Miller, Loren

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Biography

Loren Miller, journalist, civil rights activist, attorney and judge, was born in Pender, Nebraska in 1903 to former slave, John Miller, and Nora Herbaugh, a white Midwesterner of Dutch ancestry. Miller attended Kansas University and received his law degree from Washburn Law School in Topeka, Kansas in 1928. In 1929, Miller came to Los Angeles where he first worked as editor of the California Eagle, the oldest African American newspaper in Los Angeles, which he purchased in 1951. He also worked for The Los Angeles Sentinel with his cousin Leon H. Washington, Jr. In 1932, Miller and writer Langston Hughes went to the Soviet Union along with other African Americans to make a film on Negro life in Communist Russia. The film never got made. In 1933 Loren married Juanita Ellsworth, a social worker; they had two sons: Loren, Jr. and Edward Ellsworth. Loren passed the bar exam in California in 1933. Miller spent most of his legal career fighting discrimination (he assisted Thurgood Marshall with Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas), chiefly housing discrimination and real estate racial restrictive covenants. In 1945 he was the lawyer for African American actress Hattie McDaniel in the Los Angeles "Sugar Hill" housing case, which he won. In 1948 he successfully argued the US Supreme Court case Shelley v. Kraemer; the Supreme Court found that although real estate restrictive covenants were not unconstitutional in and of themselves, any enforcement of a restrictive covenant by a court would be unconstitutional under the 14th Amendment. He was a member of the Bars in Kansas and California. Miller was a member of and held offices in dozens of organizations including: the NAACP and its national legal committee; American Civil Liberties Union; National Urban League; Los Angeles Urban League; United States Commission on Civil Rights; League of American Writers; National Bar Association; National Conference of Christians and Jews; National Negro Congress; National Lawyers Guild; and the National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing. In 1964, Miller was appointed to the Los Angeles County Municipal Court. In 1966, Loren wrote The Petitioners: The Story of the Supreme Court of the United States and the Negro. He died in Los Angeles in July 1967.

From the guide to the Loren Miller papers, 1876-2003, 1932-1966, (Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn John R. Kellam papers, Kellam (John R.) papers, 1935-1973 Phillips Memorial Library
creatorOf Loren Miller papers, 1876-2003, 1932-1966 Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery
referencedIn National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region I, records, 1942-1986, 1945-1977 Bancroft Library
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alexander, Sadie Tanner Mossell, 1898-1989 person
associatedWith American Civil Liberties Union. corporateBody
associatedWith American Federation of Labor. corporateBody
associatedWith Baldwin, James, 1924-1987 person
associatedWith Bowron, Fletcher, 1887-1968 person
associatedWith Bradley, Tom, 1917-1998 person
associatedWith Brown, Edmund G. (Edmund Gerald), 1905-1996 person
associatedWith California. Municipal Court (Los Angeles Judicial District) corporateBody
associatedWith California. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith Colley, Nathaniel Sextus, 1918- person
associatedWith Congress of Industrial Organizations (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Congress of Racial Equality. corporateBody
associatedWith Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963 person
associatedWith Evers, Medgar Wiley, 1925-1963 person
associatedWith Granger, Lester B. (Lester Blackwell), 1896-1976 person
associatedWith Hawkins, Augustus F. person
associatedWith Herndon, Angelo, 1913-1997 person
associatedWith Hughes, Langston, 1902-1967 person
associatedWith Japanese American Citizens' League. corporateBody
associatedWith Kellam, John R. person
associatedWith Kennedy, John F. (John Fitzgerald), 1917-1963 person
associatedWith Kennedy, Robert F., 1925-1968 person
associatedWith King, Martin Luther, Jr., 1929-1968 person
associatedWith League of Struggle for Negro Rights. corporateBody
associatedWith Los Angeles (Calif.). Police Dept. corporateBody
associatedWith Los Angeles Urban League. corporateBody
associatedWith Marshall, Thurgood, 1908-1993 person
associatedWith Meschrabpom Film Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Mooney, Thomas J., 1882-1942 person
associatedWith Moon, Henry Lee, 1901- person
associatedWith Mosk, Stanley, 1912- person
associatedWith NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund. corporateBody
associatedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. corporateBody
correspondedWith National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Region I Office corporateBody
associatedWith National Bar Association. corporateBody
associatedWith National Committee Against Discrimination in Housing. corporateBody
associatedWith National Negro Congress. corporateBody
associatedWith National Urban League. corporateBody
associatedWith Spingarn, Joel Elias, 1875-1939 person
associatedWith United States. Civil Rights Act of 1964. corporateBody
associatedWith United States Commission on Civil Rights. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Committee on Fair Employment Practice. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Constitution. 14th Amendment. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Federal Housing Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. National Housing Agency. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. President's Committee on Civil Rights. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Supreme Court. corporateBody
associatedWith White, Walter Francis, 1893-1955 person
associatedWith Wilkins, Roy, 1901-1981 person
associatedWith Williams, Franklin, 1917- person
associatedWith X, Malcolm, 1925-1965 person
associatedWith Young, Whitney M. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Harlem (New York, N.Y.)
Little Rock (Ark.)
Washington (D.C.)
Montgomery (Ala.)
United States
Soviet Union.
Birmingham (Ala.)
Los Angeles (Calif.)
California
New York (N.Y.)
Subject
African American authors--Archives
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1903-01-20

Death 1967-07-14

English

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