Kirstein, Lincoln

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American ballet director, writer, and dance historian, 1907-1995. Lincoln Kirstein was born in Rochester, NY, educated at Harvard (B.A. 1929, M.A. 1930). He married Fidelma Cadmus, sister of artist, Paul Cadmus, in 1941 and served in the U.S. Army 1943-45. He co-founded School of American Ballet with George Balanchine and Edward M.M. Warburg in 1934. Participated in the founding and/or direction of American Ballet in 1935, Ballet Caravan 1936-41, Ballet Society in 1946, and became general director of the succeeding company, New York City Ballet in 1948. Lincoln Kirstein career included work with visual artists and writers on various projects. His publications in dance include: Dance Index, 1942-48; books on Fokine, Nijinsky, New York City Ballet, a history of theatrical dance, and assistance to Romola Nijinsky in the biography of her husband, 1932-33. He retired from New York City Ballet and School of American Ballet in 1989. Kirstein was known as a sponsor (1959-60) of Japanese theater in the United States. He was the recipient of many distinguished awards.

From the guide to the Lincoln Kirstein papers, ca. 1913-1994, (The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.)

From the guide to the Lincoln Kirstein papers, ca. 1914-1991, (The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.)

American ballet promoter and author.

From the description of Typed letter signed : New York, to Stark Young, 1942 Mar. 24. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 270874957

American writer and company manager for the American Ballet and Ballet Caravan during the 1930s, The Ballet Society from 1946 to 1948, and the New York City Ballet since 1948.

From the description of Correspondence, 1951-1982, with Agnes de Mille. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122455292

Lincoln Kirstein: writer, art historian; Richard S. Nutt: art historian. Dr. William Rimmer: noted 19th century painter, sculptor, and anatomy instructor.

From the description of Lincoln Kirstein and Richard Sherman Nutt research material on William Rimmer, 1849-1971. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 86132902

American writer and ballet company manager.

From the description of Correspondence, ca. 1948-1968, with Morton Baum and others. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122485125

Lincoln Edward Kirstein (1907-1996) was born on May 4, 1907 in Rochester, New York and educated at Harvard College (A.B. 1929, A.M. 1930). In 1934, he co-founded the School of American Ballet with George Balanchine and Edward M.M. Warburg. He also participated in the founding and/or direction of the American Ballet Company in 1935, Ballet Caravan 1936-1941, and the Ballet Society in 1946, and he became general director of the succeeding company, New York City Ballet, in 1948. Kirstein married Fidelma Cadmus, sister of artist Paul Cadmus, in 1941 and served in the U.S. Army from 1943 to 1945. His career included work with visual artists and writers on various projects, and his dance-related publications include: Dance Index; books on Michel Fokine, Vaslav Nijinsky, and the New York City Ballet; a history of theatrical dance; and writing assistance to Romola Nijinsky on a biography of her husband. He retired from New York City Ballet and School of American Ballet in 1989. The recipient of many distinguished awards, Lincoln Kirstein died on January 5, 1996.

From the guide to the Letters to Lincoln Kirstein, 1947-1976, (The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.)

Lincoln Kirstein was an American writer, art connoisseur, and founder of the New York City Ballet and its director from 1946-1989. He served on the Advisory Committee of the Museum of Modern Art and had several books published by the Museum, reflecting his interest in all the arts. Mr. Kirstein donated to the Museum a collection of material on dance which formed the basis of the Dance Archives, founded in 1940.

From the description of Lincoln Kirstein correspondence and notes, 1940-1944. (Museum of Modern Art (MOMA)). WorldCat record id: 670397361

Epithet: patron of the arts

British Library Archives and Manuscripts Catalogue : Person : Description : ark:/81055/vdc_100000000758.0x000339

American ballet director, writer, and dance historian.

Founded (with George Balanchine and Edward M.M. Warburg) the School of American Ballet, 1934; co-founder and director of American Ballet, 1935; founder and director of Ballet Caravan, 1936-41; co-founder of Ballet Society, 1946; general director of New York City Ballet from 1948; sponsor of Japanese theater in the United States. Educated at Harvard and married Fidelma Cadmus, 1941.

From the description of Papers, ca. 1914-1991. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 86164324

American ballet director, writer, and dance historian.

Founded (with George Balanchine and Edward M.M. Warburg) the School of American Ballet, 1934; co-founder and director of American Ballet, 1935; founder and director of Ballet Caravan, 1936-41; co-founder of Ballet Society, 1946; general director of New York City Ballet from 1948; sponsor of Japanese theater in the United States. Educated at Harvard and married Fidelma Cadmus, 1941.

From the description of Papers, ca. 1913-1994. (New York Public Library). WorldCat record id: 122682985

Historical note

Stravinsky's opera The Rake's Progress, set to the libretto by W. H. Auden and Chester Kallman, was inspired by William Hogarth's series of paintings. Stravinsky had wanted to write an English-language opera since arriving in the United States in 1939, and was inspired to do so by seeing the paintings at the Art Institute of Chicago on May 2, 1947. The opera premiered in Venice on September 11, 1951.

From the guide to the Igor Stravinsky correspondence on, The Rake's Progress, 1950-1951, (USC Libraries Special Collections)

Lincoln Edward Kirstein (1907-1996) was born on May 4, 1907 in Rochester, New York and educated at Harvard College (A.B. 1929, A.M. 1930). In 1934, he co-founded the School of American Ballet with George Balanchine and Edward M.M. Warburg. He also participated in the founding and/or direction of the American Ballet Company in 1935, Ballet Caravan 1936-1941, and the Ballet Society in 1946, and he became general director of the succeeding company, New York City Ballet, in 1948. Kirstein married Fidelma Cadmus, sister of artist Paul Cadmus, in 1941 and served in the U.S. Army from 1943 to 1945. His career included work with visual artists and writers on various projects, and his dance-related publications include: Dance Index; books on Michel Fokine, Vaslav Nijinsky, and the New York City Ballet; a history of theatrical dance; and writing assistance to Romola Nijinsky on a biography of her husband. He retired from New York City Ballet and the School of American Ballet in 1989. The recipient of many distinguished awards, Lincoln Kirstein died on January 5, 1996.

Donald Richie was born in Lima, Ohio in 1924. In 1947, he moved to Tokyo, Japan, where he has since been based. Richie is a novelist, filmmaker, essayist and expert on Japanese film.

From the guide to the Letters from Lincoln Kirstein to Donald Ritchie, 1957-1964, (The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.)

Lincoln Edward Kirstein (1907-1996) was born on May 4, 1907 in Rochester, New York and educated at Harvard College (A.B. 1929, A.M. 1930). In 1934, he co-founded the School of American Ballet with George Balanchine and Edward M.M. Warburg. He also participated in the founding and/or direction of the American Ballet Company in 1935, Ballet Caravan 1936-1941, and the Ballet Society in 1946, and he became general director of the succeeding company, New York City Ballet, in 1948. Kirstein married Fidelma Cadmus, sister of artist Paul Cadmus, in 1941 and served in the U.S. Army from 1943 to 1945. His career included work with visual artists and writers on various projects, and his dance-related publications include: Dance Index; books on Michel Fokine, Vaslav Nijinsky, and the New York City Ballet; a history of theatrical dance; and writing assistance to Romola Nijinsky on a biography of her husband. He retired from New York City Ballet and School of American Ballet in 1989. The recipient of many distinguished awards, Lincoln Kirstein died on January 5, 1996.

Robert Harris Chapman (1919-2000) graduated from Princeton University in 1941. He returned to Princeton as an instructor in the Department of English in 1946, after serving in the U.S. Navy as a Lieutenant in naval intelligence in Europe and North Africa. In 1948, Chapman accepted a position in the Department of Dramatic Arts at the University of California, Berkeley, where he taught until 1950. That year, he accepted a position at Harvard University, where he taught English for almost four decades. Chapman was also named the first director of the Harvard's Loeb Drama Center in 1960, upon the recommendation of Harvard alumnus Lincoln Kirstein. He retired from Harvard in 1989 and moved to Ft. Lauderdale, Florida. Robert Harris Chapman died in 2000, at the age of 81.

Alexander Jensen Yow worked as a conservator at the Morgan Library in New York from the 1950s to the 1970s, and he established his own practice in semi-retirement after leaving his post at the Morgan. He was often referred to as "Jens" or "Jen" by his friends. The Metropolitan Museum of Art's collection holds a photographic portrait of Yow by George Platt Lynes, ca. 1948. Biographical information about Yow is relatively scarce.

From the guide to the Lincoln Kirstein papers, 1951-1999, (The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
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creatorOf Hastings, Baird. Writings. New York Public Library System, NYPL
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creatorOf Lincoln Kirstein papers, ca. 1913-1994 The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.
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creatorOf Redgrave, Vanessa, 1937-. Miscellaneous manuscripts. New York Public Libraries for the Performing Arts, Dance Collection
referencedIn Osbert Sitwell correspondence and compositions, 1950-1967. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Kirstein, Lincoln, 1907-1996. Autograph and typed letters and notes (29) : New York, to John M. Thayer, 1976-1989. Pierpont Morgan Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith American Ballet Caravan. corporateBody
associatedWith American Ballet Caravan. corporateBody
associatedWith American Ballet Company. corporateBody
correspondedWith American Ballet Theatre corporateBody
associatedWith American Repertory Theatre (Cambridge, Mass.). corporateBody
associatedWith Ames, Winslow person
associatedWith Ashton, Frederick, Sir, 1906- person
associatedWith Astor, Brooke. person
associatedWith Auden, W. H. (Wystan Hugh), 1907-1973. person
associatedWith Balanchine, George. person
associatedWith Ballet Russe de Monte Carlo. corporateBody
associatedWith Ball family family
associatedWith Bartholomew, Marshall, 1885-1978 person
associatedWith Baryshnikov, Mikael. person
associatedWith Barzel, Ann. person
associatedWith Bass, Ann. person
associatedWith Baum, Morton. person
associatedWith Beaton, Cecil, 1904-1980. person
associatedWith Berenson, Bernard, 1865-1959 person
associatedWith Berenson, Bernard, 1899- person
associatedWith Berman, Eugene, 1899- person
associatedWith Berman, Eugene, 1899-1972. person
associatedWith Blum, Charles, person
correspondedWith Boosey & Hawkes Music Publishers. corporateBody
associatedWith Britten, Benjamin, 1913-1976. person
correspondedWith Brown, John Mason, 1900-1969 person
associatedWith Buckle, Richard person
associatedWith Buckle, Richard. person
associatedWith Buckle, Richard, 1916-2001. person
correspondedWith Burke, Kenneth, 1897-1993. person
associatedWith Cadmus, Paul, 1904-1999. person
associatedWith Cage, Betty, person
associatedWith Cage, John. person
associatedWith Cage, John. person
associatedWith Cagney, James, 1899-1986 person
associatedWith Cagney, James, 199-1986. person
associatedWith Cahoon, Herbert, 1918- person
associatedWith Cartier-Bresson, Henri, 1908-2004. person
associatedWith Chapman, Robert H., 1919- person
associatedWith Chapman, Robert Harris person
associatedWith Chapman, Robert Harris. person
associatedWith Chase, Lucia, 1897-1986. person
associatedWith Chávez, Carlos, 1899-1978. person
associatedWith Christensen, Lew. person
associatedWith Chujoy, Anatole, 1894-1969. person
associatedWith City Center (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith City Center (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
associatedWith Clurman, Richard M. person
associatedWith Cohen, Selma Jeanne, 1920-2005. person
associatedWith Cohn, Roy. person
associatedWith Colville, Alex, 1920- person
correspondedWith Coolidge, John, 1913-1995 person
associatedWith Copland, Aaron, 1900-1990. person
associatedWith Cornell, Joseph. person
associatedWith Craft, Robert person
associatedWith Craft, Robert. person
associatedWith Cresson, Margaret French, 1889-1973. person
correspondedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Curtiss, Mina Kirstein, 1896-1985. person
associatedWith Damon, S. Foster (Samuel Foster), 1893-1971 person
associatedWith Danilova, Alexandra, 1903-1907. person
associatedWith Danilova, Alexandra, 1907-1997 person
associatedWith De Mille, Agnes person
associatedWith De Mille, Agnes. person
associatedWith Denby, Edwin, 1903-1983. person
associatedWith DHCA corporateBody
associatedWith Draper, Muriel, 1886- person
associatedWith Draper, Muriel, b. 1886. person
associatedWith Edward, Hugh. person
associatedWith Edwards, Hugh L person
associatedWith Eisenstein, Sergei, 1898-1948. person
associatedWith Evans, Walker, 1903-1975. person
associatedWith Ewart, Gavin. person
associatedWith Finley, David E. (David Edward) person
associatedWith Fisher, Thomas Hart. person
associatedWith Fokine, Michel, 1880-1942. person
associatedWith Forbes, Edward Waldo, 1873-1969. person
associatedWith Ford, Charles Henri, 1913- person
associatedWith Forster, E. M. (Edward Morgan), 1879-1970. person
associatedWith French, Jared, 1905-1988. person
associatedWith Graham, Martha, 1894-1991. person
associatedWith Hanover, Don C. III. person
associatedWith Harris, Leon A. person
associatedWith Harvard Society for Contemporary Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Hastings, Baird. person
associatedWith Hawkins, Erick. person
associatedWith Hitchcock, Henry Russell, 1903- person
associatedWith Hollander, John. person
associatedWith Hughes, Thomas, 1822-1896. person
associatedWith Humphrey, Doris, 1895-1958. person
correspondedWith Isherwood, Christopher, 1904-1986. person
associatedWith James, Henry, 1843-1916. person
associatedWith Jasinski, Roman, 1912-1991, person
associatedWith Kallman, Chester, 1921-1975 person
associatedWith Kamin, Martin. person
associatedWith Keene, Donald. person
associatedWith Kent, Henry Watson, 1866-1948. person
associatedWith Kisler, Darci. person
associatedWith Kollwitz, Käthe, 1867-1945. person
correspondedWith Koussevitzky, Serge, 1874-1951 person
associatedWith Lachaise, Gaston, 1882-1935. person
associatedWith Lasansky, Mauricio, 1914- person
associatedWith League of Composers (U.S.) corporateBody
associatedWith Leonard, Michael, 1933- person
associatedWith Levine, Doris, person
correspondedWith Levin, Harry, 1912-1994 person
associatedWith Leyda, Jay, 1910-1988. person
associatedWith Lindbergh, Anne Morrow, 1906-2001. person
associatedWith Lithgow, John, 1945- person
associatedWith Littlefield, William Horace, 1902-1969. person
associatedWith Loring, Eugene, 1911-1982, person
associatedWith Lowell, Robert, 1917-1977. person
associatedWith Luce, Clare Boothe, 1903-1987. person
associatedWith Lynes, George Platt person
associatedWith Lynes, George Platt. person
associatedWith Lynes, George Platt, 1907-1955. person
correspondedWith Mangan, Sherry, 1904- person
associatedWith Marshall, John, 1903-1980. person
associatedWith Marshall, Margaret, 1900-1974. person
associatedWith Martinez, José, 1912- person
associatedWith Martínez, José, 1913? -1997 person
associatedWith Martin, John Joseph, 1893- person
associatedWith Martins, Peter. person
associatedWith Matthews, J. B. (Joseph Brown), 1894-1966 person
associatedWith McCausland, Elizabeth, 1899-1965. person
associatedWith Menotti, Gian Carlo, 1911-2007. person
associatedWith Merillat, H. C. L. (Herbert Christian Laing), 1915- person
associatedWith Metropolitan Opera (New York, N.Y.) corporateBody
correspondedWith Migel, Parmenia. person
associatedWith Miller, Charles H. (Charles Henry) person
associatedWith Mongan, Agnes. person
associatedWith Moore, Lillian. person
associatedWith Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972. person
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Advisory Committee corporateBody
associatedWith Museum of Modern Art (New York, N.Y.). Department of Theatre Arts. corporateBody
associatedWith Nabokov, Nicolas, 1903-1978. person
associatedWith Nadelman, Elie, 1882-1946. person
associatedWith Namuth, Hans. person
associatedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
associatedWith New York City Ballet. corporateBody
associatedWith New York (City). Museum of Modern Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Nijinsky, Romola de Pulszky. person
associatedWith Nutt, Richard Sherman, 1914- person
correspondedWith Ocampo, Victoria, 1891- person
associatedWith Office of the Messrs Rockefeller. corporateBody
associatedWith Oliver, Maria Rosa, 1898-1971. person
associatedWith Oliver, María Rosa, 1898-1977 person
associatedWith Page, Ruth. person
associatedWith Perlin, Bernard. person
associatedWith Pickens, Alton person
associatedWith Pickens, Alton. person
associatedWith Pierpont Morgan Library. Young Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Plaut, James S. (James Sachs), 1912-1996. person
associatedWith Porter, Katherine Anne, 1890-1980. person
associatedWith Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. person
associatedWith Quennell, Peter, 1905-1993. person
associatedWith Rambert, Marie. person
associatedWith Rambert, Marie, Dame, 1888-1982, person
associatedWith Redgrave, Vanessa, 1937- person
associatedWith Reed, Joseph V., 1902- person
associatedWith Reis, Claire R. (Claire Raphael). person
associatedWith Richie, Donald, 1924- person
associatedWith Ricketson, Frank H., (Frank Henry) person
associatedWith Rimmer, Caroline Hunt, 1851-1918. person
associatedWith Rimmer, William, 1816-1879. person
associatedWith Robbins, Jerome. person
associatedWith Rockefeller, Nelson A. (Nelson Aldrich), 1908-1979. person
correspondedWith Rothschild, Howard D. person
associatedWith Rukeyser, Muriel, 1913-1980, person
associatedWith Sachs, Paul J., 1878-1965 person
associatedWith Saraceno, Salvatore, person
associatedWith Schnakenberg, H. E. (Henry Ernest), 1892-1970. person
associatedWith School of American Ballet. corporateBody
associatedWith School of American Ballet, New York. corporateBody
associatedWith Schroeder, Eric, 1904- person
associatedWith Seiberling, Dorothy, 1922- person
associatedWith Sharrer, Honoré, 1920- person
associatedWith Sitwell, Edith, 1887-1964. person
associatedWith Sitwell, Osbert, 1892-1969. person
associatedWith Smith, Oliver Lemuel, 1918-1994. person
associatedWith Sokolova, Lydia, 1896-1974. person
associatedWith Spender, Stephen, 1909-1995. person
associatedWith Stein, Gertrude, 1874-1946. person
associatedWith Stout, George Fogg. person
associatedWith Stout, George L. (George Leslie) person
associatedWith Stravinsky-Diaghilev Foundation. corporateBody
associatedWith Stravinsky, Igor, 1882-1971. person
associatedWith Stuart, Muriel, 1903-1991. person
correspondedWith Sylvester & Harris (Firm). corporateBody
associatedWith Tanner, Allen. person
associatedWith Tanner, Allen. person
associatedWith Tanning, Dorothea, 1910-2012. person
associatedWith Taylor, Paul, 1930- person
associatedWith Tchelitchew, Pavel, 1898-1957. person
associatedWith Ter-Arutunian, Rouben, 1920-1992, person
associatedWith Thayer, John M., person
associatedWith Thayer, John M., d. 2004, person
associatedWith Thomson, Virgil, 1896- person
associatedWith Thomson, Virgil, 1896-1989. person
associatedWith Tooker, George. person
associatedWith United States. Army. Corps of Engineers. corporateBody
associatedWith Verlaine, Paul, 1844-1896. person
associatedWith Vidal, Gore, 1925- person
associatedWith Warburg, Edward M. M. person
correspondedWith Weissberger, L. Arnold, 1907-1981 person
associatedWith Welles, Orson, 1915-1985 person
associatedWith Wescott, Glenway, 1901-1987. person
associatedWith Whitney Museum of American Art. corporateBody
associatedWith Young, Stark, 1881-1963, person
associatedWith Yow, Alexander Jensen person
associatedWith Yow, Alexander Jensen. person
associatedWith Zydower, Astrud person
associatedWith Zydower, Astrud. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
United States
United States
Japan
United States
Japan
United States
Subject
Sculptors
Ballet--United States
Ballet
Painters
Painting, Modern--19th century
Drawing--19th century
Composers--California--Los Angeles--20th century--Archival resources
Sculpture, American--19th century
Anatomy, artistic
Opera--20th century--Archival resources
Art--Study and teaching
Manuscripts
Manuscripts--Collections
Ballet--History--20th century
Drawing--Study and teaching
Art historians
Occupation
Photographers
Function

Person

Birth 1907-05-04

Death 1996-01-05

Americans

Russian,

Spanish; Castilian,

French,

English,

Italian,

German,

Japanese

Information

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SNAC ID: 49141205