Muir, John, 1838-1914

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American author and naturalist.

From the description of Papers of John Muir [manuscript], 1885-1915. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 647833450

From the description of Letter to Dewitt Miller, 1895 February 18. (University of Virginia). WorldCat record id: 64433074

Naturalist, author, conservationist, John Muir is considered a precursor of the environmentalist movement. Through his numerous books and articles, which emphasize the importance of wilderness experiences to cultivation of spiritual values and maintenance of high-quality civilization, Muir brought appreciation of the natural environment to national consciousness. Instrumental in creation of National Park system, Muir was directly involved in creation of Yosemite, Sequoia, Grand Canyon, and Mt. Rainier parks. He later founded the Sierra Club (1892).

From the description of Muiriana Collection, 1864-2004. (University of the Pacific). WorldCat record id: 232329828

Naturalist, author, conservationist. Considered a precursor of environmentalist movement. Through his numerous books and articles, which emphasize importance of wilderness experiences to cultivation of spiritual values and maintenance of high-quality civilization, Muir brought appreciation of natural environment to national consciousness. Instrumental in creation of National Park system, Muir was directly involved in creation of Yosemite, Sequoia, Grand Canyon, and Mt. Rainier parks. He later founded Sierra Club (1892).

From the description of John Muir papers; 1849-1957. (University of the Pacific). WorldCat record id: 35299088

John Muir (1838-1914) led the nation toward an understanding and appreciation of the natural environment and its value as both a material and spiritual resource. James Eastman Shone was the great-grandson of John Muir's sister, Sarah Muir Galloway.

From the description of James Eastman Shone Collection of Muiriana, 1831-1971. (University of the Pacific). WorldCat record id: 168389708

Nationally renowned author and conservationist writes in four letters of family illnesses, busy writing schedule, personal and Sierra Club business. Gives Coolbrith, future poet laureate of California (1915), permission to use his Stickeen story in public reading; agrees to sit on unnamed committee (1906-1911).

From the description of Ina Coolbrith correspondence, 1906-1911. (University of the Pacific). WorldCat record id: 35552176

American naturalist.

From the description of Autograph letter signed : San Francisco, to [the Patons?], 1880 Feb. 9. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270612998

John Muir, renowned conservationist, worked as a young man at Trout's Ontario, Canada factory and sawmill (1864-1866) until mill burned down. Trout discusses family, factory and religion. Muir discusses his writing and debates with Trout about Darwin's theories (1876-1913).

From the description of John Muir/William Trout correspondence, 1876-1913. (University of the Pacific). WorldCat record id: 34775095

John Muir (1838-1914) was a naturalist, conservationist, and author. His published works include: The mountains of California, Our national parks, The Yosemite, and My first summer in the Sierra.

From the description of Letters of John Muir, 1902-1955. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122593722

Biography / Administrative History

Naturalist, author, conservationist. Considered a precursor of environmentalist movement. Through his numerous books and articles, which emphasize importance of wilderness experiences to cultivation of spiritual values and maintenance of high-quality civilization, Muir brought appreciation of natural environment to national consciousness. Instrumental in creation of National Park system, Muir was directly involved in creation of Yosemite, Sequoia, Grand Canyon, and Mt. Rainier parks. He later founded Sierra Club (1892).

From the guide to the Muiriana collection, 1864-2004, (University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Dept. of Special Collections)

Biography / Administrative History

A Scottish-born journalist and naturalist, John Muir (1838-1914) studied botany and geology at the University of Wisconsin (1861-1863). He worked for awhile as a mill hand at the Trout Broom Factory in Meaford, Canada (1864-1866), then at an Indianapolis carriage factory (1866-1867), until an accident temporarily blinded him and directed his thoughts toward full-time nature study. Striking out on foot for South America, Muir walked to the Gulf of Mexico (September 1867-January 1868), but a long illness in Florida led him to change his plans and turn his interests westward. Muir arrived by ship at San Francisco (March 1868), walked to the Sierra Nevada Mountains and began a five year wilderness sojourn (1868-1873) during which he made his year-round home in the Yosemite Valley. Working as a sheepherder and lumberman when he needed money for supplies, Muir investigated the length and breadth of the Sierra range, focusing most of his attention on glaciation and its impact on mountain topography. He began to publish newspaper articles about what he saw in the California mountains and these articles brought him to the attention of such intellectuals as Asa Gray and Ralph Waldo Emerson, both of whom sought him out during their visits to California. Encouraged by Jeanne Carr, wife of his one-time botany professor, Ezra S. Carr, Muir took up nature writing as a profession (1872). He set up winter headquarters in Oakland and began a pattern of spring and summer mountaineering followed by winter writing based upon his travel journals that he held to until 1880. His treks took him to Mount Shasta (1874, 1875 & 1877), the Great Basin (1876, 1877, 1878), southern California and the Coast Range (1877), and southern Alaska (1879). Muir found that he could finance his modest bachelor lifestyle with revenue from contributions published in various San Francisco newspapers and magazines. During this period he launched the first lobbying effort to to protect Sierra forests from wasteful lumbering practices (1876).

In 1880 he married Louisa Strentzel, daughter of a prominent physician and horticulturist in Martinez, Calif. Quickly learning the fruit business, Muir soon found himself caught up in the full-time management of his father-in-law's orchard properties. Two daughters (Annie Wanda, b. 1881 and Helen Lillian, b. 1886) added to his domestic responsibilities. His writing diminished during this decade, with only one lengthy project completed ( Picturesque California, 1888).

Prompted by the persistent urging of Robert Underwood Johnson, an editor of Century Magazine, and freed from many business obligations by his father-in-law's death and the subsequent sale of much of Strentzel's property by Louisa Strentzel Muir, John Muir launched a major writing and lobbying campaign that culminated in the creation of Yosemite, Sequoia and General Grant (Kings Canyon) National Parks (1890). He also helped found the Sierra Club (1892) and used its collective influence to protect the boundaries of Yosemite (1895) from lumber interests. During the 1890s Muir again began to travel, visiting Alaska, 1890; Europe, 1893; Arizona & Oregon, 1896; Canada & Alaska, 1897, 1899; the Midwest and New England, 1898) and also published his first important book, The Mountains of California (1894).

During Muir's final fourteen years, he was hounded by a variety of family difficulties and political failures that probably hastened his death. Louisa, Muir's wife, died in 1905. In the same year his younger daughter, Helen, contracted tuberculosis and Muir shepherded the young woman to various spas ultimately settling her in Daggett in the Mojave Desert (1905). Meanwhile, the naturalist found himself at odds with "utilitarian" conservationists like Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot, who were less interested in the preservation of wilderness than in the controlled 'harvesting' of forest resources. Pinchot also favored conversion of the Hetch Hetchy Valley to a reservoir for the city of San Francisco, an idea which ultimately became a reality despite Muir's dogged opposition (1908-1913). Still, John Muir found time and energy both for travel and for writing. In 1903 he ushered President Theodore Roosevelt through Yosemite, then shortly afterward took a year's voyage around the world (1903-1904). In 1906 Muir spent much time with daughter Helen in Arizona, the following year he summered in the Hetch Hetchy with California painter, William Keith and in 1909 visited the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River with John Burroughs and E.H. Harriman. His most extended trip during these years was a six month tour of South America and Africa (1911-1912). Muir somehow found time during the same years to publish Stickeen (1908), My First Summer in the Sierra (1910) and The Yosemite (1912).

From the guide to the John Muir papers, 1849-1957, (University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Dept. of Special Collections)

A Scottish-born journalist and naturalist, John Muir (1838-1914) studied botany and geology at the University of Wisconsin (1861-1863). He worked for awhile as a mill hand at the Trout Broom Factory in Meaford, Canada (1864-1866), then at an Indianapolis carriage factory (1866-1867), until an accident temporarily blinded him and directed his thoughts toward full-time nature study. Striking out on foot for South America, Muir walked to the Gulf of Mexico (September 1867-January 1868), but a long illness in Florida led him to change his plans and turn his interests westward. Muir arrived by ship at San Francisco (March 1868), walked to the Sierra Nevada Mountains and began a five year wilderness sojourn (1868-1873) during which he made his year-round home in the Yosemite Valley. Working as a sheepherder and lumberman when he needed money for supplies, Muir investigated the length and breadth of the Sierra range, focusing most of his attention on glaciation and its impact on mountain topography. He began to publish newspaper articles about what he saw in the California mountains and these articles brought him to the attention of such intellectuals as Asa Gray and Ralph Waldo Emerson, both of whom sought him out during their visits to California. Encouraged by Jeanne Carr, wife of his one-time botany professor, Ezra S. Carr, Muir took up nature writing as a profession (1872). He set up winter headquarters in Oakland and began a pattern of spring and summer mountaineering followed by winter writing based upon his travel journals that he held to until 1880. His treks took him to Mount Shasta (1874, 1875 & 1877), the Great Basin (1876, 1877, 1878), southern California and the Coast Range (1877), and southern Alaska (1879). Muir found that he could finance his modest bachelor lifestyle with revenue from contributions published in various San Francisco newspapers and magazines. During this period he launched the first lobbying effort to protect Sierra forests from wasteful lumbering practices (1876).

In 1880 he married Louisa Strentzel, daughter of a prominent physician and horticulturist in Martinez, Calif. Quickly learning the fruit business, Muir soon found himself caught up in the full-time management of his father-in-law's orchard properties. Two daughters (Annie Wanda, b. 1881 and Helen Lillian, b. 1886) added to his domestic responsibilities. His writing diminished both in quantity and quality during this decade, with only one lengthy project completed (Picturesque California, 1888).

Prompted by the persistent urging of Robert Underwood Johnson, an editor of Century Magazine, and freed from many business obligations by his father-in-law's death and the subsequent sale of much of Strentzel's property by Louisa Strentzel Muir, John Muir launched a major writing and lobbying campaign that culminated in the creation of Yosemite, Sequoia and General Grant National Parks (1890). He also helped found the Sierra Club (1892) and used its collective influence to protect the boundaries of Yosemite (1895) from lumber interests. During the 1890s Muir again began to travel, visiting Alaska, 1890; Europe, 1893; Arizona & Oregon, 1896; Canada & Alaska, 1897, 1899; the Midwest and New England, 1898) and also published his first important book, The Mountains of California (1894).

During Muir's final fourteen years, he was hounded by a variety of family difficulties and political failures that probably hastened his death. Louisa, Muir's wife, died in 1905. In the same year his younger daughter, Helen, contracted tuberculosis and Muir shepherded the young woman to various spas ultimately settling her at Daggett in the Mojave Desert (1905). Meanwhile, the naturalist found himself at odds with "utilitarian" conservationists like Theodore Roosevelt and Gifford Pinchot, who were less interested in the preservation of wilderness than in the controlled "harvesting" of forest resources. Pinchot also favored conversion of the Hetch Hetchy Valley to a reservoir for the city of San Francisco, an idea which ultimately became a reality despite Muir's dogged opposition (1908-1913). Still, John Muir found time and energy both for travel and for writing. In 1903 he ushered President Theodore Roosevelt up Half Dome, then shortly afterward took a year's voyage around the world (1903-1904). In 1906 Muir spent much time with daughter Helen in Arizona, the following year he summered in the Hetch Hetchy with California painter, William Keith and in 1909 visited the Grand Canyon and the Colorado River with John Burroughs and E.H. Harriman. His most extended trip during these years was a six month tour of South America and Africa (1911-1912). Muir somehow found time during the same years to publish Stickeen (1908), My First Summer in the Sierra (1910) and The Yosemite (1912).

From the guide to the John Muir Correspondence, 1856-1914, (The Bancroft Library.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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referencedIn Joseph Sanford Wade Papers, 1898-1955 Library of Congress. Manuscript Division
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referencedIn Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives, 1898-1982, bulk 1920s-1930s The Huntington Library
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creatorOf Muir, John, 1838-1914. Letter, 1908 Dec. 8 : to Mr. & Mrs. Sellers. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
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creatorOf Muir, John, 1838-1914. James Eastman Shone Collection of Muiriana, 1831-1971. University of the Pacific, William Knox Holt Memorial Library
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referencedIn Colby, William Edward, 1875-1964. Interviews relating to Yosemite National Park, ca. 1948-1976 : oral history transcripts / tape recorded interviews conducted under the auspices of the National Park Service and the Regional Oral History Office, the Bancroft Library, University of California, Berkeley, California, 1946-1976. UC Berkeley Libraries
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creatorOf Muir, John, 1838-1914. TLS, 1911 July 14 : Garrisons, New York, to Harriet M. Ashley, Middletown, New York. Copley Press, J S Copley Library
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creatorOf Muir, John, 1838-1914. John Muir papers: part two, 1858-1957 (inclusive), [microform]. Yale University Library
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referencedIn Dickey, Anna Ryder, 1863-1928. Collection, 1889-2000. University of California, Los Angeles
creatorOf Young, William, 1943-. Earth-planet, universe / music, William Young ; text, John Muir. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Kent, William, 1864-1928. William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 (inclusive). Yale University Library
referencedIn Hadden, Anne,. Anne Hadden collection of letters from American authors, 1869-1935. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
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referencedIn Lukens, Theodore Parker, 1848-1918. Theodore P. Lukens Collection of Negatives [graphic], 1882-1903, undated Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906. Papers of Horatio Nelson Rust, 1799-1906 (bulk 1870-1906). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
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creatorOf Muiriana collection, 1864-2004 University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Dept. of Special Collections
referencedIn Muir (John)-Trout (William) Correspondence, 1876-1913 University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections
referencedIn Brown (Mary Louise) Collection of Muiriana, 1980-1982 University of the Pacific. Library. Holt-Atherton Department of Special Collections
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creatorOf Muir, John, 1838-1914. John Muir/William Trout correspondence, 1876-1913. University of the Pacific, William Knox Holt Memorial Library
referencedIn Anderson family. Anderson family papers, 1848-1963. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Automobile Club of Southern California,. Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives, 1898-1982 (bulk 1920s-1930s) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Jones, C. J. K. Correspondence concerning proposed trip to the high Sierra : 1880 May-June. The California Digital Library
creatorOf Muir, John, 1838-1914. Muiriana Collection, 1864-2004. University of the Pacific, William Knox Holt Memorial Library
referencedIn William Kent family papers, 1768-1961 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
referencedIn Anne Hadden Collection, 1869-1935 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Lloyd, J. Wm. (John William), 1857-1940. A visit to Slabsides : corrected typescript, ca. 1902. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adler, Christopher. person
associatedWith Adrian, Sylvester F., 1894-1981. person
associatedWith Anderson family family
associatedWith Anderson family. family
associatedWith Ashley, Harriet m. person
associatedWith Ashley, Harriet Meade, person
associatedWith Automobile Club of Southern California, corporateBody
associatedWith Badè, William Frederic, 1871-1936. person
associatedWith Barrus, Clara, 1864-1931, person
associatedWith Beard Daniel, 1850-1941. person
correspondedWith Bland, Henry Meade, 1863-1931 person
associatedWith Bliss, Cornelius Newton, 1833-1911. person
associatedWith Brooks, Gwendolyn, 1917-2000. person
associatedWith Browne, Francis F. (Francis Fisher), 1843-1913. person
associatedWith Brown, Joanna Muir. person
associatedWith Brown, Mary Louise. person
correspondedWith Burbank, Luther, 1849-1926. person
associatedWith Burroughs, John, 1837-1921. person
associatedWith Butler, James Davie, 1815-1905. person
associatedWith Cairns, Violet. person
associatedWith Canby, William Marriott, 1831-1904. person
associatedWith Carr, Ezra S., 1819-1894. person
associatedWith Carr, Jeanne C. Smith. person
associatedWith Catlin, Robert, 1840-1903. person
associatedWith Challacombe, J. Richard. person
associatedWith Church, Denver Samuel, 1862-1952. person
associatedWith Cleveland, Grover, 1837-1908. person
associatedWith Colby, William Edward, 1875-1964. person
associatedWith Cook, Seth Chickering, 1851-1940. person
correspondedWith Coolbrith, Ina, 1841-1928 person
associatedWith Cooley, John Landon, 1897- person
associatedWith Corwin Expedition, 1881 corporateBody
associatedWith Darwin, Charles, 1809-1882. person
associatedWith Deer Park Inn. corporateBody
associatedWith Dickey, Anna Ryder, 1863-1928. person
associatedWith Douglas, David, 1823-1916. person
associatedWith Duncan, Frances, 1877- person
associatedWith Duncan, Jessie, person
associatedWith Earle, Alice Morse, 1851-1911. person
associatedWith Eastman family. family
correspondedWith Emerson family. family
associatedWith Emerson, Ralph Waldo, 1803-1882. person
associatedWith Emparan, Madie Brown. person
associatedWith Erickson, Robert, 1917-1997. person
associatedWith Esch, John J. person
associatedWith Esch, John J. (John Jacob), 1861-1941. person
associatedWith Farquhar, Francis Peloubet, 1887-1974. person
associatedWith Forrest, Nathan Bedford, 1821-1877. person
associatedWith Freeman, John Ripley, 1855-1932 person
associatedWith Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900- person
associatedWith Fryxell, Fritiof, 1900-1986. person
associatedWith Funk, Helen Muir. person
associatedWith Funk, Helen Muir, 1886- person
associatedWith Galloway, Anna G. person
associatedWith Galloway family. family
associatedWith Galloway, Sarah Muir. person
associatedWith Gilder, Joseph Benson, 1858-1936 person
associatedWith Gilder, Richard Watson, 1844-1909. person
associatedWith Griswold, Milton S. person
associatedWith Hadden, Anne, person
associatedWith Hadden, Anne. person
associatedWith Hand, Mary Muir. person
associatedWith Hanna, Annie Wanda Muir person
associatedWith Hanna, Annie Wanda Muir, b. 1881, person
associatedWith Harriman Alaska Expedition (1899) corporateBody
associatedWith Harriman, Edward Henry, 1848-1909. person
associatedWith Harriman, W. Averell (William Averell), 1891-1986. person
associatedWith Harvard University. Gray Herbarium. corporateBody
associatedWith Henderson, Robert Arthur, 1925- person
associatedWith Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery. corporateBody
associatedWith Hooker, Joseph Dalton, Sir, 1817-1911. person
associatedWith Hooker, Katharine, b. 1849, person
correspondedWith Houghton Mifflin Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Ilsley, S. M., person
associatedWith James, George Wharton, 1858-1923. person
associatedWith John Muir Association. corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Robert Underwood, 1853-1937 person
associatedWith John Swett & Son. corporateBody
associatedWith Jones, C. J. K. person
associatedWith Jones, Granville Duane, 1856-1924. person
associatedWith Keeler, Charles Augustus, 1871-1937. person
associatedWith Keith, William, 1839-1911. person
associatedWith Kent, William, 1864-1928. person
associatedWith Kidder family. family
associatedWith Koch, Jean person
associatedWith Koch, Richard, 1921- person
associatedWith Kuhn, Marshall H., 1916-1978. person
associatedWith Lindsley, Grace Sterling. person
associatedWith Lloyd, Henry Demarest, 1847-1903. person
associatedWith Lloyd, J. Wm. (John William), 1857-1940. person
associatedWith Loomis, Elias, 1811-1889. person
associatedWith Lukens, Theodore Parker, 1848-1918. person
associatedWith Lummis, Charles Fletcher, 1859-1928. person
associatedWith Mary Louise Brown person
associatedWith Mary Renner person
associatedWith Matheson, A. Russ. person
associatedWith McCloskey, J. Michael (John Michael), 1934- person
associatedWith Merriam, C. Hart (Clinton Hart), 1855-1942. person
associatedWith Millard, Bailey, 1859-1941. person
associatedWith Miller, Dewitt, 1857-1911, person
associatedWith Mills, Enos Abijah, 1870-1922. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Muir, Anna. person
associatedWith Muir, Anne Gilrye. person
associatedWith Muir, Anne Gilrys, 1813-1896. person
associatedWith Muir, Daniel. person
associatedWith Muir, Daniel H., Jr. person
associatedWith Muir, David. person
associatedWith Muir, David G. person
associatedWith Muir family family
associatedWith Muir family family
correspondedWith Muir family family
associatedWith Muir family. family
associatedWith Muir family. family
associatedWith Muir family. family
associatedWith Muir Family family
associatedWith Muir-Hanna Trust person
associatedWith Muir, Helen. person
associatedWith Muir, Helen Lillian person
associatedWith Muir, Katie. person
associatedWith Muir, Louie Wanda Strentzel, 1847-1905. person
associatedWith Muir, Louisa Wanda Strentzel person
associatedWith Nicewonger, Harriet. person
associatedWith Northern Pacific Railroad Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Olney family. family
associatedWith Page, Walter Hines, 1855-1918. person
associatedWith Perdue, Mary Jane, person
associatedWith Perry, Bliss, 1860-1954 person
associatedWith Pinchot, Gifford, 1865-1946. person
associatedWith Poindexter, Miles, 1868-1946. person
associatedWith Poole, Caroline Boeing. person
associatedWith Post, James Douglas, 1863-1921. person
associatedWith Read, Georgia Willis. person
associatedWith Reid, Margaret Muir. person
associatedWith Rice, Charles Edmund, 1846-1919, person
associatedWith Richardson, Leon Josiah, 1868-1964. person
associatedWith Riviere & Son. corporateBody
associatedWith Riviere & Son. corporateBody
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919. person
associatedWith Russell, H. L. (Harry Luman), 1866-1954. person
associatedWith Rust, Horatio Nelson, 1828-1906. person
associatedWith San Diego Historical Society. corporateBody
associatedWith Sargent, Charles Sprague, 1841-1927. person
associatedWith Sargent, Shirley. person
associatedWith Sellers, Alfred Harrold, d. 1911, person
associatedWith Sellers, Fay Hancock, fl. 1838-1933, person
associatedWith Sellers, Frank, 1864-1938, person
associatedWith Shigley, Hazel Perdue, person
associatedWith Sierra Club. corporateBody
associatedWith Smoot, Reed, 1862-1941. person
associatedWith Stone, Irving, 1903-1989. person
associatedWith Strentzel family family
associatedWith Strentzel family family
associatedWith Strentzel family. family
associatedWith Strentzel family. family
associatedWith Strentzel family. family
associatedWith Strentzel, John T. person
associatedWith Strentzel, Louisiana Erwin, 1821-1897. person
associatedWith Strentzel, Louisiana Irwin, d. 1897. person
associatedWith Tillema, George. person
associatedWith Trout, W. H. (William Henry), 1834-1917. person
associatedWith Wade, Joseph Sanford, 1880- person
associatedWith Ward, Henry Baldwin, 1865-1945. person
associatedWith Waterman, Anna Reid. person
associatedWith Watkins, J. Marshall, person
associatedWith Whitehead, James, 1846-1920. person
associatedWith Wolfe, Linnie Marsh, 1881-1945. person
associatedWith Young, William, 1943- person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
Alaska
West (U.S.)
Alaska
Mount Shasta (Calif.)
Yellowstone National Park
West (U.S.)
United States
Wisconsin
California
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Alaska
Canada
California--Correspondence
California
Camp Randall
California
Hetch Hetchy Valley (Calif.)
Canada
Iowa
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
United States
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
West (U.S.)
Soviet Union
Hetch Hetchy Valley (Calif.)
California
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
Alaska
California--Drawings
Prairie du Chien (Wis.)
West (U.S.)
Hetch Hetchy Resevoir (Calif.)
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Subject
Wildlife conservationists--Correspondence
Wildlife conservation
Sunday legislation
Environmentalism
Hetch Hetchy Valley (Calif.)
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)--History
Naturalists--Correspondence
National parks and reserves--Law and legislation
Conservation of natural resources
Glacial landforms
Authors, American--Correspondence
Forest reserves
Ferns--Type specimens--Ferns--Type specimens
Naturalists
Environmentalism--West (U.S.)
Naturalists--California--Diaries
National parks and reserves--United States--History
National parks and reserves--History
Industrialists--Correspondence
Forests and forestry
Public lands
Naturalists--California--Drawings
Vegetation surveys
Conservationists--Correspondence
Environmental protection
Forest conservation
Forestry law and legislation
National parks and reserves
Geological surveys
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.) Description and travel
Glacial landforms--West (U.S.)
Occupation
Naturalist
Function

Person

Birth 1838-04-21

Death 1914-12-24

Americans

English

Information

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