Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978

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American poet.

From the description of Poetry manuscripts, [193-] (University of California, San Diego). WorldCat record id: 18447266

American poet, translator.

From the description of Louis Zukofsky Collection, 1910-1985. (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center (HRC); University of Texas at Austin). WorldCat record id: 122385750

Louis Zukofsky was born in Manhattan, on the lower east side, in 1904 to Pinchos and Channa Pruss Zukofsky, immigrants from what is now Lithuania. His father's Orthodox Jewish faith eventually became a point of contention between them, but Zukofsky always recognized the influence his immigrant parents' struggle and faith had on him, writing about it in his early work, Poem beginning 'The'; and in various early sections of his life-long poem, A.

The Zukofskys spoke Yiddish at home so Louis did not begin to learn English until he started public school. However he had already been exposed to great writers from Shakespeare to Tolstoy at the Yiddish theater. Zukofsky attended Columbia University where he studied philosophy and English, earning his master's degree in 1926. He also began writing poetry, publishing some of it in student publications.

By 1929 he had made himself known to Ezra Pound, who liked his work and encouraged the editors of Poetry Magazine to have Zukofsky edit a special edition: Objectivists 1931, including works by Carl Rakosi, Charles Reznikoff, and William Carlos Williams, all of whom corresponded with and influenced Zukofsky for years to come.

In 1933 Zukofsky found work as a supervisor on a Works Progress Administration project where he met Celia Thaew, a musician and composer. They married in 1939 and had a son, Paul, in 1943. Celia collaborated with Zukofsky on most of his projects after their marriage, composing music for his poetry and typing manuscripts, as well as managing the household.

Despite his early success with Poetry Magazine and An ObjectivistsAnthology (1932), Zukofsky's work remained fairly obscure for the next thirty years and he had significant difficulty finding a publisher. It was not until W.W. Norton agreed to publish the first volume of All: The Collected Short Poems (1966) that publishers began to take a serious interest in his work. If some old friends found Zukofsky bitter by the 1960s, he still had friends and there were many young poets who admired his work. Allen Ginsberg, Gilbert Sorrentino, and Jonathan Williams all count Zukofsky among their influences, and visited and corresponded with him.

Zukofsky's last new work, 80 Flowers (1978), and the final complete version of A were at the publishers waiting to go to press when he died in 1978.

From the guide to the Louis Zukofsky Collection TXRC98-A11., 1910-1985, (Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, )

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
creatorOf Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. Ezra Pound collection of papers, [1898]-1986 bulk (1914-1959). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Lines (New York, N.Y.) Archive, 1963-1965 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Carol Bergé Papers TXRC94-A5., 1960-1969 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978. Henry Adams: detached mind and the growth of a poet. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Reznikoff, Charles, 1894-1976. Papers, 1912-1976. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Turnbull, Gael. Correspondence, 1956-1969. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Ezra Pound papers : addition, 1862-1983, 1960-1971 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Furioso papers, 1938-1951. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn New Yorker records, ca.1924-1984 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Parnassus: poetry in review records, 1971-1996 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Ann Charters Papers., 1966-1982. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Center.
creatorOf Louis Zukofsky Collection TXRC98-A11., 1910-1985 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Economou, George. George Economou papers, 1954-1996. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Zabel, Morton Dauwen, 1901-1964. Morton Dauwen Zabel papers 1901-1964 (inclusive). University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Couzyn, Jeni. Jeni Couzyn papers 1969-1971. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, ca. 1933-1997. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Creeley, Robert, 1926-2005. Letters to David O. Schaff, 1962-1965. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn O'Donnell, George Marion, 1914-1962. Papers, 1932-1961. Washington University in St. Louis, .
referencedIn Ezra Pound Collection TXRC98-A12., 1905-1975, bulk 1930-1960 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-1997. Allen Ginsberg papers, 1937-1994. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn June Oppen Degnan Papers, 1959-1973 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. Papers of Karl J. Shapiro [manuscript], 1942-1955. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Davenport, Guy. Papers of Guy Davenport [manuscript], 1948-1983. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978. Correspondence file, 1928, from Boni & Liveright. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978. Office files, of The American Poetry Review, 1979. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Williams, William Carlos, 1883-1963. William Carlos Williams papers, circa 1880-1985. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ezra Pound miscellany, 1909-1973 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Blackburn, Paul. Papers, 1900-1971, bulk 1919-1971. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978. Letter to David Schoff : New York City : ALS, 1966 Aug. 8. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Tibor Serly letters to Henry Pleasants, 1931-1951 L. Tom Perry Special Collections20th Century Western & Mormon Manuscripts
creatorOf Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978. Louis Zukofsky Collection, 1910-1985. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Manuscripts and proofs of New Directions books, 1937-1997. Houghton Library.
creatorOf Trigram Press. Papers, 1965-1975. Washington University in St. Louis, .
referencedIn Creeley, Robert, 1926-2005. Papers, 1951-1990. Washington University in St. Louis, .
referencedIn Taggart, John, 1942-. Papers, 1962-2000. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. Ezra Pound papers : addition, 1862-1983 (bulk 1960-1971). Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Charles Reznikoff Papers, 1912-1976 Mandeville Special Collections Library
creatorOf Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962. E. E. Cummings collection of papers, 1916-1962 bulk (1939-1959). New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Vladimir Ussachevsky Papers, 1932-1969 Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
referencedIn Poetry Manuscripts Collection (State University of New York at Buffalo). Contemporary manuscripts collection, 1880- SUNY at Buffalo, University at Buffalo
creatorOf Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978. Poetry manuscripts, [193-] University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn George Oppen Papers, 1958-1984 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn Poetry (Firm). Poetry : a magazine of verse : records, 1912-1961. University of Chicago Library
referencedIn Jordan, Susan Cordelia. Scrapbook relating to Ezra Pound, 1933-1985. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Allen Ginsberg papers, 1937-1994 Stanford University. Libraries. Dept. of Special Collections and University Archives.
referencedIn Jordan, Susan Cordelia. Scrapbook relating to Ezra Pound, 1933-1985. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-1997. Allen Ginsberg papers, 1944-1991. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Judson Crews Papers TXRC94-A16., 1935-1981, (bulk 1940-1966) Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Goliard Press. Goliard Press records, 1961-1970. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
creatorOf Degnan, June Oppen. Papers, 1959-1973. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978. [Louis Zukofsky ephemera]. University of British Columbia Library
creatorOf Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1968. E.E. Cummings Collection, 1902-1962. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Williams, Emmett,. Concrete poetry archives, early 1940's-1967. S-Z. Library of Congress
referencedIn Basil Bunting Poetry Archive, 1920s- Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections
referencedIn New Directions Publishing Corp. records, ca. 1933-1997. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Hugh Kenner Papers TXRC02-A5., 1916-1994, n.d., bulk 1943-1994 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Kenner, Hugh. Hugh Kenner Papers, 1916-1994 (bulk1943-1994). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Williams, William Carlos, 1883-1963. Papers, 1884-1995. Indiana University
referencedIn E. E. Cummings Collection TXRC98-A2., 1902-1968 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Cid Corman collection of papers, 1941-1983, 1951-1974 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Zabel, Morton Dauwen. Papers, 1901-1964 Special Collections Research Center, University of Chicago Library,
referencedIn Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. Ezra Pound collection. [1908-1961]. University of Victoria Libraries, UVic
referencedIn Serly, Tibor. Letters from Tibor Serly to Henry Pleasants, 1931-1951. American Primers
referencedIn Ezra Pound Papers, 1868-1976 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Diane Di Prima Papers, 1948-1971 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. Ezra Pound miscellany, 1909-1973. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn David Ignatow Papers, 1929-1994 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
creatorOf Finlay, Ian Hamilton,. Ian Hamilton Finlay correspondence, 1962-1969. S-Z. The Sage Colleges Libraries
referencedIn E. E. Cummings collection of papers, 1916-1962, 1939-1959 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
creatorOf Oppen, George. George Oppen papers [microform], 1958-1984. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Alicat Book Shop Press. Records, 1945-1966. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Rose Graubart Ignatow Papers, 1937-1989 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn University of Connecticut, English Department Records, 1944-1982 Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
referencedIn Hound & Horn records, 1925-1940 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Crews, Judson. Papers, 1935-1981 (bulk 1940-1966). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn William Carlos Williams papers, circa 1880-1985, 1930-1973 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Wodening, Jane, 1936-. Jane Wodening and Stan Brakhage scrapbooks, 1958-1967. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Zukofsky, Celia Thaew. Letter : Port Jefferson, N.Y., to Thomas Babb, Purchase, N.Y., 1979 Apr. 17. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Corman, Cid. Cid Corman collection of papers, 1941-1983 bulk (1951-1974). New York Public Library System, NYPL
creatorOf Colt Press. Colt Press records, ca. 1941-1942. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Joel Oppenheimer Papers, 1925-1988. Archives and Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center, University of Connecticut Libraries
creatorOf Zukofsky, Louis, 1904-1978. Letters, 1972-73, New York, to Stephen M. Savage, Cambridge, Mass. Ball State University Library, Bracken Library
referencedIn Dorfman, Joseph, 1904-1991. Papers, 1890-1983. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
referencedIn Larry Eigner Papers., 1950-1979. Archives & Special Collections at the Thomas J. Dodd Research Center.
referencedIn George Economou Papers, 1954-1996. Columbia University. Rare Book and Manuscript Library,
creatorOf Oppen, George. George Oppen papers, 1958-1984. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. Ezra Pound Collection, 1905-1975, (bulk 1930-1960). Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
creatorOf Rothenberg, Jerome, 1931-. Jerome Rothenberg papers, 1944-1985. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
creatorOf Bergé, Carol, 1928-2006. Papers, 1960-1969. Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Yannella, Philip A. (Anthony), 1942-. Papers, 1968-1975. Temple University Libraries, Paley Library
referencedIn Davenport, Guy. Guy Davenport papers [manuscript], 1956-1983. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Poetry mss., 1954-2002 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly
referencedIn Ezra Pound collection of papers, 1898-1986, 1914-1959 The New York Public Library. Henry W. and Albert A. Berg Collection of English and American Literature.
referencedIn Yaddo records, 1870-1980 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
creatorOf Allen, Donald, 1912-2004. Donald Allen collection, 1930-2005. University of California, San Diego, UC San Diego Library; UCSD Library
referencedIn Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972. Ezra Pound Papers 1868-1976. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Paul Blackburn Papers, 1919 - 1971 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
referencedIn John Taggart Papers, 1965-1974 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
creatorOf Solt, Mary Ellen. Papers, ca. 1960-1974. Indiana University
referencedIn John Taggart Archive, 1970-1974 Fales Library & Special Collections
referencedIn Alicat Book Shop Press Records TXRC96-A29., 1945-1966 Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center
referencedIn Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library) poetry readings, 1931- (ongoing). Woodberry Poetry Room, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University
referencedIn John Taggart Papers, 1962-2002 University of California, San Diego. Geisel Library. Mandeville Special Collections Library.
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Alicat Book Shop Press corporateBody
associatedWith Allen, Donald, 1912-2004. person
associatedWith American Center of P.E.N. corporateBody
associatedWith Basil Bunting, 1900-1985 person
associatedWith Bergé, Carol, 1928- person
associatedWith Bergé, Carol, 1928-2006. person
correspondedWith Blackburn, Paul person
associatedWith Blackburn, Paul. person
associatedWith Blackburn, Paul, 1925- person
associatedWith Brakhage, Stan. person
associatedWith Brakhage, Stan. person
associatedWith Bunting, Basil. person
associatedWith Bunting, Basil. person
associatedWith Carruth, Hayden, 1921- person
associatedWith Catullus, Gaius Valerius. person
associatedWith Charters, Ann. person
associatedWith Colt Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Corman, Cid. person
associatedWith Corman, Cid. person
associatedWith Couzyn, Jeni. person
associatedWith Creeley, Robert, 1926- person
associatedWith Crews, Judson person
associatedWith Crews, Judson. person
associatedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1962 person
associatedWith Cummings, E. E. (Edward Estlin), 1894-1968. person
associatedWith Dahlberg, Edward, 1900-1977 person
associatedWith Davenport, Guy. person
associatedWith Davenport, Guy. person
correspondedWith Degnan, June Oppen person
associatedWith Degnan, June Oppen. person
associatedWith Di Prima, Diane, Archives person
associatedWith Dorfman, Joseph, 1904-1991. person
associatedWith Duncan, Robert Edward, 1919- person
associatedWith Eberhart, Richard, 1904- person
associatedWith Economou, George. person
associatedWith Economou, George. person
associatedWith Eigner, Larry, 1927- person
associatedWith Eliot, T. S. (Thomas Stearns), 1885-1965 person
correspondedWith English Department corporateBody
associatedWith Enslin, Theodore. person
associatedWith Enslin, Theodore. person
associatedWith Ferlinghetti, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Ferlinghetti, Lawrence. person
associatedWith Finlay, Ian Hamilton. person
associatedWith Ginsberg, Allen, 1926-1997. person
associatedWith Goliard Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Ignatow, David, 1914- person
correspondedWith Ignatow, David, 1941- person
correspondedWith Ignatow, Rose Graubart person
associatedWith Jordan, Susan Cordelia. person
associatedWith Kelly, Robert. person
associatedWith Kelly, Robert. person
associatedWith Kenner, Hugh person
associatedWith Kenner, Hugh, 1928- person
associatedWith Kenner, Hugh, 1928- person
associatedWith Levertov, Denise, 1923- person
associatedWith Lines (New York, N.Y.). corporateBody
associatedWith Louis Zukofsky Collection. corporateBody
associatedWith Lowenfels, Walter, 1897-1976 person
associatedWith Lucie-Smith, Edward. person
associatedWith Lucie-Smith, Edward. person
associatedWith Merton, Thomas, 1915-1968 person
associatedWith Modern Poetry Association corporateBody
associatedWith Monroe, Harriet, 1860-1936 person
associatedWith Moore, Marianne, 1887-1972 person
associatedWith Morley, F. V. (Frank Vigor), 1899- person
associatedWith Newberry, Samuel David. person
associatedWith Newberry, Samuel David. person
correspondedWith New Directions Publishing Corp. corporateBody
correspondedWith New Yorker Magazine, Inc corporateBody
associatedWith Niedecker, Lorine. person
associatedWith Niedecker, Lorine. person
correspondedWith O'Donnell, George Marion, 1914-1962. person
associatedWith Oppen, George. person
correspondedWith Oppenheimer, Joel person
correspondedWith Parnassus: poetry in review corporateBody
associatedWith Patchen, Kenneth, 1911-1972 person
associatedWith Pickard, Tom, 1946- person
associatedWith Poetry (Firm) corporateBody
associatedWith Pound, Ezra, 1885-1972 person
associatedWith Rakosi, Carl, 1903- person
associatedWith Read, Herbert Edward, Sir, 1893-1968 person
associatedWith Reznikoff, Charles, 1894-1976 person
associatedWith Rothenberg, Jerome, 1931- person
associatedWith Samperi, Frank. person
associatedWith Samperi, Frank. person
associatedWith Savage, Stephen M. person
associatedWith Schoff, David. person
associatedWith Serly, Tibor. person
associatedWith Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616 person
associatedWith Shapiro, Karl Jay, 1913-2000. person
associatedWith Solt, Mary Ellen. person
associatedWith Stevens, Wallace, 1879-1955 person
associatedWith Taggart, John, 1942- person
associatedWith Tomlinson, Charles, 1927- person
associatedWith Trigram Press. corporateBody
associatedWith Turnbull, Gael. person
associatedWith Ussachevsky, Vladimir, 1911-1990 person
associatedWith Van Doren, Mark, 1894-1972 person
associatedWith Williams, Jonathan, 1929- person
associatedWith Williams, Jonathan, 1929-2008. person
associatedWith Williams, William Carlos, 1883-1963 person
associatedWith Wilson, Edmund, 1895-1972 person
associatedWith Wodening, Jane, 1936- person
associatedWith Woodberry Poetry Room (Harvard College Library). corporateBody
associatedWith Yaddo (Artist's colony) corporateBody
associatedWith Yannella, Philip A. (Anthony), 1942- person
associatedWith Zabel, Morton Dauwen, 1901-1964. person
associatedWith Zukofsky, Celia Thaew. person
associatedWith Zukofsky, Celia Thaew. person
associatedWith Zukofsky, Paul. person
associatedWith Zukofsky, Paul. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Subject
Catullus, Gaius Valerius
American poetry--20th century
Poets, American--20th century
Philosophy in literature
Shakespeare, William, 1564-1616--Philosophy
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1904-01-23

Death 1978-05-12

Americans

English

Information

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SNAC ID: 66348050