United States. President

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The President of the United States is the chief executive office of the United States. In contrast to many countries with parliamentary forms of government, where the office of president, or head of state, is mainly ceremonial, in the United States the president is vested with great authority and is arguably the most powerful elected official in the world. The nation's founders originally intended the presidency to be a narrowly restricted institution. They distrusted executive authority because their experience with colonial governors had taught them that executive power was inimical to liberty, because they felt betrayed by the actions of George III, the king of Great Britain and Ireland, and because they considered a strong executive incompatible with the republicanism embraced in the Declaration of Independence (1776). Accordingly, their revolutionary state constitutions provided for only nominal executive branches, and the Articles of Confederation (1781-89), the first "national" constitution, established no executive branch. Encyclopedia Britannica http://www.britannica.com (Retrieved December 14, 2009)

From the description of U. S. presidential letters, 1780-1972. (University of Georgia). WorldCat record id: 298343983

Prior to the Revolutionary War, American merchants were protected from pirates from the Barbary Coast region of North Africa by Great Britain. After the war, however, the United States' vessels found themselves vulnerable to pirate attacks and raids while in the Barbary region. As a result, many treaties were signed and payments made to the region in order to procure the safe passage of U.S. ships. After the 1795 treaty with Algiers, a federal law was passed requiring all U.S. ships to carry a Mediterranean passport when traveling in this region. The passport, only available to vessels proven to be solely and completely owned by a U.S. citizen, had to be signed by the President, Secretary of State, and Collector of the city from which the ship was departing. In most instances, the Collector received the formed pre-signed by the President and Secretary of State. In similar fashion to the passports used by Great Britain for the same purpose, the top portion of the passport was cut off in a scallop-pattern. This top piece was then sent to U.S. Consuls along the Barbary Coast. All vessels with matching documents could proceed through port. Any ship caught without the passport was fined $200.00.

From the description of Jane (Brig) Mediterranean pasport, 1810. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 85450392

From the description of United States ship's Mediterranean passport, ca. 1796. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 144570333

After the end of the Civil war and the assassination of President Lincoln, President Andrew Johnson offered most Confederate soldiers the chance for pardon in exchange for their allegiance to the United States. This pardon allowed all those who swore loyalty oaths to vote and hold office. Many Confederate veterans sought a pardon in part to protect their lands from confiscation by the government. Travis Archibald Davis Weaver (1801-1887) was born in Halifax County, North Carolina and died in Thomasville, Georgia. He was a planter and judge of the Inferior Court of Upson County.

From the description of Travis Archibald Davis Weaver pardon, 1865. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 145734311

The United States, in similar practice to many other countries during the 18th and 19th centuries, required all neutral ships with proof of ownership by a U.S. citizen, to carry a "sea letter" signed by the President of the United States, Secretary of State, and local collector. Any government document issued from that government to a merchant vessel is considered a sea letter. This document had to remain with the vessel during the entirety of its voyage; it served as proof of nationality and guaranteed national protection of the vessel and her cargo.

From the description of Laura (Schooner) sea letter, 1804. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 86108098

From the description of Smart (Schooner) sea letter, 1810. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 137281881

The United States government retained the right to appoint citizens to governmental positions, In 1789, President George Washington issued letters patents for such offices as U.S. Attorney General.

From the description of Matthew McAllister letters patent, 1789. (Georgia Historical Society). WorldCat record id: 99997558

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Note, 1863 January 22. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf United States. President. U. S. presidential letters, 1780-1972. University of Georgia, University of Georgia, Main Library
referencedIn Jewish Armed Services Committee (Baltimore, Md.). Jewish Armed Services Committee records, 1943-1994 and undated. Jewish Historical Society of Maryland Library
referencedIn Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944. Papers, 1919-1944. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. Letters of Zachary Taylor, 1846, May 9 -- 1848, Dec. 10. . Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf Curry, J. L. M. (Jabez Lamar Monroe), 1825-1903. Pamphlet collection, 1788-1902. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Carr, George R. (George Russell), b. 1877. [Presidential autographs collected by the University of Illinois Library]. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Wood, Bradford Ripley, 1800-1889. Letter, 1848 March 3. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf Kretschmer, Herman Louis, 1879-1951,. [Presidential autographs collected by John Reynolds Dewson]. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn Lary, John. Letter, 1864 September 20. American Periodical Series I
creatorOf United States. President. United States ship's Mediterranean passport, ca. 1796. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Peale-Sellers Family Collection, 1686-1963, 1686-1963 American Philosophical Society
creatorOf United States Presidential Dinner Menu 68-023., 1955 Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf Alabama (Territory). Commissions from the United States President, 1817-1819. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf United States. President. Smart (Schooner) sea letter, 1810. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Riddle, John A. Letters, 1851-1856. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Hoose, Fred C. Papers, 1929-1937. Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Jackson, Andrew. Jackson, Andrew, Collection, 1812-1845, 1916 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
creatorOf United States. President. ALS, 1807 Feb. 6, Washington, D.C., to the Senate and House of Representatives. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf United States. President. Documents signed by Presidents of the United States, 1803-1875. Western Reserve Historical Society, Research Library
referencedIn Sweeting, M.F. Letter, 1855 January 1. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Bunch, Tighlman Howard, 1899-. Papers of the Bunch, Crease, Lewis, Warwick and related Virginia families [manuscript] (1799) 1823-1965. University of Virginia. Library
referencedIn Sang, Philip D. Philip Sang photograph collection. Southern Illinois University, Morris Library
referencedIn Henle, Raymond Z., 1899-1974. Papers, 1883-1973. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Thomas Addis Emmet collection, 1483-1876, 1700-1800 New York Public Library. Manuscripts and Archives Division
referencedIn Jackson, Andrew, Collection 73-065; 2011-214., 1812-1845, 1916, and undated Dolph Briscoe Center for American History, The University of Texas at Austin .
creatorOf United States. President. Land patent to Robert C. Briggs : DS, 1864 Sept. 15. California Historical Society
referencedIn Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. Jeremiah Colburn autograph collection, 1629-1881. Massachusetts Historical Society
referencedIn United States presidents collection, 1778-1948. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Benjamin, J. P. (Judah Philip), 1811-1884,. Papers of the Grinnan family of Brampton, Madison Co., Va. 1773 (1843-1937) 1981. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf United States. President. Correspondence with Marian Anderson, n.d. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
creatorOf United States. President. Matthew McAllister letters patent, 1789. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn President of the United States. Ohio History Connection, Ohio Historical Society
referencedIn Mayo, C. H. (Clarence Hastings). Papers of C. H. Mayo, 1879-1883. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn James A. Roston scrapbook, 1897-1924 University of Washington Libraries Special Collections
referencedIn Philip A. Stanton Papers, 1907-1929 The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens Manuscripts Department
referencedIn South-Carolina Yazoo Company. South Carolina Yazoo Company subpoena and pamphlet, 1796. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn United States. District Court (Alaska Territory : 1st Division). Appointment letters, first division, 1913-1954. Denver Art Museum
creatorOf United States. President. Sea letters for U.S. vessels, 1806, 1812. Connecticut Historical Society
creatorOf Carr, George R. (George Russell), b. 1877,. [Presidential autographs collected by George R. Carr]. University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
referencedIn United States presidents collection, 1778-1948. Yale University, Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
creatorOf Mississippi (Territory). Commissions from the United States Presidents, 1804-1810. Alabama Department of Archives and History
creatorOf Constitutional Centennial Commission. Correspondence with Henry Charles Lea, 1887. University of Pennsylvania Libraries, Van Pelt Library
referencedIn Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. Note, 1864 October 6. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Davis, H. Minor. Scrapbooks, c.1813-1955. Lynchburg Public Library
creatorOf United States. President. Laura (Schooner) sea letter, 1804. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn New York State Library. Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit. Election campaign ephemera collection, 1973-1984. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Barlow, Samuel L. M. (Samuel Latham Mitchill), 1826-1889. Papers of Samuel L. M. Barlow, 1776-1905 (bulk 1885-1889). Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn Abraham Lincoln collection, 1841-1996, 1862-1868, 1920-1977 University of Delaware Library - Special Collections
creatorOf United States. President. Patent for land in Wayne Co., Michigan for John Hayden : DS, 1835 Oct. 14. UC Berkeley Libraries
referencedIn Norman H. and Charlotte Strouse collection of letters of the presidents, 1780-1990 Free Library of Philadelphia: Rare Book Department
referencedIn Archer, William S., 1789-1855. Letter, 1823 March 13. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868. Robert Simerwell papers, 1822-1867. Kansas State Historical Society
referencedIn Downer, Sylvester S., 1853-1922. Certificates and diplomas 1876-1918. Boulder Public Library
referencedIn Manfred, Frederick Feikema, 1912-1994. Correspondence with Hubert Humphrey, 1960-1968. Minnesota Historical Society Library
referencedIn Arndt, Peter S.,. Civil War carte de visite collection, ca. 1861-1865. Wisconsin Veterans Museum Research Center
referencedIn Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879. Letter to Micah Sterling, 1831 February 16. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Stanton, Philip Ackley, 1868-1945. Papers of Philip Ackley Stanton, 1909-1929. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf United States. President. Travis Archibald Davis Weaver pardon, 1865. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn Herbert Friedman Papers, 1940-2000 American Philosophical Society
referencedIn Evans, Clifford. Clifford Evans papers, 1946-1983, (bulk 1966-1983). University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center
creatorOf United States. President. Jane (Brig) Mediterranean pasport, 1810. Georgia Historical Society
referencedIn George Balanchine archive, 1924-1989 (inclusive), 1961-1983 (bulk). Harvard Theatre Collection, Houghton Library, Harvard College Library, Harvard University.
referencedIn Papers [manuscript] 1968. University of Virginia. Library
creatorOf United States. President. LS, 1801 May 30, Washington, D.C., to the Prince Regent of Portugal. Rosenbach Museum & Library
creatorOf United States. President. United States Presidential Dinner Menu, 1955 University of Texas Libraries, University of Texas Libraries
referencedIn Hollywood Democratic Committee. Hollywood Democratic Committee records, 1942-1950. Wisconsin Historical Society, Newspaper Project
referencedIn Stone family. Stone family papers 1817-1965. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
referencedIn United States. Dept. of State. Treaties, etc. Seneca Indians and Robert Morris, 1798 September 15. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn Lewis Morgan, 1754-1844. Letter, 1808 Spetember 4. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn United States presidents collection, 1778-1948 Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
referencedIn Markham, Henry Harrison, 1840-1923. Papers of H.H. Markham, 1867-1899. Huntington Library, Art Collections & Botanical Gardens
creatorOf United States. President. Autograph collection of United States presidents, 1751-1954. Knox College, Seymour Library
referencedIn Socialism collection : 1947-1951. American Periodical Series I
referencedIn United States. Work Projects Administration. United States Presidents. Messages and papers, 1862-1938. Columbia University in the City of New York, Columbia University Libraries
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
associatedWith Adams, John, 1735-1826 person
associatedWith Alabama (Territory). corporateBody
associatedWith Ann (Schooner). corporateBody
associatedWith Archer, William S., 1789-1855. person
associatedWith Arndt, Peter S., person
associatedWith Balanchine, George. person
associatedWith Barlow, Samuel L. M. (Samuel Latham Mitchill), 1826-1889. person
associatedWith Beaumarchais, Pierre Augustin Caron de, 1732-1799 person
associatedWith Briggs, Robert C. person
associatedWith Buchanan, James, 1791-1868 person
associatedWith Bulloch, Archibald Stobo. person
associatedWith Bunch, Tighlman Howard, 1899- person
associatedWith Constitutional Centennial Commission. corporateBody
associatedWith Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933 person
associatedWith Curry, J. L. M. (Jabez Lamar Monroe), 1825-1903. person
correspondedWith Cuyler, Telamon Cruger Smith, 1873-1951 person
associatedWith Davis, H. Minor. person
associatedWith Dix, John A. (John Adams), 1798-1879. person
associatedWith Downer, Sylvester S., 1853-1922. person
associatedWith Eisner, Milton Daniel, 1886-1959. person
associatedWith Emmet, Thomas Addis person
associatedWith Evans, Clifford. person
associatedWith Fillmore, Millard, 1800-1874 person
associatedWith Friedman, Herbert, 1916-2000 person
associatedWith Garfield, James A. 1831-1881 person
associatedWith George (Brig). corporateBody
associatedWith Georgia. Attorney-General's Office. corporateBody
associatedWith Grant, Ulysses S. 1822-1885 person
associatedWith Harding, Warren G. 1865-1923 person
associatedWith Hayden, John. person
associatedWith Henle, Raymond Z., 1899-1974. person
associatedWith Hollywood Democratic Committee. corporateBody
associatedWith Hoose, Fred C. person
associatedWith Hoover, Herbert, 1874-1964 person
associatedWith IBKK. Manuscripts. corporateBody
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew person
associatedWith Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845 person
associatedWith Jane (Brig) corporateBody
associatedWith Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826. person
associatedWith Jewish Armed Services Committee (Baltimore, Md.) corporateBody
associatedWith Johnson, Andrew, 1808-1875. person
associatedWith Johnson, Lyndon B. 1908-1973 person
associatedWith John VI, King of Portugal, 1769-1826. person
associatedWith Lary, John. person
associatedWith Laura (Schooner) corporateBody
associatedWith Lewis Morgan, 1754-1844. person
associatedWith Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865. person
associatedWith Lincoln Club of Delaware. corporateBody
associatedWith Madison, James, 1751-1836. person
associatedWith Manfred, Frederick Feikema, 1912-1994. person
associatedWith Markham, Henry Harrison, 1840-1923. person
associatedWith Mayo, C. H. (Clarence Hastings) person
associatedWith McAllister, Matthew, 1758-1823. person
associatedWith Mississippi (Territory). corporateBody
associatedWith Monroe, James, 1758-1831 person
associatedWith New York State Library. Manuscripts and Special Collections Unit. corporateBody
associatedWith Nixon, Richard M. 1913-1994 person
associatedWith Peale-Sellers families. person
associatedWith Pickering, Timothy, 1745-1829. person
associatedWith Pierce, Franklin, 1804-1869 person
associatedWith Polk, James K. 1795-1849 person
associatedWith Riddle, John A. person
associatedWith Risley, Hill. person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Edith Kermit Carow, 1861-1948 person
correspondedWith Roosevelt, Eleanor, 1884-1962 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Franklin D. 1882-1945 person
associatedWith Roosevelt, Theodore, 1858-1919 person
associatedWith Roston, James A. person
associatedWith Sang, Philip D. person
associatedWith Simerwell, Robert, 1786-1868. person
associatedWith Smart (Schooner) corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, Alfred Emanuel, 1873-1944. person
associatedWith Smith, Robert, 1757-1842. person
associatedWith Smithsonian Institution. Office of Government Relations. corporateBody
associatedWith Smith, William Loughton, 1758-1812. person
associatedWith South-Carolina Yazoo Company. corporateBody
associatedWith Stanton, Philip Ackley, 1868-1945. person
associatedWith Stone family. family
associatedWith Strouse, Charlotte person
associatedWith Strouse, Norman H. person
associatedWith Sweeting, M.F. person
associatedWith Taft, William H. 1857-1930 person
associatedWith Taylor, Zachary, 1784-1850. person
associatedWith Truman, Harry S., 1884-1972 person
associatedWith Tyler, John, 1790-1862 person
associatedWith United States. Congress corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Dept. of State. corporateBody
associatedWith United States. District Court (Alaska Territory : 1st Division). corporateBody
associatedWith United States. Work Projects Administration. corporateBody
associatedWith Van Buren, Martin, 1782-1862 person
associatedWith Washington, George, 1732-1799. person
associatedWith Weaver, Travis Archibald Davis, 1801-1887. person
associatedWith Wilson, Woodrow, 1856-1924 person
associatedWith Wood, Bradford Ripley, 1800-1889. person
Place Name Admin Code Country
Marysville (Calif.)
Michigan--Wayne County
Africa, North
United States
United States
United States
California--Yuba County
United States
Algeria
Africa, North
United States
United States
Georgia
Georgia
Algeria
Subject
Shipping
Public land sales
Land tenure
Ships--Nationality
Intercoastal shipping
Menus--United States--History--20th century
Dinners and dining--History--20th century
Maritime law
Presidents--Autographs
Menus--History--20th century
Presidents--Manuscripts
Occupation
Function

Corporate Body

Americans

English,

Spanish; Castilian,

French,

Dutch; Flemish

Information

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