Center.
referencedIn Black Panther Party collection. California State Library
referencedIn University Protest and Activism Collection, 1958-1999, [Bulk Dates: 1968-1972]. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University Archives
referencedIn Eldridge Cleaver papers, 1963-1988 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Ivy Group Presidents records, 1963-1977 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Printed ephemera of African American political activism and arts, circa 1913-1990 (bulk 1963-1976). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Genet, Jean, 1910-1986. Letters to David Hilliard and Charles Garry, 1970-1972 and nd. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Joanne Grant Research Files, 1963-1968. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library, University Archives
referencedIn May Day Rally and Yale collection, Circa 1969-1974 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Left wing political activities printed material, 1966-1972 Division of Rare and Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library.
referencedIn Theoharis, Athan G.,. FBI Investigation and Surveillance Records, 1919-[ongoning]. Marquette University Raynor Memorial Library, John P. Raynor Library
referencedIn Joseph L. Alioto Papers, 1958-1977, (bulk 1968-1974) San Francisco History Center
referencedIn Bartolotto, Julie. Asian American women's movement. California State University, Long Beach
referencedIn Civil Rights History Project collection, 2010-2011 Archive of Folk Culture, American Folklife Center Library of Congress,http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.afc/folklife.home
referencedIn Communist Party of the United States of America Audio Collection, Bulk, 1965-1989, 1920s - 1999 Tamiment Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archive
referencedIn McDaniel, Thelma. Thelma McDaniel Collection, 1935-1989. Historical Society of Pennsylvania
referencedIn Alkebulan, Paul, 1948-. Passing it on : stories from the Civil Rights Movement, 1993. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Stephanie Oursler Papers, ca. 1955, ca. 1960-ca. 1970 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
creatorOf Black Panther Party. Bay Area Black Panther Party Collection, 1963-2000. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Jacobs, Paul, 1918-. My Senate Campaign Book, 1968. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Williams, John R. John R. Williams papers, 1966-1977 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Mason, John, 1946-. Papers, 1963-1978. 1965-1971 (bulk). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Forman, James, 1928-2005. James Forman papers, 1848-2005 (bulk 1961-2001). Library of Congress
referencedIn Flores, Diana, 1951-. Oral history interview with Diana Flores, 2001 [videorecording]. University of Texas at Arlington, Central Library
referencedIn Roach, Michael. Poster and Broadside Collection of Tamiment Institute Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives, [ca. 1904-1991]. 1935-1975 (bulk). Churchill County Museum
referencedIn Shapiro, Phillip. FBI file, 1968-2000. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Wiener, Jon. Reminiscences of Jon Wiener : oral history, 1988. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005. Kenneth Clark papers, 1954-1982. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
referencedIn John G. Mason Papers, 1963-1978 New York University. Archives.
referencedIn DePaul University. Center for Latino Research. Young Lords oral history transcripts 1993-1996. DePaul University Library
referencedIn Cleaver, Eldridge, 1935-1998. Eldridge Cleaver papers, 1963-1988. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Michael Padwee Papers, 1966-1979 Tamiment Library / Wagner Archives
referencedIn Socialist Party of California. Social protest collection, 1943-1982 (bulk 1960-1975). UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Harris, Alex, 1949-. Alex Harris photographs and papers, 1970-2003. Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn [Free Huey May Day rally poster] [graphic]. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn [Black Panther Party broadsides, handbills, etc.] Harvard University, Houghton Library
creatorOf Students for a Democratic Society (U.S.). Anti-Viet Nam War Collection, ca. late 1960s-early 1970s. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
referencedIn Michael Padwee Papers 1966-1979. New York University, Tamiment Library
referencedIn Tilton, Eleanor Taft, 1909-1984. Papers, 1947-1975. EO Smith High School
referencedIn Black Panther printed ephemera, ca., 1966-2006. Houghton Library.
referencedIn [Black Panther Party pamphlets]. Princeton University Library
referencedIn Martin, Christopher B.,. Papers of Christopher B. Martin [manuscript], 1968-1970. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Liberation News Service (New York, N.Y.). Photographs, 1965-1981. Churchill County Museum
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alabama. Legislature. Commission to Preserve the Peace. corporateBody
associatedWith Alioto, Joseph L. person
associatedWith American Folklife Center corporateBody
associatedWith Aweusi, Alli person
associatedWith Aweusi, Alli person
associatedWith Bay Area Black Panther Party corporateBody
associatedWith Benjamin, Gilbert G. person
associatedWith Brittin, Charles, 1928- person
associatedWith California State University, Dominguez Hills corporateBody
associatedWith Carmichael, Stokely. person
associatedWith Clark, Kenneth Bancroft, 1914-2005. person
associatedWith Cleaver, Eldridge, 1935-1998. person
associatedWith Cleaver, Kathleen Neal. person
associatedWith Collins, Christiane Crasemann, person
associatedWith Columbia University. Archives. corporateBody
associatedWith Communist Party of the United States of America. corporateBody
associatedWith Dellums, Ronald V., 1935- person
associatedWith DePaul University. Center for Latino Research. corporateBody
associatedWith Dowd, Douglas F., person
associatedWith Dr. Huey P. Newton Foundation, Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Flanagan, Robert B., 1929- person
associatedWith Flores, Diana, 1951- person
associatedWith Forman, James, 1928-2005. person
associatedWith Frye, Hardy T., person
associatedWith Garry, Charles R., 1909- person
associatedWith Genet, Jean, 1910-1986. person
associatedWith Gold, Joseph, 1912- person
associatedWith Goodman, Ernest, 1906- person
associatedWith Grant, Joanne. person
associatedWith Grant, Joanne. person
associatedWith Harris, Alex, 1949- person
associatedWith Hart, Newell. person
associatedWith Hoffman Family. family
associatedWith Jacobs, Paul, 1918- person
associatedWith Johnson, Robert Pierre, 1914-1974. person
correspondedWith Kennedy, Florynce person
associatedWith Lamaina, Susanna Lucia, person
associatedWith Liberation News Service (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Lighthouse. corporateBody
associatedWith Litwack, Leon F. person
associatedWith Martin, Christopher B., person
associatedWith Mason, John, 1946- person
associatedWith Mason, John, 1948 person
associatedWith McDaniel, Thelma. person
associatedWith McEldowney, Carol. person
associatedWith Miller, James Knute, 1946- person
associatedWith National Museum of African American History and Culture (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees. corporateBody
associatedWith Neal, Larry, 1937-1981. person
associatedWith Newton, Huey P. person
associatedWith Omowale, Jomo Joka. person
associatedWith Online Archive of California. corporateBody
associatedWith Oursler, Stephanie. person
associatedWith Padwee, Michael person
associatedWith Patterson, William L. (William Lorenzo), 1890-1980. person
associatedWith Powell, Curtis, 1935-2002 person
associatedWith Queens Borough Public Library. Long Island Division. corporateBody
associatedWith Riggs, Marlon. person
associatedWith Ritz, Rosalie person
associatedWith Roxbury Action Program corporateBody
associatedWith Sacks, Herbert S. person
associatedWith Seale, Bobby, 1936- person
associatedWith Seattle (Wash.). Mayor. corporateBody
associatedWith Sellers, Cleveland, 1944- person
associatedWith Shames, Stephen. person
associatedWith Shapiro, Phillip. person
correspondedWith Siegel, Frances, 1909-2006 person
associatedWith Stella Maris House (Portland, Or.) corporateBody
associatedWith Stiner, Watani, 1948- person
associatedWith Sullivan, William C person
associatedWith Sullivan, William C. person
associatedWith Summers, Clyde W. person
associatedWith Tamiment Library. corporateBody
associatedWith Theoharis, Athan G., person
associatedWith Tilton, Eleanor Taft, 1909-1984. person
associatedWith United States. Congress. House. Committee on Internal Security. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Federal Bureau of Investigation. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Lydegraf, Clayton person
associatedWith Wiener, Jon. person
associatedWith Williams, John R. person
associatedWith Williams, John R. person
associatedWith Women's History Research Center. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Yale University. President's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Zweig, Martha person
associatedWith Zweig, Martha, person
Place Name Admin Code Country
California--San Francisco--Oakland
California
United States
United States
United States
United States
United States
Subject
African Americans--Political activity
Antisemitism
African Americans--Politics and government--20th century
African American college students--Political activity
Black power--United States
Black militant organizations--History--20th century
Black nationalism--20th century
Black nationalism--History--20 century
African Americans--Relations with Jews
Black power
African Americans--Civil rights
Black militant organizations
Political parties--United States
Political parties
Black power--20th century
Antisemitism--United States
Black militant organizations--20th century
Black power--History--20th century
Racism
African Americans--Civil rights--20th century
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Active 1960

Active 1970

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 7295574