Automobile Club of Southern California

Alternative names

Hide Profile

Founded in Los Angeles in 1900, the Automobile Club of Southern California was one of the nation's first automobile clubs. Its mission included the improvement of roads and driving conditions in the state of California, and the proposing of traffic laws. It was involved in public transportation planning and sponsored cartographic expeditions for the production of its strip maps and road maps. In 1909, the Club began publishing its member magazine, Touring Topics, which became Westways in 1933. Many of the photographs included in this collection may have come from the personal files of Phil Townsend Hanna (1896-1957), editor of Touring Topics from 1926 until his death, an enthusiastic amateur photographer, and a supporter of local photographers.

From the description of Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives, 1898-1982 (bulk 1920s-1930s) (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 84656991

Historical Note

Founded in Los Angeles in 1900, the Automobile Club of Southern California was one of the nation's first automobile clubs. Its mission included the improvement of roads and driving conditions in the state of California, and the proposing of traffic laws. In 1909, the Automobile Club began publishing its member magazine, Touring Topics, which became Westways in 1933. The magazine chronicled landscapes and destinations that included extensive photographic coverage of the deserts and coastal regions of California, the national parks of the American West, and Hawaii. Many of the photographs included in this collection may have come from the personal files of Philip Townsend Hanna (1896-1957), editor of Touring Topics from 1926-1957, an enthusiastic amateur photographer, and a supporter of local photographers.

From the beginning, the Automobile Club of Southern California was an active participant in the creation of statewide transportation policies. It produced its own transportation planning studies as well as commentaries on public policies, programs and proposals. The Club began charting California's roads as early as 1906, at which time it began creating strip maps and road maps. In 1922, the Auto Club produced the first comprehensive traffic survey of Los Angeles, and in 1937 its engineers wrote the first detailed proposal for a regional freeway system.

Throughout the 1920s, the Club sent teams of cartographers across the country to survey roads for the production of maps and to create a uniform system of road signage. In 1920, the Club participated in an expedition with highway commissioners and county supervisors from California, Utah, and Nevada to determine a more direct route for the Arrowhead Trail Highway. In 1921, the Club sent two of its employees on a transcontinental journey to chart 15,831 miles of roads for its strip maps. These, and other, trips were part of the growing interest across the country in the improvement of America's roadways. Members and employees of the Club took trips along some of the country's historic highways and roadways, including the Arrowhead Trail Highway; the King of Trails; the Lincoln Highway; the National Old Trails; and the Pikes Peak Ocean-to-Ocean Highway.

During the 1930s the Club continued its mapping activities. In 1930 and 1931, the Club sponsored the First and Second Pacific International Highway Expedition that sent engineers to map a proposed intercontinental highway, the Pacific International Highway, running from Fairbanks, Alaska to Buenos Aires, Argentina. In addition to these two surveys, the Club posted thousands of porcelain-on-steel traffic signs throughout California and continued to do so until the state took over the task in the early 1950s.

From the guide to the Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives, 1898-1982, bulk 1920s-1930s, (The Huntington Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Automobile Club of Southern California. Automobile Club of Southern California chart book no. 160 : ms., 1917. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives, 1898-1982, bulk 1920s-1930s The Huntington Library
creatorOf Monterey Public Library. California History Room. Flags clippings 1909-2006 Monterey Public Library
referencedIn Keller, Henry Workman, 1869-1958. Papers, 1907-1950. University of California, Los Angeles
referencedIn Henry Workman Keller Papers, 1907-1950 University of California, Los Angeles. Library. Department of Special Collections.
creatorOf Automobile Club of Southern California,. Automobile Club of Southern California Collection of Photographs and Negatives, 1898-1982 (bulk 1920s-1930s) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Marquis, Neeta. Papers of Neeta Marquis, 1862-1957. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Automobile Club of Southern California maps and guidebooks, 1928 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
referencedIn Shenk, John W., 1875-1959. John W. Shenk papers, 1900-1935. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Keller, Henry Workman, 1869-1958. Papers of Henry Workman Keller, 1827-1966. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Barry, E. F. Trade catalogs of travel, 1881-[196-?]. University of California, Santa Barbara, UCSB Library
creatorOf Automobile Club of Southern California. Correspondence to Chaim Potok, 1959. University of Pennsylvania Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, Ansel, 1902-1984. person
associatedWith Alexander, George D. person
associatedWith Archer, Fred Robert, 1889- person
associatedWith Baker, Fred L. person
associatedWith Baker, Viroque. person
associatedWith Baker, Viroque. person
associatedWith Balch, Allan Christopher, 1864-1943. person
associatedWith Banning, George Hugh, b. 1895. person
associatedWith Bartlett, Adelbert. person
associatedWith Bartlett, Adelbert. person
associatedWith Bartlett, Virginia Stivers. person
associatedWith Barton, Loren Roberta. person
associatedWith Bauer, Harry J. person
associatedWith Bell, Horace, 1830-1918. person
associatedWith Berkeley, Busby, 1895-1976. person
associatedWith Bissell, Harvey Sutherland. person
associatedWith Boone, Andrew R. person
associatedWith Boone, Andrew R. person
associatedWith Borg, Carl Oscar, 1879-1947. person
associatedWith Brown, Benjamin Chambers, 1865-1942. person
associatedWith Butterfield Overland Stage Line corporateBody
associatedWith Carew, Harold D. b. 1890. person
associatedWith Carr, Harry, 1877-1936. person
associatedWith Cindrich, Julius, 1890-1981. person
associatedWith Clark, Alson Skinner, 1876-1949. person
associatedWith Cleland, Robert Glass, 1885-1957. person
associatedWith Clyde, Norman, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Connell, Will, 1898-1961. person
associatedWith Cook, Ted, b. 1891. person
associatedWith Cooper, Loyd. person
associatedWith Cooper, Loyd. person
associatedWith Crooks, Richard, 1900-1972. person
associatedWith Culver, Harry H. person
associatedWith Culver, Harry H. person
associatedWith Cunningham, Imogen, 1883-1976. person
associatedWith Curtis, Asahel, 1874-1941. person
associatedWith Curtis, Edward S., 1868-1952. person
associatedWith Dapprich, Fred R. person
associatedWith Davis, E.H., 1862-1951. person
associatedWith de Belderrain, Francisca Lopez. person
associatedWith DeForest, Lee. person
associatedWith DeForest, Lee. person
associatedWith Dellenbaugh, Frederick Samuel, 1853-1935. person
associatedWith Disney, Walt, 1901-1966. person
associatedWith Dixon, Maynard, 1875-1946. person
associatedWith Doelter, Ernest. person
associatedWith Doelter, Ernest (Pop). person
associatedWith Dorsey, Susan Almora (Miller), 1857- person
associatedWith Douglass, A. E. (Andrew Ellicott), 1867-1962. person
associatedWith East, E. E. person
associatedWith East, E.E. person
associatedWith Flint, Frank P. (Frank Putnam), 1862-1929. person
associatedWith Ford, John Anson. person
associatedWith Ford, John Anson. person
associatedWith Frashers Inc. corporateBody
associatedWith Frémont, John Charles, 1813-1890. person
associatedWith Frost, John, 1890-1937. person
associatedWith Galloway, Ewing. person
associatedWith Gillis, William R. 1840-1929. person
associatedWith Glacier National Park (Agency : U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Goetz, Alexander, 1897-1970. person
associatedWith Goetz, Dr. Alexander, 1897-1970 person
associatedWith Grand Teton National Park (Agency : U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Haneman, H. W. person
associatedWith Haneman, H. W. person
associatedWith Hanna, Forman, 1882-1950. person
associatedWith Hanna, Phil Townsend, 1896-1957. person
associatedWith Harrison, Nathaniel, d.1920. person
associatedWith Harrison, Nathaniel (Uncle Nate). person
associatedWith Hayes, Catherine, 1818-1861. person
associatedWith Hayes, Catherine, 1825-1861 person
associatedWith Hill, Andrew P. person
associatedWith Hoag and Ford. corporateBody
associatedWith Hoag and Ford. corporateBody
associatedWith Hodge, Frederick Webb, 1864-1956. person
associatedWith Hogg, John Edwin. person
associatedWith Hogg, John Edwin. person
associatedWith Houghton, Eliza Poor Donner. person
associatedWith Hubbell, John Lorenzo. person
associatedWith Huntoon, Bert W., 1869-1947. person
associatedWith Huxley, Aldous, 1894-1963. person
associatedWith International Pacific Highway Expedition (1st: 1930) corporateBody
associatedWith International Pacific Highway Expedition (2nd: 1931) corporateBody
associatedWith Johnston, Arthur, 1898-1954. person
associatedWith Johnston, Philip, ca. 1892-1978. person
associatedWith Jones, Idwal, 1890-1964. person
associatedWith Jordan, David Starr, 1851-1931. person
associatedWith Judy, Clinton K. person
associatedWith Judy, Clinton K. person
associatedWith Justo, Juan Bautista, 1865-1928. person
associatedWith Keller, Don. person
associatedWith Keller, Henry Workman, 1869-1958. person
associatedWith Kendall, Marie Boening, 1885-1953. person
associatedWith King, Clarence, 1842-1901. person
associatedWith Kirkman, George Wycherly 1867- person
associatedWith Kroeber, A. L. (Alfred Louis), 1876-1960. person
associatedWith Lassen Volcanic National Park (Agency : U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Leake, Edward. person
associatedWith Leake, Edward. person
associatedWith Leighton, Kathryn W. person
associatedWith Livingston, George Emerson. person
associatedWith Livingston, George Emerson. person
associatedWith Lopez de Belderrain, Francisca. person
associatedWith Lowrey, Daniel (Buck) Crocket. person
associatedWith Lowrey, Daniel Crocket. person
associatedWith Mannheim, Jean, 1861-1945. person
associatedWith Marquis, Neeta. person
associatedWith Matches, Margaret. person
associatedWith Matches, Margaret. person
associatedWith McCarthy, John Russell, b. 1889. person
associatedWith McCrackin, Josephine Woempner Clifford, b. 1838. person
associatedWith Meade, Elwood. person
associatedWith Meade, Elwood. person
associatedWith Miller, D. C. person
associatedWith Miller, Evelyn Nunn. person
associatedWith Miller, Evelyn Nunn. person
associatedWith Millikan, Robert Andrews, 1868-1953. person
associatedWith Monsen, Frederick, 1865-1929. person
associatedWith Monterey Public Library. California History Room. corporateBody
associatedWith Moulton, Lewis F. person
associatedWith Moulton, Lewis F. person
associatedWith Muir, John, 1838-1914. person
associatedWith Murchie, Guy, 1907- person
associatedWith Navarro, Rafael Don. person
associatedWith Navarro, Rafael, Don. person
associatedWith Norris, Frank, 1870-1902. person
associatedWith Owens, Charles Hamilton. person
associatedWith Owens, Charles Hamilton. person
associatedWith Packwood, Dave. person
associatedWith Packwood, Dave. person
associatedWith Patigian, Haig. person
associatedWith Pierce, C. C. 1861-1946. person
associatedWith Pierce, C. C. (Charles C.), 1861-1946 person
associatedWith Pleasants, Joseph E. 1839-1934. person
associatedWith Pratt, Ernest Mitchell, 1876-1945. person
associatedWith Prudhomme, Charles J., 1854-1934. person
associatedWith Prudhomme, Maria Merced. person
associatedWith Prudhomme, Maria Merced. person
associatedWith Puthuff, Hanson. person
associatedWith Putnam Studios. corporateBody
associatedWith Putnam Studios. corporateBody
associatedWith Rains, John, d.1862. person
associatedWith Rains, Maria Merced Williams. person
associatedWith Rains, Maria Merced Williams. person
associatedWith Reche, Charles P. person
associatedWith Reche, Charles P. person
associatedWith Rogers, David Banks. person
associatedWith Sabin, Edwin L. 1870-1952. person
associatedWith Sarazen, Gene. person
associatedWith Scherer, James A. B. 1870-1944. person
associatedWith Scherer, James A. B. (James Augustin Brown), 1870-1944 person
associatedWith Seares, Frederick Hanley, 1873- person
associatedWith Sepulveda, Ygnacio. person
associatedWith Sepulveda, Ygnacio. person
associatedWith Sheets, Millard, 1907-1989. person
associatedWith Shenk, John W., 1875-1959. person
associatedWith Simpich, Frederick. person
associatedWith Smith, Jack Wilkinson. person
associatedWith Spurgeon, William H., Mrs. person
associatedWith Spurgeon, William H., Mrs. person
associatedWith Spurr, E. Willard. person
associatedWith St. Clair, L. P. person
associatedWith St. Clair, L. P. person
associatedWith Steffens, Lincoln, 1866-1936. person
associatedWith Steinbeck, John, 1902-1968. person
associatedWith St. John, Charles E. 1857-1935. person
associatedWith Struss, Karl, 1886-1981. person
associatedWith Tibbett, Lawrence, 1896-1960. person
associatedWith Truesdale, Roger. person
associatedWith Truesdale, Roger, Dr. person
associatedWith Twain, Mark, 1835-1910. person
associatedWith Vischer, Edward. person
associatedWith Vollbehr, Otto H. F. b. 1869. person
associatedWith Vollbehr, Otto H. F. (Otto Heinrich Friederich), b. 1869 person
associatedWith Von Blon, John L. person
associatedWith Von Blon, John L. person
associatedWith Wachtel, Marian Kavanagh. person
associatedWith Wachtel, Marian Kavanagh. person
associatedWith Watkins, Gordon S., b. 1889. person
associatedWith Watson, Jacob, Sr. person
associatedWith Watson, Jacob, Sr. person
associatedWith Weber, Kem, 1889-1963. person
associatedWith Wendt, William, 1865-1946. person
associatedWith West, Nathanael, 1903-1940. person
associatedWith Wetherill, John. person
associatedWith Wetherill, John. person
associatedWith Weymouth, F. E. 1874-1941. person
associatedWith Weymouth, Frank Elwin, 1874-1941 person
associatedWith Widney, J. P. 1841-1938. person
associatedWith Widney, J. P. (Joseph Pomeroy), 1841-1938 person
associatedWith Winters, Raymond P. person
associatedWith Winters, Raymond P. person
associatedWith Wright, Lloyd, 1890-1978. person
associatedWith Yellowstone National Park (Agency : U.S.) corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Oregon
Colorado
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
Canada
Saint Francis Dam (Calif.)
Fiji
Zion National Park (Utah)
Nevada
Guatemala
Islands of the Pacific
Mojave Desert (Calif.)
Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
San Diego County (Calif.)
California
Washington (State)
Riverside County (Calif.)
West (U.S.)
Baja California (Mexico : Peninsula)
Riverside County (Calif.)
Olympic Mountains (Wash.)
Lassen Volcanic National Park (Calif.)
Guatemala
Imperial County (Calif.)
Saint Francis Dam (Calif.)
Colorado
San Bernardino County (Calif.)
Santa Barbara County (Calif.)
San Jacinto Mountains (Calif.)
Tahiti
Lincoln Highway
Big Sur (Calif.)
San Francisco (Calif.)
Arrowhead Trail Highway
Santa Catalina Island (Calif.)
Sequoia National Park (Calif.)
Washington (State)
Grand Teton National Park (Wyo.)
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Oregon
Sonora (Mexico : State)
United States Highway 75
Bryce Canyon National Park (Utah)
Canada, Western
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Monterey Peninsula (Calif.)
New Mexico
Olympic Mountains (Wash.)
New Mexico
Islands of the Pacific
United States
Sacramento River (Calif.)
Santa Catalina Island (Calif.)
Tahiti
Arizona
Canada, Western
British Columbia
Imperial County (Calif.)
Sinaloa (Mexico : State)
Mojave Desert (Calif.)
Utah
San Bernardino Mountains (Calif.)
Fiji
New Zealand
Arrowhead Trail Highway
Grand Canyon (Ariz.)
Bryce Canyon National Park (Utah)
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
Zion National Park (Utah)
Arizona
Big Sur (Calif.)
Europe
New Zealand
East (U.S.)
Sacramento River (Calif.)
Nevada
California--Los Angeles
Glacier National Park (Mont.)
Lava Beds National Monument (Calif.)
Yellowstone National Park
National Old Trails Road
Colorado Desert (Calif. and Mexico)
Sinaloa (Mexico : State)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
Colorado Desert (Calif. and Mexico)
Utah
United States
Santa Barbara County (Calif.)
Mexico
Europe
San Bernardino County (Calif.)
Orange County (Calif.)
Monterey Peninsula (Calif.)
British Columbia
San Jacinto Mountains (Calif.)
Orange County (Calif.)
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Lincoln Highway
United States Highway 75
San Diego County (Calif.)
San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)
National Old Trails Road
San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)
San Bernardino Mountains (Calif.)
Lava Beds National Monument (Calif.)
Mexico
Sonora (Mexico : State)
San Francisco (Calif.)
Kern County (Calif.)
Kern County (Calif.)
Subject
Coasts--Photographs
Navajo Indians--Photographs
Rotogravures--California
Animals--Photographs
Coasts--California--Photographs
Deserts--Photographs
Stagecoaches--Photographs
Missions--Mexico--Photographs
Navajo Indians--Dwellings--Photographs
Mining camps--California--Photographs
Navajo Indians --Photographs
National monuments--Photographs
Indians of Central America--Antiquities--Photographs
Automobiles--Equipment and supplies--Photographs
Transportation--United States--Photographs
Route surveying--Photographs
Automobile travel--Guidebooks
Automobile travel--West (U.S.)--Photographs
Automobile driving--California--History
Indians of North America--Arizona--Photographs
Animals--West (U.S.)--Photographs
Automobile travel--East (U.S.)--Photographs
Traffic signs and signals--United States--Photographs
Automobiles--Photographs
Automobile travel--Mexico--Photographs
Transportation
Indians of North America--New Mexico--Photographs
Landscape--United States--Photographs
Ghost towns--California--Photographs
Tourism--California--Photographs
Landscape--Photographs
Route surveying--United States--Photographs
Museums--Photographs
Plants--West (U.S.)--Photographs
Roads--United States--Photographs
Indians of North America--Antiquities--Photographs
Plants--Photographs
Tourism--Photographs
Route surveying--Mexico--Photographs
Missions--Arizona--Photographs
Amusement Parks--California--Photographs
Transportation--California--Photographs
Bridges--photographs
Missions--New Mexico--Photographs
Transportation--Photographs
Gifts--Photographs
National monuments--United States--Photographs
Rotogravures
Stagecoaches--California--Photographs
Roads--Photographs
Deserts--United States--Photographs
Missions--Photographs
Prints--Reproductions
Paintings--Reproductions
Indians of South America--Antiquities--Photographs
Guidebooks--California--20th century
Astronomy--Photographs
Museums--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Navajo art--Photographs
Business, Industry, Labor, and Commerce
National parks and reserves--Photographs
Ghost towns--Photographs
Automobile travel--Canada--Photographs
Bridges--United States--Photographs
Traffic signs and signals--Photographs
Amusement parks--Photographs
Automobile travel
Mining camps--Photographs
National parks and reserves--California--Photographs
Navajo architecture--Photographs
Missions--California--Photographs
Automobile travel--Photographs
Occupation
Function
Collectors

Corporate Body

Active 1862

Active 1957

Information

Permalink: http://n2t.net/ark:/99166/w64r3d7w

Ark ID: w64r3d7w

SNAC ID: 28726787