Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971

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American composer.

From the description of Carl Ruggles Papers, 1894-1981 (inclusive). (Yale University). WorldCat record id: 122501161

From the description of Carl Ruggles Papers, 1894-1981 (inclusive). (Yale University). WorldCat record id: 702189342

Painter; Coral Gables, Fla., and Arlington, Vt.

From the description of Christmas card and note to E.P. and Constance Richardson, 1952. (Unknown). WorldCat record id: 122557460

Charles Sprague Ruggles was born in East Marion, Massachusetts on March 11, 1876. As a boy, Ruggles took violin lessons from a local band director; after the family moved to suburban Boston in 1890, he performed in a variety of ensembles. Although he did not attend college, he studied composition and violin with several professors from Harvard and the New England Conservatory of Music, including John Knowles Paine. Ruggles' first publication, a set of songs, appeared in 1899 under the imprint of C.W. Thompson. It was at this time that Ruggles began calling himself Carl rather than Charles. In these years, he struggled to support himself as a performer, teacher, and music critic.

In 1907 Ruggles moved to Winona, Wisconsin to teach violin at the Mar d'Mar School of Music. He was soon joined by his fiancée, Charlotte Snell, a singer from Massachusetts. They married in 1908, and in 1915 they would have a son, Micah. Their jobs at Mar d'Mar lasted for only a year because of the school's financial problems, but the couple remained in Winona until 1917; Ruggles taught privately and founded the Winona Symphony Orchestra.

After meeting the writer Charles Henry Meltzer, Ruggles decided to set The Sunken Bell, Meltzer's libretto based on Gerhart Hauptmann's Die versunkene Glocke . Meltzer had connections at the Metropolitan Opera, so prospects for performance seemed good. Ruggles gave up his orchestra to concentrate on composition, and in 1917 he moved to New York to be closer to the Met. Despite his labors over a period of many years, he never completed the opera.

In New York Ruggles gave private lessons, and conducted an orchestra and chorus at the Rand School of Social Science. He also met the composers Edgard Varèse and Henry Cowell, both of whom would help promote his music. Between 1922 and 1926, Varèse's organization, the International Composers' Guild, performed five pieces by Ruggles: Angels (1922), Toys (1923), Vox clamans in deserto (1924), Men and Mountains (1924), and Portals (1926). Cowell published Men and Mountains, Portals, and Sun-Treader (1934) as part of the pioneering New Music series. With these works, Ruggles established his position as one of the leading modernist composers in America, known for his dissonant and idiosyncratic style.

Ruggles also became friendly with Charles Ives, and later with the pianist John Kirkpatrick, a leading exponent of Ives' music. As a trusted friend and talented performer, Kirkpatrick gave Ruggles detailed advice on his compositions. Researchers interested in Ruggles may wish to consult the Charles Ives Papers and the John Kirkpatrick Papers, both of which are also held at Yale.

In 1924, Ruggles moved to Arlington, Vermont, where he would remain for the rest of his life, except for 1938-43, when he taught composition at the University of Miami. Never a prolific composer, he completed only a few works in his last decades, notably Evocations, Organum, and Exaltation . Ruggles was also an artist, and in these years, he devoted much of his time to painting. He died on October 24, 1971 in Bennington, Vermont.

From the guide to the Carl Ruggles Papers, 1894-1981 (inclusive), (Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Cowell, Henry, 1897-1965. Henry Cowell papers, 1851-1994. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Bauer, Harold, 1873-1951. Harold Bauer collection, 1880-1951 (bulk 1920-1951). Library of Congress
referencedIn Marion Walton papers, 1915-1976 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Organum : for orchestra / Carl Ruggles ; arranged for piano by John Kirkpatrick. Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Correspondence received by Blanche Walton and other papers, 1914-1959 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn The Richard Donovan Papers, 1913-1971 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Kirkpatrick, John, 1905-1991. The John Kirkpatrick papers, 1836-1993 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Carl Ruggles Papers, 1894-1981 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn The John Kirkpatrick Papers, 1836-1993 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Thy presence ever near me = Ich fühle deinem Odem / Carl R[uggles] ; from the Persian of Mirza Schaffy ; English translation by Austin Hall Evans. Peabody Conservatory, Arthur Friedheim Library
referencedIn Ives, Charles, 1874-1954. The Charles Ives papers, 1874-1983 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Organum : for orchestra / Carl Ruggles ; arranged for piano by John Kirkpatrick. Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971. Rockwell Kent papers, [ca. 1840]-1993 (bulk ca. 1935-1961). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Carl Ruggles Papers, 1894-1981 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Carl Ruggles Papers, 1894-1981 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn May O'Donnell and Ray Green papers, 1890-2004, 1940-1988 The New York Public Library. Jerome Robbins Dance Division.
referencedIn William Gedney Photographs and Writings, 1940s-1989 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Nicolas Slonimsky Collection, 1873-1997, (bulk 1920-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. [Men and mountains. Lilacs (Sketches) / Carl Ruggles]. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Bauer, Harold, 1873-1951. Harold Bauer collection, 1880-1951 (bulk 1920-1951). Library of Congress
referencedIn Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. The Henry Gilbert papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Gilbert, Henry F. B. (Henry Franklin Belknap), 1868-1928. The Henry Gilbert papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
creatorOf Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971. Rockwell Kent papers, [circa 1840]-1993 (bulk 1935-1961). Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Sipprell, Clara E. (Clara Estelle), 1885-1975. The Clara Sipprell collection. Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Harold Bauer Collection, 1880-1951, (bulk 1920-1951) Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf Haverlin, Carl, 1899-1985,. Rare books, letters, and documents, 1778-1985. Campbell University, Wiggins Memorial Library
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. The sunken bell : opening measures / Carl Ruggles. University of Rochester, Eastman School of Music, Sibley Music Library
referencedIn The Charles Ives Papers, 1874-1983 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn Rudhyar, Dane, 1895-1985. Dane Rudhyar papers, 1922-1973. Stanford University. Department of Special Collections and University Archives
referencedIn Donovan, Richard, 1891-1970. The Richard Donovan papers, 1913-1971 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn Aaron Copland Collection, 1841-1991, (bulk 1911-1990) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Harold Bauer Collection, 1880-1951, (bulk 1920-1951) Music Division Library of Congress
creatorOf Walton, Marion, b. 1899. Marion Walton papers, 1915-1976. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Langinger, Herman. Herman Langinger music publishing files, 1889-1972 (bulk 1927-1955). Library of Congress
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Lilacs / Carl Ruggles. The Juilliard School, Lila Acheson Wallace Library
referencedIn Harrison, Lou, 1917-2003. Lou Harrison papers, 1946-1971. University of Connecticut, Homer Babbidge Library
referencedIn The Henry Gilbert Papers, 1821-1980 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
referencedIn The John Kirkpatrick Papers, 1836-1993 (inclusive) Irving S. Gilmore Music Library, Yale University
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Men and mountains : symphonic ensemble for large orchestra : Arlington, Vermont, 1924-1949 / by Carl Ruggles. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Christmas card and note to E.P. and Constance Richardson, 1952. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
referencedIn Serge Koussevitzky Archive, 1920-1976, (bulk 1924-1951) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Henry Cowell papers, 1851-1994 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
referencedIn Ruggles, Carl : [miscellaneous ephemeral material]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, Thomas J. Watson Library
creatorOf American Music Edition records, 1920-1997, 1951-1991 Music Library
referencedIn Maas, Martha, 1934-. Charles Ives oral history, 1968-1979 (inclusive). Yale University Library
creatorOf Kent, Rockwell, 1882-1971. Rockwell Kent papers, [circa 1840]-1993, bulk 1935-1961. Smithsonian Archives of American Art
creatorOf Walton, Blanche W. Correspondence received by Blanche Walton and other papers, 1914-1959. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn The Moldenhauer Archives at Harvard University: Correspondence, literary manuscripts, sound recordings, and other material, 1873-2001. Houghton Library.
referencedIn Herman Langinger Music Publishing Files, 1889-1972, (bulk 1927-1955) Music Division Library of Congress
referencedIn Lloyd Lózes Goff Papers, 1905-1971 Special Collections Research Center, Syracuse University Libraries
referencedIn Rockwell Kent papers, circa 1840-1993, bulk 1935-1961 Archives of American Art, Smithsonian Institution
referencedIn Becker, John J. John J. Becker papers, 1897-1991. New York Public Library System, NYPL
referencedIn Donovan, Richard, 1891-1970. The Richard Donovan papers, 1913-1971 (inclusive). Yale University, Music Library
referencedIn John J. Becker papers, 1897-1991 The New York Public Library. Music Division.
creatorOf Ruggles, Carl, 1876-1971. Correspondence to Van Wyck Brooks, 1928. University of Pennsylvania Library
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correspondedWith Koussevitzky, Serge, 1874-1951 person
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Place Name Admin Code Country
United States
United States
Subject
Suites (Orchestra)--Scores
Operas--Excerpts, Arranged--Scores
Piano music
Songs with piano
Music--United States--20th century
String orchestra music--Scores
Musical sketches
Music--Manuscripts--Facsimiles
Songs
Artists
Music--20th century
Piano music, arranged
Composers--Correspondence
Music--Manuscripts
Painters
Orchestral music
Occupation
Composers
Collector
Function

Person

Birth 1876-03-11

Death 1971-10-24

Americans

German

Information

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