Ussachevsky, Vladimir, 1911-1990

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From the description of Reminiscences of Vladimir Ussachevsky : oral history, 1978. (Columbia University In the City of New York). WorldCat record id: 309735377

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Vladimir Ussachevsky was born in 1911 in the Russian province of Outer Manchuria, where his father was serving as a career officer in the Russian Army. Ussachevsky's mother performed and gave lessons on the piano, and she became her son's first teacher, initiating his musical education in piano and Russian Orthodox choral music. After playing in restaurants and vaudeville theaters as a teenager in Manchuria, Vladimir emigrated to California with his mother and siblings in 1930. Although he had intended to study electrical engineering, he became fascinated with composition while at Pomona College, where he received his B.A. in 1935. Ussachevsky then pursued graduate studies at the Eastman School of Music in Rochester, New York, studying with Howard Hanson among others. Ussachevsky returned briefly to California in the early 1940s after receiving his Ph.D. to care for his ailing mother. He taught high-school and junior-college music classes there before enlisting in the United States Army in September 1942 for the duration World War II.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED After the war Ussachevsky began his long association with Columbia University, coming to New York in the fall of 1947 as an instructor and post-doctoral student under Otto Luening. At first, he taught introductory courses and continued to compose chamber, piano, and choral works in what he later called a "pseudo-Romantic Russian style." Ussachevsky's longstanding interest in electrical engineering, however, led him to pursue a radical new direction in composition. As his student Robert Moog recalled, "The department had acquired its first tape recorder, an Ampex 400, and Vladimir was assigned to care for it. After using it extensively to record live performances, he began looking for new ways to use the tape machine. He created new musical sounds by speed changing, playing segments of tape backwards, splicing, looping, and electronic processing, and then assembled the sounds into experimental compositions." His tape compositions, many of them collaborations with Luening, were first performed in 1952, garnering Ussachevsky acclaim among both the New York musical community and the emerging transnational network of electronic music composers.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Inspired by his contacts with Pierre Schaefer, the creator of musique concrete, and electronic music composers in Russia, Ussachevsky along with fellow composers Luening, Milton Babbitt, and Roger Sessions founded in 1959 the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center (CPEMC), which was modeled on Schaefer's Centre d'Etudes Radiophoniques in Paris. According to Moog, himself a major innovator in the field, Ussachevsky and engineer Peter Mauzey built equipment and developed technical practices of the highest possible quality, assisted by the funding of the Rockefeller Foundation and technical support from Bell Laboratories. Until his retirement from Columbia in 1980, Ussachevsky directed the CPEMC and mentored hundreds of students in theory and composition, most notably Moog and the composer Wendy Carlos. Ussachevsky also became a tireless crusader in the promotion of electronic music, presenting lecture-demonstrations at colleges and universities across the United States and Canada.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED Outside of Columbia, Ussachevsky continued actively to pursue a composing career, writing scores of works for orchestras and choral groups, almost all of them incorporating the tape medium. Ussachevsky contributed musical settings for film, television, theater and poetry, collaborating with Clifton Fadiman, John Houseman, Stan Brakhage, Louis Zukofsky, Orson Welles, Alfred Hitchcock, and Burgess Meredith among others. He also played an active role in several artist organizations, principally the American Composers' Alliance and the MacDowell Colony, and served as editor for the journal New Music Edition.

BIOGHIST REQUIRED After retiring from Columbia in 1980, he remained as a tenured professor at the University of Utah, where he had been Composer-in-Residence since 1970. He was married to the poet Elizabeth ("Betty") Kray from 1947 until her death in 1987. The couple had no children. Ussachevsky died on January 4, 1990 in New York City, remembered as a seminal figure in the development of electronic music in the United States.

From the guide to the Vladimir Ussachevsky Papers, 1932-1969, (Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Concerted piece for tape recorder & orchestra, first section sketches / Otto Luening (& V. Ussachevsky). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Low speed : for flute on tape recorder : realized for tape recorder by Vladimir Ussachevski [sic] / by Otto Luening. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Vladimir Ussachevsky Papers, 1932-1969 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Olivia Mattis Collection, 1988-1990 Archive of Recorded Sound
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Concerted piece for tape recorder & orchestra, first section / Otto Luening. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Atkins, Irene Kahn, 1922-. Major figures in American music [S-Z] : [oral history]. Yale University Library
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. A poem in cycles and bells / Luening [and] Ussachevsky. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Powell, Mel. The Mel Powell papers, 1942-1991 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Trio org & tape for ballet Of identity / Otto Luening. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Incantation : for tape recorder / by Otto Luening and Vladimir A. Ussachevsky. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Suite from "King Lear" : for tape recorder / by Otto Luening and Vladimir Ussachevsky. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Luening, Otto, 1900-1996,. Interview conducted by Oliver Daniel, Sept. 20, 1976 [sound recording]. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Low speed : for flute on tape recorder / by Otto Luening. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Concerted piece / Otto Luening & Vladimir Ussachevsky. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Invention for flute on tape recorder : tape realization by V. Ussachevsky / Otto Luening. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Fantasy in space : for flute on tape recorder : sketch / by Otto Luening ; realized for tape recorder by Vladimir Ussachevski. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Herman Langinger Music Publishing Files, 1889-1972, (bulk 1927-1955) Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Otto Luening collection of non-commercial sound recordings [sound recording], 1950-1983. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Haverlin, Carl, 1899-1985. [American composers collection]. Northwestern University
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Cues for Incredible voyage : electronic score / [Otto Luening and Vladimir Ussachevsky]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Otto Luening papers, 1800-1996, 1870-1996 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Langinger, Herman. Herman Langinger music publishing files, 1889-1972 (bulk 1927-1955). Library of Congress
creatorOf Ussachevsky, Vladimir, 1911-1990. Metamorphoses : 1957 / Vladimir Ussachevsky. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Jory, Margaret Fairbank. Margaret Fairbank Jory collection : [oral history], 1967. Yale University Library
creatorOf Ussachevsky, Vladimir, 1911-1990. Vladimir Ussachevsky papers, [dates] [bulk]. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Rhapsodic variations : for tape recorder & orchestra : original first part & third part / by Otto Luening & Vladimir Ussachevsky. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf American Music Edition records, 1920-1997, 1951-1991 Music Library
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. Phil. piece : tape sequence more detailed / [Otto Luening and Vladimir Ussachevsky]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. [Rhapsodic variations (sketches)] / Otto Luening. New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Ussachevsky, Vladimir, 1911-1990. Reminiscences of Vladimir Ussachevsky : oral history, 1978. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
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associatedWith Harrison, Guy Fraser, 1894-1986 person
associatedWith Harrison, Lou, 1917-2003 person
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associatedWith Haubiel, Charles, 1892-1978 person
associatedWith Haverlin, Carl, 1899-1985. person
associatedWith Hedge, Grace person
associatedWith Heilner, Irwin, 1908-1991 person
associatedWith Hemmer, Eugene, 1929-1977 person
associatedWith Herrmann, Bernard, 1911-1975 person
associatedWith Hill, Edward Burlingame, 1872-1960 person
associatedWith Hiller, Lejaren, 1924-1994 person
associatedWith Hinson, Maurice person
associatedWith Hodghead, Lillian, 1886-1972 person
associatedWith Holloway, Jack person
associatedWith Horsky, Edward L. person
associatedWith Howard, John Tasker, 1890-1964 person
associatedWith Huerter, Charles, 1885-1974 person
associatedWith Huffman, Walter Spencer, 1921-2005 person
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associatedWith Humphrey, Doris, 1895-1958 person
associatedWith Hunsley, Robert person
associatedWith Ives, Charles, 1874-1954 person
associatedWith Ivey, Jean Eichelberger person
associatedWith Jackson, George Pullen, 1874-1953 person
associatedWith Jacobi, Frederick, 1891-1952 person
associatedWith Jolas, Jacques person
associatedWith Jones, Charles, 1910-1997 person
associatedWith Jones, Homer, composer person
associatedWith Jory, Margaret Fairbank. person
associatedWith Josten, Werner, 1885-1963 person
associatedWith Kabalevsky, Dmitry Borisovich, 1904-1987 person
associatedWith Kelly, Robert, 1916-2007 person
associatedWith Kerr, Harrison person
associatedWith King-Smith, Grace person
associatedWith Kirkpatrick, John, 1905-1991 person
associatedWith Klauss, Kenneth person
associatedWith Knowlton, Dorothy G. (Dorothy Gillespie), 1903- person
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associatedWith Korn, Richard, 1908-1981 person
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correspondedWith Langinger, Herman person
correspondedWith Langinger, Herman. person
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associatedWith Lipscomb, Helen, 1921-1974 person
associatedWith Lipsky, Alexander, 1900-1985 person
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associatedWith Lombardo, Robert, 1932- person
associatedWith Lopatnikoff, Nikolai, 1903-1976 person
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associatedWith Luening, Otto, 1900-1996. person
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associatedWith Mennin, Peter person
associatedWith Michalsky, Donal R. person
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associatedWith Moran, Robert, 1937- person
associatedWith Moross, Jerome, 1913-1983 person
associatedWith Mueller, Robert Earl, 1920-2005 person
associatedWith Mumma, Gordon, 1935- person
associatedWith Nagel, Robert person
associatedWith Nee, Thomas person
associatedWith Nelhybel, Vaclav person
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associatedWith Nordhoff, Paul person
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associatedWith Osborne, Willson, 1906-1979 person
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associatedWith Piston, Walter, 1894-1976 person
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associatedWith Powell, Mel. person
associatedWith Pozdro, John, 1923- person
associatedWith Preobrajenska, Vera person
associatedWith Price, Mary Juanita person
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associatedWith Read, Gardner, 1913-2005 person
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associatedWith Russo, Joseph, composer person
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associatedWith Sanjuán, Pedro, 1886-1976 person
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associatedWith Seeger, Ruth Crawford, 1901-1953 person
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associatedWith Shanet, Harold person
associatedWith Shaw, Clifford, 1911-1976 person
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associatedWith Shoemaker, John R. (John Rogers), 1934- person
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associatedWith Spencer, Williametta person
associatedWith Spinner, Leopold person
associatedWith Stein, Alvin person
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associatedWith Still, William Grant, 1895-1978 person
associatedWith Stoddard, Hope, 1900-1987 person
associatedWith Stoessel, Albert, 1894-1943 person
associatedWith Stout, Alan person
associatedWith Strang, Gerald, 1908-1983 person
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associatedWith Trythall, Gilbert, 1930- person
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associatedWith Vázquez Sebastiá, Rafael person
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associatedWith Vogel, Norman person
associatedWith Vovk, Ivan person
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associatedWith Wiggins, Mary person
associatedWith Wiser, John person
associatedWith Wuorinen, Charles person
associatedWith Yessin, Gerson person
associatedWith Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978 person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Geographic
Subject
Electronic music
Composition (Music)--20th century
Music--Instruction and study--United States--History
Music--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
Composers--France
Music--Acoustics and physics--Congresses
Composition (Music)
Musique Concrète--History and criticism
Topical
Musicology--United States--History--20th century
Composers--United States--Societies, etc
Music--Instruction and study
Composers--United States--Biography
Music--20th century--History and criticism
Composers--Interviews
Audio amplifiers
Occupation
Collector
Function

Person

Birth 1911-11-03

Death 1990-01-02

Americans

Undetermined

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