Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947

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Oliver Max Gardner (1882-1947), lawyer of Shelby, N.C., and Washington, D.C.; state senator, 1910-1915, lieutenant governor, 1916-1920, and governor, 1929-1933, of North Carolina. He married Fay Webb (1885-1969), who was active in the Democratic Party and in women's organizations.

From the description of Oliver Max Gardner papers, 1892-1966. WorldCat record id: 26319533

Democrat Oliver Max Gardner, Sr. (1882-1947) was a legislator, lieutenant governor (1916) and governor of North Carolina (1929-1933); president of Cleveland Cloth Mills in Shelby, North Carolina; director of Sperry Corporation (1942); chair of the Advisory Board of the U.S. Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion (1942-1946); under-secretary of the United States Treasury (1946); alumnus of North Carolina State University (1903) and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's law school; lawyer in Shelby, North Carolina and Washington, D.C. President Harry Truman appointed Gardner ambassador to the Court of St. Jamess, but he died before reaching England.

From the description of Oliver Max Gardner, Sr. papers, 1932, 1945 [manuscript]. (North Carolina State University). WorldCat record id: 466892639

Democrat Oliver Max Gardner was a legislator, lieutenant governor (1916) and governor of North Carolina (1929-1933); president of Cleveland Cloth Mills in Shelby, North Carolina; director of Sperry Corporation (1942); chair of the Advisory Board of the U.S. Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion (1942-1946); under-secretary of the United States Treasury (1946); alumnus of North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts (1903) and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill's law school; lawyer in Shelby, North Carolina and Washington, D.C. President Harry Truman appointed Gardner ambassador to the Court of St. Jamess, but he died before reaching England.

From the guide to the Oliver Max Gardner Papers, 1932 - 1945, (Special Collections Research Center)

Oliver Max Gardner (1882-1947) was a politician, businessman, and lawyer of Shelby, N.C., Raleigh, N.C., and Washington, D.C. A 1903 graduate of the North Carolina College of Agriculture and Mechanic Arts, Gardner studied law, 1905-1906, at the University of North Carolina, and, in 1907, opened a law practice in Shelby, N.C., where he also founded the Shelby Cloth Mills (later renamed the Cleveland Cloth Mills), the Gardner Land Company, and other businesses; he also operated a farm.

Active in the Democratic Party, he was elected a North Carolina state senator in 1910 and 1915, lieutenant governor in 1916, and governor in 1929. In 1934, Gardner moved to Washington, D.C., and established Gardner, Morrison & Rogers, a law firm representing the interests of the textile, soft-drink, and aviation industries, among others. He later served as chair of the United States Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion's Advisory Board, 1945-1946; as undersecretary of the United States Treasury, 1946; and as ambassador-elect to England, December 1946-February 1947. He was also a director of the Sperry Corporation and a member of the board of trustees of North Carolina State College and the University of North Carolina. With his wife, Fay Gardner, he helped build an endowment for Boiling Springs Junior College (renamed Gardner-Webb College) in Boiling Springs, N.C.

Fay Webb Gardner (1885-1969), civic leader and first lady of North Carolina, married Gardner in 1907. She was active in women's organizations in Shelby, N.C., Raleigh, N.C., and Washington, D.C., and in the state and national Democratic Party, representing the state twice as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention. She also served on the North Carolina State Advisory Board of Paroles, as president of the Gardner Foundation, Inc. (which helped support Gardner-Webb College), and as a trustee of the school.

The Gardners had four children: Margaret Love Gardner Burgess (b. 1908), who married N. E. Burgess; James Webb Gardner (1910-1946), who married Iris Rollins; Ralph Webb Gardner (b. 1912); and O. Max Gardner, Jr. (1922-1961), who married Sara Mull. Ralph Webb Gardner graduated from Yale University Law School and practiced law in Shelby, N.C. Elected a state senator in 1939, he enlisted in the United States Army during World War II. James Webb Gardner was executive vice-president of Cleveland Cloth Mills, 1941-1946. O. Max Gardner, Jr., a graduate of North Carolina State College, was commissioned a lieutenant in the United States Army. After World War II, he helped manage the Cleveland Cloth Mills and was treasurer of Gardner-Webb College.

Odus McCoy Mull (1880-1962), farmer, lawyer, businessman, and politician, was born in Cleveland County, N.C. Holding undergraduate and law degrees from Wake Forest College, Mull practiced law in Shelby, N.C., and became active in Democratic Party politics. He served two terms as state chair of the Party. Elected to the General Assembly, he served as speaker of the North Carolina House of Representatives in 1941.

Isaac Cebern Griffin (d. 1940), of Shelby, N.C., was chair of the State Fuel Administration's Local Fuel Committee for Cleveland County, N.C., and superintendentof the Shelby Public Schools during World War I.

From the guide to the Oliver Max Gardner Papers (#3613), 1892-1966, (University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection.)

Archival Resources
Role Title Holding Repository
referencedIn Boney, Leslie N. (Leslie Norwood), 1920-2003. Leslie N. Boney architectural papers, 1901-1988 [manuscript] North Carolina State University, NCSU Libraries
creatorOf Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947. Oliver Max Gardner papers, 1892-1966. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Oliver Max Gardner Papers, 1932 - 1945 Special Collections Research Center
creatorOf Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947. New conditions demand new remedies : an address by O. Max Gardner before the members of the General Assembly of the State of Iowa, at Des Moines, Iowa, January 9, 1933, and before the members of the General Assembly of the State of Oklahoma, at Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, February 17, 1933. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn John Johnston Parker Papers (#3464), 1920-1956 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Leslie N. Boney Architectural Papers, 1901-1988 Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Clyde Roark Hoey Papers, 1943-1954 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Oliver Max Gardner Papers (#3613), 1892-1966 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn University of North Carolina at Greensboro. Chancellor. Office of the Chancellor : Julius Isaac Foust records, 1903-1970. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
referencedIn House, R. B. (Robert Burton), 1892-1987. R. B. House papers, 1916-1973. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Ramsey, D. Hiden (Darley Hiden), 1891-1966. D. Hiden Ramsey papers, 1877-1966. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Gardner, Paris Cleveland, 1887-1974. Paris Cleveland Gardner Papers, 1834-1976 1920-1951 (bulk). Duke University Libraries, Duke University Library; Perkins Library
referencedIn Elliott, Harriet Wiseman, 1884-1947. Harriet W. Elliott papers, 1900-1947. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
referencedIn Jeffress, E. B. (Edwin Bedford), 1887-1961. E. B. Jeffress papers, 1860-1955. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Woman's College of the University of North Carolina. Chancellor. Office of the Chancellor : Julius Isaac Foust records, 1903-1970. University of North Carolina at Greensboro, University Libraries, UNCG University Libraries
referencedIn Geer, William, 1915-1999. William Geer collection on Oliver Max Gardner and other materials, 1931-1961. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Gill, Edwin M. (Edwin Maurice), 1899-1978. Edwin M. Gill papers, 1935-1978 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn E. Y. Webb Papers (#3482), 1901-1955 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn University Archives Photograph Collection, Visual and Performing Arts Photographs, Bulk, 1954-1997, circa 1899-1904, 1923-1997 Special Collections Research Center
referencedIn Josiah William Bailey Papers, 1833-1967 David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library
referencedIn Lockmiller, David A. (David Alexander), 1906-2005. David A. Lockmiller papers, 1916-1969 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Webb, E. Y. (Edwin Yates), 1872-1955. E. Y. Webb papers, 1901-1955 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Morrison, Joseph L., 1918-1970. Joseph L. Morrison papers, 1822-1970 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Mitchell, Samuel H. Samuel H. Mitchell papers, 1929-1966, 1979 [manuscript]. East Carolina University, Joyner Library
referencedIn North Carolina State College. Office of the Chancellor. North Carolina State University, Office of the Chancellor, Early Chancellors records, 1891-1934 [manuscript] North Carolina State University, NCSU Libraries
referencedIn McNutt mss., 1899-1955 Lilly Library (Indiana University, Bloomington)
referencedIn North Carolina State University. University Archives. University Archives photograph collection. Visual and performing arts photographs, circa 1899-1904, 1923-1997 (bulk 1954-1997). North Carolina State University, NCSU Libraries
referencedIn Warren, Lindsay C. (Lindsay Carter), 1889-1976. Lindsay C. Warren papers, 1916-1968 (bulk 1924-1954). University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
referencedIn Herbert Covington Bonner Papers (#3710), 1940-1965 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Biggs, J. Crawford (James Crawford), 1872-1960. J. Crawford Biggs papers, 1893-1960 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Oliver Max Gardner Papers (#3613), 1892-1966 University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library. Southern Historical Collection
referencedIn Medical Society of the State of North Carolina. Medical Society of the State of North Carolina letters from governors, legislators, and others, 1880- 1962 [manuscript]. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
creatorOf Gardner, Oliver Max, 1882-1947. Oliver Max Gardner, Sr. papers, 1932, 1945 [manuscript]. North Carolina State University, NCSU Libraries
referencedIn Long, W. L. (William Lunsford), 1890-1964. W. L. Long papers, 1916-1964. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Role Title Holding Repository
Relation Name
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correspondedWith Kendall, H. Wiseman person
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associatedWith Margaret Love Gardner Burgess person
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associatedWith Maxwell, A. J. (Allen Jay), b. 1873. person
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correspondedWith McPherson, Holt person
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associatedWith Miller, Julian S. (Julian Sidney), 1886-1946. person
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associatedWith Pan American Airways corporateBody
associatedWith Parker, John Johnston, 1885-1958. person
associatedWith Peerless Oil & Gas corporateBody
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Place Name Admin Code Country
Shelby (N.C.)
North Carolina
Cleveland County (N.C.)
Washington (D.C.)
Washington (State)
North Carolina
Alberta
North Carolina
United States
Subject
Depressions--1929
Women--Social life and customs
Textile industry--History--20th century
Love-letters--History--20th century
Patronage, Political
Fiscal policy
Women--Political activity--History--20th century
Governors--History--20th century
Families--Social life and customs
Political campaigns--History--20th century
New Deal, 1933-1939
Governors' spouses
Revenue
Lawyers--History--20th century
Custody of children
Real Estate Business
Legislators--History--20th century
Women--Societies and clubs
Adoption
Governors--North Carolina
Presidents--United States--Correspondence
Soft drink industry
World War, 1939-1945--Songs and music
Public schools
Aircraft industry--History
Occupation
Function

Person

Birth 1882-03-22

Death 1947-02-06

Information

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