Saunders, Charles Francis, 1859-1941

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Charles Francis Saunders (1859-1941) was born to Quaker parents in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He and his first wife, Elisabeth Hallowell Saunders (d. 1910), were both avid naturalists; Charles began publishing essays on botany as early as the 1890s. Charles and Elisabeth also collaborated on a number of publications, he as author, she as illustrator. The couple settled in Pasadena in 1906 in a Craftsman bungalow on North Lake Avenue, where Charles devoted himself full time to writing. Saunders eventually published more than a dozen books inspired by California and the Southwest. Both Charles and Elisabeth were amateur photographers, and many of their photographs were used to illustrate some of Saunders' early books. In 1921, Saunders married writer Mira Barrett Culin (d. 1968). Mira shared Saunders' interest in gardens, botany, and photography. For many years, Mira published articles on Pasadena gardens, parks and trees in the Pasadena Star News, for which she took dozens of photographs. First with Elisabeth, and then with Mira, Saunders travelled extensively throughout California and the Southwest, photographing all of the California Missions, the regions' natural wonders, Native Americans, and flora, among other things. These interests became the primary subjects of his publications, and many were illustrated with photographs taken by the author on his many excursions.

From the description of Charles Francis Saunders and Mira Culin Saunders Collection of Photographs and Negatives [graphic], ca. 1871-1965 (bulk 1910s-1920s) (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 123502706

Charles F. Saunders (1859-1941) was a horticulturalist and author whose works include The Indians of the terraced houses (1912) and Under the sky in California (1913). With his first wife, Elisabeth Moore Hallowell, Saunders traveled throughout the Southwest and settled in Pasadena, California. After his first wife's death, Saunders married Mira Barrett Culin, a writer herself, in 1921.

From the description of Papers of Charles F. Saunders, 1882-1966. (Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens). WorldCat record id: 122510227

Amateur naturalist and prolific author of books and articles about Pennsylvania, California, and the Southwest.

A lifelong Quaker, Saunders was born in Bucks County, Pennsylvania in 1859 and married artist Elisabeth Hallowell in 1902. They moved to Pasadena, California in 1906 and traveled througout the deserts and mountains of southern California, taking a keen interest in Native American ethnobotany and the California missions. After Elisabeth's death, Saunders remarried Mira Culin in 1921 and remained in Pasadena until his death in 1941.

From the description of Charles Francis Saunders papers, 1680-1954, bulk 1800-1941 (Santa Barbara Botanic Garden Library). WorldCat record id: 60546661

Biographical Note

Charles Francis Saunders (1859-1941) was born to Quaker parents in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. He and his first wife, Elisabeth Hallowell Saunders (d. 1910), were both avid naturalists; Charles began publishing essays on botany as early as the 1890s. Charles and Elisabeth also collaborated on a number of publications, he as author, she as illustrator. After a honeymoon trip to California and the Southwest in 1902, the couple moved permanently to California in 1906 and settled in a Craftsman bungalow on North Lake Avenue in Pasadena, where Charles devoted himself full time to writing. He eventually published more than a dozen books inspired by California and the Southwest. Both Charles and Elisabeth were amateur photographers, and many of their photographs were used to illustrate Saunders' books, The Indians of the Terraced Houses (1912) and Under the Sky in California (1913).

In 1921, Saunders married Mira Barrett Culin (d. 1968) whom he had met at the Pasadena Garden Club. Also a writer, Mira shared Saunders' interest in gardens, botany, and photography. For many years, Mira published articles on Pasadena gardens, parks and trees in the Pasadena Star News, for which she took dozens of photographs.

First with Elisabeth, and then with Mira, Saunders travelled extensively throughout California and the Southwest, photographing all of the California Missions, the regions' natural wonders, Native Americans, and flora, among other things. These interests became the subjects of 18 books and numerous essays and articles Saunders published in his lifetime. Many of these books were illustrated with photographs taken by their author on his many excursions.

Saunders' collection of Native American pottery and crafts is now in the collection of the Southwest Museum, Los Angeles, and his botanic library is in the possession of the Santa Barbara Botanic Gardens.

[Source: Apostol, Jane. "Southern California Through the Lens of Charles Francis Saunders," Southern California Quarterly, volume 81 (Spring 1999): 1-88.]

From the guide to the Charles Francis Saunders and Mira Culin Saunders Collection of Photographs and Negatives, ca. 1871-1965, (bulk 1910s-1920s), (The Huntington Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Eldredge, Zoeth Skinner, 1846-1915. Zoeth Skinner Eldredge letter to Charles F. Saunders : concerning travel routes in early California : San Francisco : ALS, 1913 Aug. 27. UC Berkeley Libraries
creatorOf Saunders, Charles Francis, 1859-1941. Papers of Charles F. Saunders, 1882-1966. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Saunders, Charles Francis, 1859-1941. Charles Francis Saunders papers, 1680-1954, bulk 1800-1941 Santa Barbara Botanic Garden Blaksley Library, Blaksley Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company correspondence and records, 1832-1944. Houghton Library
creatorOf Engelhardt, Zephyrin, 1851-1934. Zephyrin Engelhardt letter to Charles F. Saunders : explains Catholic terminology. Santa Barbara : typescript, LS, 1918 January 15. California Digital Library
referencedIn Houghton Mifflin Company contracts, 1831-1979 (inclusive) 1880-1940 (bulk). Houghton Library
referencedIn Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
creatorOf Charles Francis Saunders and Mira Culin Saunders Collection of Photographs and Negatives, ca. 1871-1965, (bulk 1910s-1920s) The Huntington Library
referencedIn William Frederic Badè papers, 1871-1936 Bancroft Library
referencedIn Grinnell, George Bird, 1849-1938. George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 (inclusive), 1886-1929 (bulk). Yale University Library
referencedIn George Bird Grinnell papers, 1859-1939 Yale University. Department of Manuscripts and Archives
creatorOf Saunders, Charles Francis, 1859-1941. Charles Francis Saunders and Mira Culin Saunders Collection of Photographs and Negatives [graphic], ca. 1871-1965 (bulk 1910s-1920s) Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
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associatedWith Nuestra Senora de la Soledad (Mission : Calif.) corporateBody
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associatedWith Saunders, Elisabeth Hallowell. person
associatedWith Saunders, Elisabeth Hallowell (d. 1910). person
associatedWith Saunders, Elizabeth Hallowell. person
associatedWith Saunders, Mira B. Culin. person
associatedWith Slevin, L. S. (Louis Stanislas), 1878-1945. person
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associatedWith Wenderoth, F. A. person
associatedWith Wenderoth, F.A. person
associatedWith Willard, S. H. person
associatedWith Willard, S.H. person
associatedWith World Center for Women's Archives. corporateBody
Place Name Admin Code Country
Pasadena (Calif.)
California--Long Beach
Sandia Pueblo (N.M.)
El Morro National Monument (N.M.)
Marin County (Calif.)
San Gorgonio Pass (Calif.)
California
Zuni Pueblo (N.M.)
Ojai (Calif.)
Palm Springs (Calif.)
California--Venice (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Monterey County (Calif.)
Mojave Desert (Calif.)
San Benito County (Calif.)
Calaveras County (Calif.)
California--Los Angeles
Lake Arrowhead (Calif.)
California--San Gabriel Mountains
Montezuma Castle National Monument (Ariz.)
Madera County (Calif.)
Merced County (Calif.)
Santa Ysabel Indian Reservation (Calif.)
Annapolis (Md.)
Santa Catalina Island (Calif.)
Gaviota Canyon (Lompoc, Calif.)
New Orleans (La.)
Tubac (Ariz.)
Brown Mountain (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
California--Mojave Desert (Calif.)
Orange County (Calif.)
Santa Barbara County (Calif.)
Julian (Calif.)
Ballarat (Calif.)
San Antonio (Tex.)
El Morro National Monument (N.M.)
Santa Ysabel Indian Reservation (Calif.)
Thousand Palms (Calif.)
Port Hueneme (Calif.)
Avalon (Calif.)
Southwest, New
Carpinteria (Calif.)
Carmel (Calif.)
Humboldt County (Calif.)
Donner Lake (Calif.)
California--Summerland
Sequoia National Park (Calif.)
Laguna Beach (Calif.)
Piru (Calif.)
Nordhoff (Calif.)
San Bernardino County (Calif.)
Tecate Peak (Calif.)
Sierra Madre (Calif.)
Summerland (Calif.)
La Brea Pits (Calif.)
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
San Jacinto Mountains (Calif.)
Acoma (N.M.)
San Diego County (Calif.)
Sutter's Fort (Sacramento, Calif.)
California--San Diego County
Monrovia (Calif.)
Santa Barbara (Calif.)
Lake County (Calif.)
Petrified Forest National Park (Ariz.)
Colon (Panama)
Avalon (Calif.)
Kings Canyon National Park (Calif.)
Death Valley (Calif. and Nev.)
Imperial County (Calif.)
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Olvera Street (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Santa Clara County (Calif.)
Mission Cliff Gardens (San Diego, Calif.)
Mission Cliff Gardens (San Diego, Calif.)
Panama
Bishop (Calif.)
Acapulco (Mexico)
Bakersfield (Calif.)
Fresno County (Calif.)
Llano Colony (Secular community)
Mono County (Calif.)
Lake County (Calif.)
Merced (Calif.)
Point Lobos State Reserve (Calif.)
California--Altadena
Lowe, Mount (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Piru Creek (Calif.)
California--Riverside County
Red Rock Canyon State Park (Calif.)
Tulare County (Calif.)
Mariposa County (Calif.)
Tubac (Ariz.)
Nordhoff (Calif.)
San Pedro (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Ballarat (Calif.)
Ensenada (Baja California, Mexico)
San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)
Tahoe, Lake (Calif. and Nev.)
Golden Gate Park (San Francisco, Calif.)
Little Bear Lake (Calif.)
Sonoma (Calif.)
Morongo Valley (Calif.)
La Jolla (San Diego, Calif.)
Panama (Panama)
Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park (Calif.)
Laguna Beach (Calif.)
Malibu Creek State Park (Calif.)
Montezuma Castle National Monument (Ariz.)
Mount Baldy (Calif.)
Robert Louis Stevenson State Park (Calif.)
Topanga (Calif.)
Espanola (N.M.)
Orange County (Calif.)
San Francisco (Calif.)
San Jacinto Mountains (Calif.)
California, Southern
Colon (Panama)
Mecca Hills Wilderness (Calif.)
Wilson, Mount (Calif. : Mountain)
San Gorgonio Pass (Calif.)
Olvera Street (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Oregon
Riverside County (Calif.)
New Mexico
Mariposa County (Calif.)
Santa Catalina Island (Calif.)
San Mateo County (Calif.)
Saint Helena (Calif.)
Carmel (Calif.)
Sonoma County (Calif.)
Taos Pueblo (N.M.)
El Dorado County (Calif.)
Mark Twain-Bret Harte Trail (Tuolumne County, Calif.)
Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park (Coloma, Calif.)
Tecate Peak (Calif.)
Tuolumne County (Calif.)
Pasadena
Sutter's Fort (Sacramento, Calif.)
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (N.M.)
San Francisco Peaks (Ariz.)
Venice (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Cypress Point (Monterey County, Calif.)
Piru Creek (Calif.)
Imperial County (Calif.)
Gaviota Canyon (Lompoc, Calif.)
Twentynine Palms (Calif.)
Cuyama Valley (Calif.)
San Pedro (Los Angeles, Calif.)
Canyon de Chelly National Monument (Ariz.)
Honduras
Lake Arrowhead (Calif.)
Santa Monica (Calif.)
Cypress Point (Monterey County, Calif.)
Point Lobos State Reserve (Calif.)
Refugio State Beach (Goleta, Calif.)
Big Bear City (Calif.)
Yuma (Ariz.)
Painted Desert (Ariz.)
Estudillo House (San Diego, Calif.)
Bakersfield (Calif.)
La Brea Pits (Calif.)
Napa County (Calif.)
Carpinteria (Calif.)
Donner Lake (Calif.)
Montecito (Calif.)
Monterey (Calif.)
Tucson (Ariz.)
Kern County (Calif.)
Twentynine Palms (Calif.)
Panama (Panama)
Wilson, Mount (Calif. : Mountain)
Asti (Calif.)
Arizona
Torrey Pines State Reserve (Calif.)
El Dorado County (Calif.)
San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)
Inyo County (Calif.)
Petrified Forest National Park (Ariz.)
Big Bear Lake (Calif.)
San Diego County (Calif.)
Thousand Palms (Calif.)
Pueblo of San Ildefonso, New Mexico
Devil's Punchbowl (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Henry Cowell Redwoods State Park (Calif.)
El Salvador
Nicaragua
Summerland (Calif.)
Topanga (Calif.)
Camp Cajon (San Bernardino County, Calif.)
La Jolla (San Diego, Calif.)
Mark Twain-Bret Harte Trail (Tuolumne County, Calif.)
Ojai (Calif.)
California--Death Valley
North America--New Mexico
Mono County (Calif.)
California
Ensenada (Baja California, Mexico)
Santa Cruz County (Calif.)
California--Ventura County
San Francisco Peaks (Ariz.)
Red Rock Canyon State Park (Calif.)
Theodore Roosevelt Dam (Ariz.)
Casa Grande National Monument (Ariz.)
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail
North America--Arizona
Monterey (Calif.)
Casa Grande National Monument (Ariz.)
Zuni Pueblo (N.M.)
New Mexico
Yosemite National Park (Calif.)
Calaveras County (Calif.)
Riverside County (Calif.)
Zaca Lake (Calif.)
Piru (Calif.)
Eaton Canyon (Calif.)
Eaton Canyon (Calif.)
San Mateo County (Calif.)
Canal Zone
Elizabeth Lake (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Sierra Madre (Calif.)
Asti (Calif.)
Salina Cruz (Mexico)
San Diego (Calif.)
Kings Canyon National Park (Calif.)
Arizona
Acapulco (Mexico)
Fresno County (Calif.)
San Luis Obispo County (Calif.)
Robert Louis Stevenson State Park (Calif.)
Monrovia (Calif.)
Balboa Park (San Diego, Calif.)
Redwood Highway
Mendocino County (Calif.)
Tahoe, Lake (Calif. and Nev.)
Tucson (Ariz.)
Hidden Spring Canyon (Riverside County, Calif.)
Altadena (Calif.)
Altadena (Calif.)
California--South Pasadena
Zaca Lake (Calif.)
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Espanola (N.M.)
Los Padres National Forest (Calif.)
Camp Cajon (San Bernardino County, Calif.)
Bandelier National Monument (N.M.)
California--Tuolumne County
Santa Fe (N.M.)
Merced County (Calif.)
Palm Springs (Calif.)
Whitney, Mount (Calif.)
Sonoma (Calif.)
Pennsylvania
Annapolis (Md.)
California--Palm Springs
Merced (Calif.)
Acoma (N.M.)
Lowe, Mount (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
New Orleans (La.)
Montecito (Calif.)
South Pasadena (Calif.)
Torrey Pines State Reserve (Calif.)
California--Signal Hill
Oregon
Angels Camp (Calif.)
Santa Ynez River Valley (Calif.)
Tulare County (Calif.)
Canyon de Chelly National Monument (Ariz.)
San Francisco (Calif.)
California--San Gabriel Valley
South Pasadena (Calif.)
Estudillo House (San Diego, Calif.)
Marin County (Calif.)
Nicaragua
Fisherman's Wharf (San Francisco, Calif.)
Humboldt County (Calif.)
San Gabriel (Calif.)
Mount Baldy (Calif.)
Julian (Calif.)
Tuolumne County (Calif.)
Pinnacles National Monument (Calif.)
Napa County (Calif.)
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
Inyo County (Calif.)
Port Hueneme (Calif.)
Panama
Death Valley (Calif. and Nev.)
Owens Valley (Calif.)
Redwood Highway
Sierra Nevada (Calif. and Nev.)
El Salvador
Saint Helena (Calif.)
Brown Mountain (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Ventura County (Calif.)
Ventura County (Calif.)
Cuyama Valley (Calif.)
California--Pasadena
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail
Santa Ynez River Valley (Calif.)
Bishop (Calif.)
Los Padres National Forest (Calif.)
Santa Monica (Calif.)
Malibu Creek State Park (Calif.)
San Benito County (Calif.)
Big Bear City (Calif.)
Kern County (Calif.)
San Gabriel (Calif.)
Bandelier National Monument (N.M.)
Sandia Pueblo (N.M.)
California--San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)
Santa Clara County (Calif.)
Morongo Valley (Calif.)
Pinnacles National Monument (Calif.)
San Antonio (Tex.)
Long Beach (Calif.)
San Luis Obispo County (Calif.)
Painted Desert (Ariz.)
Refugio State Beach (Goleta, Calif.)
San Bernardino County (Calif.)
California
Golden Gate Park (San Francisco, Calif.)
Point Fermin (Calif.)
Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (N.M.)
Balboa Park (San Diego, Calif.)
Big Bear Lake (Calif.)
Canal Zone
Angels Camp (Calif.)
San Diego (Calif.)
California--San Gabriel
Fisherman’s Wharf (San Francisco, Calif.)
Mendocino County (Calif.)
Madera County (Calif.)
Hidden Spring Canyon (Riverside County, Calif.)
Little Bear Lake (Calif.)
Elizabeth Lake (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Santa Barbara County (Calif.)
Honduras
Santa Barbara (Calif.)
Owens Valley (Calif.)
Yuma (Ariz.)
Marshall Gold Discovery State Historic Park (Coloma, Calif.)
Devil's Punchbowl (Los Angeles County, Calif.)
Theodore Roosevelt Dam (Ariz.)
Point Fermin (Calif.)
Sonoma County (Calif.)
Salina Cruz (Mexico)
Whitney, Mount (Calif.)
Mojave Desert (Calif.)
Long Beach (Calif.)
Mecca Hills Wilderness (Calif.)
Monterey County (Calif.)
Santa Cruz County (Calif.)
Subject
Plants, edible
Hiking--Photographs
Orchards--Photographs
Flowers--Photographs
Gardens--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Missions--Photographs
Peace movements
Camping--California--Tuolumne County--Photographs
Trees--California--Photographs
Indians of North America--Photographs
Commercial buildings--Photographs
Adobe houses--California--South Pasadena--Photographs
Oil wells--California--Signal Hill--Photographs
Hogans--Arizona--Photographs
Adobe houses--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Indians of North America--Arizona--Photographs
Orchards--California--San Gabriel Valley--Photographs
Greyfriars Bobby (Dog)--Photographs
Farms--California--San Gabriel Valley--Photographs
Gardening
Trading posts--Arizona--Photographs
Indians of North America--Antiquities--Photographs
Petroglyphs--Photographs
Plants
Street vendors--Photographs
Picnics--Photographs
Horse-drawn vehicles--Photographs
Adobe houses--California--San Gabriel--Photographs
City halls--Photographs
Deserts--California--Photographs
Hohokam architecture--Photographs
Trees--Arizona--Photographs
Gardens--Photographs
Indians of North America--New Mexico--Antiquities--Photographs
Hot springs--California--San Diego County--Photographs
Outdoor recreation--California--Photographs
Indians of North America--New Mexico--Photographs
Oil wells--California--Summerland--Photographs
Street vendors--California--Long Beach--Photographs
Indian architecture--North America--Photographs
Public buildings--Photographs
Botanical gardens--Photographs
Cliff-dwellings--Arizona--Photographs
Canals--Venice (Los Angeles, Calif.)--Photographs
Canyons--Photographs
Horticulturists--Correspondence
Flowers--Arizona--Photographs
Oil wells--Photographs
Hohokam architecture--Arizona--Photographs
Hot springs--California--Ventura County--Photographs
Navajo Indians--Photographs
Amusement parks--Photographs
Campers (Persons)--Photographs
Dwellings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
City halls--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Canals--Photographs
Flora--Photographs
Indians of North America--Ethnobotany
Library buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Deserts--Arizona--Photographs
Authors, American--Archives
Petroglyphs--California--Death Valley--Photographs
Missions--Arizona--Photographs
Ranches--Photographs
Indian architecture--Photographs
Hot springs--Photographs
Bungalows--Photographs
Dwellings--Photographs
Zuni Indians--Photographs
Indians of North America
Carriages and carts--Photographs
Hogans--Photographs
Parks--Photographs
Native plants for cultivation
Horses--Photographs
Camping--Photographs
Streets--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Mules--Photographs
Trees--Photographs
Adobe house--Photographs
Library buildings--California--Altadena--Photographs
Commercial buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Cliff-dwellings--Photographs
Farms--Photographs
Churches--California--Altadena--Photographs
Churches--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Photography of gardens
Ranches--California--Riverside County--Photographs
Horticulture
Missions
Hiking--California--San Gabriel Mountains--Photographs
Photography of trees
Ranches--California--San Diego County--Photographs
Outdoor recreation--Photographs
Bungalows--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Deserts--New Mexico--Photographs
Amusement parks--California--Venice (Los Angeles, Calif.)--Photographs
Botanical gardens--California--Photographs
Cemeteries--Photographs
Canyons--California--San Gabriel Mountains--Photographs
Camping--Arizona--Photographs
Missions--California--Photographs
Horticulturists--Archives
Deserts--Photographs
Photography of plants
Campers (Persons)--California--San Gabriel Mountains (Calif.)--Photographs
Public buildings--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Camping--California--Mojave Desert--Photographs
Churches--Photographs
Gardens--California--Los Angeles--Photographs
Trading posts--Photographs
Cemeteries--California--Photographs
Palms--Photographs
Parks--California--Pasadena--Photographs
Donkeys--Photographs
Picnicking--California--Photographs
Streets--Photographs
Library buildings--Photographs
Flowers--California--Photographs
Camping--California--Palm Springs--Photographs
Occupation
Activity

Person

Birth 1859

Death 1941

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